Text preview: mc_tondano_kiniar02

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  • Metadata summary
  • corpustondano
  • textkiniar02
  • speakerTN03
  • annotator(s)Timothy Brickell
  • version1908
  • last updated2019-05-07
Annotation key
utterance identifier
object language utterance
  • grammatical words
  • morphological glosses
  • annotations with GRAID
  • referent indexing with RefIND
  • annotations with ISNRef
‘idiomatic translation’
tondano_kiniar02_0001[PLAY]
tabèa patuari
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • tabèa
  • Good.morning
  • nc
  • patuari
  • nuclear.family
  • nc
‘Good morning everyone.’
tondano_kiniar02_0002[PLAY]
ee witu enanu takè, tarèkan
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • anu
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
  • takè
  • HES
  • nc
  • tarèkan
  • now
  • nc
‘erh, on the whats'it now’
tondano_kiniar02_0003[PLAY]
wi, tawia embalè nipatuari
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • wi
  • HES
  • nc
  • ta=
  • 1PL.IN.NOM=
  • =pro.1:s
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • walè
  • house
  • np:pred_l
  • ni=
  • AN.SG.GEN=
  • =rn
  • patuari
  • nuclear.family
  • nc
‘We are in the house of the family,’
tondano_kiniar02_0004[PLAY]
ee patuarita sidèki tangkuman
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • patuari
  • nuclear.family
  • rn_np:poss
  • =ta
  • =1PL.IN.GEN
  • =pro.1:poss
  • si=
  • AN.SG=
  • =rn
  • Dèki
  • PN
  • rn_np.h
  • Tangkuman
  • PN
  • rn_np.h
‘erh our family member Deki Tangkuman.’
tondano_kiniar02_0005[PLAY]
ee
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘erh’
tondano_kiniar02_0006[PLAY]
wia enkiniar
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.1:s
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • Kiniar
  • PN
  • np:pred_l
‘(We) are in Kiniar,’
tondano_kiniar02_0007[PLAY]
lingkungan lima
  • lingkun-an
  • area
  • rn_np
  • lima
  • five
  • rn
‘neighbourhood five,’
tondano_kiniar02_0008[PLAY]
ee kaluaren kiniar
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • kaluar-an
  • go.out-LV
  • rn
  • Kiniar
  • PN
  • rn_np
‘erh, outside Kiniar suburb,’
tondano_kiniar02_0009[PLAY]
toudano
  • Tondano
  • PN
  • rn_np
‘Tondano town.’
tondano_kiniar02_0010[PLAY]
minahasa
  • Minahasa
  • PN
  • rn_np
‘Minahasa province’
tondano_kiniar02_0011[PLAY]
ee patuari waya ee
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • patuari
  • nuclear.family
  • np:other
  • waya
  • all
  • rn
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘Erh, everybody, erh,’
tondano_kiniar02_0012[PLAY]
wo niaku mese, me, me, mesesusuila
  • wo
  • and
  • other
  • niaku
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a_a
  • mese
  • HES
  • nc
  • me
  • HES
  • nc
  • me
  • HES
  • nc
  • ma-Ce-susui
  • AV.DYN-IRR-speak
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =DIR.PROX
  • =rv
‘and I will now talk’
tondano_kiniar02_0013[PLAY]
kumura sèmakèèt tu entimpa'
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p_a
  • k<um>ura
  • <AV>how
  • other
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:a_a
  • ma-kèèt
  • AV.DYN-extract.sap
  • v:pred
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • ln
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_a
‘about how they extract that palm sugar sap.’
tondano_kiniar02_0014[PLAY]
ka'a enpaperlun nikalota tim waki mèlborn siwia, siwia enkiniar
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • N=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro:p_u
  • pa-perlu-en
  • DYN-require-PV
  • v:pred
  • ni=
  • AN.SG.GEN=
  • =rn
  • kalo
  • PN
  • np.h:a_u
  • =ta
  • =1PL.IN.GEN
  • =pro.1:poss
  • Tim
  • PN
  • rn_np.h
  • waki
  • PREP3
  • rn
  • Melbourne
  • PN
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • si=
  • HES
  • nc
  • wia
  • HES
  • nc
  • si=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro.h:s
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • Kiniar
  • PN
  • np:pred_l
‘Because our friend Tim from Melbourne needs it. He is, he is in Kiniar.’
tondano_kiniar02_0015[PLAY]
sè, èpatonta ye'i sè
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sè=
  • HES
  • nc
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:p_u
  • pa-ato-en
  • DYN-see-PV
  • v:pred
  • =ta
  • =1PL.IN.GEN
  • =pro.1:a_u
  • ye'i
  • now
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • sè=
  • HES
  • nc
‘We, can see them, them now (on the video), they,’
tondano_kiniar02_0016[PLAY]
ee nanu entabelang
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • anu
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • tabelang
  • hard.bamboo
  • nc
‘erh, the what's it, the hard bamboo.’
tondano_kiniar02_0017[PLAY]
ee sèminewèè entimpa' pelaanen tampanèa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:a_a
  • m<in>a-wèè-an
  • AV.DYN.PST-give
  • v:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-laa-en
  • DYN-go-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • tampa
  • place
  • np:p_u
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:poss
‘They have provided the palm sugar sap. They have moved their (palm sugar collection) place.’
tondano_kiniar02_0018[PLAY]
ka'a entimpa' ye'i pesesiwonèa gula
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:dt
  • ye'i
  • DEM1
  • rn
  • pa-Ce-siwo-en
  • DYN-IRR-make-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
‘Because this palm sugar sap, they will make (hard) palm sugar,’
tondano_kiniar02_0019[PLAY]
ee nemis
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =rn
  • emis
  • sweet
  • rn
‘erh sweet.’
tondano_kiniar02_0020[PLAY]
sè itu esem pasiwonèa sopi
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • sa
  • if
  • other
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
  • esem
  • sweet
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-siwo-en
  • DYN-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • sopi
  • palm.sugar.brandy
  • np:p_u
‘If that (sap) is sour, they make palm sugar brandy.’
tondano_kiniar02_0021[PLAY]
ee wopira empotung pa, nèi
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • wo'opira
  • several
  • other
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • np:p_u
  • pa
  • nc
  • nc
  • nèy
  • CV.PST
  • lv
‘Erh several bamboo tubes are’
tondano_kiniar02_0022[PLAY]
sadèrnè witu enanu, sesadèran
  • sadar
  • lean.against
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • anu
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
  • Ce-sader-an
  • NR-lean.against-LV
  • np:g
‘leaned by them on the whats'it, the leaning frame.’
tondano_kiniar02_0023[PLAY]
sèmelelaamou mekekèèt waki akel
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:a_a
  • ma-Ce-laa
  • AV.DYN-IRR-go
  • lv
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • ma-Ce-kèèt
  • AV.DYN-IRR-extract.sap
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
  • waki
  • PREP3
  • adp
  • akel
  • sugar.palm.tree
  • np:g
‘They will go to extract (sap) from the sugar palm tree.’
tondano_kiniar02_0024[PLAY]
aa kinèètanamoumi enye'i
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • k<in>èèt-an
  • <PST>extract.sap-LV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • =mi
  • =DIR.DIST
  • =rv
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • ye'i
  • DEM2
  • pro:p_u
‘Ah, he has already extracted that (sap),’
tondano_kiniar02_0025[PLAY]
ee
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘erh,’
tondano_kiniar02_0026[PLAY]
witu empotung
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • np:g
‘in the bamboo tube.’
