Text preview: mc_sanzhi_dragon

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  • Metadata summary
  • corpussanzhi
  • textdragon
  • speakerSD02
  • annotator(s)Diana Forker, Nils Schiborr
  • version1908
  • last updated2019-05-26
Annotation key
utterance identifier
object language utterance
  • grammatical words
  • morphological glosses
  • annotations with GRAID
  • referent indexing with RefIND
  • annotations with ISNRef
‘idiomatic translation’
sanzhi_dragon_0001[PLAY]
ca šːilcːeb ca kulpat, χula kulpat bužibcab, iltːacːer ca rursːi ružibcar har zamana kːušle aluqːan.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ca
  • one
  • ln_deti
  • šːi-l-cːe-b
  • village-OBL-IN-N
  • np:l
  • 0000
  • new
  • ca
  • one
  • ln_deti
  • kulpat
  • family
  • np.h:s
  • 0001
  • new
  • χula
  • big
  • ln_adj
  • kulpat
  • family
  • np.h:appos
  • 0001
  • b-už-ib
  • N-stay-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-N
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • il-tː-a-cːe-r
  • that-PL-OBL-IN-ABL
  • dem_pro.h:obl
  • 0001
  • ca
  • one
  • ln_deti
  • rursːi
  • girl
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • bridging
  • r-už-ib
  • F-be-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-r
  • be-F
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_pc.neg
  • har
  • every
  • ln
  • zamana
  • time
  • np:other
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s_pc
  • 0002
  • kːuš-le
  • hungry-ADVZ
  • other
  • a-luqː-an
  • NEG-become.full.IPFV-PTCP
  • v:pred
‘In one village there lived a family, a big family. They had a girl who was hungry all the time and was insatiable.’
sanzhi_dragon_0002[PLAY]
čula χudaj lukːan χurejg ilil χudaj lukːunneda rik'ul cinni dukunne dužible heltːi.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_pc
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • ču-la
  • REFL.PL-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • χu-d-a-j
  • dog-PL-OBL-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0003
  • new
  • lukː-an
  • give.IPFV-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_food
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0004
  • new
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • χurejg
  • food
  • np:dt_p
  • 0004
  • il-i-l
  • that-OBL-ERG
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • χu-d-a-j
  • dog-PL-OBL-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0003
  • lukː-un-ne-da
  • give.IPFV-ICVB-PRS.3-1
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s_ds_cv
  • 0002
  • r-ik'-ul
  • F-say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • cin-ni
  • REFL.SG-ERG
  • refl.h:a
  • 0002
  • d-uk-un-ne
  • NPL-eat.IPFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • d-už-ib-le
  • NPL-be-PRET-CVB
  • rv_aux
  • hel-tːi
  • that-PL
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0004
‘The food that was given to the dogs, she said, "I will give it to the dogs", but apparently she ate it herself.’
sanzhi_dragon_0003[PLAY]
q'ʷila χula reʁibqːel, arin kːušle χalq' bukːan agurcar, aždaha agurcar helicːer.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • q'ʷila
  • a.little
  • other
  • χula
  • big
  • other
  • r-eʁ-ib
  • F-go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • =qːel
  • =when
  • =adp
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • arin
  • too.much
  • other
  • kːuš-le
  • hungry-ADVZ
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • χalq'
  • people
  • np.h:p
  • 0005
  • new
  • b-ukː-an
  • N-eat.IPFV-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • ag-ur
  • go.PFV-PRET
  • rv_aux
  • ca-r
  • be-F
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • aždaha
  • monster
  • np.h:obl
  • ag-ur
  • go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-r
  • be-F
  • rv_aux
  • hel-i-cːe-r
  • that-OBL-IN-ABL
  • dem_pro.h:obl
  • 0006
  • bridging
‘When she grow older a little, she got so hungry that she ate people and turned into a monster.’
