Text preview: mc_english_london01_a

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  • Metadata summary
  • corpusenglish
  • textlondon01
  • speakerEN04
  • annotator(s)Nils Schiborr
  • version1908
  • last updated2019-08-30
Annotation key
utterance identifier
object language utterance
  • grammatical words
  • morphological glosses
  • annotations with GRAID
  • referent indexing with RefIND
  • annotations with ISNRef
‘idiomatic translation’
english_london01_0001[PLAY]
Was born in Poplar, and I was born in my parents' house in Lochnagar Street.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • 0.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • born
  • born
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • Poplar
  • Poplar
  • pn_np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • lv_aux
  • born
  • born
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • parent-s'
  • parent-PL.POSS
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • house
  • house
  • np:l
  • in
  • in
  • rn_adp
  • Lochnagar Street
  • Lochnagar_Street
  • rn_pn_np
‘I was born in Poplar, and I was born in my parents' house in Lochnagar Street.’
english_london01_0002[PLAY]
Uh, there was no nurse came, at that time there was still old women who followed doctors, uh, and the one who attended mi mother was old Mrs Porridge, who lived near my grandmother, a few streets away.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • no
  • no
  • ln
  • nurse
  • nurse
  • np.h:s
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_nurse
  • f0.h:s
  • came
  • come.PST
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • ln_dem
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • still
  • still
  • other
  • old
  • old
  • ln_adj
  • women
  • woman.PL
  • np.h:s
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:a
  • follow-ed
  • follow-PST
  • v:pred
  • doctor-s
  • doctor-PL
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • one
  • one
  • indef_other.h:s
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:a
  • attend-ed
  • attend-PST
  • v:pred
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • mother
  • mother
  • np.h:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • old
  • old
  • ln_adj
  • Mrs Porridge
  • Mrs_Porridge
  • pn_np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:s
  • live-d
  • live-PST
  • v:pred
  • near
  • near
  • adp
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • grandmother
  • grandmother
  • np.h:l
  • a
  • a
  • ln
  • few
  • few
  • ln_detq
  • street-s
  • street-PL
  • np:l
  • away
  • away
  • rn
‘There came no nurse, at that time there were still old women who followed doctors, and the one who attended my mother was old Mrs Porridge, who lived near my grandmother, a few streets away.’
english_london01_0003[PLAY]
And, uh, what they'd do, the doctor would recommend they followed certain doctors and then the person who was being nursed, attended to, would pay the woman who followed.
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:p
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • do
  • do.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • doctor
  • doctor
  • np.h:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • recommend
  • recommend.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • follow-ed
  • follow-PST
  • v:pred
  • certain
  • certain
  • ln_adj
  • doctor-s
  • doctor-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • person
  • person
  • np.h:a
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • lv_aux
  • nurse-d
  • nurse-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • attend-ed
  • attend-PTCP.PST
  • nc
  • to
  • to
  • nc
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • pay
  • pay.INF
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • woman
  • woman
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:s
  • follow-ed
  • follow-PST
  • v:pred
‘And what they'd do, the doctor would recommend they followed certain doctors and then the person who was being attended to would pay the woman who followed.’
english_london01_0004[PLAY]
Now, my father came from a family of lightermen -- he himself was a lighterman.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • now
  • now
  • other
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s
  • came
  • come.PST
  • v:pred
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • family
  • family
  • np.h:obl
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • rn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • himself
  • 3SG.M.REFL
  • rn_refl.h
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • lighterman
  • lighterman
  • np.h:pred
‘Now, my father came from a family of lightermen -- he himself was a lighterman.’
english_london01_0005[PLAY]
And his father was drowned along with two other men at King and Queen Road, over at Rotherhithe by Bellamy's Wharf, when my father and his two sisters were still schoolchildren.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • drown-ed
  • drown-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • along
  • along
  • adp
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • other
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • men
  • man.PL
  • np.h:obl
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • King and Queen Road
  • King_and_Queen_Road
  • pn_np:l
  • over
  • over
  • adp
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • Rotherhithe
  • Rotherhithe
  • pn_np:l
  • by
  • by
  • adp
  • Bellamy's Wharf
  • Bellamy's_Wharf
  • pn_np:l
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • rn_pro.h:poss
  • two
  • two
  • rn_num
  • sister-s
  • sister-PL
  • rn_np.h
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • still
  • still
  • other
  • schoolchildren
  • schoolchild.PL
  • np.h:pred
‘And his father was drowned along with two other men at King and Queen Road, over at Rotherhithe by Bellamy's Wharf, when my father and his two sisters were still schoolchildren.’
english_london01_0006[PLAY]
I don't know the age they were.
  • #
  • #
  • #neg
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • don't
  • do.PRS.NEG
  • v:pred
  • know
  • know.INF
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • age
  • age
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0_age
  • rel_0:pred
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
‘I don't know the age they were.’
english_london01_0007[PLAY]
And the three children, mi brother, uh, mi father and his two sisters were put into an orphanage.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • three
  • three
  • ln_num
  • children
  • child.PL
  • np.h:dt_s
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • nc
  • brother
  • brother
  • nc
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • rn_pro.h:poss
  • two
  • two
  • rn_num
  • sister-s
  • sister-PL
  • rn_np.h
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • put
  • put.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • into
  • into
  • adp
  • an
  • an
  • ln_deti
  • orphanage
  • orphanage
  • np:g
‘And the three children, my father and his two sisters, were put into an orphanage.’
english_london01_0008[PLAY]
And, uh, my grandmother went, I think it was to Clacton, and she was in some place with nuns, although she wasn't a catholic, but, uh, it was a sorta charity place, she didn't like it, and then she came home and got the children out of the orphanage.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • grandmother
  • grandmother
  • np.h:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • think
  • think.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • Clacton
  • Clacton
  • pn_np:pred_g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • some
  • some
  • ln_detq
  • place
  • place
  • np:pred_l
  • with
  • with
  • rn_adp
  • nun-s
  • nun-PL
  • rn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • although
  • although
  • adp
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:s
  • was-n't
  • be.PST.3SG-NEG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • catholic
  • catholic
  • np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • sorta
  • sort_of
  • ln
  • charity place
  • charity_place
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:a
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • like
  • like.INF
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:s
  • came
  • come.PST
  • v:pred
  • home
  • home
  • other:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_grandmother
  • 0.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • children
  • child.PL
  • np.h:p
  • out
  • out
  • adp
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • orphanage
  • orphanage
  • np:obl
‘And, my grandmother went to Clacton, I think it was, and she was in some place with nuns, although she wasn't a catholic; but it was a sort of charity place, she didn't like it, and then she came home and got the children out of the orphanage.’
english_london01_0009[PLAY]
And, uh, set up home in Cloden Street in Poplar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_grandmother
  • 0.h:s
  • set
  • set.PST
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • home
  • home
  • other:lvc
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • Cloden Street
  • Cloden_Street
  • pn_np:l
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • Poplar
  • Poplar
  • pn_np:l
‘And, she set up home in Cloden Street in Poplar.’
english_london01_0010[PLAY]
Ehm, my mother's family were stevedores and, ehm, like a lot of the stevedores, the, uh, their roots were in Ireland, and the family came over -- the Orwells -- in the famine in the eighteen fourties, and settled in Poplar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • mother='s
  • mother=POSS
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • family
  • family
  • np.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • stevedore-s
  • stevedore-PL
  • np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • like
  • like
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • lot
  • lot
  • np.h:other
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • stevedore-s
  • stevedore-PL
  • rn_np.h
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • uh
  • uh
  • nc
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • root-s
  • root-PL
  • np:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • Ireland
  • Ireland
  • pn_np:pred_l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • family
  • family
  • np.h:s
  • came
  • come.PST
  • v:pred
  • over
  • over
  • rv
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Orwell-s
  • Orwell-PL
  • pn_np.h:appos
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • famine
  • famine
  • np:other
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • eighteen fourties
  • eighteen_fourty.PL
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Orwells
  • 0.h:s
  • settle-d
  • settle-PST
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • Poplar
  • Poplar
  • pn_np:l
‘My mother's family were stevedores and, like a lot of the stevedores, their roots were in Ireland, and the family came over -- the Orwells -- in the famine in the eighteen fourties, and settled in Poplar.’
english_london01_0011[PLAY]
And, ehm, they had three rooms, it was the upstairs house in Lochnagar Street, which cost, uh, seven shillings a week at the time.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • three
  • three
  • ln_num
  • room-s
  • room-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • upstairs
  • upstairs
  • ln
  • house
  • house
  • np:pred
  • in
  • in
  • rn_adp
  • Lochnagar Street
  • Lochnagar_Street
  • rn_pn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:a
  • cost
  • cost.PST
  • v:pred
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • seven
  • seven
  • ln_num
  • shilling-s
  • shilling-PL
  • np:p
  • a
  • a
  • rn_adp
  • week
  • week
  • rn_np
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
‘And they had three rooms, it was the upstairs house in Lochnagar Street, which cost seven shillings a week at the time.’
english_london01_0012[PLAY]
And, ehm, m--, my brother Terry was born two years after I was, almost to the day.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • m--
  • NC
  • nc
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • brother
  • brother
  • np.h:s
  • Terry
  • Terry
  • pn_np.h:appos
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • born
  • born
  • v:pred
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • year-s
  • year-PL
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • lv_aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • almost
  • almost
  • other
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • day
  • day
  • np:other
‘And my brother Terry was born two years after I was, almost to the day.’
english_london01_0013[PLAY]
And, ehm, shortly afterwards, my father had an accident, when eh one of the wharves, m-- mother thinks it was up Wapping Way, he was laying the gratings in the barge, ready to receive cargo, and he was laying outside a barge that was being worked.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • shortly
  • shortly
  • other
  • afterwards
  • afterwards
  • other
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • an
  • an
  • ln_deti
  • accident
  • accident
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • eh
  • eh
  • other
  • one
  • one
  • num_np:l
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • wharves
  • wharf.PL
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • m--
  • NC
  • nc
  • mother
  • mother
  • np.h:a
  • think-s
  • think-PRS.3SG
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • up
  • up
  • adp
  • Wapping Way
  • Wapping_Way
  • pn_np:pred_l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • lay-ing
  • lay-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • grating-s
  • grating-PL
  • np:p
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • barge
  • barge
  • np:g
  • ready
  • ready
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_father
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • receive
  • receive.INF
  • vother:pred
  • cargo
  • cargo
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • lay-ing
  • lay-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • outside
  • outside
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • barge
  • barge
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_barge
  • rel_f0.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • lv_aux
  • work-ed
  • work-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
‘And shortly afterwards, my father had an accident, when at one of the wharves, mother thinks it was up Wapping Way, he was laying the gratings in the barge, ready to receive cargo, and he was laying outside a barge that was being worked.’
english_london01_0014[PLAY]
And the crane driver made a mistake and he went and landed the set of cargo on top of my father laying the barge, and his back was, was damaged.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • crane driver
  • crane_driver
  • np.h:s
  • made
  • make.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • other
  • mistake
  • mistake
  • other:lvc
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_crane_driver
  • 0.h:a
  • land-ed
  • land-PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • set
  • set
  • np:p
  • of
  • of
  • rn_adp
  • cargo
  • cargo
  • rn_np
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • top
  • top
  • ln
  • of
  • of
  • ln
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:g
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0_father
  • f0.h:a
  • lay-ing
  • lay-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • barge
  • barge
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • back
  • back
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • nc
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • damaged
  • damaged
  • v:pred
‘And the crane driver made a mistake and he went and landed the set of cargo on top of my father laying the barge, and his back was damaged.’
english_london01_0015[PLAY]
And, uh, I 'member as a child -- after he's, he'd got better -- seeing this fibre, compressed fibre jacket like a tailor's dummy in the cupboard, which Mother used to strap him in; and so, she had two young children to look after and mi father to dress.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 'member
  • remember.PRS
  • v:pred
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • child
  • child
  • np.h:other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • nc
  • ='s
  • =have.PRS.3SG
  • nc
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • got
  • get.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • better
  • good.CMPR
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:a
  • see-ing
  • see-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • ln_dem
  • fibre
  • fibre
  • nc
  • compressed
  • compressed
  • ln_adj
  • fibre jacket
  • fibre_jacket
  • np:p
  • like
  • like
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • tailor='s
  • tailor=POSS
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • dummy
  • dummy
  • np:other
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • cupboard
  • cupboard
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:g
  • Mother
  • Mother
  • pn_np.h:a
  • used
  • used
  • lv_aux
  • to
  • to
  • v:pred
  • strap
  • strap.INF
  • v:pred
  • him
  • 3SG.OBL
  • pro.h:p
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • young
  • young
  • ln_adj
  • children
  • child.PL
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_mother
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • look
  • look.INF
  • vother:pred
  • after
  • after
  • rv
  • 0
  • 0_children
  • f0.h:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • rn_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • rn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_mother
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • dress
  • dress.INF
  • vother:pred
  • 0
  • 0_father
  • f0.h:p
‘And I remember as a child -- after he'd got better -- seeing this compressed fibre jacket like a tailor's dummy in the cupboard, which Mother used to strap him in; and so, she had two young children to look after and my father to dress.’
english_london01_0016[PLAY]
And he was out of work for about eighteen months.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • out
  • out
  • adp
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • work
  • work
  • np:pred_other
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • about
  • about
  • other
  • eighteen
  • eighteen
  • ln_num
  • month-s
  • month-PL
  • np:other
‘And he was out of work for about eighteen months.’
english_london01_0017[PLAY]
For thirteen weeks he was in the London hospital, and Mother was telling me that she paid a pound a week to the hospital, because otherwise, when and if he got compensation, they would come after her for more money, so, that was sort of a bit of the folklore that's passed 'round.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • thirteen
  • thirteen
  • ln_num
  • week-s
  • week-PL
  • np:other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • London hospital
  • London_hospital
  • pn_np:pred_l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • Mother
  • Mother
  • pn_np.h:a
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • tell-ing
  • tell-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • pro.1:g
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:a
  • paid
  • pay.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • pound
  • pound
  • np:p
  • a
  • a
  • rn_adp
  • week
  • week
  • rn_np
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • hospital
  • hospital
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • otherwise
  • otherwise
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • compensation
  • compensation
  • np:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • come
  • come.INF
  • v:pred
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • her
  • 3SG.F.OBL
  • pro.h:obl
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • more
  • more
  • ln_detq
  • money
  • money
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • sort
  • sort
  • other
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • a
  • a
  • ln
  • bit
  • bit
  • np:pred
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • folklore
  • folklore
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • that
  • that
  • rel_pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =lv_aux
  • pass-ed
  • pass-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • 'round
  • around
  • rv
‘For thirteen weeks he was in the London hospital, and Mother was telling me that she paid a pound a week to the hospital, because otherwise, when and if he got compensation, they would come after her for more money, that was sort of a bit of the folklore that was passed around.’
english_london01_0018[PLAY]
So, she was advised to do that, which she did do.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • advise-d
  • advise-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • 0
  • 0_mother
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • do
  • do.INF
  • vother:pred
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:p
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:a
  • did
  • do.PST
  • lv_aux
  • do
  • do.INF
  • v:pred
‘So, she was advised to do that, which she did do.’
english_london01_0019[PLAY]
And the hospital asked her how much she was coming in, and she said, Thirty shillings a week.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • hospital
  • hospital
  • np.h:a
  • ask-ed
  • ask-PST
  • v:pred
  • her
  • 3SG.F.OBL
  • pro:g
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • how
  • how
  • other
  • much
  • much
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • coming
  • come.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • thirty
  • thirty
  • ln_num
  • shilling-s
  • shilling-PL
  • np:other
  • a
  • a
  • rn_adp
  • week
  • week
  • rn_np
‘And the hospital asked her how much she was coming in, and she said, Thirty shillings a week.’
english_london01_0020[PLAY]
It's fifteen shillings from the industrial injury benefit and the remainder from sick clubs.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =cop
  • fifteen
  • fifteen
  • ln_num
  • shilling-s
  • shilling-PL
  • np:pred
  • from
  • from
  • rn_adp
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • industrial injury benefit
  • industrial_injury_benefit
  • rn_np
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • remainder
  • remainder
  • rn_np
  • from
  • from
  • rn_adp
  • sick club-s
  • sick_club-PL
  • rn_np
‘It's fifteen shillings from the industrial injury benefit and the remainder from sick clubs.’
english_london01_0021[PLAY]
Uh, so, they asked Mother how she could manage, and so, she said, she was getting help from the family -- which she was.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • ask-ed
  • ask-PST
  • v:pred
  • Mother
  • Mother
  • pn_np.h:g
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • how
  • how
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:s
  • could
  • could
  • lv_aux
  • manage
  • manage.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:a
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:a
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • getting
  • get.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • help
  • help
  • np:p
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • family
  • family
  • np.h:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:p
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:a
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
‘So they asked Mother how she could manage, and so she said, she was getting help from the family -- which she was.’
english_london01_0022[PLAY]
And whether she got any m-- more money, whether she did outdoor work, I don't know, because she was a seamstress.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • whether
  • whether
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • any
  • any
  • ln_detq
  • m--
  • NC
  • nc
  • more
  • more
  • ln_detq
  • money
  • money
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:other
  • whether
  • whether
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:a
  • did
  • do.PST
  • v:pred
  • outdoor work
  • outdoor_work
  • np:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • don't
  • do.PRS.NEG
  • lv_aux
  • know
  • know.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • seamstress
  • seamstress
  • np.h:pred
‘And whether she got any more money, whether she did outdoor work, I don't know, because she was a seamstress.’
english_london01_0023[PLAY]
That was it.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
‘That was it.’
english_london01_0024[PLAY]
But the father was out of work for eighteen months, and when he went back, ehm, I think he went to court, and they said that, uh, he had suffered neural damage, he had neurasthenia.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • out
  • out
  • adp
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • work
  • work
  • np:pred_other
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • eighteen
  • eighteen
  • ln_num
  • month-s
  • month-PL
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • back
  • back
  • rv
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • think
  • think.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • court
  • court
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • suffer-ed
  • suffer-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • neural
  • neural
  • ln_adj
  • damage
  • damage
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • neurasthenia
  • neurasthenia
  • np:p
‘But the father was out of work for eighteen months, and when he went back, I think he went to court, and they said that he had suffered neural damage, he had neurasthenia.’
english_london01_0025[PLAY]
So, he got compensation from loss of wages, six-hundred-and-seventy-two pounds, and the injury itself, seventy-eight pounds.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • compensation
  • compensation
  • np:p
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • loss
  • loss
  • np:other
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • wage-s
  • wage-PL
  • rn_np
  • six-hundred-and-seventy-two
  • six-hundred-and-seventy-two
  • ln_num
  • pound-s
  • pound-PL
  • np:appos
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • injury
  • injury
  • rn_np
  • itself
  • 3SG.N.REFL
  • rn_refl
  • seventy-eight
  • seventy-eight
  • ln_num
  • pound-s
  • pound-PL
  • np:appos
‘So, he got compensation from loss of wages, six-hundred-and-seventy-two pounds, and the injury itself, seventy-eight pounds.’