tondano_kiniar02_0027[PLAY]
ma'alialimou potung, pe
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • ma-ali-ali
  • AV.DYN-RDP-bring
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • np:p_a
  • pe
  • HES
  • nc
‘(They) are bringing along some bamboo tubes.’
tondano_kiniar02_0028[PLAY]
mèa mekekèèt
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • <um>èa
  • <AV>go
  • lv
  • ma-Ce-kèèt
  • AV.DYN-IRR-extract.sap
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
‘(They) will go to extract (sap).’
tondano_kiniar02_0029[PLAY]
mekèèt aki akel
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • ma-kèèt
  • AV.DYN-extract.sap
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
  • waki
  • PREP3
  • adp
  • akel
  • sugar.palm.tree
  • np:g
‘(They) extract (sap) from the palm sugar tree.’
tondano_kiniar02_0030[PLAY]
waki akel sinandaranèamou ano
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • waki
  • PREP3
  • adp
  • akel
  • sugar.palm.tree
  • np:l
  • s<in>andar-an
  • <PST>lean.against-LV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
‘On the palm sugar tree they have leaned the whats'it,’
tondano_kiniar02_0031[PLAY]
ee, aran siniwo witu entabelang
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • aran
  • ladder
  • np:p_u
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_rn
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • s<in>iwo-en
  • <PST>do-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • tabelang
  • hard.bamboo
  • np:l
‘erh, the ladder which (they) made on the hard.bamboo tube.’
tondano_kiniar02_0032[PLAY]
maran tabelang nèi sadèr waki akel kaa empekekè'ètan
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • aran
  • ladder
  • np:p_u
  • tabelang
  • hard.bamboo
  • rn_np
  • nèy
  • CV.PST
  • lv
  • sadar
  • lean.against
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • waki
  • PREP3
  • adp
  • akel
  • sugar.palm.tree
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • N=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro:p_u
  • pa-Ce-kèèt-an
  • DYN-IRR-extract.sap-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘(They) have leaned the hard bamboo ladder on the sugar palm tree because (they) will extract it (the sap).’
tondano_kiniar02_0033[PLAY]
sèmelaamou waki ano, waki akel
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:s
  • ma-laa
  • AV.DYN-go
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • waki
  • PREP3
  • nc
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
  • waki
  • PREP3
  • adp
  • akel
  • sugar.palm.tree
  • np:l
‘They go to the what's it, to the sugar palm tree.’
tondano_kiniar02_0034[PLAY]
maaliali empotung ee rèi'pè' winèè entimpa'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • ma-ali-ali
  • AV.DYN-RDP-bring
  • v:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • np:p_a
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • rèy'
  • not
  • other
  • =pè'
  • =INCMP
  • =other
  • w<in>èè-en
  • <PST>give-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_u
‘(They) are bringing along bamboo tubes erh. (They) haven't yet provided the palm sugar sap.’
tondano_kiniar02_0035[PLAY]
aa silumongkotou
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • si=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro.h:s
  • l<um>ongkot
  • <AV>climb.a.tree
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
‘Ah he will climb up (the tree).’
tondano_kiniar02_0036[PLAY]
nalinamou
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • <in>ali-en
  • <PST>bring-PV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
‘He has brought along,’
tondano_kiniar02_0037[PLAY]
empotung ee rèi'pè' winèè entimpa'
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • np:p_u
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • rèy'
  • not
  • other
  • =pè'
  • =INCMP
  • =other
  • w<in>èè-en
  • <PST>give-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_u
‘the bamboo tube, (but) (They) have not yet provided the palm sugar sap.’
tondano_kiniar02_0038[PLAY]
longkotenamou aki
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • longkot-en
  • climb.up-PV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • waki
  • HES
  • nc
‘He will climb up on it (the bamboo tube) to’
tondano_kiniar02_0039[PLAY]
waki ano
  • waki
  • HES
  • nc
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
‘to the what's it,’
tondano_kiniar02_0040[PLAY]
waki paèdoan timpa'
  • waki
  • PREP3
  • adp
  • pa-èdo-an
  • DYN-take-LV
  • np:g
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • rn_np
‘to the palm sugar collection place,’
tondano_kiniar02_0041[PLAY]
waki pusuna
  • waki
  • PREP3
  • adp
  • pusu'
  • heart
  • np:g
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro:poss
‘to its 'heart' (i.e. the centre of the tree's foliage).’
tondano_kiniar02_0042[PLAY]
èmekawokou ee
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:s
  • ma-kawok
  • AV.DYN-rat
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘They climb (up the tree) like rats,’
tondano_kiniar02_0043[PLAY]
ka'ayomèè aki
  • i-ka-ayo'
  • CV-POT-arrive
  • other
  • =mèè
  • =DIR.MED
  • =other
  • waki
  • PREP3
  • adp
‘until at’
tondano_kiniar02_0044[PLAY]
pusu'na sia
  • pusu'
  • heart
  • np:l
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro:poss
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sia
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a_a
‘its centre. He,’
tondano_kiniar02_0045[PLAY]
mèdomou enano, mèdomou
  • <um>èdo
  • <AV>take
  • v:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • np:p_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • <um>èdo
  • <AV>take
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
‘will take a whats'it, (he) will take (it).’
tondano_kiniar02_0046[PLAY]
mèdomou empotung winèèan ee
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • <um>èdo
  • <AV>take
  • v:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • np:p_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • w<in>èè-an
  • <PST>give-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘(He) will take the hard bamboo. (He) has provided (it).’
tondano_kiniar02_0047[PLAY]
winuta, minawutamou entimpa' kaa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • winuta
  • HES
  • nc
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • m<in>a-wuta
  • AV.DYN.PST-fill
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_a
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
‘(They) have filled up the palm sugar sap (into small bamboo tubes). Because,’
tondano_kiniar02_0048[PLAY]
nèi, nèialungsanga wengi
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • nèy
  • HES
  • nc
  • nèy
  • CV.PST
  • lv
  • alung
  • receptacle
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • sanga
  • one
  • ln
  • wengi
  • evening
  • np:other
‘(they) have put (the palm sugar sap) in a receptacle (for) the evening.’
tondano_kiniar02_0049[PLAY]
minawuta entimpa' witu
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • m<in>a-wuta
  • AV.DYN.PST-fill
  • v:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_a
  • witu
  • there
  • other
‘(They) have filled up the palm sugar sap there.’
tondano_kiniar02_0050[PLAY]
ya, wa
  • ya
  • AFF
  • nc
  • wa
  • HES
  • nc
‘Yes, aah’
tondano_kiniar02_0051[PLAY]
empesesiwonèa gula mèa'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • N=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro:p_u
  • pa-Ce-siwo-en
  • DYN-IRR-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:dt_p_u
  • mèa'
  • red
  • rn
‘They will make it, hard palm sugar.’
tondano_kiniar02_0052[PLAY]
tèa pesesiwon gula mèa' musti emis entimpa'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • tèa
  • now
  • other
  • pa-Ce-siwo-en
  • DYN-IRR-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • mèa'
  • red
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • musti
  • must
  • other
  • emis
  • sweet
  • other:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:s
‘Now (they) will make palm sugar, the palm sugar sap must be sweet.’
tondano_kiniar02_0053[PLAY]
mesesiwo emis entimpa'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • ma-Ce-siwo
  • AV.DYN-IRR-do
  • v:pred
  • emis
  • sweet
  • ln
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_a
‘(They) will make sweet palm sugar sap.’