sanzhi_dragon_0004[PLAY]
berkuncab cinna kulpat, c'il berkuncab libil šːante, ca admi waturre cinna culbe dumkːa dirq'an.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • b-erk-un
  • HPL-eat.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-HPL
  • rv_aux
  • cin-na
  • REFL.SG-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0002
  • kulpat
  • family
  • np.h:p
  • 0001
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • c'il
  • then
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • b-erk-un
  • HPL-eat.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-HPL
  • rv_aux
  • libil
  • all<HPL>
  • ln
  • šːan-te
  • fellow.villager-PL
  • np.h:p
  • 0007
  • new
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0002
  • ca
  • one
  • ln_num
  • admi
  • person
  • np.h:p
  • 0008
  • bridging
  • w-at-ur-re
  • M-let.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #pc
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a_cpa_pc
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0_person
  • 0.h:obl
  • 0008
  • cin-na
  • REFL.SG-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0002
  • cul-be
  • tooth-PL
  • np:p
  • 0009
  • bridging
  • d-umkːa
  • NPL-sharp
  • other:lvc
  • d-irq'-an
  • NPL-do.IPFV-PTCP
  • v:pred
‘She ate up her family, then she ate up all fellow villagers, leaving alive only one person to sharpen her teeth with.’
sanzhi_dragon_0005[PLAY]
il rursːila užibcaw ucːi ħaˁlt'ilew.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • il
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • rursːi-la
  • girl-GEN
  • np.h:obl
  • 0002
  • už-ib
  • be-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
  • ucːi
  • brother
  • np.h:s
  • 0010
  • new
  • ħaˁlt'i-le-w
  • working-SPR-M
  • rn
‘This girl had a brother who was working somewhere else.’
sanzhi_dragon_0006[PLAY]
hel saˁq'aˁn zamana, čula šːa zunra šːante bik'ulcab, u abdaldew? maˁq'aˁtːa!
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_pc
  • hel
  • that
  • dem_pro.h:s_pc
  • 0010
  • saˁ-q'-aˁn
  • hither-go-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • zamana
  • time
  • np:other
  • ču-la
  • REFL.PL-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0010
  • šːa
  • village.ERG
  • np:g
  • 0000
  • zunra
  • neighbour
  • ln
  • šːan-te
  • fellow.villager-PL
  • np.h:s_ds_cv
  • 0011
  • new
  • b-ik'-ul
  • HPL-say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-PL
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • u
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:s
  • 0010
  • abdal-de
  • fool-2SG
  • np.h:pred
  • =w
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.2:s
  • 0010
  • maˁ-q'-aˁtːa
  • PROH-go-PROH.SG
  • v:pred
‘When he went back, the villagers of the neighbouring village said: "Are you a fool? Don't go!"’
sanzhi_dragon_0007[PLAY]
ala rucːi aždaha agurre, libil berkuncab, čak'al wilakːu, ura ukːanden maˁq'aˁtːa bik'ulcab.
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • ala
  • 2SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0010
  • rucːi
  • sister
  • np.h:s_cv
  • 0002
  • aždaha
  • monster
  • np:obl
  • ag-ur-re
  • go.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • libil
  • all<HPL>
  • np.h:p
  • 0007
  • b-erk-un
  • HPL-eat.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-HPL
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • ča-k'al
  • who-INDEF
  • intrg_other.h:s
  • w-il
  • M-remain.PFV
  • v:pred
  • akːu
  • NEG
  • rv
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_pc
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a_pc
  • 0002
  • u
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:p
  • 0010
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • ukː-an-de
  • eat.IPFV-PTCP-2SG
  • v:pred
  • =n
  • =but
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.2:s
  • 0010
  • maˁ-q'-aˁtːa
  • PROH-go-PROH.SG
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • 0.h:s_ds_cv
  • 0011
  • b-ik'-ul
  • HPL-say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-PL
  • rv_aux
‘Your sister turned into a monster, she ate them all, no one is left, and she will eat you, don't go!", they said.’
sanzhi_dragon_0008[PLAY]
durħuˁ wiχči aagurre, agurcaw.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • durħuˁ
  • boy
  • np.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • w-iχči
  • M-believe
  • other:lvc
  • a-ag-ur-re
  • NEG-go.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s
  • 0010
  • ag-ur
  • go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
‘The boy did not believe and went there.’
