Text preview: mc_tabasaran_work

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  • Metadata summary
  • corpustabasaran
  • textwork
  • speakerTS01
  • annotator(s)Natalia Bogomolova, Dmitry Ganenkov, Nils Schiborr
  • version2101
  • last updated2020-09-17
Annotation key
utterance identifier
object language utterance
  • grammatical words
  • morphological glosses
  • annotations with GRAID
  • referent indexing with RefIND
  • annotations with ISNRef
‘idiomatic translation’
tabasaran_work_0001[PLAY]
sar aba.jiz aǯi šulu šubur baž, pirimna kerimna selim.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sa-r
  • one-HSG
  • ln_num
  • aba.ji-z
  • grandfather-DAT
  • np.h:ncs_poss
  • 0002
  • new
  • a-ǯi
  • (IN)be-ICVB
  • v:predex
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • rv_aux
  • šubu-r
  • three-HSG
  • ln_num
  • baž
  • boy(ABS)
  • np.h:p
  • 0003
  • new
  • pirim
  • Pirim
  • pn_np.h:appos
  • 0004
  • bridging
  • =na
  • =and
  • =rn
  • kerim
  • Kerim
  • rn_pn_np.h
  • 0005
  • bridging
  • =na
  • =and
  • =rn
  • selim
  • Selim
  • rn_pn_np.h
  • 0006
  • bridging
‘An old man had three sons: Pirim, Kerim, and Selim.’
tabasaran_work_0002[PLAY]
mu aba.ji murar hacːi uˁ<r>χuˁru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • mu
  • PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • aba.ji
  • grandfather(ERG)
  • np.h:a
  • 0002
  • mu-rar
  • PROX-PL(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:p
  • 0003
  • ha-cːi
  • EMPH-(DIST)ADV
  • other
  • uˁ<r>χ-uˁru
  • <PL>save-FUT
  • v:pred
‘This old man brought them up in this way.’
tabasaran_work_0003[PLAY]
sab darval, sab aˁzjat, fuvušq’a aˁjdarǯi, aba uǯub zehmetkeš aji insan vuǯi šulu, uǯub devlet aji, uǯur hadmuq’an čan qu<r>q’uvalar aǯi.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:ncs_cv
  • 0003
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln
  • darval
  • need(ABS)
  • np:p
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • rn
  • aˁzjat
  • misery(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • fu-vuš
  • what-INDEF(ABS)
  • rn
  • =q’a
  • =PRT
  • =rn
  • aˁj-dar-ǯi
  • know-NEG-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aba
  • grandfather(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_pc
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0.h:s_pc
  • uǯu-b
  • good-NSG
  • other:pred
  • zehmetkeš
  • industrious
  • other
  • a-ji
  • (IN)be-PTCP
  • cop
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • insan
  • man(ABS)
  • np.h:pred
  • vu-ǯi
  • COP-ICVB
  • cop
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • #pc
  • 0
  • 0_father
  • 0.h:ncs_poss
  • 0002
  • uǯu-b
  • good-NSG
  • ln_adj
  • devlet
  • wealth(ABS)
  • np:p
  • a-ji
  • (IN)be-PTCP
  • v:predex
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_father
  • 0.h:ncs_poss
  • 0002
  • uǯu-r
  • good-PL
  • ln_adj
  • ha-dmu
  • EMPH-3.P(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • =q’an
  • =PRT
  • =ln
  • ča-n
  • REFL-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • qu<r>q’u-val-ar
  • <HSG>reach-ABSTR-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • a-ǯi
  • (IN)be-ICVB
  • v:predex
‘Not knowing either need or pain or anything, the old man was a good, industrious man, who had good wealth, had such good achievements.’