tondano_kiniar02_0054[PLAY]
musti pa,pasuupena beresi
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • musti
  • must.AUX
  • aux
  • pa
  • HES
  • nc
  • pa-su'up-en
  • DYN-fragment-PV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • weresi
  • clean
  • rn
‘He must fragment (by slicing) the clean (palm sugar).’
tondano_kiniar02_0055[PLAY]
sè itu makotor
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • sa
  • if
  • other
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
  • ma-kotor
  • EV.STAT-dirty
  • v:pred
‘If that (palm sugar) is dirty,’
tondano_kiniar02_0056[PLAY]
apa saja itu ano
  • apa
  • what
  • nc
  • saja
  • only
  • nc
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • nc
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
‘what only that thingumy.’
tondano_kiniar02_0057[PLAY]
kaa wèan eee kotor, ma, maesem entimpa', siwonèa sopi
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • wewèan
  • EXIST
  • other:predex
  • eee
  • HES
  • nc
  • kotor
  • dirt
  • np:s
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ma
  • HES
  • nc
  • ma-esem
  • EV.STAT-sour
  • v:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:s
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • siwo-en
  • do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • sopi
  • palm.sugar.brandy
  • np:p_u
‘Because there's dirt the palm sugar sap sours, they will make palm sugar brandy (instead of palm sugar wine).’
tondano_kiniar02_0058[PLAY]
aa
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
‘Ah,’
tondano_kiniar02_0059[PLAY]
patumpanèamoumi nano
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-tumpa-en
  • DYN-descend-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • =mi
  • =DIR.DIST
  • =rv
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • np:p_u
‘They bring down the what's it.’
tondano_kiniar02_0060[PLAY]
potunganèè
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • potung-an
  • bamboo.tube-LV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
‘They will prepare the bamboo tube.’
tondano_kiniar02_0061[PLAY]
potung wewèan timpa'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • np:dt
  • wewèan
  • EXIST
  • other:predex
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:s
‘The bamboo tube has palm sugar wine (in it).’
tondano_kiniar02_0062[PLAY]
empusu' ee kinaluaranèè entimpa'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • pusu'
  • heart
  • nc
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • k<in>aluar-an
  • <PST>go.out-LV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_u
‘The centre erh, they have made the palm sugar sap come out (start flowing).’
tondano_kiniar02_0063[PLAY]
eee
  • eee
  • HES
  • nc
‘Erh’
tondano_kiniar02_0064[PLAY]
ee su'upanamou
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • su'up-an
  • fragment-LV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =mow
  • =rv
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
‘He will fragment it (the centre of the foliage).’
tondano_kiniar02_0065[PLAY]
suupanamou
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • su'up-an
  • fragment-LV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
‘He will fragment (it).’
tondano_kiniar02_0066[PLAY]
e kaa empe, pewèèn, pewèèn ee potung ee, rèi'pè' win
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • e
  • HES
  • nc
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • N=
  • HES
  • nc
  • pe
  • HES
  • nc
  • pa-wèè-en
  • HES
  • nc
  • pa-wèè-en
  • DYN-give-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • nc
  • rèy'
  • not
  • nc
  • =pè'
  • =INCMP
  • nc
  • win
  • HES
  • nc
‘Erh because (they) put the bamboo tube, not yet,’
tondano_kiniar02_0067[PLAY]
potung ee, kosong
  • potung
  • hard.bamboo
  • np:p_u
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • kosong
  • zero
  • rn
‘the empty hard bamboo.’
tondano_kiniar02_0068[PLAY]
paalinamou nano
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-ali-en
  • DYN-bring-PV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
‘He brings along the thingumy,’
tondano_kiniar02_0069[PLAY]
timpa' ee witu empotung
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_u
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • np:g
‘the palm sugar sap inside the bamboo tube.’
tondano_kiniar02_0070[PLAY]
wè'wèlanamoukèano kaa empe, pa, pasupanamou enano, pusu
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • wè'wèl-an
  • tap-LV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • =kè
  • EPIS
  • =rv
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • np:p_u
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • N=
  • HES
  • nc
  • pa
  • HES
  • nc
  • pa-su'up-an
  • DYN-fragment-LV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
  • pusu'
  • heart
  • np:p_u
‘It's said he will hit the what's it (the branch) because he fragments the what's it, the centre (of the foliage).’
tondano_kiniar02_0071[PLAY]
tu wè'wèlena
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • tu
  • then
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • wè'wèl
  • tap-PV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
‘Then he will hit (the palm sugar tree branch).’
tondano_kiniar02_0072[PLAY]
wina'akesanamoukèla itu
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • w<in>a'akes-an
  • <PST>tie.with.string-LV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • =kè
  • =EPIS
  • =rv
  • =la
  • =DIR.PROX
  • =rv
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:p_u
‘Supposedly he has tied that (bamboo tube) with string.’
tondano_kiniar02_0073[PLAY]
kaa tu rèi', me rèi' mete'u kaa wèan rano
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • tu
  • then
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • rèy'
  • not
  • nc
  • ma
  • HES
  • nc
  • rèy'
  • not
  • other
  • ma-te'u
  • EV.STAT-know
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • wewèan
  • EXIST
  • other:predex
  • rano
  • water
  • np:s
‘Because then (he) doesn't, doesn't know (what to do), because there is water.’
tondano_kiniar02_0074[PLAY]
rèi' tu karou'an kaa ni'itumou, itu pa, pawèèanèa pa, paterung
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • rèy'
  • not
  • other
  • tu
  • then
  • other
  • ka-row'-an
  • POT-far-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • ni'tu
  • DEM2
  • other
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =other
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:p_u
  • pa
  • HES
  • nc
  • pa-wèè-an
  • DYN-give-LV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa
  • HES
  • nc
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • i-pa-terung
  • CV-DYN-shelter
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘Then (he) cannot remove (it -the bamboo tube) because, so that they can provide that, they make it a shelter.’
tondano_kiniar02_0075[PLAY]
pawèèan terung
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-wèè-an
  • DYN-give-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • terung
  • shelter
  • np:p_u
‘(They) provide a shelter,’
tondano_kiniar02_0076[PLAY]
kawangunen
  • ka-wangun-an
  • NR-good-NR
  • rn
‘lovely (a beautiful shelter).’
tondano_kiniar02_0077[PLAY]
entimpa' ye'i pesesiwonèa gula mèa'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:dt
  • ye'i
  • DEM1
  • rn
  • pa-Ce-siwo-en
  • DYN-IRR-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • mèa'
  • red
  • rn
‘This palm sugar sap, they will make (hard) palm sugar.’
tondano_kiniar02_0078[PLAY]
empeta'atakenèa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • N=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro:p_u
  • pa-ta'atak-en
  • DYN-strike-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
‘They hit strike it (the branch in the centre).’