sanzhi_dragon_0009[PLAY]
šːilcːew erik'ulcaw čak'al caʔarah admi wakːu.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • šːi-l-cːe-w
  • village-OBL-IN-M
  • np:l
  • 0000
  • er
  • look
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • look.at.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ča-k'al
  • who-INDEF
  • intrg_other.h:s
  • caʔarah
  • not.one
  • ln
  • admi
  • person
  • np.h:other
  • w-akːu
  • M-NEG
  • other:predex
‘He looks around in the village, but no one was there, no person.’
sanzhi_dragon_0010[PLAY]
qili wiagurcaw ler cinna hel rucːi,
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s
  • 0010
  • qili
  • home
  • np:g
  • 0012
  • bridging
  • wi-ag-ur
  • in(side)-go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • le-r
  • exist-F
  • other:predex
  • cin-na
  • REFL.SG-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0010
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • rucːi
  • sister
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
‘He went into his home, and there was his sister.’
sanzhi_dragon_0011[PLAY]
rucːira razi riχubcar, ilra šakičibcaw itːi χalq' bik'ʷan mar burkːar ik'ul, ilicːe cik'al haʔiblekːu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • rucːi
  • sister
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • razi
  • happy
  • other
  • r-iχ-ub
  • F-be.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-r
  • be-F
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • il
  • that
  • dem_pro.h:s_cpa
  • 0010
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • šak
  • feel
  • other:lvc
  • ič-ib
  • occur.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cc_pc:p
  • itːi
  • 3PL
  • dem_pro.h:s_ds_pc
  • 0011
  • χalq'
  • people
  • np.h:poss
  • b-ik'ʷ-an
  • HPL-say.IPFV-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • mar
  • truth
  • np:p
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:ncs
  • 0010
  • b-urkː-ar
  • N-find.IPFV-PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_ds_cv
  • 0010
  • ik'-ul
  • say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:a_ds
  • 0010
  • il-i-cːe
  • that-OBL-IN
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0002
  • cik'al
  • something
  • indef_other:p
  • ha-ʔ-ib-le-kːu
  • upwards-say.PFV-PRET-CVB-NEG
  • v:pred
‘His sister was happy, and he also guessed that the people had probably said the truth, but he didn't say anything to her.’
sanzhi_dragon_0012[PLAY]
rucːi razi riχuble, hana du sarirʁandan rik'ulcar u kajžible uže.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • rucːi
  • sister
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • razi
  • happy
  • other:pred
  • r-iχ-ub-le
  • F-be.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_pc
  • hana
  • now
  • other
  • du
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s_pc
  • 0002
  • sa-r-irʁ-an-da
  • hither-F-come.IPFV-PTCP-1
  • v:pred
  • =n
  • =but
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s_ds_cv
  • 0002
  • r-ik'-ul
  • F-say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • ca-r
  • be-F
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • u
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:s
  • 0010
  • ka-jž-ib-le
  • down-be.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • už-e
  • be-IMP
  • rv_aux
‘The sister was happy: "I have come now," she said, "sit down."’
sanzhi_dragon_0013[PLAY]
agurcar rucːi tːura.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ag-ur
  • go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-r
  • be-F
  • rv_aux
  • rucːi
  • sister
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • tːura
  • outside
  • other:g
‘The sister went outside.’
sanzhi_dragon_0014[PLAY]
hel zamana tːura habeʁibcab cinna qilir waca.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • zamana
  • time
  • np:other
  • tːura-ha-b-eʁ-ib
  • outside-upwards-N-go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-N
  • rv_aux
  • cin-na
  • REFL.SG-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0013
  • new
  • qili-r
  • home-ABL
  • np:obl
  • 0014
  • new
  • waca
  • mouse
  • np.d:s
  • 0013
‘At this time a mouse came out of its house.’