english_london01_0026[PLAY]
So, he got a total of seven-hundred-and-fifty pounds.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln
  • total
  • total
  • ln
  • of
  • of
  • ln
  • seven-hundred-and-fifty
  • seven-hundred-and-fifty
  • ln_num
  • pound-s
  • pound-PL
  • np:p
‘So, he got a total of seven-hundred-and-fifty pounds.’
english_london01_0027[PLAY]
And, ehm, he, he started work again.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • nc
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • start-ed
  • start-PST
  • v:pred
  • work
  • work
  • np:p
  • again
  • again
  • other
‘And he started work again.’
english_london01_0028[PLAY]
And, he kept work, he g--, from work he got, ehm, money from sick clubs, as I said, and then the men would put on the benefit from it.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:
  • kept
  • keep.PST
  • v:pred
  • work
  • work
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • nc
  • g--
  • NC
  • nc
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • work
  • work
  • np:obl
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • money
  • money
  • np:p
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • sick club-s
  • sick_club-PL
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • men
  • man.PL
  • np.h:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • put
  • put.INF
  • v:pred
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • benefit
  • benefit
  • np:p
  • from
  • from
  • rn_adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • rn_pro
‘And, he kept work, from work he got money from sick clubs, as I said, and then the men would put on the benefit from it.’
english_london01_0029[PLAY]
Mm, not necessarily officially from the union, but there'd be people from the branch, branch's official group.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • mm
  • mm
  • other
  • not
  • not
  • other
  • necessarily
  • necessarily
  • other
  • officially
  • officially
  • other
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • union
  • union
  • np:obl
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • be
  • be.INF
  • other:predex
  • people
  • people
  • np.h:s
  • from
  • from
  • rn_adp
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • branch
  • branch
  • nc
  • branch='s
  • branch=POSS
  • rn_np:poss
  • official
  • official
  • rn_adj
  • group
  • group
  • rn_np
‘Not necessarily officially from the union, but there'd be people from the branch, the branch's official group.’
english_london01_0030[PLAY]
Father was branch secretary of number two branch in the Watermen and Lightermen, Tugmen, and Bargemen's Uzh--, Union, which met in the Ship, public-house in Poplar High Street.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • Father
  • Father
  • pn_np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • branch secretary
  • branch_secretary
  • np.h:pred
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • number two branch
  • number_two_branch
  • rn_np
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Watermen and Lightermen, Tugmen and Bargemen='s
  • Watermen_and_Lightermen_Tugmen_and_Bargemen=POSS
  • ln
  • Uzh--
  • NC
  • nc
  • Union
  • Union
  • pn_np:l
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:s
  • met
  • meet.PST
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Ship
  • Ship
  • pn_np:l
  • public-house
  • public-house
  • np:appos
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • Poplar High Street
  • Poplar_High_Street
  • pn_np:l
‘Father was branch secretary of number two branch in the Watermen and Lightermen, Tugmen, and Bargemen's Union, which met in the Ship, public-house in Poplar High Street.’
english_london01_0031[PLAY]
And, ehm, after he went back to work, I remember he's, he's quite proud -- and I won't say immediately he went back to work -- he heard someone criticising the foreman, because they weren't sending mi father packing.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • back
  • back
  • rv
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • work
  • work
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • remember
  • remember.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • nc
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • nc
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =cop
  • quite
  • quite
  • other
  • proud
  • proud
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.h:a
  • won't
  • will.NEG
  • lv_aux
  • say
  • say.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • immediately
  • immediately
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • back
  • back
  • rv
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • work
  • work
  • np:g
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • heard
  • hear.PST
  • v:pred
  • someone
  • someone
  • indef_other.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_someone
  • f0.h:a
  • criticising
  • criticise.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • foreman
  • foreman
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • were-n't
  • be.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • send-ing
  • send-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:p
  • packing
  • packing
  • other
‘And after he went back to work, I remember he's quite proud -- and I won't say immediately after he went back to work -- he heard someone criticising the foreman, because they weren't sending my father packing.’
english_london01_0032[PLAY]
Now, the lightermen made up one in the barge loading when they loaded grain, with the c--, the corn porters.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • now
  • now
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • np.h:a
  • made
  • make.PST
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • one
  • one
  • num_np.h:p
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • barge
  • barge
  • np:l
  • load-ing
  • load-PTCP.PRS
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • load-ed
  • load-PST
  • v:pred
  • grain
  • grain
  • np:p
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • c--
  • NC
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • corn porter-s
  • corn_porter-PL
  • np.h:obl
‘Now, the lightermen made up one in the barge loading when they loaded grain, with the corn porters.’
english_london01_0033[PLAY]
And when they went to a railway wharf, the, uh, lightermen, two lightermen went in the barge and stowed the cargo and the railway worker just unhooked the slings belonging to the railway.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • railway wharf
  • railway_wharf
  • np:g
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • nc
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • np.h:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • barge
  • barge
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_lightermen
  • 0.h:a
  • stow-ed
  • stow-PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • cargo
  • cargo
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • railway worker
  • railway_worker
  • np.h:a
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • unhook-ed
  • unhook-PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • sling-s
  • sling-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_slings
  • f0:s
  • belong-ing
  • belong-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • railway
  • railway
  • np:obl
‘And when they went to a railway wharf, the lightermen, two lightermen went in the barge and stowed the cargo and the railway worker just unhooked the slings belonging to the railway.’
english_london01_0034[PLAY]
And, ehm, packing, uh, uh, in grain, it was packing quartern sacks of wheat, which is about two hundredweight.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • pack-ing
  • pack-PTCP.PRS
  • np:dt_s
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • in
  • in
  • other
  • grain
  • grain
  • rn
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:pred
  • 0
  • 0
  • f0.h:a
  • pack-ing
  • pack-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • quartern
  • quartern
  • ln
  • sack-s
  • sack-PL
  • np:p
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • wheat
  • wheat
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:s
  • is
  • be.PRS.3SG
  • cop
  • about
  • about
  • ln
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • hundredweight
  • hundredweight
  • np:pred
‘And it was packing quartern sacks of wheat, which is about two hundredweight.’
english_london01_0035[PLAY]
And so, mi father just went back into the packing, and they got sixpence a day extra on top of their pay when they backed, the lightermen, and that was that.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • back
  • back
  • rv
  • into
  • into
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • packing
  • packing
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • sixpence
  • sixpence
  • np:p
  • a
  • a
  • rn_adp
  • day
  • day
  • rn_np
  • extra
  • extra
  • other
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • top
  • top
  • ln
  • of
  • of
  • ln
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • pay
  • pay
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • back-ed
  • back-PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:pred
‘And so, my father just went back into the packing, and they got sixpence a day extra on top of their pay when they backed, the lightermen, and that was that.’
english_london01_0036[PLAY]
And, ehm, he -- like a lot of, ehm, people in the docks, were a lot of working-class -- uh, did not want his children to follow him.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • like
  • like
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln
  • lot
  • lot
  • ln_detq
  • of
  • of
  • ln
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • people
  • people
  • np.h:other
  • in
  • in
  • rn_adp
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • dock-s
  • dock-PL
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • were
  • be.PST
  • other:predex
  • a
  • a
  • ln
  • lot
  • lot
  • ln_detq
  • of
  • of
  • ln
  • working-class
  • working-class
  • np.h:s
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • did
  • do.PST
  • lv_aux
  • not
  • not
  • lv
  • want
  • want.INF
  • v:pred
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • children
  • child.PL
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_children
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • follow
  • follow.INF
  • vother:pred
  • him
  • 3SG.OBL
  • pro.h:p
‘And he -- like a lot of people in the docks, there were a lot of working-class people -- did not want his children to follow him.’
english_london01_0037[PLAY]
Uh, because it was a hard life.
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • hard
  • hard
  • ln_adj
  • life
  • life
  • np:pred
‘Because it was a hard life.’
english_london01_0038[PLAY]
I mean, I can remember of just two incidents, one when he'd been working on copra, and they got the copra bug.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • other
  • mean
  • mean.PRS
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • can
  • can
  • lv_aux
  • remember
  • remember.INF
  • v:pred
  • of
  • of
  • rv
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • incident-s
  • incident-PL
  • np:p
  • one
  • one
  • num_np:other
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • been
  • be.PTCP.PST
  • lv_aux
  • work-ing
  • work-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • copra
  • copra
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • copra bug
  • copra_bug
  • np:p
‘I mean, I can remember of just two incidents, one when he'd been working on copra, and they got the copra bug.’
english_london01_0039[PLAY]
And, uh, he's very particular, you know, taking his clothes off and looking for the copra bug.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =cop
  • very
  • very
  • other
  • particular
  • particular
  • other:pred
  • you
  • 2SG
  • other
  • know
  • know.PRS
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_father
  • f0.h:a
  • taking
  • take.PTCP.PST
  • vother:pred
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • clothes
  • clothes
  • np:p
  • off
  • off
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_father
  • f0.h:a
  • look-ing
  • look-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • for
  • for
  • rv
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • copra bug
  • copra_bug
  • np:p
‘And he's very particular, you know, taking his clothes off and looking for the copra bug.’
english_london01_0040[PLAY]
That's the one thing that was itchy. And, ehm...
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • one
  • one
  • ln_num
  • thing
  • thing
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_thing
  • rel_f0:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • itchy
  • itchy
  • other
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
‘That's the one thing that was itchy. And, ehm...’
english_london01_0041[PLAY]
[INTERVIEWER] What sort of a bug was this bug?
  • [INT]
  • [INT]
  • [INT]
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • what
  • what
  • nc
  • sort
  • sort
  • nc
  • of
  • of
  • nc
  • a
  • a
  • nc
  • bug
  • bug
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • nc
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • nc
  • bug
  • bug
  • nc_np
‘[INTERVIEWER] What sort of a bug was this bug?’
english_london01_0042[PLAY]
It's a, it's a bug, i--, it's bigger than a house bug.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • nc
  • ='s
  • =be.PRS
  • nc
  • a
  • a
  • nc
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PRS
  • =cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • bug
  • bug
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • i--
  • NC
  • nc
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PRS
  • =cop
  • bigger
  • big.CMPR
  • other:pred
  • than
  • than
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • house bug
  • house_bug
  • np:other
‘It's a bug, it's bigger than a house bug.’
english_london01_0043[PLAY]
Uh, and, I think it's darker than a house bug, but the house bug was brown. This was dark.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • think
  • think.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PRS
  • =cop
  • dark-er
  • dark-CMPR
  • other:pred
  • than
  • than
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • house bug
  • house_bug
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • house bug
  • house_bug
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • brown
  • brown
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • dark
  • dark
  • other:pred
‘And I think it's darker than a house bug, but the house bug was brown. This was dark.’
english_london01_0044[PLAY]
I never saw one miself, just had it described.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • never
  • never
  • other
  • saw
  • see.PST
  • v:pred
  • one
  • one
  • num_np:p
  • miself
  • 1SG.REFL
  • refl.1:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • 0.1:a
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_copra_bug
  • f0:s
  • described
  • describe.PTCP.PST
  • vother:pred
‘I never saw one miself, I just had it described.’
english_london01_0045[PLAY]
But, uh, it used to get in the copra and, 'course, the s-- dockers and stevedores working that from shovelling would get it, and 'course the lightermen covering up the craft would get it as well.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • used
  • used
  • lv_aux
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • copra
  • copra
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 'course
  • of_course
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • s--
  • NC
  • nc
  • docker-s
  • docker-PL
  • np.h:a
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • stevedore-s
  • stevedore-PL
  • rn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_workers
  • f0.h:a
  • work-ing
  • work-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • shovelling
  • shovel.PTCP.PRS
  • np:other
  • would
  • would
  • adp
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 'course
  • of_course
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • np.h:a
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0_lightermen
  • rel_f0.h:a
  • cover-ing
  • cover-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • craft
  • craft
  • np:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • as
  • as
  • other
  • well
  • well
  • other
‘But it used to get in the copra and, of course, the dockers and stevedores working that from shovelling would get it, and of course the lightermen covering up the craft would get it as well.’
english_london01_0046[PLAY]
And, uh, another time I remember it-- was very young.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • another
  • another
  • ln
  • time
  • time
  • np:p
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • remember
  • remember.PRS
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • 0.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • very
  • very
  • other
  • young
  • young
  • other:pred
‘And another time I remember, I was very young.’
english_london01_0047[PLAY]
I never saw my father, though he saw me, for about three weeks, because when they were bus--, they, they worked and, ehm, if you wanted time off and the foreman asks you, What's wrong with you? You say you was tired, he'd say, Well, Come have a sleep for two weeks, and things like that.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • never
  • never
  • other
  • saw
  • see.PST
  • v:pred
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • though
  • though
  • adp
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • saw
  • see.PST
  • v:pred
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • pro.1:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • about
  • about
  • ln
  • three
  • three
  • ln_num
  • week-s
  • week-PL
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • bus--
  • busy
  • other:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • they
  • 3PL
  • nc
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • work-ed
  • work-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • want-ed
  • want-PST
  • v:pred
  • time
  • time
  • np:p
  • off
  • off
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • foreman
  • foreman
  • np.h:s_ds
  • ask-s
  • ask-PRS.3SG
  • v:pred
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PRS.3SG
  • =cop
  • wrong
  • wrong
  • other:pred
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG.OBL
  • gen_pro.2:obl
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • say
  • say.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • tired
  • tired
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • say
  • say.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • well
  • well
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:s
  • come
  • come.IMP
  • lv
  • have
  • have.IMP
  • vother:pred
  • a
  • a
  • other
  • sleep
  • sleep
  • other:lvc
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • week-s
  • week-PL
  • np:other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • thing-s
  • thing-PL
  • np:other
  • like
  • like
  • rn_adp
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • rn_dem_pro
‘I never saw my father, though he saw me, for about three weeks, because they worked and, if you wanted time off and the foreman asks you, What's wrong with you? You say you were tired, he'd say, Well, Come have a sleep for two weeks, and things like that.’
english_london01_0048[PLAY]
So, men just worked literally until they dropped.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • men
  • man.PL
  • np.h:s
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • work-ed
  • work-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • literally
  • literally
  • other
  • until
  • until
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • dropped
  • drop.PST
  • v:pred
‘So, men just worked literally until they dropped.’
english_london01_0049[PLAY]
And, ehm, in some of the lighterage firms, ehm, they would put a chap that they've newly picked up on the driving craft, that is rowing'em under oars. Uh, job upon job.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • some
  • some
  • indef_other:l
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • lighterage firm-s
  • lighterage_firm-PL
  • rn_np
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • put
  • put.INF
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • chap
  • chap
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_chap
  • rel_f0.h:p
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • ='ve
  • =have.PRS
  • =lv_aux
  • newly
  • newly
  • other
  • pick-ed
  • pick-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • driving craft
  • driving_craft
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • is
  • be.PRS.3SG
  • cop
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:pred
  • 0
  • 0_chap
  • f0.h:a
  • row-ing
  • row-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • ='em
  • =3PL.OBL
  • =pro:p
  • under
  • under
  • adp
  • oar-PL
  • oar-PL
  • np:other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • job
  • job
  • np:other
  • upon
  • upon
  • adp
  • job
  • job
  • np:other
‘And in some of the lighterage firms, they would put a chap that they've newly picked up on the driving craft, that is rowing them under oars. Job upon job.’
english_london01_0050[PLAY]
And, and the men and the, after a few days their, their, their hands were bleeding, to sort of prove that they were good.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • men
  • man.PL
  • nc_np.h
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln
  • few
  • few
  • ln_detq
  • day-s
  • day-PL
  • np:other
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • nc
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • nc
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • hand-s
  • hand-PL
  • np:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • bleed-ing
  • bleed-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0_men
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • sort
  • sort
  • other
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • prove
  • prove.INF
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • good
  • good
  • other:pred
‘And after a few days their hands were bleeding, to sort of prove that they were good.’
english_london01_0051[PLAY]
And if they stuck it, that's fair enough.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • stuck
  • stick.PST
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =cop
  • fair
  • fair
  • other:pred
  • enough
  • enough
  • other
‘And if they stuck it, that's fair enough.’
english_london01_0052[PLAY]
So, but that's the sort of things that, uh, the men had in mind and they didn't want their children to follow.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • sort
  • sort
  • np:pred
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • thing-s
  • thing-PL
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_thing
  • rel_f0:p
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • men
  • man.PL
  • np.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • mind
  • mind
  • other:lvc
  • #
  • #
  • #rc.neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • want
  • want
  • v:pred
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • children
  • child.PL
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_children
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • follow
  • follow.INF
  • vother:pred
  • 0
  • 0_things
  • f0:p
‘So, but that's the sort of things that the men had in mind, and they didn't want their children to follow.’
english_london01_0053[PLAY]
And yet, but when you did, they were still proud of the fact that you were following the family, but they'd rather you became something else.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • yet
  • yet
  • other
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • did
  • do.PST
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_that
  • 0:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • still
  • still
  • other
  • proud
  • proud
  • other:pred
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • fact
  • fact
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • follow-ing
  • follow-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • family
  • family
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • rather
  • rather
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro
  • became
  • become.PST
  • v:pred
  • something
  • something
  • indef_other:other
  • else
  • else
  • rn
‘And yet, when you did, they were still proud of the fact that you were following the family, but they'd rather you became something else.’
english_london01_0054[PLAY]
So, that was that.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:pred
‘So, that was that.’
english_london01_0055[PLAY]
Anyhow, following that vein, when, ehm, I won a scholarship to, first of all it was the central school.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • anyhow
  • anyhow
  • other
  • follow-ing
  • follow-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • ln_dem
  • vein
  • vein
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • won
  • win.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • scholarship
  • scholarship
  • np:p
  • to
  • to
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • first
  • first
  • other
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • all
  • all
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • central school
  • central_school
  • np:pred
‘Anyhow, following that vein, I won a scholarship, first of all it was the central school.’
english_london01_0056[PLAY]
The, the school in that time, you had the elementary school, then the central school, then grammar schools.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • school
  • school
  • np:dt
  • in
  • in
  • rn_adp
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • rn_dem
  • time
  • time
  • rn_np
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • elementary school
  • elementary_school
  • np:p
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • central school
  • central_school
  • np:other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • grammar school-s
  • grammar_school-PL
  • np:other
‘The school in that time, you had the elementary school, then the central school, then grammar schools.’
english_london01_0057[PLAY]
And I won the scholarship, a place, Saint Bernard's Central School at Stepney -- tramped to work and there I won another scholarship and I went to Saint Ignatius College at Stamford Hill, which was a grammar school.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • won
  • win.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • scholarship
  • scholarship
  • np:p
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • place
  • place
  • np:other
  • Saint Bernard's Central School
  • Saint_Bernard_Central_School
  • np:appos
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • Stepney
  • Stepney
  • pn_np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • 0.1:s
  • tramp-ed
  • tramp-PST
  • v:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • work
  • work
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other:l
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • won
  • win.PST
  • v:pred
  • another
  • another
  • ln
  • scholarship
  • scholarship
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • Saint Ignatius College
  • Saint_Ignatius_College
  • pn_np:g
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • Stamford Hill
  • Stamford_Hill
  • pn_np:l
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • grammar school
  • grammar_school
  • np:pred
‘And I won the scholarship to a place, Saint Bernard's Central School at Stepney -- I tramped to work and there I won another scholarship and I went to Saint Ignatius College at Stamford Hill, which was a grammar school.’