tondano_kiniar02_0079[PLAY]
èi pa enano empusu
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • èy
  • PART
  • nc
  • pa
  • HES
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • pusu'
  • heart
  • np:p_u
‘Hey the whats'it, the centre,’
tondano_kiniar02_0080[PLAY]
pasuupuen
  • pa-su'up-en
  • DYN-fragment-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘(they) fragment’
tondano_kiniar02_0081[PLAY]
pusu ee, pusu wèanou ano wewèanou kotor, parou'n paberesi rior tu
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pusu'
  • HES
  • nc
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • pusu'
  • heart
  • np:dt
  • wewèan
  • EXIST
  • other:predex
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =other
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • np:s
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • wewèan
  • EXIST
  • other:predex
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =other
  • kotor
  • dirt
  • np:s
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-row'-en
  • DYN-far-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • i-pa-beresi
  • CV-DYN-clean
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • rior
  • so.that
  • other
  • tu
  • then
  • other
‘The centre, erh, the centre has what's it, there's dirt. (They) remove (it), (they) clean (it) so that then,’
tondano_kiniar02_0082[PLAY]
kumaluartimpa' aa, timpa' aa emis, timpa' weru nemis
  • k<um>aluar
  • <AV>go.out
  • v:pred
  • timpa'
  • HES
  • nc
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:s
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • emis
  • sweet
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:s
  • weru
  • fresh
  • rn
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =other
  • emis
  • sweet
  • other:pred
‘the palm sugar sap, ahh the sweet palm sugar sap will come out. Fresh palm sugar sap is sweet.’
tondano_kiniar02_0083[PLAY]
pawèèn, pawèèn ee
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-wèè-en
  • DYN-give-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pawèèn
  • DYN-give-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘(They) add (it), (they) add, erh,’
tondano_kiniar02_0084[PLAY]
lalèina', lalèina' rior tu teber makaluar melaa' itu potung
  • lalèina
  • HES
  • nc
  • lalèina
  • leaf
  • np:p_u
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • rior
  • so.that
  • other
  • tu
  • then
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • teber
  • smooth
  • lv
  • ma-kaluar
  • EV.STAT-go.out
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • ma-laa
  • AV.DYN-go
  • v:pred
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • np:l
‘leaf, a leaf, so that (the palm sugar sap) comes out smoothly, (It) goes out from the bamboo tube.’
tondano_kiniar02_0085[PLAY]
kawangunen
  • kawangunen
  • NR-good-NR
  • other
‘lovely’
tondano_kiniar02_0086[PLAY]
ee entimpa' ye'i mèmang
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:dt_s
  • ye'i
  • DEM1
  • rn
  • mèmang
  • truly
  • other
‘Erh this palm sugar sap is truly,’
tondano_kiniar02_0087[PLAY]
laker ee kaberguna nitu
  • laker
  • many
  • ln
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • ka-berguna
  • very-useful
  • other:pred
  • ni'tu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
‘that is very useful.’
tondano_kiniar02_0088[PLAY]
toro pakoo'en eee pakoo'en, ee
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • toro
  • can.AUX
  • aux
  • pa-koo'en
  • DYN-drink-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-koo'-en
  • DYN-drink-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘(They) can drink (the palm sugar sap) erh, (they) drink (it), erh.’
tondano_kiniar02_0089[PLAY]
parèi'rèo'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • i-pa-rèo'-rèo'
  • CV-DYN-RDP-thirsty
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘(They) quench their thirst with (it).’
tondano_kiniar02_0090[PLAY]
wo toro pasiwon gula mèa' , toro pasiwon sopi
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • wo
  • and
  • other
  • toro
  • can.AUX
  • aux
  • pa-siwo-en
  • DYN-make.do-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • mèa
  • red
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • toro
  • can.AUX
  • aux
  • pa-siwo-en
  • DYN-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • sopi
  • palm.sugar.brandy
  • np:p_u
‘and (they) can make (hard) palm sugar and (they) can make palm sugar brandy.’
tondano_kiniar02_0091[PLAY]
aa ye'i èi paatorenamou enano, potung beru
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • ye'i
  • now
  • other
  • pa-ator-en
  • DYN-arrange-PV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
  • potung
  • bamboo.tube
  • np:p_u
  • weru
  • fresh
  • rn
‘Ah, now he arranges a what's it, a new bamboo tube.’
tondano_kiniar02_0092[PLAY]
pewewèènamou itu empusu
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-Ce-wèè-en
  • DYN-IRR-give-n
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • pusu'
  • heart
  • np:l
‘He will put (the hard bamboo) at the centre (of the foliage).’
tondano_kiniar02_0093[PLAY]
nitu empengidopan tantu' nè
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ni'tu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • peN-hidop-an
  • NR-life-NR
  • np:pred
  • tantu
  • definite
  • rn
  • nè=
  • AN.PL=
  • =rn
‘That is definitely the sustenance of,’
tondano_kiniar02_0094[PLAY]
tou toudano, tou minahasa
  • tow
  • person
  • rn_np.h:poss
  • Tondano
  • PN
  • rn_np
  • tow
  • person
  • np:other
  • Minahasa
  • PN
  • rn_np
‘the Tondano people, the Minahasan people.’
tondano_kiniar02_0095[PLAY]
aa pese empesesiriterkula
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • pese
  • HES
  • nc
  • N=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro:p_u
  • i-pa-Ce-serita
  • CV-DYN-IRR-story
  • v:pred
  • =ku
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =la
  • =DIR.PROX
  • =rv
‘I will tell the story of it.’
tondano_kiniar02_0096[PLAY]
kina'atoan nètu'a rior entimpa' ye'i
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • k<in>a-ato-an
  • POT.PST-look-LV
  • v:pred
  • nè=
  • AN.PL.GEN=
  • =ln
  • tu'a
  • old
  • np.h:a_u
  • rior
  • fast
  • rn
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_u
  • ye'i
  • DEM1
  • rn
‘The elders from before obtained this palm sugar sap.’
tondano_kiniar02_0097[PLAY]
kaa sè
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:s
‘Because they,’
tondano_kiniar02_0098[PLAY]
minèi entalun sètu'a rior
  • <im>èy
  • <AV.PST>come
  • v:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • talun
  • forest
  • np:g
  • sè=
  • AN.PL=
  • =ln
  • tu'a
  • old
  • np.h:dt_s
  • rior
  • fast
  • rn
‘came (into) the forest, the elders from before.’
tondano_kiniar02_0099[PLAY]
matou enano, aa ye'i lanu
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • <um>ato
  • <AV>look
  • v:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • ln
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • np:p_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • ye'i
  • DEM1
  • pro:s
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • anu
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
‘(He) sees the what's it. Ah this is the what's it,’
tondano_kiniar02_0100[PLAY]
ee tabelang
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • tabelang
  • hard.bamboo
  • np:pred
‘erh the hard bamboo.’
tondano_kiniar02_0101[PLAY]
ee kaa pakewèènèa panunèa, pe, pe, pesiwonèa ano
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • paka-wèè-en
  • COMP-give-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-anu-en
  • DYN-NON.SPEC-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pe
  • HES
  • nc
  • pe
  • HES
  • nc
  • pa-siwo-en
  • DYN-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • np:p_u
‘Erh because after they add it.They do what's it, they make the thingumy.’
tondano_kiniar02_0102[PLAY]
pesiwonèa para para
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-siwo-en
  • DYN-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • para
  • RDP
  • ln_np
  • para
  • rack
  • np:p_u
‘They make the drying racks.’
tondano_kiniar02_0103[PLAY]
pewèèn gula mèa'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-wèè-en
  • DYN-give-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • mèa'
  • red
  • rn
‘(They) put the hard palm sugar (there).’