tabasaran_work_0004[PLAY]
sab.ǯikanq’a fikir ktːarǯi mu bažar aˁχuˁ šulu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • sa-b.ǯi-k-an
  • one-NSG-CONT-ELAT
  • ln
  • =q’a
  • =PRT
  • =ln
  • fikir
  • thought(ABS)
  • np:s_cv
  • k-tːar-ǯi
  • CONT-be:NEG-ICVB
  • v:predex
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • mu
  • PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • baž-ar
  • boy-PL(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0003
  • aˁχuˁ
  • big
  • other
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
‘The boys grew up without worrying about anything.’
tabasaran_work_0005[PLAY]
čpːi fu ʁip’nuš, fu ʁu<b>qnuš aˁjdarǯi, naʔna ʁafnuš q’adar adarǯi hamcːi čpːiz guni si dulanmiš šulaǯi šulu murar.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • čpːi
  • REFL(PL)
  • refl.h:a
  • 0003
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a
  • 0003
  • fu
  • what
  • intrg_other:p
  • ʁ-ip’-nu-š
  • PFV-<NSG>eat-AOR-COND
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a
  • 0003
  • fu
  • what
  • intrg_other:p
  • ʁ-u<b>q-nu-š
  • PFV-<NSG>drink-AOR-COND
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • aˁj-dar-ǯi
  • know-NEG-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • naʔna
  • where
  • nc
  • ʁa-f-nu-š
  • PFV-come-AOR-COND
  • nc
  • q’adar
  • amount(ABS)
  • nc
  • a-dar-ǯi
  • (IN)be-NEG-ICVB
  • nc
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_pc
  • čpːi-z
  • REFL(PL)-DAT
  • refl.h:ncs_pc
  • 0003
  • gun-i
  • want-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • si
  • as
  • other
  • dulanmiš
  • live
  • other:lvc
  • šul-a-ǯi
  • become-PRS-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • rv_aux
  • mu-rar
  • PROX-PL(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s_cp
  • 0003
‘They didn't know what they ate, what they drank, able to go anywhere and they were living the way they wanted.’
tabasaran_work_0006[PLAY]
insan.ǯin uˁmur hacːib u aˁχir adrub dar, varib.ǯiz aˁχir ajib vu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • insan.ǯi-n
  • person-GEN
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • uˁmur
  • life(ABS)
  • np:s
  • ha-cːi-b
  • EMPH-DIST+ADV-NSG
  • other
  • u
  • COP
  • cop
  • #
  • #
  • #cc.neg:pred
  • aˁχir
  • end(ABS)
  • np:s
  • a-dr-ub
  • (IN)be-NEG-NSG
  • v:predex
  • dar
  • COP:NEG
  • rv_aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • vari-b.ǯi-z
  • all-NSG-DAT
  • np:ncs_poss
  • aˁχir
  • end(ABS)
  • np:p
  • a-ji-b
  • (IN)be-PTCP-NSG
  • v:predex
  • vu
  • COP
  • rv_aux
‘Human life is not such that it does not have an end, there is an end to everything.’
tabasaran_work_0007[PLAY]
jiʁar.ikan sad jiʁ.an aba aldaknu aˁru raˁhmat.ǯiz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • jiʁ-ar.i-k-an
  • day-PL-CONT-ELAT
  • np:other
  • sa-d
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • jiʁ.a-n
  • day-GEN
  • np:other
  • aba
  • grandfather(ABS)
  • np.h:s_cv
  • 0002
  • aldak-nu
  • <HSG>fall-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_father
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • aˁ-ru
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • raˁhmat.ǯi-z
  • merciful-DAT
  • np.h:g
‘One of those days the old man fell down and passed away to the Merciful.’