sanzhi_dragon_0015[PLAY]
abdaldew u, bik'ulcab wacara, ala rucːi aždaha agurcar, libil χalq' ašːala kulpat berkːun, libil šːante berkːun hana ura ukːande.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • abdal-de
  • fool-2SG
  • np.h:pred
  • =w
  • =Q
  • =other
  • u
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:s
  • 0010
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • b-ik'-ul
  • N-say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-N
  • rv_aux
  • waca
  • mouse
  • np.h:s_ds_cv
  • 0013
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ala
  • 2SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0010
  • rucːi
  • sister
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • aždaha
  • monster
  • np.h:obl
  • ag-ur
  • go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-r
  • be-F
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • libil
  • all<HPL>
  • ln
  • χalq'
  • people
  • np.h:p
  • 0007
  • ašːa-la
  • 2PL-GEN
  • rn_pro.2:poss
  • 0010
  • kulpat
  • family
  • rn_np.h
  • 0001
  • b-erkː-un
  • HPL-eat.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • libil
  • all<HPL>
  • ln
  • šːan-te
  • fellow.villager-PL
  • np.h:p
  • 0007
  • b-erkː-un
  • HPL-eat.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_pc
  • hana
  • now
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a_pc
  • 0002
  • u
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:p
  • 0010
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • ukː-an-de
  • eat.IPFV-PTCP-2SG
  • v:pred
‘"Are you a fool?", said the mouse as well, "Your sister became a monster, ate all the people and your family, ate all the villagers, and now she will eat you."’
sanzhi_dragon_0016[PLAY]
heχ cinna culbe dumkːa darq'ij agur bik'ulcab waca.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_in
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a_cpa_in
  • 0002
  • heχ
  • DEM.down
  • ln_dem
  • cin-na
  • REFL.SG-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0002
  • cul-be
  • tooth-PL
  • np:p
  • 0009
  • d-umkːa
  • NPL-sharp
  • other:lvc
  • d-arq'-ij
  • NPL-do.PFV-INF1
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • ag-ur
  • go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • b-ik'-ul
  • N-say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-N
  • rv_aux
  • waca
  • mouse
  • np.d:s_ds_cv
  • 0013
‘"She went to sharpen her teeth" said the mouse.’
sanzhi_dragon_0017[PLAY]
na ilij wiχči agurre durħuˁ saruquncaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • na
  • now
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • il-i-j
  • that-OBL-DAT
  • dem_pro:obl
  • 0015
  • bridging
  • w-iχči
  • M-believe
  • other:lvc
  • ag-ur-re
  • go.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • durħuˁ
  • boy
  • np.h:s
  • 0010
  • sa-r-uq-un
  • hither-ABL-go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
‘Now the boy believed it and run away.’
sanzhi_dragon_0018[PLAY]
duc'ik'ul, duc'ik'ul, eritːi sark'ul lerel rucːi rakːujal ik'ul hel.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • duc'
  • run
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • move.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • duc'
  • run
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • move.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:a_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • er
  • look
  • other:lvc
  • =itːi
  • =after
  • =lv_adp
  • sark'-ul
  • inspect.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • le-r
  • exist-F
  • other:predex
  • =el
  • =INDQ
  • =other
  • rucːi
  • sister
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • r-akːu
  • F-NEG
  • other:predex
  • =jal
  • =INDQ
  • =other
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • ik'-ul
  • say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • hel
  • that
  • dem_pro.h:s_ds_cv
‘He ran and ran, looked around, wondering whether his sister is there or not.’
sanzhi_dragon_0019[PLAY]
hekle cara šːi bužibcab heltːu duc' ik'ul užibcaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hek-le
  • close-ADVZ
  • other
  • cara
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • šːi
  • village
  • np:s
  • 0016
  • bridging
  • b-už-ib
  • N-stay-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-N
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • heltːu
  • there
  • other:g
  • 0016
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • duc'
  • run
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • move.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • už-ib
  • be-PRET
  • rv_aux
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
‘The other village was close, so he ran there apparently.’
sanzhi_dragon_0020[PLAY]
ca zamana eritːi sark'ulcaw: duc' rik'ul c'al purχ rik'ul hitːi ruqunne rucːi saˁq'uˁnne.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • ca
  • one
  • ln_deti
  • zamana
  • time
  • np:other
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:a_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • er
  • look
  • other:lvc
  • =itːi
  • =after
  • =lv_adp
  • sark'-ul
  • inspect.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0002
  • duc'
  • run
  • other:lvc
  • r-ik'-ul
  • F-move.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0002
  • c'a-l
  • fire-ERG
  • np:obl
  • purχ
  • spit
  • other:lvc
  • r-ik'-ul
  • F-say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • hitːi-r-uq-un-ne
  • SPR-F-go.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • rucːi
  • sister
  • np.h:s_cv
  • 0002
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0002
  • saˁ-q'-uˁn-ne
  • hither-go-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
‘At one time he looks around, and sees: his sister was running behind him spitting fire.’