tondano_kiniar02_0104[PLAY]
embalina
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • walina
  • other
  • np.h:dt_a_u
‘The others’
tondano_kiniar02_0105[PLAY]
pasiwonèa lumu
  • pa-siwo-en
  • DYN-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • lumu
  • wood.pile
  • np:p_u
‘they make a wod pile’
tondano_kiniar02_0106[PLAY]
aa pawèè witu dano rumping
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • i-pa-wèè
  • CV-DYN-give.offer
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
  • rumping
  • wok
  • np:g
‘Ah (they) put (it) in the what's it, the wok’
tondano_kiniar02_0107[PLAY]
tiikan pa, palunganèa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • iti'i
  • DEM2
  • pro:p_u
  • =kan
  • =also
  • =other
  • pa
  • HES
  • nc
  • pa-luga-en
  • DYN-boil-en
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
‘They boil that also’
tondano_kiniar02_0108[PLAY]
timpa' iti'i wèènèala itu rumping
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • timpa'
  • paln.sugar.sap
  • np:p_u
  • iti'i
  • DEM2
  • rn
  • wèè-en
  • give-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =la
  • =DIR.PROX
  • =rv
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • rumping
  • wok
  • np:g
‘He will put that palm sugar sap in the wok.’
tondano_kiniar02_0109[PLAY]
witu wèanèa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • witu
  • there
  • other
  • wèè-an
  • give-LV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
‘They will put (it) there.’
tondano_kiniar02_0110[PLAY]
api wia embawa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • api'
  • fire
  • np:s
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • wawa'
  • beneath
  • np:pred_l
‘The fire is underneath’
tondano_kiniar02_0111[PLAY]
kaa rior tu
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • rior
  • so.that
  • other
  • tu
  • then
  • other
‘Because so that then’
tondano_kiniar02_0112[PLAY]
kumaro'oko kumantal
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • k<um>aro'ko'
  • <AV>froth
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • k<um>antal
  • <AV>thick
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
‘(they) will boil (it). (They) will thicken (it)’
tondano_kiniar02_0113[PLAY]
karo'oko' nui makaro'okomou pasiwon gula mèa'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • karo'ko'
  • froth
  • other:pred
  • nui
  • HES
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • ma-karo'ko
  • EV.STAT-froth
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-siwo-en
  • DYN-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • mèa'
  • red
  • rn
‘(It's) boiled, it boils, (they) make hard palm sugar,’
tondano_kiniar02_0114[PLAY]
ee witu rumping
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • rumping
  • wok
  • np:l
‘in a wok.’
tondano_kiniar02_0115[PLAY]
karo'okomoukan
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • karo'ko'
  • froth
  • other:pred
  • =mowkan
  • =definitely
  • =rv
‘(It's) definitely boiled.’
tondano_kiniar02_0116[PLAY]
wèè wia rumping
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • i-wèè
  • CV-give
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • rumping
  • wok
  • np:g
‘(They'll) put (it) in a wok.’
tondano_kiniar02_0117[PLAY]
tu kangkèi ee, wewèan ee
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • tu
  • then
  • other
  • kangkèy
  • also
  • other
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • wewèan
  • EXIST
  • nc
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘The also, erh, there is, erh’
tondano_kiniar02_0118[PLAY]
wia natas rumping winèèana
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • atas
  • above
  • ln
  • rumping
  • wok
  • np:l
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • w<in>èè-an
  • <PST>give-LV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
‘on top of a wok, he puts (the pan).’
tondano_kiniar02_0119[PLAY]
tou mpatotoranèa panci
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • tow
  • like
  • other
  • N=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro:p_u
  • pa-totor-an
  • DYN-call-LV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • panci
  • pan
  • np:dt_p_u
‘Like (what) they call it, the pan.’
tondano_kiniar02_0120[PLAY]
panci ye'i rior tu rèi', rèi', rèi' ano, rèi'
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • panci
  • pan
  • np:other
  • ye'i
  • DEM1
  • rn
  • rior
  • so.that
  • other
  • tu
  • then
  • other
  • rèy'
  • HES
  • nc
  • rèy'
  • HES
  • nc
  • rèy'
  • HES
  • nc
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • np:other
  • rèy'
  • not
  • nc
‘this pan so that then, not, not, not, the what's it, not’
tondano_kiniar02_0121[PLAY]
rèi' katèan ano
  • rèy'
  • not
  • other
  • ka-tèa'-an
  • POT-spill-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
‘(he) doesn't spill the what's it,’
tondano_kiniar02_0122[PLAY]
aa engula ye'i
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • ye'i
  • DEM1
  • rn
‘this palm sugar’
tondano_kiniar02_0123[PLAY]
itu kantalou mamulaimou gula
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
  • kantal
  • thick
  • other:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • ma-muali
  • EV.STAT-become
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:other
‘That is thick,. (It's) become palm sugar.’
tondano_kiniar02_0124[PLAY]
makantalou kaluaranèamou empanci ti'i io
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • ma-kantal
  • EV.STAT-thick
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • kaluar-an
  • go.out-LV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • panci
  • pan
  • np:p_u
  • iti'i
  • DEM2
  • rn
  • io
  • HES
  • nc
‘(It's) already thickened, they will remove that pan.’
tondano_kiniar02_0125[PLAY]
mamualimou gula èi, karo'komoukan
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • ma-muali
  • EV.STAT-become
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • èy
  • PART
  • nc
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • karo'ko
  • froth
  • other:pred
  • =mowkan
  • =definitely
  • =other
‘(It's) become palm sugar, hey (it's) really boiling.’
tondano_kiniar02_0126[PLAY]
panci iti' nèitè sèmpè rior tu rèi' ma, marisik
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • panci
  • pan
  • np:p_u
  • iti'i
  • DEM2
  • rn
  • nèy
  • CV.PST
  • lv
  • =itè
  • =LIM
  • =other
  • sèmpèr
  • block
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • rior
  • so.that
  • other
  • tu
  • then
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • rèy'
  • don't
  • other
  • ma
  • HES
  • nc
  • ma-risik
  • EV.STAT-stain
  • v:pred
‘(They) just block the pan so that then (the palm sugar) doesn't spill out.’
tondano_kiniar02_0127[PLAY]
sa wuna' dèi ma, makaluar
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • sa
  • if
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • wuna'
  • fibrous
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • rèy'
  • not
  • other
  • ma
  • HES
  • nc
  • ma-kaluar
  • EV.STAT-go.out
  • v:pred
‘If (it's) fibrous (then), (the palm sugar sap) won't come out’
tondano_kiniar02_0128[PLAY]
aa yei kaanen nuka
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • ye'i
  • now
  • other
  • kaan-en
  • rice-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:p_u
‘Ahh, now (he) eats (from) the half coconut shell.’
tondano_kiniar02_0129[PLAY]
nuka pewewèènèa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:p_u
  • pa-Ce-wèè-en
  • DYN-IRR-give-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
‘They will add the (half) coconut shell.’
tondano_kiniar02_0130[PLAY]
ee gula
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • gula
  • sugar
  • nc
‘erh, sugar’
tondano_kiniar02_0131[PLAY]
pa'awasan nuka
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-awes-an
  • DYN-add-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:p_u
‘(They) add the half coconut shell.’
tondano_kiniar02_0132[PLAY]
rior tu beresi engula mèa'
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • rior
  • so.that
  • other
  • tu
  • then
  • other
  • weresi
  • clean
  • other:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:s
  • mèa'
  • red
  • rn
‘So that the palm sugar is clean.’