tabasaran_work_0008[PLAY]
aba raˁhmat.ǯiz ʁušnu, bažar.i vari aˁdat dap’nu, čpːin abara kivnu, salamat dap’nu, sadaq’ara tuvnu dusru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aba
  • grandfather(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • raˁhmat.ǯi-z
  • merciful-DAT
  • np.h:g
  • ʁ-uš-nu
  • PFV-<HSG>go-AOR
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • baž-ar.i
  • boy-PL(ERG)
  • np.h:a_cv
  • 0003
  • vari
  • all
  • ln
  • aˁdat
  • custom(ABS)
  • np:p
  • d-ap’-nu
  • PFV-do-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a
  • 0003
  • čpːi-n
  • REFL(PL)-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0003
  • aba
  • grandfather(ABS)
  • np.h:p
  • 0002
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • k-iv-nu
  • CONT-put-AOR
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0003
  • 0
  • 0_father
  • 0.h:p
  • 0002
  • salamat
  • quietness(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • d-ap’-nu
  • PFV-do-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0003
  • sadaq’a
  • alms(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • tuv-nu
  • do-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:s
  • 0003
  • dus-ru
  • <PL>sit-FUT
  • v:pred
‘The old man passed away to the Merciful, the sons performed all the customs, buried their father, laid him to rest, distributed alms, and continued their lives.’
tabasaran_work_0009[PLAY]
c’ib vaχt.nalan dadara raˁhmat.ǯiz aˁru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • c’i-b
  • small-NSG
  • ln_adj
  • vaχt.na-l-an
  • time-SUPER-ELAT
  • np:other
  • dada
  • mother(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0007
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • raˁhmat.ǯi-z
  • merciful-DAT
  • np.h:g
  • aˁ-ru
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
‘After a little while, their mother also passed away.’
tabasaran_work_0010[PLAY]
mura salamat ap’uru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a_cp
  • 0003
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:p
  • 0007
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • salamat
  • quietness(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’u-ru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
‘They also buried her.’
tabasaran_work_0011[PLAY]
muvanra k’an k’ul dap’nu, čpːin vari aˁdatar duˁ<r>χnu, lamus duˁ<b>χnu, čpːin jasra duˁ<b>χnu dada.jinra adaš.inra, hamcːi vaχtːar ʁušnu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0003
  • muva-n
  • PROX-GEN
  • ln_dem_pro.h:poss
  • 0003
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • k’an
  • bottom(ABS)
  • ln
  • k’ul
  • head(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • d-ap’-nu
  • PFV-do-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0003
  • čpːi-n
  • REFL(PL)-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0003
  • vari
  • all
  • ln
  • aˁdat-ar
  • custom-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • d-uˁ<r>χ-nu
  • PFV-<PL>save-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0003
  • lamus
  • dignity(ABS)
  • np:p
  • d-uˁ<b>χ-nu
  • PFV-<NSG>save-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0003
  • čpːi-n
  • REFL(PL)-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0003
  • jas
  • mourning(ABS)
  • np:p
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • d-uˁ<b>χ-nu
  • PFV-<NSG>save-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • dada.ji-n
  • mother-GEN
  • rn_np.h:poss
  • 0007
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =rn
  • adaš.i-n
  • father-GEN
  • rn_np.h:poss
  • 0006
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • other
  • vaχtː-ar
  • time-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • ʁ-uš-nu
  • PFV-<PL>go-AOR
  • v:pred
‘(They) buried their parents, preserved all their customs, preserved their dignity, and mourned for their mother and father, this is how time went by.’
tabasaran_work_0012[PLAY]
qana čpːin dulanmiš ap’uri dusru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • qana
  • then
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:a_cp
  • 0003
  • čpːi-n
  • REFL(PL)-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0003
  • dulanmiš
  • live
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uri
  • do-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • dus-ru
  • <PL>sit-FUT
  • rv_aux
‘And they continued to live.’
tabasaran_work_0013[PLAY]
χabar naʔna?