sanzhi_dragon_0021[PLAY]
hatira χʷalle duc'ik'ul il, čidažibcad ʡaˁbal kːalkːi, heltːašːu duc'ik'ul.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • hati
  • more
  • other
  • =ra
  • =and
  • other
  • χʷal-le
  • big-ADVZ
  • other
  • duc'
  • run
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • move.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • il
  • that
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0010
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:ncs
  • či-d-až-ib
  • SPR-NPL-see.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-d
  • be-NPL
  • rv_aux
  • ʡaˁbal
  • three
  • ln_num
  • kːalkːi
  • tree
  • np:p
  • 0017
  • new
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • hel-tː-a-šːu
  • that-PL-OBL-ALLAT
  • dem_pro:g
  • 0017
  • duc'
  • run
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • move.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
‘And he ran even faster, saw three trees and ran to them.’
sanzhi_dragon_0022[PLAY]
agurre hel bah čisariʁan zamana rucːi, čihawquncaw hel kːalkːilcːe.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_cv
  • ag-ur-re
  • go.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • hel
  • that
  • dem_pro.h:s_cv
  • 0010
  • bah
  • immediately.when
  • adp
  • #
  • #
  • #pc
  • či-sa-r-iʁ-an
  • SPR-hither-F-come.IPFV-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • zamana
  • time
  • nc
  • rucːi
  • sister
  • np.h:s_pc
  • 0002
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s
  • 0010
  • či-ha-w-q-un
  • SPR-upwards-M-go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • kːalkːi-l-cːe
  • tree-OBL-IN
  • np:g
  • 0018
  • bridging
‘When his sister almost got up to him, he went up a tree.’
sanzhi_dragon_0023[PLAY]
bah qari agurre kːalkːila kajžibcaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0010
  • bah
  • most
  • other
  • qari
  • up
  • other
  • ag-ur-re
  • go.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s
  • 0010
  • kːalkːi-la
  • tree-GEN
  • np:l
  • 0018
  • ka-jž-ib
  • down-remain.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
‘He went up to the top and stayed in the tree.’
sanzhi_dragon_0024[PLAY]
hel rucːil raʔrišːibcar bukːunne kːalkːi kabikaraj.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • rucːi-l
  • sister-ERG
  • np.h:a
  • 0002
  • r-aʔ-r-išː-ib
  • F-begin-F-become.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-r
  • be-F
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #cc_cv:p
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0002
  • b-ukː-un-ne
  • N-eat.IPFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • kːalkːi
  • tree
  • np:p
  • 0018
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_in
  • 0
  • 0_tree
  • 0:s_in
  • 0018
  • ka-b-ik-ar-aj
  • down-N-occur.PFV-PTCP-INF2.3
  • v:pred
‘The sister started to eat up the tree so it would fall down.’
sanzhi_dragon_0025[PLAY]
durħuˁ waʔašːibcaw xʷit'ik'ul, waˁw ik'ʷij šːilcːed χudaj.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • durħuˁ
  • boy
  • np.h:s
  • 0010
  • w-aʔ-ašː-ib
  • M-begin-begin.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #cc_in:p
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • xʷit'
  • whistle
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • f0.h:s_cps_in
  • 0010
  • waˁw
  • cry
  • other:lvc
  • ik'ʷ-ij
  • say.IPFV-INF1
  • v:pred
  • šːi-l-cːe-d
  • village-OBL-IN-NPL
  • ln_np
  • 0000
  • χu-d-a-j
  • dog-PL-OBL-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0019
  • bridging
‘The boy began to whistle and to cry to the dogs in the village.’
sanzhi_dragon_0026[PLAY]
kːalkːi kabičaqibcab; t'am daq'iblekːu χudaj ilila xʷit'ra.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • kːalkːi
  • tree
  • np:s
  • 0018
  • ka-b-ič-aq-ib
  • down-N-occur.PFV-CAUS-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-N
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • t'am
  • sound
  • other:lvc
  • d-aq'-ib-le-kːu
  • NPL-hear.PFV-PRET-CVB-NEG
  • v:pred
  • χu-d-a-j
  • dog-PL-OBL-DAT
  • np:ncs_cpa_cv
  • 0019
  • il-i-la
  • that-OBL-GEN
  • ln_dem_pro.h:poss
  • 0010
  • xʷit'
  • whistle
  • np:p
  • 0020
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =rn_other
‘The tree fell down, and the dogs didn't hear his sound or whistling.’