tondano_kiniar02_0133[PLAY]
ee pengidopan tantu nè
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • peN-hidop-an
  • NR-life-NR
  • np:pred
  • tantu
  • definite
  • nc
  • nè=
  • HES
  • nc
‘(It's) the sustenance of’
tondano_kiniar02_0134[PLAY]
nètou minahasa sèmengèèt
  • nè=
  • AN.PL.GEN=
  • =rn
  • tow
  • person
  • rn_np.h:poss
  • Minahasa
  • PN
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:a_a
  • meN-kèèt
  • AV.DYN-extract.sap
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
‘of the Minahasan people. They extract (palm sugar sap).’
tondano_kiniar02_0135[PLAY]
masiwo gula sè itu timpa emis
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • ma-siwo
  • AV.DYN-do
  • v:pred
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • sa
  • if
  • other
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:pred
  • emis
  • sweet
  • rn
‘(They) make (hard) palm sugar, if that palm sugar sap is sweet.’
tondano_kiniar02_0136[PLAY]
sèitu timpa' esem pasiwonèa sopi
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • sa
  • if
  • other
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:pred
  • esem
  • sour
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-siwo-en
  • DYN-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • sopi
  • palm.sugar.brandy
  • np:p_u
‘If that is sour palm sugar sap, they make palm sugar brandy.’
tondano_kiniar02_0137[PLAY]
ta'an sè itu mèmang pekekoo' entè parèorèo' ndèi' siwonèa gula ndèi' siwonèa sopi
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ta'an
  • however
  • other
  • sa
  • if
  • other
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
  • mèmang
  • truly
  • other
  • i-pa-Ce-koo'
  • CV-DYN-IRR-drink
  • np:pred
  • entè
  • strong
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • i-pa-rèo-rèo
  • CV-DYN-IRR-RDP-order
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =other
  • rèy'
  • don't
  • other
  • siwo-en
  • do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =other
  • rèy'
  • don't
  • other
  • siwo-en
  • do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • sopi
  • palm.sugar.brandy
  • np:p_u
‘But if that's a really strong drink, (they) will obtain (it), they won't make (hard) palm sugar and they won't make palm sugar brandy.’
tondano_kiniar02_0138[PLAY]
pakoo' entè' parerèrèo'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • i-pa-koo'
  • CV-DYN-drink
  • np:p_u
  • entè'
  • strong
  • rn
  • i-pa-Ce-rèo-rèo'
  • CV-DYN-IRR-RDP-order
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘(They) would obtain the strong drink.’
tondano_kiniar02_0139[PLAY]
ee en
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
‘Erh the’
tondano_kiniar02_0140[PLAY]
timpa iti'i ee
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • nc
  • iti'i
  • DEM2
  • nc
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘that palm sugar sap, erh’
tondano_kiniar02_0141[PLAY]
sa koano, menewel
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • sa
  • if
  • other
  • ko=
  • 2SG.NOM=
  • =pro.2:s
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • other
  • meN-tewel
  • AV.DYN-drunk
  • v:pred
‘When you what's it, get drunk.’
tondano_kiniar02_0142[PLAY]
menewel tou
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • meN-tewel
  • AV.DYN-drunk
  • v:pred
  • tow
  • person
  • np.h:s
‘The people get drunk.’
tondano_kiniar02_0143[PLAY]
ya siwio siniato nètu'a rior
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ya
  • AFF
  • nc
  • si=
  • AN.SG=
  • =ln
  • wio
  • wild.pig
  • np:dt_p_u
  • si=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro:p_u
  • <in>ato-en
  • <PST>look-PV
  • v:pred
  • nè=
  • AN.PL.GEN=
  • =ln
  • tu'a
  • old
  • np.h:a_u
  • rior
  • fast
  • rn
‘The wild boar, the elders from before saw it.’
tondano_kiniar02_0144[PLAY]
ikimaan pulenka'
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • si=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro:a_a
  • k<im>aan
  • <AV.PST>rice
  • v:pred
  • pulenka
  • sugar.palm.fruit
  • np:p_a
‘It (the wild pig) ate the sugar palm tree fruit,’
tondano_kiniar02_0145[PLAY]
sitinewel kinawèèan tekel tu nakel embawa nakel
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • si=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro.h:p_u
  • t<in>ewel-en
  • <PST>drunk-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • k<in>a-wèè-an
  • PST-POT-give.offer-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • tekel
  • sleep
  • np:p_u
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • akel
  • sugar.palm.tree
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • wawa
  • below
  • ln
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • akel
  • sugar.palm.tree
  • np:l
‘(The sugar palm tree fruit) makes him (the wild pig) drunk, it brings him sleep by the sugar palm tree, under the palm sugar tree.’
tondano_kiniar02_0146[PLAY]
ni'tumou kinetarèan nètu'a rior minaka'ato entimpa'
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ni'tu
  • DEM2
  • pro:other
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • k<in>a-tarè-an
  • POT-PST-new-LV
  • v:pred
  • nè=
  • AN.PL.GEN=
  • =ln
  • tu'a
  • old
  • np.h:a_u
  • rior
  • fast
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • m<in>aka-ato
  • POT-PST-look
  • v:pred
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.sap
  • np:p_a
‘So that the early elders could discover first (the palm sugar sap), (they) had obtained the palm sugar sap.’
tondano_kiniar02_0147[PLAY]
aa, pesar ee pa, pa
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • pesar
  • HES
  • nc
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • pa
  • HES
  • nc
  • pa
  • HES
  • nc
‘...’
tondano_kiniar02_0148[PLAY]
pawèèanamou itu nuka enano
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-wèè-an
  • DYN-give-LV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:g
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
‘He puts the what's it in the half coconut shell,’
tondano_kiniar02_0149[PLAY]
gula, pawèèanamou itu nuka
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-wèè-an
  • DYN-give-PV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:g
‘the palm sugar. He puts (it) in the half coconut shell.’
tondano_kiniar02_0150[PLAY]
papaghegheran sè itu kumete'mou
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-pa-ghegher-an
  • CAUS-DYN-cold-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • sa
  • if
  • other
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
  • k<um>etè'
  • <AV>hard
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =other
‘(They) cool (it) down when it's already hardened.’
tondano_kiniar02_0151[PLAY]
nèi rou'mou itu nuka ee gula
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • nèy
  • CV.PST
  • lv
  • row'
  • far
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:l
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:dt_p_u
‘(They) have removed (it) from the half coconut shell, the palm sugar.’
tondano_kiniar02_0152[PLAY]
paberesi ee rumping
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • i-pa-weresi
  • CV-DYN-clean
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • rumping
  • wok
  • np:p_u
‘(They) clean the erh, wok.’
tondano_kiniar02_0153[PLAY]
kaa pesiwon eee
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-siwo-en
  • DYN-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • eee
  • HES
  • nc
‘Because (they) make (it) erh.’
tondano_kiniar02_0154[PLAY]
kasi sè itu ano siwonèamoukè weru
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • kasi
  • more
  • other
  • sa
  • if
  • other
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • siwo-en
  • do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • =kè
  • =EPIS
  • =rv
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • weru
  • fresh
  • rn
‘If again that's a what's it, supposedly they would now make a new (batch).’
tondano_kiniar02_0155[PLAY]
ta'an nèi musti beresiberesi kaa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ta'an
  • however
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • nèy
  • CV.PST
  • lv
  • musti
  • AUX.must
  • aux
  • weresi-weresi
  • RDP-clean
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • ka'a
  • because
  • nc
‘But (they) had to clean (it) because’
tondano_kiniar02_0156[PLAY]
pengidopan èi wèta
  • pengidopan
  • NR-life-NR
  • nc
  • èy
  • PART
  • nc
  • wèta
  • PART
  • nc
‘this sustenance hey wow.’