english_london01_0058[PLAY]
And I was there until the third year, I went in nineteen thirty-seven, and in nineteen thirty-nine, of course the war broke out.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • cop
  • there
  • there
  • other:pred_l
  • until
  • until
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • third
  • third
  • ln_adj
  • year
  • year
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • nineteen thirty-seven
  • nineteen_thirty-seven
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • nineteen thirty-nine
  • nineteen_thirty-nine
  • np:other
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • course
  • course
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • war
  • war
  • np:s
  • broke
  • break.PST
  • v:pred
  • out
  • out
  • rv
‘And I was there until the third year, I went in nineteen thirty-seven, and in nineteen thirty-nine, of course the war broke out.’
english_london01_0059[PLAY]
And, ehm, schools were evacuated, and I wouldn't be evacuated and -- 'cause I wouldn't, neither wouldn't my other two brothers.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • school-s
  • school-PL
  • np:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • evacuate-d
  • evacuate-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • would-n't
  • would-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • be
  • be.INF
  • lv_aux
  • evacuate-d
  • evacuate-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • would-n't
  • would-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • neither
  • neither
  • other
  • would-n't
  • would-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • other
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • brother-s
  • brother-PL
  • np.h:s
‘And schools were evacuated, and I wouldn't be evacuated, and because I wouldn't, neither would my other two brothers.’
english_london01_0060[PLAY]
By that time, ehm, there's mi second brother Terry, as I mentioned, and the third brother, Fredrick, who's six years younger than I.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • by
  • by
  • adp
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • ln_dem
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =other:predex
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • second
  • second
  • ln_adj
  • brother
  • brother
  • np.h:s
  • Terry
  • Terry
  • pn_np.h:appos
  • as
  • as
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • other
  • mention-ed
  • mention-PST
  • other
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • third
  • third
  • rn_adj
  • brother
  • brother
  • rn_np.h
  • Fredrick
  • Frederick
  • rn_pn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PRS.3SG
  • =cop
  • six
  • six
  • ln_adj
  • year-s
  • year-PL
  • np:other
  • young-er
  • young-CMPR
  • other:pred
  • than
  • than
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:other
‘By that time there were my second brother Terry, as I mentioned, and the third brother, Fredrick, who's six years younger than me.’
english_london01_0061[PLAY]
And then the daughter -- my, my sister Iris was born in more or less the week the war broke out, September.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • daughter
  • daughter
  • np.h:dt
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • sister
  • sister
  • ln_np.h
  • Iris
  • Iris
  • pn_np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • born
  • born
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • more
  • more
  • ln
  • or
  • or
  • ln
  • less
  • less
  • ln
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • week
  • week
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0_week
  • rel_0.h:other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • war
  • war
  • np.h:s
  • broke
  • break.PST
  • v:pred
  • out
  • out
  • rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • September
  • September
  • np:other
‘And then the daughter -- my sister Iris was born in more or less the week the war broke out, September.’
english_london01_0062[PLAY]
And, ehm, I don't think Fred and Iris were planned, because in families, you, you pass things on.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • don't
  • do.PRS.NEG
  • lv_aux
  • think
  • think.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • Fred
  • Fred
  • pn_np.h:s
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • Iris
  • Iris
  • rn_pn_np.h
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • planned
  • plan.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • families
  • family.PL
  • np.h:other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • nc
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • pass
  • pass.PRS
  • v:pred
  • thing-s
  • thing-PL
  • np:p
  • on
  • on
  • rv
‘And I don't think Fred and Iris were planned, because in families, you pass things on.’
english_london01_0063[PLAY]
Y-, cots were passed on, and, uh, my father used-- grandfather now, mi mother's father used to pass his trousers down, mi mother'd cut'em up, being a seamstress, and make trousers for us.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • y--
  • NC
  • nc
  • cot-s
  • cot-PL
  • np:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • pass-ed
  • pass-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • on
  • on
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • nc
  • father
  • father
  • nc
  • used
  • used
  • nc
  • grandfather
  • grandfather
  • other
  • now
  • now
  • other
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • mother='s
  • mother=POSS
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:a
  • used
  • used
  • lv_aux
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • pass
  • pass.INF
  • np:p
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • trouser-s
  • trouser-PL
  • np:p
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • mother
  • mother
  • np.h:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • cut
  • cut.INF
  • v:pred
  • ='em
  • =3PL.OBL
  • =pro:p
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_she
  • f0.h:s
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • seamstress
  • seamstress
  • np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_mother
  • 0.h:a
  • make
  • make.INF
  • v:pred
  • trouser-s
  • trouser-PL
  • np:p
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • us
  • 1PL.OBL
  • pro.1:obl
‘Cots were passed on, and my grandfather, my mother's father used to pass his trousers down, my mother would cut them up, being a seamstress, and make trousers for us.’
english_london01_0064[PLAY]
And so they'd passing left to Mother's sister.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro:s
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • pass-ing
  • pass-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • left
  • left
  • rv
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • Mother='s
  • Mother=POSS
  • ln_pn_np.h:poss
  • sister
  • sister
  • np.h:g
‘And so they had been passed on to mother's sister.’
english_london01_0065[PLAY]
But when Fred was born and Fr-- and, and Iris -- now, I forget which was which -- I remember one had an egg box and the other one an orange box as a crib, but by the time Dad had sandpapered it and Mother had padded out and lined it, you couldn't tell the difference with a real cot.
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • Fred
  • Fred
  • pn_np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • born
  • born
  • v:pred
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • Fr--
  • NC
  • nc
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • Iris
  • Iris
  • rn_pn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • now
  • now
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • forget
  • forget.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • which
  • which
  • intrg_other.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • which
  • which
  • intrg_other.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • remember
  • remember.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • one
  • one
  • num_np.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • an
  • an
  • ln_deti
  • egg box
  • egg_box
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • other
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • one
  • one
  • num_np.h:a
  • an
  • an
  • ln_deti
  • orange box
  • orange_box
  • np:p
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • crib
  • crib
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • by
  • by
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • Dad
  • Dad
  • np.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • sandpaper-ed
  • sandpaper-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • Mother
  • Mother
  • pn_np.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • padded
  • pad.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_box
  • 0:p
  • out
  • out
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Mother
  • 0.h:a
  • line-d
  • line-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • could-n't
  • could-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • tell
  • tell.INF
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • other
  • difference
  • difference
  • other:lvc
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • real
  • real
  • ln_adj
  • cot
  • cot
  • np:obl
‘But when Fred was born and Iris -- now, I forget which was which -- I remember one had an egg box and the other one an orange box as a crib, but by the time Dad had sandpapered it and Mother had padded out and lined it, you couldn't tell the difference from a real cot.’
english_london01_0066[PLAY]
B-, but that was what they did at the time.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • b--
  • NC
  • nc
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • #
  • #
  • #rc:pred
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:p
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • did
  • do.PST
  • v:pred
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
‘But that was what they did at the time.’
english_london01_0067[PLAY]
And, ehm, because I wouldn't become evacuated, nor would the other two, and the sort of thing that turned me in a sense was that, there was a recruiting film with ARP, in, in, in the cinema and when we saw this and you could see, uh, the rooftops of s-- a town.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • would-n't
  • would-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • become
  • become.INF
  • lv_aux
  • evacuate-d
  • evacuate-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • nor
  • nor
  • other
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • other
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • two
  • two
  • num_np.h:s
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • sort
  • sort
  • np:s
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • thing
  • thing
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_it
  • rel_f0:a
  • turn-ed
  • turn-PST
  • v:pred
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • pro.1:p
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • sense
  • sense
  • np:other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:pred
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • recruiting film
  • recruiting_film
  • np:s
  • with
  • with
  • rn_adp
  • ARP
  • ARP
  • rn_pn_np
  • in
  • in
  • nc
  • in
  • in
  • nc
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • cinema
  • cinema
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • saw
  • see.PST
  • v:pred
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • dem_pro:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • could
  • could
  • lv_aux
  • see
  • see.INF
  • v:pred
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • rooftop-s
  • rooftop-PL
  • np:p
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • s--
  • NC
  • nc
  • a
  • a
  • rn_deti
  • town
  • town
  • rn_np
‘And because I wouldn't be evacuated, and neither would the other two, and the sort of thing that turned me in a sense was that, there was a recruiting film with ARP, in the cinema and when we saw this and you could see, the rooftops of a town.’
english_london01_0068[PLAY]
And the planes coming and th--, the spurts coming up and that, and, and I'd also seen H. G. Wells, ehm, War of the Worlds and Things to Come, film like that; and, ehm, I was sitting there listening to Mother and Father talking, -- they had a little general shop [UNCLEAR] which mi mother ran, which they'd bought from Dad's compensation, in case, uh, he couldn't work, but which he could do.
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • plane-s
  • plane-PL
  • np:s
  • coming
  • come.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • th--
  • NC
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • spurt-s
  • spurt-PL
  • np:s
  • coming
  • come.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • also
  • also
  • other
  • seen
  • see.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • H. G. Wells'
  • H_G_Wells=POSS
  • ln_pn_np.h:poss
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • ln
  • War of the Worlds
  • War_of_the_Worlds
  • pn_np:p
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • Things to Come
  • Things_to_Come
  • rn_pn_np
  • film
  • film
  • rn_np
  • like
  • like
  • rn
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • rn_dem_pro
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • lv_aux
  • sitting
  • sit.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • there
  • there
  • other:l
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:s
  • listen-ing
  • listen-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • Mother
  • Mother
  • pn_np.h:obl
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • Father
  • Father
  • rn_pn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • f0.h:s
  • talk-ing
  • talk-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • little
  • little
  • ln_adj
  • general shop
  • general_shop
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:p
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • mother
  • mother
  • np.h:a
  • ran
  • run.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:p
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • bought
  • buy.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • Dad='s
  • Dad=POSS
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • compensation
  • compensation
  • np:obl
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • case
  • case
  • np:other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #rc.neg
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • could-n't
  • could-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • work
  • work.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:p
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • could
  • could
  • lv_aux
  • do
  • do.INF
  • v:pred
‘And the planes were coming in, and the spurts were coming up and that, and I'd also seen H. G. Wells, War of the Worlds and Things to Come, films like that; and I was sitting there listening to Mother and Father talking, -- they had a little general shop over, which mi mother ran, which they'd bought from Dad's compensation, in case, he couldn't work, but which he could do.’
english_london01_0069[PLAY]
So, Mother ran the little general shop, and there was what they called a back parlour, which fronted onto the shop, and it was just wooden partition, that was wallpapered, with a window, so you could see into the shop, see anybody coming in. And the glass door.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • Mother
  • Mother
  • pn_np.h:a
  • ran
  • run.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • little
  • little
  • ln_adj
  • general shop
  • general_shop
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • #
  • #
  • #rc:s
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:p
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • call-ed
  • call-PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • back parlour
  • back_parlour
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:s
  • front-ed
  • front-PST
  • v:pred
  • onto
  • onto
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • shop
  • shop
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • wooden
  • wooden
  • ln_adj
  • partition
  • partition
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_partition
  • rel_f0:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • wallpaper-ed
  • wallpaper-PTCP.PS
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • window
  • window
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • so
  • so
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • could
  • could
  • lv_aux
  • see
  • see.INF
  • v:pred
  • into
  • into
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • shop
  • shop
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • see
  • see.INF
  • v:pred
  • anybody
  • anybody
  • indef_other.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0
  • f0.h:s
  • coming
  • come.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • in
  • in
  • rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • glass door
  • glass_door
  • np:other
‘So, Mother ran the little general shop, and there was what they called a back parlour, which fronted onto the shop, and it was just wooden partition, that was wallpapered, with a window, so you could see into the shop, see anybody coming in. And the glass door.’
english_london01_0070[PLAY]
Then the other side of the counter was the, the shop window again, so it was just glass.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • other
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • side
  • side
  • np:s
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • counter
  • counter
  • rn_np
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • shop window
  • shop_window
  • np:pred
  • again
  • again
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • glass
  • glass
  • np:pred
‘Then the other side of the counter was the shop window again, so it was just glass.’
english_london01_0071[PLAY]
And they were talking about putting sandbags up, and I can visualise this coming in with a bomb and then being killed.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • talk-ing
  • talk-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • about
  • about
  • adp
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_parents
  • f0.h:a
  • putting
  • put.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • sandbag-s
  • sandbag-PL
  • np:p
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • can
  • can
  • lv_aux
  • visualise
  • visualise.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • coming
  • come.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • in
  • in
  • rv
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • bomb
  • bomb
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:s
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • lv_aux
  • kill-ed
  • kill-PTCP.PST
  • vother:pred
‘And they were talking about putting sandbags up, and I can visualise someone coming in with a bomb and then being killed.’
english_london01_0072[PLAY]
So, it was really, I mean, nothing courageous on my part, but frightened of being f--, f--, separated from your parents, so, I said, I'm not being evacuated and they didn't need much persuading.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • really
  • really
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • other
  • mean
  • mean.PRS
  • other
  • nothing
  • nothing
  • indef_other:pred
  • courageous
  • courageous
  • rn_adj
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • part
  • part
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • 0.1:s
  • frightened
  • frightened
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • gen_f0.2:s
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • lv_aux
  • f--
  • NC
  • nc
  • f--
  • NC
  • nc
  • separate-d
  • separate-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • ln_gen_pro.2:poss
  • parent-s
  • parent-PL
  • np.h:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s_ds
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • ='m
  • =be.PRS.1SG
  • =lv_aux
  • not
  • not
  • lv
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • lv_aux
  • evacuate-d
  • evacuate-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • need
  • need.INF
  • v:pred
  • much
  • much
  • ln_detq
  • persuading
  • persuading
  • np:p
‘So, it was really, I mean, nothing courageous on my part, but being frightened of being separated from your parents, so, I said, I'm not being evacuated and they didn't need much persuading.’
english_london01_0073[PLAY]
They said, Oh, Okay, That's it.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • oh
  • oh
  • other
  • okay
  • okay
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =cop
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:pred
‘They said, Oh, Okay, That's it.’
english_london01_0074[PLAY]
So, we, we, we, we stayed, and uh, 'course, all the schools shut down and that was it.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • stay-ed
  • stay-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • 'course
  • of_course
  • other
  • all
  • all
  • ln
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • school-s
  • school-PL
  • np:s
  • shut
  • shut.PST
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
‘So, we stayed, and of course, all the schools shut down and that was it.’
english_london01_0075[PLAY]
So, my father said to me, ehm, We'll do so, I said, Well, I want to become a lighterman.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s_ds
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • pro.1:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • ='ll
  • =will
  • =lv_aux
  • do
  • do.INF
  • v:pred
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s_ds
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • well
  • well
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • want
  • want.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc:p
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:s
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • become
  • become.INF
  • vother:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • lighterman
  • lighterman
  • np.h:obl
‘So, my father said to me, We'll do something, I said, Well, I want to become a lighterman.’
english_london01_0076[PLAY]
And, uh, he, he, in the end he come home on a Saturday afternoon a little bit winey, 'cause they finished early Saturday -- Saturday, by the t-- way, was a normal day for a lighterman.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • nc
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • nc
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • end
  • end
  • np:other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • come
  • come.PST
  • v:pred
  • home
  • home
  • other:g
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • Saturday afternoon
  • Saturday_afternoon
  • np:other
  • a
  • a
  • other
  • little
  • little
  • other
  • bit
  • bit
  • other
  • winey
  • winey
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • finish-ed
  • finish-PST
  • v:pred
  • early
  • early
  • other
  • Saturday
  • Saturday
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • Saturday
  • Saturday
  • np:s
  • by
  • by
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • other
  • t--
  • NC
  • nc
  • way
  • way
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • normal
  • normal
  • ln_adj
  • day
  • day
  • np:pred
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • lighterman
  • lighterman
  • np.h:other
‘And in the end he came home on a Saturday afternoon a little bit winey, because they finished early Saturday -- Saturday, by the way, was a normal day for a lighterman.’
english_london01_0077[PLAY]
If they finished half day, fair enough, they got a day's pay, but otherwise worked till five and that.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • finish-ed
  • finish-PST
  • v:pred
  • half
  • half
  • ln_adj
  • day
  • day
  • np:other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • fair
  • fair
  • other
  • enough
  • enough
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • day='s
  • day=POSS
  • ln_np:poss
  • pay
  • pay
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • otherwise
  • otherwise
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • 0.h:s
  • work-ed
  • work-PST
  • v:pred
  • till
  • until
  • adp
  • five
  • five
  • num_np:g
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • other
‘If they finished in half a day, fair enough, they got a day's pay, but otherwise worked until five and that.’
english_london01_0078[PLAY]
So, if they finished early, they'd have a drink in the pub and, ehm, he came home, he said, Right, Wanna be apprenticed, I'll apprentice you.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • finish-ed
  • finish-PST
  • v:pred
  • early
  • early
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • have
  • have.INF
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • other
  • drink
  • drink
  • other:lvc
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • pub
  • pub
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • came
  • come.PST
  • v:pred
  • home
  • home
  • other:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • right
  • right
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • 0.2:a
  • wanna
  • want_to
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc:p
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:s
  • be
  • be.INF
  • lv_aux
  • apprentice-d
  • apprentice-PTCP.PST
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • ='ll
  • =will
  • =lv_aux
  • apprentice
  • apprentice.INF
  • v:pred
  • you
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:p
‘So, if they finished early, they'd have a drink in the pub, and he came home, he said, Right, You want to be apprenticed, I'll apprentice you.’
english_london01_0079[PLAY]
So, in December of thirty-nine, he apprenticed me to lighterage and I started, uh, work had got busy, 'cause, you remember, they were coming out of depression.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • December
  • December
  • np:other
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • thirty-nine
  • thirty-nine
  • rn_np
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • apprentice-d
  • apprentice-PST
  • v:pred
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • pro.1:p
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • lighterage
  • lighterage
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • start-ed
  • start-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • work
  • work
  • np:s
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • got
  • get.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • busy
  • busy
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • other
  • remember
  • remember.PRS
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • coming
  • come.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • out
  • out
  • adp
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • depression
  • depression
  • np:obl
‘So, in December of thirty-nine, he apprenticed me to lighterage and I started; work had got busy, because, you remember, they were coming out of depression.’