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • χabar
  • new(ABS)
  • nc
  • naʔna
  • where
  • nc
‘What was next?’
tabasaran_work_0014[PLAY]
čpːizra aˁjdarǯi, bažar.in devlet šulu c’ib gudu<b>k’ura.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • čpːi-z
  • REFL(PL)-DAT
  • refl.h:ncs_cv
  • 0003
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • aˁj-dar-ǯi
  • know-NEG-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • baž-ar.i-n
  • boy-PL-GEN
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • 0003
  • devlet
  • wealth(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0008
  • new
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
  • c’i-b
  • little-NSG
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_wealth
  • 0:s
  • 0008
  • gudu<b>k’-ura
  • <NSG>finish-PRS
  • v:pred
‘Without them realizing, the boys' money was shrinking, then ran out.’
tabasaran_work_0015[PLAY]
vah, liguru, amdar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • vah
  • INTERJ
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.h:s
  • 0003
  • lig-uru
  • <PL>look-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0008
  • am-dar
  • (IN)be-PRS:NEG
  • v:predex
‘They look: Ah, there is nothing left!’
tabasaran_work_0016[PLAY]
ja pirim, ja kerim ja selim, hap’ru, ficːi ap’uru?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ja
  • VOC
  • ln
  • pirim
  • Pirim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0004
  • ja
  • VOC
  • ln
  • kerim
  • Kerim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0005
  • ja
  • VOC
  • ln
  • selim
  • Selim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0006
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.1:a
  • 0003
  • hap’-ru
  • what_do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_sons
  • 0.1:a
  • 0003
  • ficːi
  • how
  • other
  • ap’-u-ru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
‘Perim, Kerim, Selim, how are we doing, what are we going to do?’
tabasaran_work_0017[PLAY]
pirim.ǯi k’ur javašir k’ur, uzu aˁχuˁr vuza k’ur
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pirim.ǯi
  • Pirim(ERG)
  • pn_np.h:a_ds
  • 0004
  • k’-ur
  • say-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • 0.2:s
  • 0009
  • bridging
  • javaš-ir
  • hold_on-IMP.PL
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:s
  • 0004
  • aˁχuˁ-r
  • old-HSG
  • other:pred
  • vu
  • COP
  • cop
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Pirim said, Hold on, I am the oldest.’
tabasaran_work_0018[PLAY]
uc̊u ʁuzir k’ur, uzu uxuz laˁχin a<b>guz aˁrza k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uc̊u
  • you(PL)
  • pro.2:s
  • 0009
  • ʁuz-ir
  • <PL>stay-IMP.PL
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:s
  • 0004
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac_in
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • f0.1:a_in
  • 0004
  • uxu-z
  • we(INCL)-DAT
  • pro.1:obl
  • 0003
  • laˁχin
  • work
  • np:p
  • 0010
  • new
  • a<b>g-uz
  • <NSG>search-INF
  • vother:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • aˁr
  • <HSG>go
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘You stay (at home), I am going to search for work for us.’
tabasaran_work_0019[PLAY]
i<b>šri k’ur
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • i<b>š-ri
  • <NSG>become-JUSS
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
‘They say: Ok!’
tabasaran_work_0020[PLAY]
ligir ha uc̊u, ix χal k’ul.i ʁeje<b>χir k’ur, aji adrub.ǯiz ligir k’ur
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • lig-ir
  • <PL>look-IMP.PL
  • v:pred
  • ha
  • PRT
  • other
  • uc̊u
  • you(PL)
  • pro.2:s
  • 0009
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • 0.2:a_cp
  • 0009
  • ix
  • our(EXCL)
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0003
  • χal
  • house(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0011
  • bridging
  • k’ul.i
  • head(IN)
  • other:lvc
  • ʁe-je<b>χ-ir
  • PFV-<NSG>bring-IMP.PL
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_you
  • 0.2:s
  • 0009
  • a-ji
  • (IN)be-PTCP
  • np:obl
  • a-dr-u-b.ǯi-z
  • (IN)be-NEG-PTCP-NSG-DAT
  • rn_np
  • lig-ir
  • <PL>look-IMP.PL
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘He said: You look after things, take care of our house, look after everything!’
tabasaran_work_0021[PLAY]
uzu uxuz laˁχin a<b>gurza k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a
  • 0004
  • uxu-z
  • we(INCL)-DAT
  • pro.1:obl
  • 0003
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0010
  • a<b>g-ur
  • <NSG>search-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘I will find a job for us.’