tondano_kiniar02_0157[PLAY]
ee ma, engula ye'ikan, pa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • ma
  • HES
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • ye'i
  • DEM1
  • rn
  • =kan
  • =also
  • =rn
  • pa
  • HES
  • nc
‘Erh, this sugar also’
tondano_kiniar02_0158[PLAY]
pewangkèr wia sitou walina
  • i-pa-wangkèr
  • CV-DYN-sell
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • si=
  • AN.SG=
  • =ln
  • tow
  • person
  • np.h:g
  • walina
  • other
  • rn
‘they sell to other people.’
tondano_kiniar02_0159[PLAY]
sè itu rèi' beresi engkaa soo nètou meteteles
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • sa
  • if
  • other
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:s
  • rèy'
  • not
  • other
  • weresi
  • clean
  • other:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =other
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • so'o
  • AUX.not.want
  • aux
  • sè=
  • AN.PL=
  • =ln
  • tow
  • person
  • np.h:a_a
  • ma-Ce-teles
  • AV.DYN-IRR-buy
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
‘If that is not clean, then the people don't want to buy it.’
tondano_kiniar02_0160[PLAY]
èi pawèènèamou itu nuka
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • èy
  • PART
  • nc
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-wèè-en
  • DYN-give-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:g
‘Hey they put (the hardened palm sugar sap) in a half coconut shell.’
tondano_kiniar02_0161[PLAY]
papaghegheran
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-pa-ghegher-an
  • CAUS.DYN-cold-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘(They) cool (it) down.’
tondano_kiniar02_0162[PLAY]
papaghegheran
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-pa-ghegher-an
  • CAUS.DYN-cold-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘(They) cool (it) down.’
tondano_kiniar02_0163[PLAY]
enuka iti'i mèmang
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • nc
  • iti'i
  • DEM2
  • nc
  • mèmang
  • truly
  • nc
‘That half coconut shell is truly,’
tondano_kiniar02_0164[PLAY]
ee
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘uh’
tondano_kiniar02_0165[PLAY]
laker nuka nèi wèè
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • laker
  • many
  • ln
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:p_u
  • nèi
  • CV.PST
  • lv
  • wèè
  • give
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘(They) have added many half coconut shells.’
tondano_kiniar02_0166[PLAY]
nèi wèè itu enano
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • nèy
  • CV.PST
  • lv
  • wèè
  • give
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • nc
  • ano
  • NON.SPEC
  • nc
‘(They) put (it) in the what's it,’
tondano_kiniar02_0167[PLAY]
eee
  • eee
  • HES
  • nc
‘erh’
tondano_kiniar02_0168[PLAY]
tabelang
  • tabelang
  • hard.bamboo
  • np:g
‘the hard bamboo tube.’
tondano_kiniar02_0169[PLAY]
tinaghinèa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • t<in>aghi'-en
  • <PST>chop-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
‘They've chopped up (the smaller hard bamboo tube).’
tondano_kiniar02_0170[PLAY]
siniwonèa tu ee
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • siwo-en
  • do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • pro:p_u
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘They would make that, erh.’
tondano_kiniar02_0171[PLAY]
pawèèna nuka
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-wèè-en
  • DYN-give-PV
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =3SG.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:p_u
‘He adds some half coconut shells.’
tondano_kiniar02_0172[PLAY]
papaghegheran
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • pa-pa-ghegher-an
  • CAUS.DYN-cold-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘(They) cool the (hot palm sugar) down.’
tondano_kiniar02_0173[PLAY]
eee sè
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • eee
  • HES
  • nc
  • sè=
  • HES
  • nc
‘Erh the’
tondano_kiniar02_0174[PLAY]
sètelu, telu tou sèmemèan i'i
  • sè=
  • AN.PL=
  • =ln
  • telu
  • three
  • ln
  • tou
  • person
  • np.h:dt_a_a
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:a_a
  • meN-pè'an
  • AV.DYN-taste
  • v:pred
  • iti'i
  • DEM2
  • pro:p_a
‘the three people, they taste that.’
tondano_kiniar02_0175[PLAY]
ya sèa
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • ya
  • AFF
  • nc
  • sèa
  • HES
  • nc
‘Yes, they’
tondano_kiniar02_0176[PLAY]
laker gula mèa'
  • laker
  • many
  • nc
  • gula
  • sugar
  • nc
  • mèa'
  • red
  • nc
‘a lot of palm sugar’
tondano_kiniar02_0177[PLAY]
èi maka'atola laker loit sèa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • èy
  • AFF
  • nc
  • maka-ato
  • AV.POT-look
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =DIR.PROX
  • =rv
  • laker
  • many
  • ln
  • loit
  • money
  • np:p_a
  • sèa
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a_a
‘Hey, they get a lot of money (from the palm sugar).’
tondano_kiniar02_0178[PLAY]
ee wètèngenè' telu
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • wètèng-en
  • divide-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
  • telu
  • three
  • pro:p_u
‘Erh, they'll divide into three (the money).’
tondano_kiniar02_0179[PLAY]
lakerè, ee bitupè' rumping
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • laker
  • many
  • ln
  • =pè'
  • =INCMP
  • =other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • =pè'
  • =INCMP
  • =other
  • rumping
  • wok
  • np:pred_l
‘Still a lot (of palm sugar) still in the wok.’
tondano_kiniar02_0180[PLAY]
pa
  • pa
  • HES
  • nc
‘...’
tondano_kiniar02_0181[PLAY]
pawèèpè' wia nuka
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • i-pa-wèè
  • CV-DYN-give
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • =pè'
  • =INCMP
  • =rv
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:g
‘(He) still puts (palm sugar) into a half coconut shell.’
tondano_kiniar02_0182[PLAY]
aa empawèè itu nuka ku'a empapaghegheran
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aa
  • HES
  • nc
  • N=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro:p_u
  • i-pa-wèè
  • CV-DYN-give
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:g
  • ku'a
  • PART
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • N=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro:p_u
  • pa-pa-ghegher-an
  • CAUS-DYN-cold-LV
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘Ah, (they) put (it) in a half coconut shell then, (they) cool (it) down.’
tondano_kiniar02_0183[PLAY]
rèi tu mina
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • rèy'
  • not
  • nc
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • nc
  • mina
  • HES
  • nc
‘That's not,’
tondano_kiniar02_0184[PLAY]
ee engula mèa iti'i wèè itu nuka, mamuali tabulèlèng
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_u
  • mèa'
  • red
  • rn
  • iti'i
  • DEM2
  • rn
  • i-wèè
  • CV-give
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
  • witu
  • PREP2
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • uka
  • (half)coconut.shell
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:s
  • ma-muali
  • EV.STAT-become
  • v:pred
  • tabulèlèng
  • sphere
  • np:other
‘Erh (they) will put that palm sugar in the half coconut shell. (It) becomes a sphere.’
tondano_kiniar02_0185[PLAY]
ta'an tabulèlèng senga parua
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ta'an
  • however
  • other
  • tabulèlèng
  • sphere
  • np:p_u
  • senga
  • one
  • rn
  • i-pa-rua
  • CV-DYN-two
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘But they divide the one sphere into two(i.e. it is halved as it is put in a half coconut shell).’