english_london01_0080[PLAY]
And, V-, I started for Volkins -- they had a motor tug, the Vaneck, and my father at that time was mate on the Vaneck.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • V--
  • NC
  • nc
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • start-ed
  • start-PST
  • v:pred
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • Volkins
  • Volkins
  • pn_np.h:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • motor tug
  • motor_tug
  • np:p
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Vaneck
  • Vaneck
  • pn_np:appos
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • ln_dem
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • mate
  • mate
  • np.h:pred
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Vaneck
  • Vaneck
  • pn_np:l
‘And I started for Volkins -- they had a motor tug, the Vaneck, and my father at that time was mate on the Vaneck.’
english_london01_0081[PLAY]
And they brought the Vigilant back into commission, she'd be laid up in the East India Dock because there's no work for her. She was a steamboat.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • brought
  • bring.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Vigilant
  • Vigilant
  • pn_np:p
  • back
  • back
  • adp
  • into
  • into
  • adp
  • commission
  • commission
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro:s
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • be
  • be.INF
  • lv_aux
  • laid
  • lay.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • East India Dock
  • East_India_Dock
  • pn_np:l
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =other:predex
  • no
  • no
  • ln
  • work
  • work
  • np:s
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • her
  • 3SG.F.OBL
  • pro:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • steamboat
  • steamboat
  • np:pred
‘And they brought the Vigilant back into commission, she'd be laid up in the East India Dock because there's no work for her. She was a steamboat.’
english_london01_0082[PLAY]
And I went boy... [GAP IN RECORDING] ...was the mate, a young mate.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • I
  • 1SG
  • nc_pro.1
  • went
  • go.PST
  • nc
  • boy
  • boy
  • nc
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • mate
  • mate
  • nc
  • a
  • a
  • nc
  • young
  • young
  • nc
  • mate
  • mate
  • nc
‘And I went boy... [GAP IN RECORDING] ...was the mate, a young mate.’
english_london01_0083[PLAY]
And, uh, the engineer had a rather biblical name, Garney Bruiss.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • engineer
  • engineer
  • np.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • rather
  • rather
  • ln
  • biblical
  • biblical
  • ln_adj
  • name
  • name
  • np:p
  • Garney Bruiss
  • Garney_Bruiss
  • pn_np.h:appos
‘And the engineer had a rather biblical name, Garney Bruiss.’
english_london01_0084[PLAY]
And the fireman or stoker was Ike Emms.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • fireman
  • fireman
  • np.h:s
  • or
  • or
  • rn
  • stoker
  • stoker
  • rn_np.h
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • Ike Emms
  • Ike_Emms
  • pn_np.h:pred
‘And the fireman or stoker was Ike Emms.’
english_london01_0085[PLAY]
Couple of charac-- -- Garney Bruiss was a very much a character, playing practical jokes.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • couple
  • couple
  • other
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • charac--
  • NC
  • nc
  • Garney Bruiss
  • Garney_Bruiss
  • pn_np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • nc
  • very
  • very
  • ln
  • much
  • much
  • ln
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • character
  • character
  • np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_Bruiss
  • f0.h:a
  • play-ing
  • play-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • practical
  • practical
  • ln_adj
  • joke-s
  • joke-PL
  • np:p
‘Garney Bruiss was a very much a character, playing practical jokes.’
english_london01_0086[PLAY]
And, ehm, the firemen would get there early, we'd get an hour's overtime to raise steam, so it then get away.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • firemen
  • fireman.PL
  • np.h:s
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • there
  • there
  • other:g
  • early
  • early
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • an
  • an
  • ln_deti
  • hour='s
  • hour=POSS
  • ln_np:poss
  • overtime
  • overtime
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0_we
  • f0.1:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • raise
  • raise.INF
  • vother:pred
  • steam
  • steam
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • so
  • so
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • away
  • away
  • rv
‘And the firemen would get there early, we'd get an hour's overtime to raise steam, so it then get away.’
english_london01_0087[PLAY]
And it was a, a day-boat, which meant that you worked an eight-hour day, but the commencement could be between six a.m. and twelve noon, according to the tide.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • nc
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • day-boat
  • day_boat
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:a
  • meant
  • mean.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • work-ed
  • work-PST
  • v:pred
  • an
  • an
  • ln_deti
  • eight-hour
  • eight-hour
  • ln_adj
  • day
  • day
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • commencement
  • commencement
  • np:s
  • could
  • could
  • lv_aux
  • be
  • be.INF
  • cop
  • between
  • between
  • adp
  • six
  • six
  • num_np:pred_other
  • a.m.
  • a_m
  • rn
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • twelve
  • twelve
  • rn_num_np
  • noon
  • noon
  • rn
  • according
  • according
  • adp
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • tide
  • tide
  • np:other
‘And it was a day-boat, which meant that you worked an eight-hour day, but the commencement could be between six a.m. and twelve noon, according to the tide.’
english_london01_0088[PLAY]
So, the tide started, you started at six o'clock, next morning perhaps seven o'clock, next morning eight o'clock, right through to midday, and then you went back to six o'clock again.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • tide
  • tide
  • np:s
  • start-ed
  • start-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • start-ed
  • start-PST
  • v:pred
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • six
  • six
  • num_np:other
  • o'clock
  • o'clock
  • rn
  • next
  • next
  • ln_adj
  • morning
  • morning
  • np:other
  • perhaps
  • perhaps
  • other
  • seven
  • seven
  • other
  • o'clock
  • o'clock
  • other
  • next
  • next
  • ln_adj
  • morning
  • morning
  • np:other
  • eight
  • eight
  • other
  • o'clock
  • o'clock
  • other
  • right
  • right
  • other
  • through
  • through
  • adp
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • midday
  • midday
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • back
  • back
  • rv
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • six
  • six
  • num_np:g
  • o'clock
  • o'clock
  • rn
  • again
  • again
  • other
‘So, the tide started, you started at six o'clock, next morning perhaps at seven o'clock, next morning at eight o'clock, right through to midday, and then you went back to six o'clock again.’
english_london01_0089[PLAY]
And the first day I started work was a Saturday; I was fifteen then, I mean, and so, I was apprenticed for six years; you s--, if you started at fourteen, it was a seven-year apprenticeship, six years fifteen, and five years if you were sixteen.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • first
  • first
  • ln_adj
  • day
  • day
  • np:s
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0_day
  • rel_0:other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • start-ed
  • start-PST
  • v:pred
  • work
  • work
  • np:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • Saturday
  • Saturday
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • cop
  • fifteen
  • fifteen
  • other:pred
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • other
  • mean
  • mean.PRS
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • lv_aux
  • apprentice-d
  • apprentice-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • six
  • six
  • ln_num
  • year-s
  • year-PL
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • you
  • 2SG
  • nc
  • s--
  • NC
  • nc
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • start-ed
  • start-PST
  • v:pred
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • fourteen
  • fourteen
  • np:other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • seven-year
  • seven-year
  • ln_adj
  • apprenticeship
  • apprenticeship
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • six
  • six
  • nc
  • year-s
  • year-PL
  • nc
  • fifteen
  • fifteen
  • nc
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • five
  • five
  • nc
  • year-s
  • year-PL
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • sixteen
  • sixteen
  • other:pred
‘And the first day I started work was a Saturday; I was fifteen then, I mean, and so, I was apprenticed for six years; if you started at fourteen, it was a seven-year apprenticeship, six years at fifteen, and five years if you were sixteen.’
english_london01_0090[PLAY]
Then after that was what they called a dog licence, which originated in the First World War.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • #
  • #
  • #rc:s
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:p
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • call-ed
  • call-PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • dog licence
  • dog_licence
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro.h:s
  • originate-d
  • originate-PST
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • First World War
  • First_World_War
  • np:other
‘Then after that was what they called a dog licence, which originated in the First World War.’
english_london01_0091[PLAY]
An adult could come and be apprenticed for two years, and automatically become a freeman afterwards.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • an
  • an
  • ln_deti
  • adult
  • adult
  • np.h:s
  • could
  • could
  • lv_aux
  • come
  • come.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_adult
  • 0.h:s
  • be
  • be.INF
  • lv_aux
  • apprentice-d
  • apprentice-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • year-s
  • year-PL
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_adult
  • 0.h:s
  • automatically
  • automatically
  • other
  • become
  • become.INF
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • freeman
  • freeman
  • np.h:obl
  • afterwards
  • afterwards
  • other
‘An adult could come and be apprenticed for two years, and automatically become a freeman afterwards.’
english_london01_0092[PLAY]
They worked on boys' pays after six-year apprentice.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • work-ed
  • work-PST
  • v:pred
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • boy-s'
  • boy-PL.POSS
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • pay-s
  • pay-PL
  • np:other
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • six-year
  • six-year
  • ln_adj
  • apprentice
  • apprentice
  • np:other
‘They worked on boys' pays after six-year apprentice.’
english_london01_0093[PLAY]
And, uh, the first day was a Saturday.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • first
  • first
  • ln_adj
  • day
  • day
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • Saturday
  • Saturday
  • np:pred
‘And the first day was a Saturday.’
english_london01_0094[PLAY]
And, it was a three o'clock start, we was up half past four.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • three
  • three
  • ln_np
  • o'clock
  • o'clock
  • ln
  • start
  • start
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • up
  • up
  • other:pred
  • half
  • half
  • ln
  • past
  • past
  • ln
  • four
  • four
  • np:other
‘And it was a three o'clock start, we were up half past four.’
english_london01_0095[PLAY]
Mi father was on the shift boat, a sixteen-hour boat, we walked down to Blackwall Pier, which was about fifteen minutes walk.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • shift boat
  • shift_boat
  • np:pred_l
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • sixteen-hour
  • sixteen-hour
  • ln_adj
  • boat
  • boat
  • np:appos
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • walk-ed
  • walk-PST
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • Blackwall Pier
  • Blackwall_Pier
  • pn_np:g
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • about
  • about
  • ln
  • fifteen
  • fifteen
  • ln_adj
  • minute-s
  • minute-PL
  • ln_np
  • walk
  • walk
  • np:pred
‘My father was on the shift boat, a sixteen-hour boat, we walked down to Blackwall Pier, which was about fifteen minutes walk.’
english_london01_0096[PLAY]
Uh, and started work at six o'clock.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_we
  • 0.1:p
  • start-ed
  • start-PST
  • v:pred
  • work
  • work
  • np:p
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • six
  • six
  • num_np:other
  • o'clock
  • o'clock
  • rn
‘And we started work at six o'clock.’
english_london01_0097[PLAY]
And the first day's work was fourteen hours, eight o'clock at night, I did.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • first
  • first
  • ln_adj
  • day='s
  • day=POSS
  • ln_np:poss
  • work
  • work
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • fourteen
  • fourteen
  • ln_num
  • hour-s
  • hour-PL
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • eight
  • eight
  • num_np:p
  • o'clock
  • o'clock
  • rn
  • at
  • at
  • rn_adp
  • night
  • night
  • rn_np
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • did
  • do.PST
  • v:pred
‘And the first day's work was fourteen hours, eight o'clock at night, I did.’
english_london01_0098[PLAY]
And I's so proud, I wouldn't wash mi face, wanted mi mother see me dirty the water then.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.1SG
  • =cop
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • proud
  • proud
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • would-n't
  • would-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • wash
  • wash.INF
  • v:pred
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • face
  • face
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • 0.1:a
  • want-ed
  • want-PST
  • v:pred
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • mother
  • mother
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_Mother
  • f0.h:a
  • see
  • see.INF
  • vother:pred
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • pro.1:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:a
  • dirty
  • dirty.INF
  • vother:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • water
  • water
  • np:p
  • then
  • then
  • other
‘And was was so proud, I wouldn't wash my face, I wanted my mother see me dirty the water then.’
english_london01_0099[PLAY]
And, uh, 'course she was about, because the shops were open till late Saturday, because living was hard.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • 'course
  • of_course
  • other
  • she
  • 3SG.F
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • about
  • about
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • shop-s
  • shop-PL
  • np:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • open
  • open
  • other:pred
  • till
  • until
  • adp
  • late
  • late
  • ln_adj
  • Saturday
  • Saturday
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • living
  • living
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • hard
  • hard
  • other:pred
‘And of course she was about, because the shops were open until late Saturday, because living was hard.’
english_london01_0100[PLAY]
Ehm, we never had any bulb in a room -- electric light bulb more than sixty watts, so if you went from one room to the other you turned the lights out.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • never
  • never
  • other
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • any
  • any
  • ln_deti
  • bulb
  • bulb
  • np:p
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • room
  • room
  • np:l
  • electric
  • electric
  • ln_adj
  • light bulb
  • light_bulb
  • np:appos
  • more
  • more
  • rn
  • than
  • than
  • rn
  • sixty
  • sixty
  • rn_num
  • watt-s
  • watt-PL
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • so
  • so
  • adp
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • one
  • one
  • ln_num
  • room
  • room
  • np:obl
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • other
  • other
  • np:g
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • turn-ed
  • turn-PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • light-s
  • light-PL
  • np:p
  • out
  • out
  • rv
‘We never had any electric bulb in a room with more than sixty watts, so if you went from one room to the other you turned the lights out.’
english_london01_0101[PLAY]
Ehm, if milk was going off in the summer, was not be sold, Mother'd boil it -- we had that -- no, I don't mean to say we had it all the time, only it was there.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • milk
  • milk
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • go-ing
  • go-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • off
  • off
  • rv
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • summer
  • summer
  • np:other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_milk
  • 0:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • not
  • not
  • lv
  • be
  • be.INF
  • lv_aux
  • sold
  • sell.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • Mother
  • Mother
  • pn_np.h:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • boil
  • boil
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • no
  • no
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • don't
  • do.PRS.NEG
  • lv_aux
  • mean
  • mean.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • say
  • say.INF
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • all
  • all
  • ln
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • only
  • only
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • there
  • there
  • other
‘If milk was going off in the summer, it was not to be sold, Mother'd boil it -- we had that -- no, I don't mean to say we had it all the time, only it was there.’
english_london01_0102[PLAY]
Ehm, if cake was going stale, we had that, and things like that to, to make it pay, 'cause it was, was a hard living.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • cake
  • cake
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • go-ing
  • go-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • stale
  • stale
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:p
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • thing-s
  • thing-PL
  • rn_np
  • like
  • like
  • rn
  • that
  • DIST
  • rn_dem_pro
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0_we
  • f0.1:a
  • to
  • to
  • nc
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • make
  • make.INF
  • vother:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_it
  • f0:s
  • pay
  • pay.INF
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • nc
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • hard
  • hard
  • ln_adj
  • living
  • living
  • np:pred
‘If cake was going stale, we had that, and things like that to, to make it pay, because it was a hard living.’
english_london01_0103[PLAY]
Uh, and, for instance, you'd get knocks after you'd closed eight o'clock at night, people at the door, and you couldn't turn them away.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • for
  • for
  • other
  • instance
  • instance
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • knock-s
  • knock-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • close-d
  • close-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • eight
  • eight
  • num_np:other
  • o'clock
  • o'clock
  • rn
  • at
  • at
  • rn_adp
  • night
  • night
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • people
  • people
  • np.h:s
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • door
  • door
  • np:pred_l
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • could-n't
  • could-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • turn
  • turn.INF
  • v:pred
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • pro.h:p
  • away
  • away
  • rv
‘And, for instance, you'd get knocks after you'd closed eight o'clock at night, people would be at the door, and you couldn't turn them away.’
english_london01_0104[PLAY]
And you'd get some improvident families, you get one child come and knock for a, a penny candle, or ha'penny candle, and then about five minutes later another one'd come for a penny box of matches to light the candle.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • some
  • some
  • ln_detq
  • improvident
  • improvident
  • ln_adj
  • families
  • family.PL
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • get
  • get.PRS
  • v:pred
  • one
  • one
  • ln_num
  • child
  • child
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_child
  • f0.h:s
  • come
  • come.INF
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_child
  • f0.h:s
  • knock
  • knock.INF
  • vother:pred
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • nc
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • penny
  • penny
  • ln_adj
  • candle
  • candle
  • np:obl
  • or
  • or
  • rn
  • ha'penny
  • ha'penny
  • rn_adj
  • candle
  • candle
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • about
  • about
  • ln
  • five
  • five
  • ln_num
  • minute-s
  • minute-PL
  • np:other
  • later
  • later
  • rn
  • another
  • another
  • ln
  • one
  • one
  • num_np.h:s
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • come
  • come.INF
  • v:pred
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • penny
  • penny
  • ln_adj
  • box
  • box
  • np:obl
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • matche-s
  • matche-PL
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • light
  • light.INF
  • vother:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • candle
  • candle
  • np:p
‘And you'd get some improvident families, you get one child come and knock for a penny candle, or half penny candle, and then about five minutes later another one'd come for a penny box of matches to light the candle.’
english_london01_0105[PLAY]
This is the sort of thing, and still at that time, uh, there was penny packets of tea, ehm, there was, ehm, cigarettes five for the f--, for two pence, and there was one brand you could get two for one p. Uh, one pence, rather.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • is
  • be.PRS.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • sort
  • sort
  • np:pred
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • thing
  • thing
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • still
  • still
  • other
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • ln_dem
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • penny
  • penny
  • ln_adj
  • packet-s
  • packet-PL
  • np:s
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • tea
  • tea
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • cigarette-s
  • cigarette-PL
  • np:s
  • five
  • five
  • num_np:other
  • for
  • for
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • f--
  • NC
  • nc
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • pence
  • pence
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • one
  • one
  • ln_num
  • brand
  • brand
  • np:s
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • could
  • could
  • lv_aux
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • two
  • two
  • num_np:p
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • one
  • one
  • ln_num
  • p
  • p
  • np:obl
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • one
  • one
  • ln_num
  • pence
  • pence
  • np:other
  • rather
  • rather
  • other
‘This is the sort of thing, and still at that time, there were penny packets of tea, there were five cigarettes for two pence, and there was one brand you could get two for one p. One pence, rather.’
english_london01_0106[PLAY]
Ehm, the salt came in large blocks, and we had to be s-- sawn up.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • salt
  • salt
  • np:s
  • came
  • come.PST
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • large
  • large
  • ln_adj
  • block-s
  • block-PL
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc_pro.1
  • 0
  • 0_salt
  • 0:s
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • be
  • be.INF
  • lv_aux
  • s--
  • NC
  • nc
  • sawn
  • saw.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
‘The salt came in large blocks, and it had to be sawn up.’
english_london01_0107[PLAY]
Sugar in two-hundredweight sacks, had to be banged up.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sugar
  • sugar
  • np:s
  • in
  • in
  • rn
  • two-hundredweight
  • two-hundredweight
  • rn_adj
  • sack-s
  • sack-PL
  • rn_np
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • be
  • be.INF
  • lv_aux
  • bang-ed
  • bang-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
‘Sugar, in two-hundredweight sacks, had to be banged up.’
english_london01_0108[PLAY]
Biscuits in tins, and the sweets, of course, in jars.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • biscuit-s
  • biscuit-PL
  • nc
  • in
  • in
  • nc
  • tin-s
  • tin-PL
  • nc
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • sweet-s
  • sweet-PL
  • nc
  • of
  • of
  • nc
  • course
  • course
  • nc
  • in
  • in
  • nc
  • jar-s
  • jar-PL
  • nc
‘Biscuits in tins, and the sweets, of course, in jars.’
english_london01_0109[PLAY]
And, uh, I can vaguely remember, 'cause I was a child in the thirties there, [UNCLEAR] it was the depression.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • can
  • can
  • lv_aux
  • vaguely
  • vaguely
  • other
  • remember
  • remember.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • child
  • child
  • np.h:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • thirties
  • thirties
  • np:other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • depression
  • depression
  • np:pred
‘And I can vaguely remember, because I was a child in the thirties there, it was the depression.’
english_london01_0110[PLAY]
Young chaps out of work, coming, and Mum would th-- send them, sell'em a cigarette for a ha'penny.