sanzhi_dragon_0027[PLAY]
il duc'uquncaw c'il cara kːalkːilšːu witeʁaraj.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • il
  • that
  • dem_pro.h:s_cps
  • 0010
  • duc'
  • run
  • other:lvc
  • uq-un
  • go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
  • c'il
  • then
  • other
  • cara
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • kːalkːi-l-šːu
  • tree-OBL-ALLAT
  • np:g
  • 0021
  • bridging
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_in
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_in
  • 0010
  • w-iteʁ-ar-aj
  • M-reach.PFV-PRS-INF2.3
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_tree
  • 0:g
  • 0021
‘He then ran to another tree to reach it.’
sanzhi_dragon_0028[PLAY]
čihawquncaw il kːalkːij, hitːiruqunne.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s
  • 0010
  • či-ha-w-q-un
  • SPR-upwards-M-go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
  • il
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • kːalkːi-j
  • tree-DAT
  • np:obl
  • 0021
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0002
  • hitːi-r-uq-un-ne
  • SPR-F-go.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
‘He climbed up that tree and she followed.’
sanzhi_dragon_0029[PLAY]
c'il il kːalkːira bukːunne raʔašːibcar, il durħuˁ xʷit'ik'ul waˁw ik'ul χudaj.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • c'il
  • then
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #cc_cv:p
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0002
  • il
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • kːalkːi
  • tree
  • np:p
  • 0021
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • b-ukː-un-ne
  • N-eat.IPFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • r-aʔ-ašː-ib
  • F-begin-begin.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-r
  • be-F
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • il
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • durħuˁ
  • boy
  • np.h:s_cps
  • 0010
  • xʷit'
  • whistle
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • waˁw
  • cry
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • χu-d-a-j
  • dog-PL-OBL-DAT
  • np:obl
  • 0019
‘Then she began to eat that tree, and the boy whistled and cried to the dogs.’
sanzhi_dragon_0030[PLAY]
c'ilra t'am baq'iblekːu iltːi χudaj il kːalkːira kabičaqibcab hel aždahal.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • c'il
  • then
  • other
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • 0
  • 0_sound
  • 0:p
  • 0028
  • bridging
  • t'am
  • sound
  • other:lvc
  • b-aq'-ib-le-kːu
  • N-hear.PFV-PRET-CVB-NEG
  • v:pred
  • iltːi
  • 3PL
  • ln_dem
  • χu-d-a-j
  • dog-PL-OBL-DAT
  • np:ncs_cpa_pc
  • 0019
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • il
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • kːalkːi
  • tree
  • np:p
  • 0021
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • ka-b-ič-aq-ib
  • down-N-occur.PFV-CAUS-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-N
  • rv_aux
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • aždaha-l
  • monster-ERG
  • np.h:a
  • 0002
‘Those dogs didn't hear those sounds this time either, and the monster made the tree fall.’
sanzhi_dragon_0031[PLAY]
cara kːalkːilij čihawquncaw, ilil aždahal il kːalkːira bukːunne kabičaqaraj.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s
  • 0010
  • cara
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • kːalkːi-li-j
  • tree-OBL-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0022
  • bridging
  • či-ha-w-q-un
  • SPR-upwards-M-go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-w
  • be-M
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • il-i-l
  • that-OBL-ERG
  • ln_dem
  • aždaha-l
  • monster-ERG
  • np.h:a_cv
  • 0002
  • il
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • kːalkːi
  • tree
  • np:p
  • 0022
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • b-ukː-un-ne
  • N-eat.IPFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_in
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a_in
  • 0
  • 0_tree
  • 0:p
  • 0022
  • ka-b-ič-aq-ar-aj
  • down-N-occur.PFV-CAUS-PRS-INF2.3
  • v:pred
‘He went up another tree, so the monster also ate that tree so it would fall down.’