tondano_kiniar02_0186[PLAY]
eee
  • eee
  • HES
  • nc
‘Erh’
tondano_kiniar02_0187[PLAY]
dèi'amou
  • rèy'
  • not
  • nc
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • nc
‘no longer,’
tondano_kiniar02_0188[PLAY]
eee, pengidopan nètou minahasa wia wia, entoudano
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • pengidopan
  • NR-life-NR
  • np:s
  • nè=
  • AN.PL.GEN=
  • =rn
  • tow
  • person
  • rn_np.h:poss
  • Minahasa
  • PN
  • rn_np
  • wia
  • HES
  • nc
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • Tondano
  • PN
  • np:pred_l
‘The sustenance of the Minahasan people is in, is in Tondano.’
tondano_kiniar02_0189[PLAY]
sèsèmengèèt
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sè=
  • HES
  • nc
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:a_a
  • meN-kèèt
  • AV.DYN-extract.sap
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
‘They, they extract (the sugar palm sap).’
tondano_kiniar02_0190[PLAY]
pèilanèa mengèèt, ya
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pa-lila'-en
  • DYN-tongue-PV
  • v:pred
  • =nèa
  • =3PL.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u_ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • meN-kèèt
  • AV.DYN-extract.sap
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
  • ya
  • AFF
  • nc
‘They say "(they) extract (the palm sugar sap)" yes.’
tondano_kiniar02_0191[PLAY]
èsimandaritè tu empengidopan tu masiwo gula, masiwo sopi, wo
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sè=
  • 3PL.NOM=
  • =pro.h:a_a
  • s<im>andar
  • <AV.PST>lean.on
  • v:pred
  • =itè
  • =LIM
  • =rv
  • itu
  • DEM2
  • ln
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • pengidopan
  • NR-life-NR
  • np:p_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • tu
  • then
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • ma-siwo
  • AV.DYN-do
  • v:pred
  • gula
  • sugar
  • np:p_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
  • ma-siwo
  • AV.DYN-do
  • v:pred
  • sopi
  • palm.sugar.brandy
  • np:p_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • wo
  • and
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_a
‘The just relied on that sustenance. Then (they) make palm sugar, (they) make palm sugar brandy and’
tondano_kiniar02_0192[PLAY]
masiwo timpa' pakoo'
  • ma-siwo
  • AV.DYN-do
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #rc:p_a
  • timpa'
  • palm.sugar.wine
  • np:p_u
  • i-pa-koo'
  • CV-DYN-drink
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0.h:a_u
‘(they) make palm sugar wine which (they) drink.’
tondano_kiniar02_0193[PLAY]
nakel iti'i kaberaguna nètou minahasa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • akel
  • sugar.palm.tree
  • np:s
  • iti'i
  • DEM2
  • rn
  • ka-berguna
  • very-useful
  • other:pred
  • nè=
  • AN.PL.GEN=
  • =rn
  • tow
  • person
  • rn_np:poss
  • Minahasa
  • PN
  • rn_np
‘That sugar palm tree is very useful for the Minahasa people.’
tondano_kiniar02_0194[PLAY]
toudano
  • Tondano
  • PN
  • rn_np
‘Tondano’
tondano_kiniar02_0195[PLAY]
nèi
  • nèy
  • HES
  • nc
‘...’
tondano_kiniar02_0196[PLAY]
pelelia'kumèè wia niko kaa nèi paali nèpatuarita sitim waki mèlborn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • i-pa-Ce-lila'
  • CV-DYN-tongue
  • v:pred
  • =ku
  • =1SG.GEN
  • =pro.1:a_u
  • =mèè
  • =DIR.MED
  • =rv
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • nikow
  • 2PL
  • pro:g
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_u
  • nèy
  • CV.PST
  • lv
  • pa-ali
  • DYN-take
  • v:pred
  • nè=
  • AN.PL.GEN=
  • =ln
  • patuari
  • nuclear.family
  • np:a_u
  • =ta
  • =1PL.IN.GEN
  • =pro.1:poss
  • si=
  • AN.SG=
  • =ln
  • Tim
  • PN
  • rn_np.h
  • waki
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • Melbourne
  • PN
  • np:g
‘I will talk (about this) to you because our family member Tim has taken (it) to Melbourne.’
tondano_kiniar02_0197[PLAY]
itim sitou australita sikasa paar metete'ula embahasa toudano sapaitè toro pesesiwonta
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • si=
  • AN.SG=
  • =ln
  • Tim
  • PN
  • ln_np.h
  • si=
  • AN.SG=
  • =ln
  • tow
  • person
  • np.h:dt_a_a
  • Australia
  • PN
  • rn_np
  • si=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro.h:a_a
  • kasa
  • very
  • lv
  • pa'ar
  • AUX.want
  • aux
  • ma-Ce-te'u
  • AV.DYN-IRR-know
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =DIR.PROX
  • =rv
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • bahasa
  • language
  • np:p_a
  • Tondano
  • PN
  • rn_np
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sapa
  • what
  • np:p_u
  • =itè
  • =LIM
  • =other
  • toro
  • AUX.can
  • aux
  • pa-Ce-siwo-en
  • DYN-IRR-do-PV
  • v:pred
  • =ta
  • =1PL.IN.GEN
  • =pro.h:a_u
‘Tim the Australian, he really wants to learn the Tondano language. Just what we intend to do,’
tondano_kiniar02_0198[PLAY]
wia empatoutouan, wia engkoatan yei
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • pa-tow-tow-an
  • DYN-RDP-person-LV
  • np:l
  • wia
  • PREP1
  • adp
  • N=
  • INAN=
  • =ln
  • ka-oat-an
  • NR-midday-NR
  • np:l
  • ye'i
  • DEM1
  • rn
‘in this life, in this world.’
tondano_kiniar02_0199[PLAY]
taruma kasè laker kaa kita simiritamou kasila
  • tarumakasè
  • give.thanks
  • nc
  • laker
  • many
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • ka'a
  • because
  • other
  • kita
  • 1PL.IN
  • pro.1:a_a
  • s<im>erita
  • <AV.PST>story
  • v:pred
  • =mow
  • =CMP
  • =rv
  • kasi
  • more
  • rv
  • =la
  • =DIR.PROX
  • =rv
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
‘Thanks very much. Because we have now talked about (this) again.’
tondano_kiniar02_0200[PLAY]
tumodong, ee
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • t<um>odong
  • <AV>directly
  • other
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
‘Up next, erh’
tondano_kiniar02_0201[PLAY]
ee situ'a dèki tangkuman sisumusui
  • ee
  • HES
  • nc
  • si=
  • AN.SG=
  • =ln
  • tu'a
  • old
  • np.h:dt_a_a
  • Dèki
  • PN
  • rn_np.h
  • Tangkuman
  • PN
  • rn_np.h
  • si=
  • 3SG.NOM=
  • =pro.h:a_a
  • s<um>usui
  • <AV>speak
  • v:pred
  • ZERO
  • ZERO
  • 0:p_a
‘erh, the elder Deki Tangkuman, he will talk (about palm sugar)’
tondano_kiniar02_0202[PLAY]
pakatu'an wo pakalawiran
  • paka-tu'a-an
  • COMP-old-LV
  • nc
  • wo
  • and
  • nc
  • paka-lawir-en
  • COMP-prosper-LV
  • nc
‘Long life and happiness.’
tondano_kiniar02_0203[PLAY]
cut
  • cut
  • cut
  • nc
‘stop’