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • young
  • young
  • ln_adj
  • chap-s
  • chap-PL
  • np:s
  • out
  • out
  • rn
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • work
  • work
  • rn_np
  • coming
  • come.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • Mum
  • Mum
  • np.h:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • th--
  • NC
  • nc
  • send
  • send.INF
  • nc
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • nc
  • sell
  • sell.INF
  • v:pred
  • ='em
  • =3PL.OBL
  • =pro.h:p
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • cigarette
  • cigarette
  • np:p2
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • ha'penny
  • halfpenny
  • np:obl
‘Young chaps out of work, would come, and Mum would sell them a cigarette for a half penny.’
english_london01_0111[PLAY]
And five of'em would be passing from one to another.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • five
  • five
  • num_np.h:s
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • ='em
  • =3PL.OBL
  • =rn_pro.h
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • be
  • be.INF
  • lv_aux
  • pass-ing
  • pass-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • one
  • one
  • num_np.h:obl
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • another
  • another
  • indef_other.h:g
‘And five of them would be passing it from one to another.’
english_london01_0112[PLAY]
And, uh, children not being able to go to school, because their one pair of boots was at the snobs.
  • #
  • #
  • #neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • children
  • child.PL
  • np.h:s
  • not
  • not
  • lv
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • lv_aux
  • able
  • able
  • rv
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • go
  • go.INF
  • v:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • school
  • school
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • one
  • one
  • ln_num
  • pair
  • pair
  • np:s
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • boot-s
  • boot-PL
  • rn_np
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • snob-s
  • snob-PL
  • np:pred_l
‘And children not being able to go to school, because their one pair of boots was at the snobs.’
english_london01_0113[PLAY]
Ah, so, that was the sort of clientele that, the, the shop was on.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ah
  • ah
  • other
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • sort
  • sort
  • np.h:pred
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • clientele
  • clientele
  • rn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_clientele
  • rel_f0.h:pred_obl
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • shop
  • shop
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • on
  • on
  • adp
‘So, that was the sort of clientele that the shop was on.’
english_london01_0114[PLAY]
And, uh, so, that's what I remember of the childhood in the shop there. And, ehm...
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PRS.3SG
  • =cop
  • #
  • #
  • #rc:pred
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:p
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • remember
  • remember.PRS
  • v:pred
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • childhood
  • childhood
  • np:obl
  • in
  • in
  • rn_adp
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • shop
  • shop
  • rn_np
  • there
  • there
  • rn
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
‘And, so, that's what I remember of the childhood in the shop there. And, ehm...’
english_london01_0115[PLAY]
[INTERVIEWER] Tell me about your first day, as a, as an apprentice.
  • [INT]
  • [INT]
  • [INT]
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • nc_imp_0
  • tell
  • tell.IMP
  • nc
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • nc_pro.1
  • about
  • about
  • nc
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • nc_pro.2
  • first
  • first
  • nc
  • day
  • day
  • nc_np
  • as
  • as
  • nc
  • a
  • a
  • nc
  • as
  • as
  • nc
  • an
  • an
  • nc
  • apprentice
  • apprentice
  • nc
‘[INTERVIEWER] Tell me about your first day as an apprentice.’
english_london01_0116[PLAY]
First day as apprentice? On, on, on the boat, ehm, as I was young George's boy, wi--, my, my father was young George Adams, and when I started with him he became old George and I became young George.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • first
  • first
  • nc
  • day
  • day
  • nc_np
  • as
  • as
  • nc
  • apprentice
  • apprentice
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • on
  • on
  • nc
  • on
  • on
  • nc
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • boat
  • boat
  • np:l
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • cop
  • young
  • young
  • ln_adj
  • George='s
  • George=POSS
  • ln_pn_np.h:poss
  • boy
  • boy
  • np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • wi--
  • NC
  • nc
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • nc
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • young
  • young
  • ln_adj
  • George Adams
  • George_Adams
  • pn_np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • start-ed
  • start-PST
  • v:pred
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • him
  • 3SG.OBL
  • pro.h:obl
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • became
  • become.PST
  • v:pred
  • old
  • old
  • ln_adj
  • George
  • George
  • pn_np.h:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • became
  • become.PST
  • v:pred
  • young
  • young
  • ln_adj
  • George
  • George
  • pn_np.h:obl
‘First day as apprentice? On the boat, as I was young George's boy, my father was young George Adams, and when I started with him he became old George and I became young George.’
english_london01_0117[PLAY]
Now, Jim Chew, I called Uncle Jim, because his wife was my mother's best friend. Edie Chew.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • now
  • now
  • other
  • Jim Chew
  • Jim_Chew
  • pn_np.h:dt
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • call-ed
  • call-PST
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_Jim_Chew
  • 0.h:p
  • Uncle Jim
  • Uncle_Jim
  • pn_np.h:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • wife
  • wife
  • np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • mother='s
  • mother=POSS
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • best
  • good.SUPR
  • ln_adj
  • friend
  • friend
  • np.h:pred
  • Edie Chew
  • Edie_Chew
  • pn_np.h:appos
‘Now, Jim Chew, I called Uncle Jim, because his wife was my mother's best friend. Edie Chew.’
english_london01_0118[PLAY]
So, Jim Chew was the skipper, and he lived a few streets away from us.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • Jim Chew
  • Jim_Chew
  • pn_np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • skipper
  • skipper
  • np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • live-d
  • live-PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln
  • few
  • few
  • ln_detq
  • street-s
  • street-PL
  • np:l
  • away
  • away
  • adp
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • us
  • 1PL.OBL
  • pro.1:other
‘So, Jim Chew was the skipper, and he lived a few streets away from us.’
english_london01_0119[PLAY]
And my duties, uh, the first day was, consisted of making tea mainly and warming up their food -- they used to fetch pre-cooked food to warm up.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • duties
  • duty.PL
  • np:dt
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • first
  • first
  • ln_adj
  • day
  • day
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • nc
  • consist-ed
  • consist-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:a
  • making
  • make.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • tea
  • tea
  • np:p
  • mainly
  • mainly
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:a
  • warm-ing
  • warm-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • food
  • food
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • used
  • used
  • lv_aux
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • fetch
  • fetch.INF
  • v:pred
  • pre-cooked
  • pre_cooked
  • ln_adj
  • food
  • food
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • warm
  • warm.INF
  • vother:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • 0
  • 0_food
  • 0:p
‘And my duties on the first day consisted of making tea mainly and warming up their food -- they used to fetch pre-cooked food to warm up.’
english_london01_0120[PLAY]
Uh, not only for the crew, but for the lightermen who towed behind the tug, they would come borrowing of you a cup of tea for a penny.
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • not
  • not
  • other
  • only
  • only
  • other
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • crew
  • crew
  • np.h:obl
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • np.h:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:s
  • tow-ed
  • tow-PST
  • v:pred
  • behind
  • behind
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • tug
  • tug
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • come
  • come.INF
  • lv_v
  • borrow-ing
  • borrow-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:obl
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • cup
  • cup
  • np:p
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • tea
  • tea
  • rn_np
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • penny
  • penny
  • np:other
‘Not only for the crew, but for the lightermen who towed behind the tug, they would come borrowing from you a cup of tea for a penny.’
english_london01_0121[PLAY]
And, then, you should help on the deck, but only let me help from the first week on the deck in the hours of daylight, because it was dark by about five o'clock, being December.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • should
  • should
  • lv_aux
  • help
  • help.INF
  • v:pred
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • deck
  • deck
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • 0.h:a
  • only
  • only
  • other
  • let
  • let.PST
  • v:pred
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • pro.1:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:s
  • help
  • help.INF
  • vother:pred
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • first
  • first
  • ln_adj
  • week
  • week
  • np:other
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • deck
  • deck
  • np:l
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • hour-s
  • hour-PL
  • np:other
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • daylight
  • daylight
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • xpro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • dark
  • dark
  • other:pred
  • by
  • by
  • adp
  • about
  • about
  • ln
  • five
  • five
  • num_np:other
  • o'clock
  • o'clock
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • December
  • December
  • np:pred
‘And, then, you should help on the deck, but they only let me help from the first week on the deck in the hours of daylight, because it was dark by about five o'clock, being December.’
english_london01_0122[PLAY]
But, ehm, they would've never forgiven themself for allowing me out on the deck in the dark as a newie, uh, uh, w-- knowing my father.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • ='ve
  • =have.INF
  • =lv_aux
  • never
  • never
  • other
  • forgiven
  • forgive.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • themself
  • 3PL.REFL
  • refl.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • f0.h:a
  • allow-ing
  • allow-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • pro.1:p
  • out
  • out
  • rv
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • deck
  • deck
  • np:g
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • dark
  • dark
  • np:other
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • newie
  • newie
  • np.h:other
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • w--
  • NC
  • nc
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • f0.h:a
  • know-ing
  • know-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:p
‘But they would've never forgiven themself for allowing me out on the deck in the dark as a newie, knowing my father.’
english_london01_0123[PLAY]
So that, uh, as soon as it became dark, I sat down below, and I can remember sitting down in the forward cabin, because in the tugs, there are two cabins.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • soon
  • soon
  • other
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • xpro:s
  • became
  • become.PST
  • v:pred
  • dark
  • dark
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • sat
  • sit.PST
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • below
  • below
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • can
  • can
  • lv_aux
  • remember
  • remember.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:s
  • sitting
  • sit.PTCP.PST
  • vother:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • forward cabin
  • forward_cabin
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • tug-s
  • tug-PL
  • np:l
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • are
  • be.PRS
  • other:predex
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • cabin-s
  • cabin-PL
  • np:s
‘So, as soon as it became dark, I sat down below, and I can remember sitting down in the forward cabin, because in the tugs, there are two cabins.’
english_london01_0124[PLAY]
There was one forward, that was for the mate and the skipper -- and no lightermen were allowed down there -- and aft was the general duty cabin with the galley, uh, which gave access to the engine room, and, 'course, they would come in, by their feet, and then the lightermen'd come down for their tea; they sat aft.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • one
  • one
  • num_np:s
  • forward
  • forward
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • that
  • that
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • mate
  • mate
  • np.h:pred_obl
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • skipper
  • skipper
  • rn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • no
  • no
  • ln
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • np.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • allow-ed
  • allow-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • adp
  • there
  • there
  • other:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • aft
  • aft
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • general duty
  • general_duty
  • ln_adj
  • cabin
  • cabin
  • np:pred
  • with
  • with
  • rn_adp
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • galley
  • galley
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:s
  • gave
  • give.PST
  • v:pred
  • access
  • access
  • other:lvc
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • engine room
  • engine_room
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 'course
  • of_course
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • come
  • come.INF
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • rv
  • by
  • by
  • adp
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • feet
  • feet
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • np.h:s
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • come
  • come.INF
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • tea
  • tea
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • sat
  • sit.PST
  • v:pred
  • aft
  • aft
  • other
‘There was one forward cabin, that was for the mate and the skipper -- and no lightermen were allowed down there -- and aft was the general duty cabin with the galley, which gave access to the engine room, and, of course, they would come in, by their feet, and then the lightermen would come down for their tea; they sat aft.’
english_london01_0125[PLAY]
So, they sent me down the forecabin, and the Vigilant had a wooden forepost, which, uh, w--, we would use, if they was dragging craft out from the shore, with a long line, and it -- I could hear this creaking; I didn't know what was happening, 'cause I'd not seen it.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • sent
  • send.PST
  • v:pred
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • pro.1:p
  • down
  • down
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • forecabin
  • forecabin
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Vigilant
  • Vigiliant
  • pn_np:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • wooden
  • wooden
  • ln_adj
  • forepost
  • forepost
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro.h:p
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • w--
  • NC
  • nc
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • use
  • use.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • dragging
  • drag.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • craft
  • craft
  • np:p
  • out
  • out
  • adp
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • shore
  • shore
  • np:obl
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • long
  • long
  • ln_adj
  • line
  • line
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • nc
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • could
  • could
  • lv_aux
  • hear
  • hear.INF
  • v:pred
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • ln_dem
  • creaking
  • creaking
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • know
  • know.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • happen-ing
  • happen-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • not
  • not
  • lv
  • seen
  • see.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
‘So, they sent me down the forecabin, and the Vigilant had a wooden forepost, which we would use, if they were dragging craft out from the shore, with a long line, and I could hear this creaking; I didn't know what was happening, because I'd not seen it.’
english_london01_0126[PLAY]
I just, eh, imagine all this creaking and bumping and banging along the side, and, th--, I was sitting there, say, from about five till we finished at eight o'clock.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • nc_pro.1
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • eh
  • eh
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • imp_gen_0.2:a
  • imagine
  • imagine.IMP
  • v:pred
  • all
  • all
  • ln
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • ln_dem
  • creaking
  • creaking
  • np:p
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • bumping
  • bumping
  • rn_np
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • banging
  • banging
  • rn_np
  • along
  • along
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • side
  • side
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • th--
  • NC
  • nc
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • lv_aux
  • sitting
  • sit.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • there
  • there
  • other:l
  • say
  • say
  • other
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • about
  • about
  • ln
  • five
  • five
  • num_np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • till
  • until
  • adp
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • finish-ed
  • finish-PST
  • v:pred
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • eight
  • eight
  • num_np:other
  • o'clock
  • o'clock
  • rn
‘Just imagine all this creaking and bumping and banging along the side, and I was sitting there, say, from about five until we finished at eight o'clock.’
english_london01_0127[PLAY]
But, ehm, once I was up on deck, and in the hours of daylight, and afterwards, when it got dark, when, after the first week, ehm, you would, eh, assist the mate, and your main duty would be putting the fend off, the fender in, when you came alongside.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • once
  • once
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • cop
  • up
  • up
  • adp
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • deck
  • deck
  • np:pred_l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • hour-s
  • hour-PL
  • np:other
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • daylight
  • daylight
  • rn_np
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • afterwards
  • afterwards
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • xpro:s
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • dark
  • dark
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • first
  • first
  • ln_adj
  • week
  • week
  • np:other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • eh
  • eh
  • other
  • assist
  • assist.INF
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • mate
  • mate
  • np.h:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • ln_gen_pro.2:poss
  • main
  • main
  • ln_adj
  • duty
  • duty
  • np:s
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • be
  • be.INF
  • cop
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:pred
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_f0.h:a
  • putting
  • put.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • fend
  • fend
  • nc
  • off
  • off
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • fender
  • fender
  • np:p
  • in
  • in
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • came
  • come.PST
  • lv_aux
  • alongside
  • alongside
  • other
‘But once I was up on deck, and in the hours of daylight, and afterwards, when it got dark, when, after the first week, you would assist the mate, and your main duty would be putting the fender in, when you came alongside.’
english_london01_0128[PLAY]
And, ehm, pass the towropes up to the lighterman, make the tea, scrub the cabin, and quite often that'd take a long time, because, being the day-work boats, we tended to do the short runs, where the shift boat, what mi father was on, did the long runs to Brentford and down to Tilbury.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • pass
  • pass.PRS
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • towrope-s
  • towrope-PL
  • np:p
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lighterman
  • lighterman
  • np.h:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • make
  • make.PRS
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • tea
  • tea
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • scrub
  • scrub.PRS
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • cabin
  • cabin
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • quite
  • quite
  • other
  • often
  • often
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • take
  • take.INF
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • long
  • long
  • ln_adj
  • time
  • time
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_we
  • f0.1:s
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • day-work boat-s
  • day_work_boat-PL
  • np:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • we
  • 1PL
  • 0.1:a
  • tend-ed
  • tend-PST
  • lv_v
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • do
  • do.INF
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • short
  • short
  • ln_adj
  • run-s
  • run-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • where
  • where
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • shift boat
  • shift_boat
  • np:a
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • what
  • what
  • rel_pro:pred_l
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • did
  • do.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • long
  • long
  • ln_adj
  • run-s
  • run-PL
  • np:p
  • to
  • to
  • rn
  • Brentford
  • Brentford
  • rn_pn_np
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • down
  • down
  • rn_adp
  • to
  • to
  • rn_adp
  • Tilbury
  • Tilbury
  • rn_pn_np
‘And pass the towropes up to the lighterman, make the tea, scrub the cabin, and quite often that'd take a long time, because, being the day-work boats, we tended to do the short runs, while the shift boat, what my father was on, did the long runs to Brentford and down to Tilbury.’
english_london01_0129[PLAY]
Only we did the London run, say, down to the Royal Docks, up through the bridges, perhaps to the wharves, up as far as about, ehm, Waterloo Bridge.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • only
  • only
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • did
  • do.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • London
  • London
  • ln_pn_np
  • run
  • run
  • np:p
  • say
  • say
  • other
  • down
  • down
  • adp
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Royal Docks
  • Royal_Docks
  • pn_np:g
  • up
  • up
  • adp
  • through
  • through
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • bridge-s
  • bridge-PL
  • np:other
  • perhaps
  • perhaps
  • other
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • wharves
  • wharf.PL
  • np:g
  • up
  • up
  • adp
  • as
  • as
  • other
  • far
  • far
  • other
  • as
  • as
  • other
  • about
  • about
  • ln
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • Waterloo Bridge
  • Waterloo_Bridge
  • pn_np:g
‘Only we did the London run, say, down to the Royal Docks, up through the bridges, perhaps to the wharves, up as far as about Waterloo Bridge.’
english_london01_0130[PLAY]
Only occasionally we'd go further.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • only
  • only
  • other
  • occasionally
  • occasionally
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.h:s
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • go
  • go.INF
  • v:pred
  • further
  • further
  • other
‘Only occasionally we'd go further.’
english_london01_0131[PLAY]
And, uh, so you get the bucket with soda and soft soap and make your sugie moodie, and they called it, and a scrubbing brush, and the floor of the cabin was a-lined with battleship lino. Brown, very thick, very durable.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • get
  • get.PRS
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • bucket
  • bucket
  • np:p
  • with
  • with
  • rn_adp
  • soda
  • soda
  • rn_np
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • soft
  • soft
  • rn_adj
  • soap
  • soap
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • make
  • make.PRS
  • v:pred
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • ln_gen_pro.2:poss
  • sugie moodie
  • sugie_moodie
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • call-ed
  • call-PST
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • 0
  • 0_sugie_moodie
  • f0:obl
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • scrubbing brush
  • scrubbing_brush
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • floor
  • floor
  • np:s
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • cabin
  • cabin
  • rn_np
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • a-lined
  • a-lined
  • v:pred
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • battleship lino
  • battleship_lino
  • np:obl
  • brown
  • brown
  • other
  • very
  • very
  • other
  • thick
  • thick
  • other
  • very
  • very
  • other
  • durable
  • durable
  • other
‘And so you get the bucket with soda and soft soap and make your sugie moodie, as they called it, and a scrubbing brush, and the floor of the cabin was a-lined with battleship lino. Brown, very thick, very durable.’
english_london01_0132[PLAY]
But of course, the engineers'd coming in and the stoker with their feet with oil on it and that, so you'd, used to get old sacks and put'em down.