sanzhi_dragon_0032[PLAY]
c'il arin χʷalle na cara kːalkːira akːʷarqːel, waˁw ik'ul, c'aq'le waˁw ik'ul hel durħuˁ, xʷit' ik'ul, t'am daq'ibcad heltːi χudaj.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • c'il
  • then
  • other
  • arin
  • too.much
  • other
  • χʷal-le
  • big-ADVZ
  • other
  • na
  • now
  • other
  • cara
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • kːalkːi
  • tree
  • np:s
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • akːʷ-ar
  • NEG-PRS
  • other:predex
  • =qːel
  • =when
  • =adp
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • waˁw
  • cry
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • c'aq'-le
  • very-ADVZ
  • other
  • waˁw
  • cry
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • durħuˁ
  • boy
  • np.h:s_cps_cv
  • 0010
  • xʷit'
  • whistle
  • other:lvc
  • ik'-ul
  • say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_boy
  • 0.h:p
  • 0010
  • t'am
  • sound
  • other:lvc
  • d-aq'-ib
  • NPL-hear.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-d
  • be-NPL
  • rv_aux
  • hel-tːi
  • that-PL
  • ln_dem
  • χu-d-a-j
  • dog-PL-OBL-DAT
  • np:ncs_cpa
  • 0019
‘Then because there was no other tree left that was so strong, the boy cried and cried very loudly, and whistled, and the dogs heard him.’
sanzhi_dragon_0033[PLAY]
bah hel kːalkːi kabirkan zamana čisadeʁibcad χude.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_pc
  • bah
  • immediately.when
  • adp
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • kːalkːi
  • tree
  • np:s_pc
  • 0022
  • ka-b-irk-an
  • down-N-occur.IPFV-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • zamana
  • time
  • np:other
  • či-sa-d-eʁ-ib
  • SPR-hither-NPL-go.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-d
  • be-NPL
  • rv_aux
  • χu-de
  • dog-PL
  • np:s
  • 0019
‘When this tree already felt down, the dogs were coming.’
sanzhi_dragon_0034[PLAY]
čiduqunne hel aždahaj bebč'aqibcab aždaha.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_dogs
  • 0:s_cv
  • 0019
  • či-d-uq-un-ne
  • SPR-NPL-go.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • aždaha-j
  • monster-DAT
  • np.h:obl
  • 0002
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_dogs
  • 0:a
  • 0019
  • b-ebč'-aq-ib
  • N-die.PFV-CAUS-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-N
  • rv_aux
  • aždaha
  • monster
  • np:p
  • 0002
‘They threw themselves onto this monster and killed it.’
sanzhi_dragon_0035[PLAY]
razi iχuble il durħuˁra čirkawqunne qaˁškaʁibcar hel aždaha.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • razi
  • happy
  • other:pred
  • iχ-ub-le
  • be.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • cop
  • il
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • durħuˁ
  • boy
  • np.h:s
  • 0010
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0010
  • či-r-ka-w-q-un-ne
  • SPR-ABL-down-M-go.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:a_cpa
  • 0010
  • qaˁš
  • cut
  • other:lvc
  • k-aʁ-ib
  • down-do.PFV-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-r
  • be-F
  • rv_aux
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • aždaha
  • monster
  • np:p
  • 0002
‘The boy got happy, came down and cut this monster into pieces.’
sanzhi_dragon_0036[PLAY]
bah nik'a t'uplicːer cinna atːa aba tːurahaqːibcab, helsat χːula reʁible ružible hel rucːi.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:a
  • 0010
  • bah
  • most
  • ln
  • nik'a
  • small
  • ln_adj
  • t'up-li-cːe-r
  • finger-OBL-IN-ABL
  • np:obl
  • 0023
  • bridging
  • cin-na
  • REFL.SG-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0010
  • atːa
  • father
  • np.h:p
  • 0024
  • bridging
  • aba
  • mother
  • rn_np.h
  • 0025
  • bridging
  • tːura-ha-qː-ib
  • outside-upwards-carry-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-HPL
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • hel
  • that
  • other
  • =sat
  • =as.much
  • =other
  • χːula
  • big
  • other
  • r-eʁ-ib-le
  • F-go.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • r-už-ib-le
  • F-be-PRET-CVB
  • rv_aux
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • rucːi
  • sister
  • np:s_cv
  • 0002
‘From her little finger he pulled out his parents, so big was his sister.’