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • course
  • course
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • engineers'd
  • engineers'd
  • np.h:s
  • coming
  • come.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • in
  • in
  • rv
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • stoker
  • stoker
  • rn_np.h
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • feet
  • feet
  • np:obl
  • with
  • with
  • rn_adp
  • oil
  • oil
  • rn_np
  • on
  • on
  • rn_adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • rn_pro
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • used
  • used
  • lv_aux
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • get
  • get
  • v:pred
  • old
  • old
  • ln_adj
  • sack-s
  • sack-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • put
  • put.INF
  • v:pred
  • ='em
  • =3PL.OBL
  • =pro:p
  • down
  • down
  • rv
‘But of course, the engineers would be coming in and the stoker with their feet with oil on it and that, so you used to get old sacks and put them down.’
english_london01_0133[PLAY]
But as I say, you, you start scrubbing the cabin and you'd be what they called jazzing, that was East India Dock to West India Dock -- was only about a five-minute run.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • as
  • as
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • other
  • say
  • say.PRS
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • nc
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • start
  • start.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_f0.2:a
  • scrubbing
  • scrub.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • cabin
  • cabin
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • be
  • be.INF
  • lv_aux
  • what
  • what
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:other
  • call-ed
  • call-PST
  • other
  • jazz-ing
  • jazz-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • East India Dock
  • East_India_Dock
  • pn_np:pred_obl
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • West India Dock
  • West_India_Dock
  • pn_np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_it
  • 0:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • only
  • only
  • other
  • about
  • about
  • other
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • five-minute
  • five_minute
  • ln_adj
  • run
  • run
  • np:pred
‘But as I say, you start scrubbing the cabin and you'd be what they called jazzing, that was East India Dock to West India Dock -- that was only about a five-minute run.’
english_london01_0134[PLAY]
And then you, soon as you heard the telegraph go to the engine room, then you'd just put the bucket on the stove to keep it hot, and you went up and helped the mate and then, down you went and did a bit more scrubbing; it might take you sometime two or three hours to, to scrub a cabin out.
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • nc
  • soon
  • soon
  • adp
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • heard
  • hear.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • telegraph
  • telegraph
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_telegraph
  • f0:s
  • go
  • go.INF
  • vother:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • engine room
  • engine_room
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • put
  • put.INF
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • bucket
  • bucket
  • np:p
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • stove
  • stove
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • f0.2:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • keep
  • keep.INF
  • vother:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • hot
  • hot
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • help-ed
  • help-PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • mate
  • mate
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • down
  • down
  • lv
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • did
  • do.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln
  • bit
  • bit
  • ln
  • more
  • more
  • ln_detq
  • scrubbing
  • scrubbing
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • might
  • might
  • lv_aux
  • take
  • take
  • v:pred
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:p
  • sometime
  • sometime
  • other
  • two
  • two
  • ln_num
  • or
  • or
  • ln
  • three
  • three
  • ln_num
  • hour-s
  • hour-PL
  • np:p2
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_f0.2:a
  • to
  • to
  • nc
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • scrub
  • scrub.INF
  • vother:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • cabin
  • cabin
  • np:p
  • out
  • out
  • rv
‘And then as soon as you heard the telegraph go to the engine room, you'd just put the bucket on the stove to keep it hot, and you went up and helped the mate and then down you went and did a bit more scrubbing; it might take you sometime two or three hours to scrub a cabin out.’
english_london01_0135[PLAY]
But, of course, if you didn't, they were very particular of their cleanliness then.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • course
  • course
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_that
  • 0:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • very
  • very
  • other
  • particular
  • particular
  • other:pred
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • rn_pro.h:poss
  • cleanliness
  • cleanliness
  • rn_np
  • then
  • then
  • other
‘But, of course, if you didn't, they were very particular of their cleanliness then.’
english_london01_0136[PLAY]
And, uh, they weren't bad, but the generation before the war, you'd get a cuff 'round the ear, if you didn't behave yourself.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • were-n't
  • be.PST-NEG
  • cop
  • bad
  • bad
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • generation
  • generation
  • np.h:dt
  • before
  • before
  • rn_adp
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • war
  • war
  • rn_np
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • cuff
  • cuff
  • np:p
  • 'round
  • around
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • ear
  • ear
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • behave
  • behave.INF
  • v:pred
  • yourself
  • 2SG.REFL
  • gen_refl.2:other
‘They weren't bad, but the generation before the war, you'd get a cuff around the ear, if you didn't behave yourself.’
english_london01_0137[PLAY]
But they was a bit more civilised by then.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • other
  • bit
  • bit
  • other
  • more
  • more
  • other
  • civilised
  • civilised
  • other:pred
  • by
  • by
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
‘But they were a bit more civilised by then.’
english_london01_0138[PLAY]
So, scrubbing or cleaning the brass.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • so
  • so
  • nc
  • scrubbing
  • scrub.PTCP.PRS
  • nc
  • or
  • or
  • nc
  • clean-ing
  • clean-PTCP.PRS
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • brass
  • brass
  • nc_np
‘So, scrubbing or cleaning the brass.’
english_london01_0139[PLAY]
And although Brasso had been in existence for some years, the skipper insisted that, uh, it was done the old way, and what I had to do was go to MacWhirters, who were the ship chandlers in East India Dock Road, and you get a, a block of brick dust, and you come back to the boat, and, by this time, you'd have it; you'd punch the lid of a, say, a paint ca--, paint can and make a grater.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • although
  • although
  • adp
  • Brasso
  • Brasso
  • pn_np:s
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • been
  • be.PTCP.PST
  • cop
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • existence
  • existence
  • np:pred_l
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • some
  • some
  • ln_detq
  • year-s
  • year-PL
  • np:other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • skipper
  • skipper
  • np.h:a
  • insist-ed
  • insist-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • done
  • do.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • old
  • old
  • ln_adj
  • way
  • way
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #rc:s
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:p
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • do
  • do.INF
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:pred
  • 0
  • 0_I
  • f0.1:s
  • go
  • go.INF
  • vother:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • MacWhirters
  • MacWhirters
  • pn_np:g
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • ship chandler-s
  • ship_chandler-PL
  • np.h:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • East India Dock Road
  • East_India_Dock_Road
  • pn_np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • get
  • get.PRS
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • nc
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • block
  • block
  • np:p
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • brick dust
  • brick_dust
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • come
  • come.PRS
  • v:pred
  • back
  • back
  • rv
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • boat
  • boat
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • by
  • by
  • adp
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • ln_dem
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • have
  • have.INF
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • punch
  • punch.INF
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lid
  • lid
  • np:p
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • a
  • a
  • nc
  • say
  • say
  • other
  • a
  • a
  • rn_deti
  • paint
  • paint
  • nc
  • ca--
  • NC
  • nc
  • paint can
  • paint_can
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • make
  • make.PRS
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • grater
  • grater
  • np:p
‘And although Brasso had been in existence for some years, the skipper insisted that it was done the old way, and what I had to do was go to MacWhirters, who were the ship chandlers in East India Dock Road, and you'd get a block of brick dust, and you come back to the boat, and, by this time, you'd have it; you'd punch the lid of, say, a paint can and make a grater.’
english_london01_0140[PLAY]
You'd grate your brick dust and mix it up, with a bit of paraffin and a bit of lubrication oil.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • grate
  • grate.INF
  • v:pred
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • ln_gen_pro.2:poss
  • brick dust
  • brick_dust
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • mix
  • mix.INF
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • bit
  • bit
  • np:obl
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • paraffin
  • paraffin
  • rn_np
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • a
  • a
  • rn
  • bit
  • bit
  • rn_detq
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • lubrication oil
  • lubrication_oil
  • rn_np
‘You'd grate your brick dust and mix it up, with a bit of paraffin and a bit of lubrication oil.’
english_london01_0141[PLAY]
And they get the coyar rope from a fender, which was beginning to disintegrate, and you'd go up and clean your steam whistle and the brass with this, uh, form of Brasso, where on the other boat, on the other shift there the boy just went to MacWhirters and he drew the Brasso.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • get
  • get.PRS
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • coyar rope
  • coyar_rope
  • np:p
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • fender
  • fender
  • np.h:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • beginning
  • begin.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0_rope
  • f0:s
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • disintegrate
  • disintegrate.INF
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • go
  • go.INF
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • clean
  • clean.INF
  • v:pred
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • ln_gen_pro.2:poss
  • steam whistle
  • steam_whistle
  • np:p
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • brass
  • brass
  • rn_np
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • ln_dem
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • form
  • form
  • np:obl
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • Brasso
  • Brasso
  • rn_pn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • where
  • where
  • adp
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • other
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • boat
  • boat
  • np:l
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • other
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • shift
  • shift
  • np:other
  • there
  • there
  • other:l
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • boy
  • boy
  • np.h:s
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • MacWhirters
  • MacWhirters
  • pn_np.h:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • drew
  • draw.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Brasso
  • Brasso
  • np:p
‘And they'd get the coyar rope from a fender, which was beginning to disintegrate, and you'd go up and clean your steam whistle and the brass with this form of Brasso, where on the other boat, on the other shift there the boy just went to MacWhirters and he drew the Brasso.’
english_london01_0142[PLAY]
But not our skipper, said, I don't want that.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • but
  • but
  • nc
  • not
  • not
  • nc
  • our
  • 1PL.POSS
  • nc_pro.1
  • skipper
  • skipper
  • nc_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_skipper
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • don't
  • do.PRS.NEG
  • lv_aux
  • want
  • want
  • v:pred
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:p
‘But not our skipper, he said, I don't want that.’
english_london01_0143[PLAY]
So, you assisted the mate, cleaning, washing the deck down, you'd wash the cabin yourself, heated their food, made the tea, made yourself generally useful.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • assist-ed
  • assist-PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • mate
  • mate
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_f0.2:s
  • clean-ing
  • clean-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_f0.2:a
  • wash-ing
  • wash-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • deck
  • deck
  • np:p
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • wash
  • wash.INF
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • cabin
  • cabin
  • np:p
  • yourself
  • 2SG.REFL
  • gen_refl.2:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • heat-ed
  • heat-PST
  • v:pred
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • food
  • food
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • made
  • make.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • tea
  • tea
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • made
  • make.PST
  • v:pred
  • yourself
  • 2SG.REFL
  • gen_refl.2:p
  • generally
  • generally
  • other
  • useful
  • useful
  • other
‘So, you assisted the mate, cleaned, washed the deck down, you'd wash the cabin yourself, heated their food, made the tea, made yourself generally useful.’
english_london01_0144[PLAY]
And then, as it was getting dark, you would prepare your navigation lamps, port, starboard and your two, uh, headlamps.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • xpro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • getting
  • get.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • dark
  • dark
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • prepare
  • prepare.INF
  • v:pred
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • ln_gen_pro.2:poss
  • navigation lamp-s
  • navigation_lamp-PL
  • np:p
  • port
  • port
  • rn_adj
  • starboard
  • starboard
  • rn_adj
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • rn_gen_pro.2:poss
  • two
  • two
  • rn_num
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • headlamp-s
  • headlamp-PL
  • rn_np
‘And then, as it was getting dark, you would prepare your navigation lamps, port, starboard and your two headlamps.’
english_london01_0145[PLAY]
You, one if you was running lights, and two, if you was towing, one above the other.
  • you
  • 2SG
  • nc
  • one
  • one
  • rn_num
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • running
  • run.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • light-s
  • light-PL
  • np:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • two
  • two
  • rn_num
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • tow-ing
  • tow-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • one
  • one
  • rn_num_np
  • above
  • above
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • other
  • other
  • rn_np
‘One if you were running lights, and two, if you were towing, one above the other.’
english_london01_0146[PLAY]
And what they call the chase lamp, which the lighterman would take over on the barge, or the sternmost barge after dark.
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • what
  • what
  • rel_pro:p
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • call
  • call.PRS
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • chase lamp
  • chase_lamp
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:p
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lighterman
  • lighterman
  • np.h:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • take
  • take.INF
  • v:pred
  • over
  • over
  • rv
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • barge
  • barge
  • np:l
  • or
  • or
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • sternmost
  • sternmost
  • rn_adj
  • barge
  • barge
  • rn_np
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • dark
  • dark
  • np:other
‘And what they call the chase lamp, which the lighterman would take over on the barge, or the sternmost barge after dark.’
english_london01_0147[PLAY]
So, you cleaned the glasses with newspaper, uh, and trimmed your wicks, filled the lamps up and got'em lit ready, when it was dark, and then you put them, put them up.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • clean-ed
  • clean-PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • glass-es
  • glass-PL
  • np:p
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • newspaper
  • newspaper
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • trimmed
  • trim.PST
  • v:pred
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • ln_gen_pro.2:poss
  • wick-s
  • wick-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • fill-ed
  • fill-PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lamp-s
  • lamp-PL
  • np:p
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_0.2:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • ='em
  • =3PL.OBL
  • =pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_lamps
  • f0:s
  • lit
  • light.PTCP.PST
  • vother:pred
  • ready
  • ready
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • xpro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • dark
  • dark
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • put
  • put.PST
  • nc
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • nc
  • put
  • put.PST
  • v:pred
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • pro:p
  • up
  • up
  • rv
‘So, you cleaned the glasses with newspaper, and trimmed your wicks, filled the lamps up and got them lit ready, when it was dark, and then you put them up.’
english_london01_0148[PLAY]
Then going up through the bridges, you would stand by the funnel, and as you got near the bridge, if the funnel was hitting, you'd pull it down.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • gen_f0.2:s
  • go-ing
  • go-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • through
  • through
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • bridge-s
  • bridge-PL
  • np:other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • stand
  • stand.INF
  • v:pred
  • by
  • by
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • funnel
  • funnel
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • near
  • near
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • bridge
  • bridge
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • funnel
  • funnel
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • hitting
  • hit.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • pull
  • pull.INF
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • down
  • down
  • rv
‘Then going up through the bridges, you would stand by the funnel, and as you got near the bridge, if the funnel was hitting, you'd pull it down.’
english_london01_0149[PLAY]
Your foremast would be hinged; the mate would have pulled that down and tied that down ready.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • ln_gen_pro.2:poss
  • foremast
  • foremast
  • np:s
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • be
  • be.INF
  • lv_aux
  • hinge-d
  • hinge-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • mate
  • mate
  • np.h:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • have
  • have.INF
  • lv_aux
  • pull-ed
  • pull-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:p
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_mate
  • 0.h:a
  • tie-d
  • tie-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:p
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • ready
  • ready
  • other
‘Your foremast would be hinged; the mate would have pulled that down and tied that down ready.’
english_london01_0150[PLAY]
And, ehm, you wouldn't be stuck on the long run, on the funnel all the time, the mate would give you a blow, but it was generally the boy's job to do this.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • would-n't
  • would-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • be
  • be.INF
  • cop
  • stuck
  • stuck
  • other:pred
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • long
  • long
  • ln_adj
  • run
  • run
  • np:l
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • funnel
  • funnel
  • np:l
  • all
  • all
  • ln
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • mate
  • mate
  • np.h:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • give
  • give.INF
  • v:pred
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:p
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • blow
  • blow
  • np:p2
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • generally
  • generally
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • boy='s
  • boy=POSS
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • job
  • job
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • 0
  • 0_boy
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • do
  • do.INF
  • vother:pred
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • dem_pro:p
‘And you wouldn't be stuck on the funnel all the time on the long run, the mate would give you a blow, but it was generally the boy's job to do this.’
english_london01_0151[PLAY]
So, that was the function of the, the deck boy.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • function
  • function
  • np:pred
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • deck boy
  • deck_boy
  • rn_np.h
‘So, that was the function of the deck boy.’
english_london01_0152[PLAY]
And then, it's -- yeah, just before the fall of France, we got a new boat, the Vista came 'round from Dunstan's in Yorkshire, and, uh, we went on the motorboat then, the Vista.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =cop
  • yeah
  • yeah
  • other
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • before
  • before
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • fall
  • fall
  • np:pred_other
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • France
  • France
  • rn_pn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • new
  • new
  • ln_adj
  • boat
  • boat
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Vista
  • Vista
  • pn_np:s
  • came
  • come.PST
  • v:pred
  • 'round
  • around
  • rv
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • Dunstan='s
  • Dunstan=POSS
  • ln_pn_np:poss
  • in
  • in
  • rn_adp
  • Yorkshire
  • Yorkshire
  • rn_pn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • motorboat
  • motorboat
  • np:g
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Vista
  • Vista
  • pn_np:appos
‘And then, it was -- yeah, just before the fall of France, we got a new boat, the Vista came around from Dunstan's in Yorkshire, and we went on the motorboat then, the Vista.’
english_london01_0153[PLAY]
And, ehm, the tank, the, the tea, there used to be some taste in it; we, we didn't tumble it, but the engineer, he was a Scotch engineer this, 'course being a diesel boat, it was a different type of engineer -- Garney Bruiss stayed with the Vigilant; he was a steam engineer.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • tank
  • tank
  • np:dt
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • tea
  • tea
  • np:dt_l
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • used
  • used
  • lv_aux
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • be
  • be.INF
  • other:predex
  • some
  • some
  • ln_detq
  • taste
  • taste
  • np:s
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • tumble
  • tumble.INF
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • engineer
  • engineer
  • np.h:dt_s
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • Scotch
  • Scotch
  • ln_adj
  • engineer
  • engineer
  • np.h:pred
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • dem_pro.h:dt_s
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 'course
  • of_course
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_boat
  • f0:s
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • diesel boat
  • diesel_boat
  • np:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • different
  • different
  • ln_adj
  • type
  • type
  • np:pred
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • engineer
  • engineer
  • rn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • Garney Bruiss
  • Garney_Bruiss
  • pn_np.h:s
  • stay-ed
  • stay-PST
  • v:pred
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Vigilant
  • Vigilant
  • pn_np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • steam engineer
  • steam_engineer
  • np.h:pred
‘And the tank, the tea, there used to be some taste in it; we didn't tumble it, but the engineer, he was a Scotch engineer this, of course being a diesel boat, it was a different type of engineer -- Garney Bruiss stayed with the Vigilant; he was a steam engineer.’
english_london01_0154[PLAY]
And you had a greaser boy with the, ehm, engineer.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • greaser boy
  • greaser_boy
  • np.h:p
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • engineer
  • engineer
  • np.h:obl
‘And you had a greaser boy with the engineer.’
english_london01_0155[PLAY]
And the Scotsman brought his son, and, uh, his son started breaking out in boils, and in the end we took the inspection lid off our fresh water tank, and someone had left a lot of red lead in there.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Scotsman
  • Scotsman
  • np.h:a
  • brought
  • bring.PST
  • v:pred
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • son
  • son
  • np.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • son
  • son
  • np.h:a
  • start-ed
  • start-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0_son
  • f0.h:s
  • break-ing
  • break-PTCP.PST
  • vother:pred
  • out
  • out
  • rv
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • boil-s
  • boil-PL
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • end
  • end
  • np:other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • took
  • take.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • inspection lid
  • inspection_lid
  • np:p
  • off
  • off
  • adp
  • our
  • 1PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • fresh water tank
  • fresh_water_tank
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • someone
  • someone
  • indef_other.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • left
  • leave.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln
  • lot
  • lot
  • ln_detq
  • of
  • of
  • ln
  • red
  • red
  • ln_adj
  • lead
  • lead
  • np:p
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • there
  • there
  • other:l
‘And the Scotsman brought his son, and his son started breaking out in boils, and in the end we took the inspection lid off our fresh water tank, and someone had left a lot of red lead in there.’
english_london01_0156[PLAY]
It was lead we was drinking.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • lead
  • lead
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0_lead
  • rel_0:p
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • drink-ing
  • drink-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
‘It was lead we were drinking.’
english_london01_0157[PLAY]
Of course, we cleaned it out and it was alright, but for weeks it was like that.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • course
  • course
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • clean-ed
  • clean-PST
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • out
  • out
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • alright
  • alright
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • week-s
  • week-PL
  • np:other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • like
  • like
  • adp
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:pred_other
‘Of course, we cleaned it out and it was alright, but for weeks it was like that.’
english_london01_0158[PLAY]
The other thing... [CUT IN RECORDING]
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • other
  • other
  • nc
  • thing
  • thing
  • nc
‘The other thing... [CUT IN RECORDING]’
english_london01_0159[PLAY]
The thing I remember about th--, the greaser boy, apart from the fact that this particular one broken out in boils because of the water, uh, grea--, the, the greaser boys in general -- the, the sort of assistant engineer -- it was it, it was a dead-end job really, unless you went on as, uh, this young Scots lad would've done; I mean, his father just brought him there to start him off.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • thing
  • thing
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0_thing
  • rel_0:p
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • remember
  • remember.PRS
  • v:pred
  • about
  • about
  • adp
  • th--
  • NC
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • greaser boy
  • greaser_boy
  • np.h:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • apart
  • apart
  • nc
  • from
  • from
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • fact
  • fact
  • nc_np
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • ln_dem
  • particular
  • particular
  • ln_adj
  • one
  • one
  • num_np.h:s
  • broke-n
  • broke-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • out
  • out
  • rv
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • boil-s
  • boil-PL
  • np:other
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • water
  • water
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • grea--
  • NC
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • greaser boy-s
  • greaser_boy-PL
  • np.h:dt
  • in
  • in
  • other
  • general
  • general
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • sort
  • sort
  • np:dt
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • assistant
  • assistant
  • rn_adj
  • engineer
  • engineer
  • rn_np.h
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • nc
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • nc
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • nc
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • dead-end
  • dead-end
  • ln_adj
  • job
  • job
  • np:pred
  • really
  • really
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • unless
  • unless
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • on
  • on
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • ln_dem
  • young
  • young
  • ln_adj
  • Scots
  • Scots
  • ln_adj
  • lad
  • lad
  • np.h:s
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • ='ve
  • =have.INF
  • =lv_aux
  • done
  • do.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • other
  • mean
  • mean.PRS
  • other
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • father
  • father
  • np.h:a
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • brought
  • bring.PST
  • v:pred
  • him
  • 3SG.OBL
  • pro.h:p
  • there
  • there
  • other:g
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0_engineer
  • f0.h:a
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • start
  • start.INF
  • vother:pred
  • him
  • 3SG.OBL
  • pro.h:p
  • off
  • off
  • rv
‘The thing I remember about the greaser boy, apart from the fact that this particular one broken out in boils because of the water, the greaser boys in general -- the sort of assistant engineer -- it was a dead-end job really, unless you went on as this young Scots lad would've done; I mean, his father just brought him there to start him off.’
english_london01_0160[PLAY]
But other lads, local lads, went greaser boys, they'll say it was a dead-end job.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • other
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • lad-s
  • lad-PL
  • np.h:s
  • local
  • local
  • ln_adj
  • lad-s
  • lad-PL
  • np.h:appos
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • greaser boy-s
  • greaser_boy-PL
  • np.h:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • ='ll
  • =will
  • =lv_aux
  • say
  • say.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • dead-end
  • dead-end
  • ln_adj
  • job
  • job
  • np:pred
‘But other lads, local lads, went to become greaser boys, they'll say it was a dead-end job.’
english_london01_0161[PLAY]
Hhhm, when they about eighteen, there's no more promotion; they would, they would go.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hhhm
  • hhhm
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • about
  • about
  • other
  • eighteen
  • eighteen
  • other:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =other:predex
  • no
  • no
  • ln
  • more
  • more
  • ln_detq
  • promotion
  • promotion
  • np:s
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • nc
  • would
  • would
  • nc
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • go
  • go.INF
  • v:pred
‘When they were about eighteen, there'd no more promotion; they would go.’
english_london01_0162[PLAY]
But they were, were staff, and this thing stuck in my mind.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • nc
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • staff
  • staff
  • np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • ln_dem
  • thing
  • thing
  • np:s
  • stuck
  • stick.PST
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • my
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • mind
  • mind
  • np:l
‘But they were staff, and this thing stuck in my mind.’
english_london01_0163[PLAY]
I, although I was regularly employed, I was casual.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • although
  • although
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • lv_aux
  • regularly
  • regularly
  • other
  • employ-ed
  • employ-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • cop
  • casual
  • casual
  • other:pred
‘I, although I was regularly employed, was casual.’
english_london01_0164[PLAY]
So, at that time, there's no paid holiday.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • ln_dem
  • time
  • time
  • np:other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =other:predex
  • no
  • no
  • ln
  • paid
  • paid
  • ln_adj
  • holiday
  • holiday
  • np:s
‘So, at that time, there was no paid holiday.’
english_london01_0165[PLAY]
You know, I could take a week's holiday, but I'd got no pay for it.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • you
  • 2SG
  • other
  • know
  • know.PRS
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • could
  • could
  • lv_aux
  • take
  • take.INF
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • week='s
  • week=POSS
  • ln_np:poss
  • holiday
  • holiday
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • got
  • get.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • no
  • no
  • ln
  • pay
  • pay
  • np:p
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:obl
‘You know, I could take a week's holiday, but I'd get no pay for it.’
english_london01_0166[PLAY]
But the greaser boy, the same age, on the same boat, he was staff and he got a week's paid holiday.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • greaser boy
  • greaser_boy
  • np.h:dt_s
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • same
  • same
  • ln_adj
  • age
  • age
  • np:other
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • same
  • same
  • ln_adj
  • boat
  • boat
  • np:l
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • staff
  • staff
  • np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • week='s
  • week=POSS
  • ln_np:poss
  • paid
  • paid
  • ln_adj
  • holiday
  • holiday
  • np:p
‘But the greaser boy, at the same age, on the same boat, he was staff and he got a week's paid holiday.’
english_london01_0167[PLAY]
This was the system.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • system
  • system
  • np:pred
‘This was the system.’
english_london01_0168[PLAY]
And of course, the lightermen, being casual, didn't get a paid holiday, but the skipper, mate and the engineer, they, of course, were staff, they got a week's paid holiday.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • course
  • course
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • np:a
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_lightermen
  • f0.h:s
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • cop
  • casual
  • casual
  • other:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • paid
  • paid
  • ln_adj
  • holiday
  • holiday
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • skipper
  • skipper
  • np.h:dt_s
  • mate
  • mate
  • rn_np.h
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • engineer
  • engineer
  • rn_np.h
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • course
  • course
  • other
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • staff
  • staff
  • np.h:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • week='s
  • week=POSS
  • ln_np:poss
  • paid
  • paid
  • ln_adj
  • holiday
  • holiday
  • np:p
‘And of course, the lightermen, being casual, didn't get a paid holiday, but the skipper, mate and the engineer, they, of course, were staff, they got a week's paid holiday.’
english_london01_0169[PLAY]
But that was a distinction there.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • distinction
  • distinction
  • np:pred
  • there
  • there
  • other:l
‘But that was a distinction there.’
english_london01_0170[PLAY]
But, ehm, not long after we got the Vista, ehm, the, ehm, France fell.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • not
  • not
  • other
  • long
  • long
  • other
  • after
  • after
  • adp
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Vista
  • Vista
  • pn_np:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • France
  • France
  • pn_np:s
  • fell
  • fall.PST
  • v:pred
‘But not long after we got the Vista, France fell.’
english_london01_0171[PLAY]
'Cause I remember, w--, it was a glorious summer's day and it seemed very quiet.
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • remember
  • remember.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • w--
  • NC
  • nc
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • glorious
  • glorious
  • ln_adj
  • summer='s
  • summer=POSS
  • ln_np:poss
  • day
  • day
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • xpro:s
  • seem-ed
  • seem-PST
  • v:pred
  • very
  • very
  • other
  • quiet
  • quiet
  • other
‘Because I remember, it was a glorious summer's day and it seemed very quiet.’
english_london01_0172[PLAY]
We rounded at the Victoria Dock entrance, and Jimmy Smith, one of the lightermen who worked for us, come out, and he come out, he said, France has fallen.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • round-ed
  • round-PST
  • v:pred
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Victoria Dock entrance
  • Victoria_Dock_entrance
  • pn_np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • Jimmy Smith
  • Jimmy_Smith
  • pn_np.h:s
  • one
  • one
  • num_np.h:appos
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • lightermen
  • lighterman.PL
  • rn_np.h
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:s
  • work-ed
  • work-PST
  • v:pred
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • us
  • 1PL.OBL
  • pro.1:obl
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • come
  • come.PST
  • v:pred
  • out
  • out
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • come
  • come.PST
  • v:pred
  • out
  • out
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • France
  • France
  • pn_np:s
  • has
  • have.PRS.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • fall-en
  • fall-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
‘We rounded at the Victoria Dock entrance, and Jimmy Smith, one of the lightermen who worked for us, came out, and he said, France has fallen.’
english_london01_0173[PLAY]
And, ehm, oh they, they was ablaze! I mean, they was gonna fight with broomsticks; there was no turning it in; they was, they was really, uh, keen to have a go.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • oh
  • oh
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • nc
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • ablaze
  • ablaze
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • I
  • 1SG
  • other
  • mean
  • mean.PRS
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • gonna
  • go.PTCP.PRS.to
  • lv_aux
  • fight
  • fight.INF
  • v:pred
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • broomstick-s
  • broomstick-PL
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • no
  • no
  • ln
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:s
  • turn-ing
  • turn-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • in
  • in
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • nc
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • nc
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • really
  • really
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • keen
  • keen
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • f0.h:s
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • have
  • have.INF
  • vother:pred
  • a
  • a
  • other
  • go
  • go
  • other:lvc
‘And oh, they were ablaze! I mean, they were going to fight with broomsticks; there was no turning it in; they were really keen to have a go.’
english_london01_0174[PLAY]
Fro--, I remember Fred Smith and them, having a go.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • fro--
  • NC
  • nc
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • remember
  • remember.PRS
  • v:pred
  • Fred Smith
  • Fred_Smith
  • pn_np.h:p
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • rn_pro.h
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • f0.h:s
  • having
  • have.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • a
  • a
  • other
  • go
  • go
  • other:lvc
‘I remember Fred Smith and them, having a go.’
english_london01_0175[PLAY]
But, eh, I remember that he just sort of appeared over the top of the, the brow of the wharf and, uh, of the Victoria Dock and said France had fallen.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • eh
  • eh
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • remember
  • remember.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • sort
  • sort
  • other
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • appear-ed
  • appear-PST
  • v:pred
  • over
  • over
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • top
  • top
  • np:l
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • brow
  • brow
  • rn_np
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • wharf
  • wharf
  • rn_np
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • uh
  • uh
  • nc
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • Victoria Dock
  • Victoria_Dock
  • rn_pn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Fred_Smith
  • 0.h:a
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • France
  • France
  • pn_np:s
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • fall-en
  • fall-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
‘But I remember that he just sort of appeared over the top of the brow of the wharf of the Victoria Dock and said France had fallen.’
english_london01_0176[PLAY]
And that was it.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:pred
‘And that was it.’
english_london01_0177[PLAY]
And, ehm, then we saw them take the lifeboats, but we didn't know anything about it; the lifeboats being town down, in strings from the ship -- robbed all the ships in the docks for their lifeboats and took them down below, and the small boats going.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • saw
  • see.PST
  • v:pred
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • pro.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • f0.h:a
  • take
  • take.INF
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lifeboat-s
  • lifeboat-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • know
  • know.INF
  • v:pred
  • anything
  • anything
  • indef_other:p
  • about
  • about
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lifeboat-s
  • lifeboat-PL
  • np:s
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • lv_aux
  • town
  • tow.PTCP.PST
  • vother:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • string-s
  • string-PL
  • np:other
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • ship
  • ship
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • 0.h:a
  • robbed
  • rob.PST
  • v:pred
  • all
  • all
  • ln
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • ship-s
  • ship-PL
  • np:p
  • in
  • in
  • rn_adp
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • dock-s
  • dock-PL
  • rn_np
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro:poss
  • lifeboat-s
  • lifeboat-PL
  • np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • 0.h:a
  • took
  • take.PST
  • v:pred
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • pro:p
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • below
  • below
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • small
  • small
  • ln_adj
  • boat-s
  • boat-PL
  • np:s
  • go-ing
  • go-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
‘And then we saw them take the lifeboats, but we didn't know anything about it; the lifeboats being town down, in strings from the ship -- they robbed all the ships in the docks of their lifeboats and took them down below, and the small boats going.’
english_london01_0178[PLAY]
But, uh, they never asked for us, though I think, some barges were towed across, but we didn't go across with them to the evacuation of, of Dunkirk.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • never
  • never
  • other
  • ask-ed
  • ask-PST
  • v:pred
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • us
  • 1PL.OBL
  • pro.1:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • though
  • though
  • adp
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • think
  • think.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • some
  • some
  • ln_detq
  • barge-s
  • barge-PL
  • np:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • tow-ed
  • tow-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • across
  • across
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • go
  • go.INF
  • v:pred
  • across
  • across
  • rv
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • pro.h:obl
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • evacuation
  • evacuation
  • np:g
  • of
  • of
  • nc
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • Dunkirk
  • Dunkirk
  • rn_pn_np
‘But they never asked for us, though I think, some barges were towed across, but we didn't go across with them to the evacuation of Dunkirk.’
english_london01_0179[PLAY]
And then of course, the next notable event was the blitz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • of
  • of
  • other
  • course
  • course
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • next
  • next
  • ln_adj
  • notable
  • notable
  • ln_adj
  • event
  • event
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • blitz
  • blitz
  • np:pred
‘And then of course, the next notable event was the blitz.’
english_london01_0180[PLAY]
And we, being the motorboat then, uh, being more powerful, we, we'd done a run up to Brentford.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_we
  • f0.1:s
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • motorboat
  • motorboat
  • np:pred
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_we
  • f0.1:s
  • be-ing
  • be-PTCP.PRS
  • cop
  • more
  • more
  • other
  • powerful
  • powerful
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • done
  • do.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • run
  • run
  • np:p
  • up
  • up
  • adp
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • Brentford
  • Brentford
  • pn_np:g
‘And we, being the motorboat then, being more powerful, we'd done a run up to Brentford.’
english_london01_0181[PLAY]
We was coming down on the Saturday afternoon, we were just come down into the upper pool, we'd cleared London Bridge coming down and, and we saw these planes up in the air, and then we s--, saw, uh, something which w--, puzzled us at first, and we realised it was bombs dropping.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • coming
  • come.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Saturday afternoon
  • Saturday_afternoon
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • come
  • come.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • into
  • into
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • upper
  • upper
  • ln_adj
  • pool
  • pool
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • clear-ed
  • clear-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • London Bridge
  • London_Bridge
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_we
  • f0.1:s
  • coming
  • come.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • nc
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • saw
  • see.PST
  • v:pred
  • these
  • PROX.PL
  • ln_dem
  • plane-s
  • plane-PL
  • np:p
  • up
  • up
  • adp
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • air
  • air
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • s--
  • NC
  • nc
  • saw
  • see.PST
  • v:pred
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • something
  • something
  • indef_other:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:a
  • w--
  • NC
  • nc
  • puzzle-d
  • puzzle-PST
  • v:pred
  • us
  • 1PL.OBL
  • pro.1:p
  • at
  • at
  • other
  • first
  • first
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • realise-d
  • realise-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • bomb-s
  • bomb-PL
  • np:s
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_bombs
  • f0.h:s
  • dropping
  • drop.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
‘We were coming down on the Saturday afternoon, we were just coming down into the upper pool, we'd cleared London Bridge coming down and, and we saw these planes up in the air, and then we saw something which puzzled us at first, and we realised it was bombs dropping.’
english_london01_0182[PLAY]
And then, as we're under Tower Bridge, it seemed as though the German planes was t--, turning, at the edge of the City and going back over the docks.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • ='re
  • =be.PST
  • =cop
  • under
  • under
  • adp
  • Tower Bridge
  • Tower_Bridge
  • pn_np:pred_l
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:a
  • seem-ed
  • seem-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • though
  • though
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • German
  • German
  • ln_adj
  • plane-s
  • plane-PL
  • np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • t--
  • NC
  • nc
  • turn-ing
  • turn-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • at
  • at
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • edge
  • edge
  • np:l
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • City
  • City
  • rn_pn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_planes
  • f0:s
  • go-ing
  • go-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • back
  • back
  • rv
  • over
  • over
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • dock-s
  • dock-PL
  • np:l
‘And then, as we were under Tower Bridge, it seemed as though the German planes were turning at the edge of the City and going back over the docks.’
english_london01_0183[PLAY]
And, ehm, we ran downriver, and, ehm, the Surrey Docks was afire then, and there's barges ablaze, and, uh, I was, I remember I was quite shocked because the skipper wouldn't go and take these barges that were, that, uh, were ablaze.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • ran
  • run.PST
  • v:pred
  • downriver
  • downriver
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Surrey Docks
  • Surrey_Docks
  • pn_np:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • afire
  • afire
  • other:pred
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =other:predex
  • barge-s
  • barge-PL
  • np:s
  • ablaze
  • ablaze
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • nc
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • nc
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • remember
  • remember.PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.1SG
  • cop
  • quite
  • quite
  • other
  • shocked
  • shocked
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • skipper
  • skipper
  • np.h:s
  • would-n't
  • would-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • go
  • go.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_skipper
  • 0.h:a
  • take
  • take.INF
  • v:pred
  • these
  • PROX.PL
  • ln_dem
  • barge-s
  • barge-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • that
  • that
  • nc
  • were
  • be.PST
  • nc
  • that
  • that
  • nc
  • uh
  • uh
  • nc
  • 0
  • 0_barges
  • rel_f0:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • cop
  • ablaze
  • ablaze
  • other:pred
‘And we ran downriver, and the Surrey Docks were afire then, and there were barges ablaze, and I remember I was quite shocked because the skipper wouldn't go and take these barges that were ablaze.’