sanzhi_dragon_0037[PLAY]
k'ult'a qaˁškaʁible libil šːante tːurahaqːibcab.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:a_cpa_cv
  • 0010
  • k'ult'a
  • tummy
  • np:p
  • 0026
  • bridging
  • qaˁš
  • cut
  • other:lvc
  • k-aʁ-ib-le
  • down-do.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:a
  • 0010
  • libil
  • all<HPL>
  • ln
  • šːan-te
  • fellow.villager-PL
  • np.h:p
  • 0007
  • tːura-ha-qː-ib
  • outside-upwards-carry-PRET
  • v:pred
  • ca-b
  • be-HPL
  • rv_aux
‘He cut open the belly, and pulled out all fellow villagers.’
sanzhi_dragon_0038[PLAY]
ilil č'aˁmbirq'ul bužiblekːu xurt'iʁul bužibcab χalq'.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • il-i-l
  • that-OBL-ERG
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • 0
  • 0_sister
  • 0.h:a_cpa_cv
  • 0002
  • č'aˁm
  • chew
  • other:lvc
  • b-irq'-ul
  • N-do.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • b-už-ib-le-kːu
  • N-be-PRET-CVB-NEG
  • rv_aux
  • 0
  • 0_people
  • 0:p
  • 0005
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • xurt'iʁ-ul
  • swallow.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • b-už-ib
  • N-stay-PRET
  • rv_aux
  • ca-b
  • be-N
  • rv_aux
  • χalq'
  • people
  • np.h:p
  • 0005
‘It turned out that she did not chew, but apparently swallowed the people.’
sanzhi_dragon_0039[PLAY]
tːurahaqːible heltːi šːantera, libil razil barkalla bik'ul.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_brother
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0010
  • tːura-ha-qː-ib-le
  • outside-upwards-carry-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • hel-tːi
  • that-PL
  • ln_dem
  • šːan-te
  • fellow.villager-PL
  • np.h:p
  • 0007
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • libil
  • all<HPL>
  • np.h:s_cps_ds
  • 0007
  • razi-l
  • happy-ADVZ
  • other
  • barkalla
  • thanks
  • other:lvc
  • b-ik'-ul
  • N-say.IPFV-ICVB
  • v:pred
‘(The boy) pulled all the fellow villagers out. All thanked him happily.’
sanzhi_dragon_0040[PLAY]
hel durħuˁj bah qːuʁa rursːira dik'ar rarq'ible helij c'ikuri, meq barq'ible kabižibcab.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • 0.h:a_cpa_cv
  • 0007
  • hel
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • durħuˁ-j
  • boy-DAT
  • np.h:obl
  • 0010
  • bah
  • most
  • ln
  • qːuʁa
  • beautiful
  • ln_adj
  • rursːi
  • girl
  • np.h:p
  • 0027
  • new
  • =ra
  • =and
  • =other
  • dik'ar
  • different
  • other:lvc
  • r-arq'-ib-le
  • F-do.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hel-i-j
  • that-OBL-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:obl
  • 0010
  • c'ikuri
  • bride
  • np.h:p
  • 0
  • 0_villagers
  • 0.h:a_cpa
  • meq
  • wedding
  • other:lvc
  • b-arq'-ib-le
  • N-do.PFV-PRET-CVB
  • v:pred
  • ka-b-iž-ib
  • down-N-be.PFV-PRET
  • rv_aux
  • ca-b
  • be-N
  • rv_aux
‘They chose the most beautiful girl for the boy as bride, and organized a wedding.’
sanzhi_dragon_0041[PLAY]
dura het meqlew kelgunda učːul ukunne.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • du
  • 1SG
  • nc
  • =ra
  • =and
  • nc
  • het
  • that
  • nc
  • meq-le-w
  • wedding-SPR-M
  • nc
  • kelg-un-da
  • remain.PFV-PRET-1
  • nc
  • učː-ul
  • drink.IPFV-ICVB
  • nc
  • uk-un-ne
  • eat.IPFV-PRET-CVB
  • nc
‘I have been to this wedding as well, I ate and drank.’