english_london01_0184[PLAY]
You know, it seemed, he wasn't taking good care of property, because... [END OF TAPE]
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • you
  • 2SG
  • other
  • know
  • know.PRS
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • xpro:s
  • seem-ed
  • seem-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc.neg:p
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • was-n't
  • be.PST.3SG-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • taking
  • take.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • good
  • good
  • other
  • care
  • care
  • other:lvc
  • of
  • of
  • rv
  • property
  • property
  • np:p
  • because
  • because
  • nc
‘You know, it seemed, he wasn't taking good care of property, because... [END OF TAPE]’
english_london01_0185[PLAY]
With lighterage, if you found a barge adrift from another firm -- not from your own firm -- ehm, that was what they called hovel, you got hovel money.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • lighterage
  • lighterage
  • np:dt
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • found
  • find.PST
  • v:pred
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • barge
  • barge
  • np:p
  • adrift
  • adrift
  • other
  • from
  • from
  • rn_adp
  • another
  • another
  • rn
  • firm
  • firm
  • rn_np
  • not
  • not
  • rn
  • from
  • from
  • rn_adp
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • rn_gen_pro.2:poss
  • own
  • own
  • rn_adj
  • firm
  • firm
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • #
  • #
  • #rc:pred
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:p
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • call-ed
  • call-PST
  • v:pred
  • hovel
  • hovel
  • np:obl
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • you
  • 2SG
  • gen_pro.2:a
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • hovel money
  • hovel_money
  • np:p
‘With lighterage, if you found a barge adrift from another firm -- not from your own firm -- that was what they called hovel, you got hovel money.’
english_london01_0186[PLAY]
If, ehm, a waterman who didn't work for a lighterage firm got it, he would get salvage money, he'd get far more.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • ehm
  • ehm
  • other
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • waterman
  • waterman
  • np.h:a
  • #
  • #
  • #rc.neg
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:a
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • work
  • work.INF
  • v:pred
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • lighterage firm
  • lighterage_firm
  • np:obl
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • salvage money
  • salvage_money
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:a
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • get
  • get.INF
  • v:pred
  • far
  • far
  • ln_adj
  • more
  • more
  • np:p
‘If a waterman who didn't work for a lighterage firm got it, he would get salvage money, he'd get far more.’
english_london01_0187[PLAY]
But there was agreement with the Master's Association to pay hovel money, which was a lesser sum, to the crew that picked up barges adrift.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • agreement
  • agreement
  • np:s
  • with
  • with
  • rn_adp
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • Master's Association
  • Master's_Association
  • rn_pn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • pay
  • pay.INF
  • vother:pred
  • hovel money
  • hovel_money
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • lesser
  • lesser
  • ln_adj
  • sum
  • sum
  • np:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • crew
  • crew
  • np.h:g
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_crew
  • rel_f0.h:a
  • pick-ed
  • pick-PST
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • barge-s
  • barge-PL
  • np:p
  • adrift
  • adrift
  • other
‘But there was agreement with the Master's Association to pay hovel money, which was a lesser sum, to the crew that picked up barges adrift.’
english_london01_0188[PLAY]
And, uh, it shook me, not 'cause of the money, but the fact that it's property, it's stuff ablazing, he wouldn't go around to it.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:a
  • shook
  • shake.PST
  • v:pred
  • me
  • 1SG.OBL
  • pro.1:p
  • not
  • not
  • other
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • of
  • of
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • money
  • money
  • np:other
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • fact
  • fact
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =cop
  • property
  • property
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PST.3SG
  • =cop
  • stuff
  • stuff
  • np:s
  • ablazing
  • ablazing
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • would-n't
  • would-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • go
  • go.INF
  • v:pred
  • around
  • around
  • rv
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:g
‘And it shook me, not because of the money, but the fact that it's property, it's stuff ablazing, he wouldn't go around to it.’
english_london01_0189[PLAY]
And then, as we ran down, we, we, we were, we're going from side to side, 'cause the bombs were dropping close, and we could hear this shrapnel frapping on the side of the boat, as we was going over.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • ran
  • run.PST
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • were
  • be.PST
  • nc
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • ='re
  • =be.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • go-ing
  • go-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • from
  • from
  • adp
  • side
  • side
  • np:obl
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • side
  • side
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • bomb-s
  • bomb-PL
  • np:s
  • were
  • be.PST
  • lv_aux
  • dropping
  • drop.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • close
  • close
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • could
  • could
  • lv_aux
  • hear
  • hear.INF
  • v:pred
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • ln_dem
  • shrapnel
  • shrapnel
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_shrapnel
  • f0.h:s
  • frapping
  • frap.PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • side
  • side
  • np:l
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • boat
  • boat
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • go-ing
  • go-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • over
  • over
  • rv
‘And then, as we ran down, we were, we're going from side to side, because the bombs were dropping close, and we could hear this shrapnel frapping on the side of the boat, as we were going over.’
english_london01_0190[PLAY]
And the skipper was up there in the wheelbox, and he didn't come down, he just sat, and we were, we was a lightboat, that's we had no craft; we was running down light to Blackwall Pier.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • skipper
  • skipper
  • np.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • up
  • up
  • adp
  • there
  • there
  • other:pred_l
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • wheelbox
  • wheelbox
  • np:l
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • come
  • come.INF
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • he
  • 3SG.M
  • pro.h:s
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • sat
  • sit.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • were
  • be.PST
  • nc
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • lightboat
  • lightboat
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • dem_pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PRS.3SG
  • =cop
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:pred
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • no
  • no
  • ln
  • craft
  • craft
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • running
  • run.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • light
  • light
  • other
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • Blackwall Pier
  • Blackwall_Pier
  • pn_np:g
‘And the skipper was up there in the wheelbox, and he didn't come down, he just sat, and we were a lightboat, that means we had no craft; we were running down light to Blackwall Pier.’
english_london01_0191[PLAY]
And as we went by the Commercial Dock, a, a petrol tanker ran up -- the small ones -- and they had their gas masks on.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • as
  • as
  • adp
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • by
  • by
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Commercial Dock
  • Commercial_Dock
  • pn_np:l
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • a
  • a
  • nc
  • a
  • a
  • ln_deti
  • petrol tanker
  • petrol_tanker
  • np:s
  • ran
  • run.PST
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • small
  • small
  • ln_adj
  • one-s
  • one-PL
  • num_np:appos
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • v:pred
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • gas mask-s
  • gas_mask-PL
  • np:p
  • on
  • on
  • rv
‘And as we went by the Commercial Dock, a petrol tanker ran up -- one of the small ones -- and they had their gas masks on.’
english_london01_0192[PLAY]
And they went, What happened to us? And we've got this acrid smell and that on, Jesus Christ, it was gas! Uh, I always brought mi gas mask, so did the skipper, so did the mate, but the Scotsman didn't, or his son.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:s
  • happen-ed
  • happen-PST
  • v:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • us
  • 1PL.OBL
  • pro.1:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • ='ve
  • =have.PRS
  • =lv_aux
  • got
  • get.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • this
  • PROX.SG
  • ln_dem
  • acrid
  • acrid
  • ln_adj
  • smell
  • smell
  • np:p
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • that
  • DIST.SG
  • rn_dem_pro
  • on
  • on
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • Jesus Christ
  • Jesus_Christ
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • gas
  • gas
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • always
  • always
  • other
  • brought
  • bring.PST
  • v:pred
  • mi
  • 1SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • gas mask
  • gas_mask
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • did
  • do.PST
  • lv_aux
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • skipper
  • skipper
  • np.h:a
  • 0
  • 0_gas_mask
  • 0:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • did
  • do.PST
  • lv_aux
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • mate
  • mate
  • np.h:a
  • 0
  • 0_gas_mask
  • 0:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • but
  • but
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Scotsman
  • Scotsman
  • np.h:a
  • did-n't
  • do.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • 0
  • 0_gas_mask
  • 0:p
  • or
  • or
  • rn
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • rn_pro.h:a
  • son
  • son
  • rn_np.h
‘And they went, What happened to us? And we've got this acrid smell and that on, Jesus Christ, it was gas! I always brought my gas mask, so did the skipper, so did the mate, but the Scotsman didn't, or his son.’
english_london01_0193[PLAY]
So, I said to his son, You'd better water on your handkerchief, Put it over your mouth.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s_ds
  • said
  • say.PST
  • v:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • son
  • son
  • np.h:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • you
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • ='d
  • =have.PST
  • =lv_aux
  • better
  • good.CMPR
  • other
  • water
  • water
  • np:p
  • on
  • on
  • adp
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • handkerchief
  • handkerchief
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_son
  • imp_0.2:a
  • put
  • put.INF
  • v:pred
  • it
  • 3SG.N.OBL
  • pro:p
  • over
  • over
  • adp
  • your
  • 2SG.POSS
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • mouth
  • mouth
  • np:g
‘So, I said to his son, You'd better put water on your handkerchief, Put it over your mouth.’
english_london01_0194[PLAY]
And the two of them down below crying.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • two
  • two
  • num_np.h:s
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • rn_pro.h
  • down
  • down
  • other:pred
  • below
  • below
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • f0.h:s
  • cry-ing
  • cry-PTCP.PRS
  • vother:pred
‘And the two of them were down below crying.’
english_london01_0195[PLAY]
The Scotsman had been in the trenches in the First World War, so, I can understand his agony.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • Scotsman
  • Scotsman
  • np.h:s
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • been
  • be.PTCP.PST
  • cop
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • trench-es
  • trench-PL
  • np:pred_l
  • in
  • in
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • First World War
  • First_World_War
  • pn_np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • I
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • can
  • can
  • lv_aux
  • understand
  • understand.INF
  • v:pred
  • his
  • 3SG.M.POSS
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • agony
  • agony
  • np:p
‘The Scotsman had been in the trenches in the First World War, so, I can understand his agony.’
english_london01_0196[PLAY]
And, uh, when we got down to about Convoy's Wharf, Deptford Wharf, before we realised that it wasn't gas, it was ammonia or something from something ablaze, and we took our gas masks off.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • got
  • get.PST
  • v:pred
  • down
  • down
  • rv
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • about
  • about
  • ln
  • Convoy's Wharf
  • Convoy's_Wharf
  • pn_np:g
  • Deptford Wharf
  • Deptford_Wharf
  • pn_np:g
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • before
  • before
  • adp
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • realise-d
  • realise-PST
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cc.neg:p
  • that
  • that
  • other
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was-n't
  • be.PST.3SG-NEG
  • cop
  • gas
  • gas
  • np:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • ammonia
  • ammonia
  • np:pred
  • or
  • or
  • rn
  • something
  • something
  • rn_indef_other
  • from
  • from
  • rn_adp
  • something
  • something
  • rn_indef_other
  • ablaze
  • ablaze
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • took
  • take.PST
  • v:pred
  • our
  • 1PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • gas mask-s
  • gas_mask-PL
  • np:p
  • off
  • off
  • rv
‘And we got down to about Convoy's Wharf, Deptford Wharf, before we realised that it wasn't gas, it was ammonia or something from something ablaze, and we took our gas masks off.’
english_london01_0197[PLAY]
And we went into the entrance of West India Dock, and we pulled the lock gates to, for them, 'cause it was top of the tide,
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • into
  • into
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • entrance
  • entrance
  • np:g
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • West India Dock
  • West_India_Dock
  • rn_pn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • pull-ed
  • pull-PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • lock gate-s
  • lock_gate-PL
  • np:p
  • to
  • to
  • rv
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • pro.h:obl
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • xpro:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • cop
  • top
  • top
  • np:pred
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • tide
  • tide
  • rn_np
‘And we went into the entrance of West India Dock, and we pulled the lock gates to for them, because it was top of the tide,’
english_london01_0198[PLAY]
and the hydraulic power had been cut off 'cause the bombing had cut the pipes, and if they hadn't've closed the gates, the water'd just gushed out, and the dock walls would collapse, because they take note f-- -- when they build them, they allow for the water pressure behind, counterbalanced by the water pressure in the dock, and if one goes, which the main one is the water pressure in the dock, and then, the, the dock walls can collapse, specially if it's sudden.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • hydraulic
  • hydraulic
  • ln_adj
  • power
  • power
  • np:s
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • been
  • be.PTCP.PST
  • lv_aux
  • cut
  • cut.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • off
  • off
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 'cause
  • because
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • bombing
  • bombing
  • np:a
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • cut
  • cut.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • pipe-s
  • pipe-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • had-n't
  • have.PST-NEG
  • lv_aux
  • ='ve
  • =have.PRS
  • =lv_aux
  • close-d
  • close-PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • gate-s
  • gate-PL
  • np:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • water
  • water
  • np:s
  • ='d
  • =would
  • =lv_aux
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • gush-ed
  • gush-PCTP.PST
  • v:pred
  • out
  • out
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • dock wall-s
  • dock_wall-PL
  • np:s
  • would
  • would
  • lv_aux
  • collapse
  • collapse.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • because
  • because
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • take
  • take.INF
  • v:pred
  • note
  • note
  • other:lvc
  • f--
  • NC
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • when
  • when
  • adp
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • build
  • build.PRS
  • v:pred
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • pro:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • allow
  • allow
  • v:pred
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • water pressure
  • water_pressure
  • np:obl
  • behind
  • behind
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:obl
  • 0
  • 0_water_pressure
  • f0:s
  • counterbalance-d
  • counterbalance-PTCP.PST
  • vother:pred
  • by
  • by
  • adp
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • water pressure
  • water_pressure
  • np:obl
  • in
  • in
  • rn_adp
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • dock
  • dock
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • one
  • one
  • num_np:s
  • go-es
  • go-PRS.3SG
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:other
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • main
  • main
  • ln_adj
  • one
  • one
  • num_np:s
  • is
  • be.PRS.3SG
  • cop
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • water pressure
  • water_pressure
  • np:pred
  • in
  • in
  • rn_adp
  • the
  • the
  • rn_det
  • dock
  • dock
  • rn_np
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • the
  • the
  • nc
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • dock wall-s
  • dock_wall-PL
  • np:s
  • can
  • can
  • lv_aux
  • collapse
  • collapse.INF
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • specially
  • especially
  • other
  • if
  • if
  • adp
  • it
  • 3SG.N
  • pro:s
  • ='s
  • =be.PRS.3SG
  • =cop
  • sudden
  • sudden
  • other:pred
‘and the hydraulic power had been cut off because the bombing had cut the pipes, and if they had not closed the gates, the water would have just gushed out, and the dock walls would have collapsed, because when they built them, they allowed for the water pressure behind to be counterbalanced by the water pressure in the dock, and if one goes, which the main one is the water pressure in the dock, and then the dock walls could collapse, especially if it's sudden.’
english_london01_0199[PLAY]
So, we pulled them to for them, and we went to our base at Blackwall Pier, which we shared with other lighterage firms.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • so
  • so
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • pull-ed
  • pull-PST
  • v:pred
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • pro:p
  • to
  • to
  • rv
  • for
  • for
  • adp
  • them
  • 3PL.OBL
  • pro.h:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • went
  • go.PST
  • v:pred
  • to
  • to
  • adp
  • our
  • 1PL.POSS
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • base
  • base
  • np:g
  • at
  • at
  • rn_adp
  • Blackwall Pier
  • Blackwall_Pier
  • rn_pn_np
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • which
  • which
  • rel_pro:p
  • we
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • share-d
  • share-PST
  • v:pred
  • with
  • with
  • adp
  • other
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • lighterage firm-s
  • lighterage_firm-PL
  • np:obl
‘So, we pulled them to for them, and we went to our base at Blackwall Pier, which we shared with other lighterage firms.’
english_london01_0200[PLAY]
There was Knights, who, what they called Sea King Tugs; they don't did no barges; they just towed other people's craft.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • there
  • there
  • other
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • other:predex
  • Knights
  • Knights
  • pn_np.h:s
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • who
  • who
  • rel_pro.h:s
  • #
  • #
  • #rc:pred
  • what
  • what
  • intrg_other:p
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • called
  • call-PST
  • v:pred
  • Sea King Tugs
  • Sea_King_Tugs
  • pn_np:obl
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • don't
  • do.PRS.NEG
  • lv_aux
  • did
  • do.PST
  • lv_aux
  • no
  • no
  • ln
  • barge-s
  • barge-PL
  • np:p
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • just
  • just
  • other
  • tow-ed
  • tow-PST
  • v:pred
  • other
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • people='s
  • people=POSS
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • craft
  • craft
  • np:p
‘There was Knights, who were what they called Sea King Tugs; they did no barges; they just towed other people's craft.’
english_london01_0201[PLAY]
And, uh, Thames Steam Tugs, some of their London boats used to tie up, up there.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • uh
  • uh
  • other
  • Thames Steam Tugs
  • Thames_Steam_Tugs
  • pn_np:dt_poss
  • some
  • some
  • np:s
  • of
  • of
  • rn
  • their
  • 3PL.POSS
  • rn_pro.h:poss
  • London
  • London
  • rn_pn_np
  • boat-s
  • boat-PL
  • rn_np
  • used
  • used
  • lv_aux
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • tie
  • tie.INF
  • v:pred
  • up
  • up
  • rv
  • up
  • up
  • adp
  • there
  • there
  • other:l
‘And Thames Steam Tugs, some of their London boats used to tie up there.’
english_london01_0202[PLAY]
And, 'course, they was all getting ready to go home, the all-clear had gone by then, the smoke and everything else, and dust was drawing in.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • and
  • and
  • other
  • 'course
  • of_course
  • other
  • they
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • all
  • all
  • other
  • getting
  • get.PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • ready
  • ready
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • f0.h:s
  • to
  • to
  • lv
  • go
  • go.INF
  • vother:pred
  • home
  • home
  • other:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • all-clear
  • all-clear
  • np:s
  • had
  • have.PST
  • lv_aux
  • gone
  • go.PTCP.PST
  • v:pred
  • by
  • by
  • other
  • then
  • then
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • the
  • the
  • ln_det
  • smoke
  • smoke
  • np:s
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • everything
  • everything
  • rn_indef_other
  • else
  • else
  • rn
  • and
  • and
  • rn
  • dust
  • dust
  • rn_np
  • was
  • be.PST.3SG
  • lv_aux
  • draw-ing
  • draw-PTCP.PRS
  • v:pred
  • in
  • in
  • rv
‘And, of course, they were all getting ready to go home, the all-clear had gone by then, the smoke and everything else, and dust was drawing in.’