tabasaran_work_0022[PLAY]
pirim ʁada<b>ʁnu čaz ala<b>xru palatra, huˁǯuˁχru palatra ʁada<b>ʁnu, erčnu čan hirbin ʁuˁn.i, uc̊’ru lik.ri düz šahur teref.naz aˁru mu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • pirim
  • Pirim
  • pn_np.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • ʁada<b>ʁ-nu
  • <NSG>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ča-z
  • REFL-DAT
  • refl.h:g
  • 0004
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_pc
  • 0012
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_pc
  • 0004
  • 0
  • 0_clothes
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0012
  • ala<b>x-ru
  • <NSG>put_on-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • palat
  • clothes(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0012
  • new
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • huˁǯuˁχ-ru
  • change-PTCP
  • ln
  • palat
  • clothes(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0013
  • new
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ʁada<b>ʁ-nu
  • <NSG>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • erč-nu
  • <PL>put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ča-n
  • REFL-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0004
  • hirbin
  • saddle_bag(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0014
  • new
  • ʁuˁn.i
  • shoulder(IN)
  • np:g
  • 0015
  • bridging
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • uc̊’-ru
  • <HSG>enter-PTCP
  • nc
  • lik.ri
  • leg(ERG)
  • nc
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • düz
  • direct
  • other
  • šahur
  • town(ABS)
  • ln_np
  • 0016
  • new
  • teref.na-z
  • side-DAT
  • np:g
  • aˁ-ru
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0004
‘Pirim took the clothes that he was wearing, took clothes to change into, put his saddle bag on his shoulder, set off, and headed right in the direction of a city.’
tabasaran_work_0023[PLAY]
adaquru šahr.iǯi.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0004
  • adaqu-ru
  • <HSG>fall-FUT
  • v:pred
  • šahr.i-ǯi
  • town-(IN)DIR
  • np:g
  • 0016
‘He found himself in the city.’
tabasaran_work_0024[PLAY]
šahr.iz adaqu pirim e<r>gru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0004
  • šahr.i-z
  • town-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0016
  • adaq-u
  • <HSG>fall-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • pirim
  • Pirim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0004
  • e<r>g-ru
  • <HSG>be_exhausted-FUT
  • v:pred
‘Finding himself in the city, Pirim was exhausted.’
tabasaran_work_0025[PLAY]
gašra du<b>xnajir, javaš javašǯi a<b>guri, adaquru sab čajχani.ǯi.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_pc
  • gaš
  • hunger(ABS)
  • np:s_pc
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =rn
  • d-u<b>x-na-ji-r
  • PFV-<NSG>become-RES-PTCP-HSG
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0004
  • javaš
  • slow
  • other
  • javaš-ǯi
  • slow-ADV
  • other
  • a<b>g-uri
  • <NSG>search-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0004
  • adaq-uru
  • <HSG>fall-FUT
  • v:pred
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • čajχani.ǯi
  • teahouse(IN)
  • np:g
  • 0017
  • new
‘Hungry, he slowly searched and entered a teahouse.’
tabasaran_work_0026[PLAY]
dusnu hadinǯi, sab čajnik’ra ʁada<b>ʁnu, fikrara ap’uri jarabala, hap’zajk’e? ficːi ap’uzajk’e, f.ǯila gaˁ<b>ʁzajk’e? laˁχin ʁap’ur dar, fu kavuk ʁapige, k’uz šuladar kespira, hap’za k’ur, hamcːdar fikrara ap’uri uquri čajra dusnege.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0004
  • dus-nu
  • <HSG>sit-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ha-d-in-ǯi
  • EMPH-DIST-LAT-DIR
  • other:l
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • čajnik’
  • tea_pot(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0018
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ʁada<b>ʁ-nu
  • <NSG>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_ds_cp_cv
  • 0004
  • fikr-ar
  • thought-PL
  • other:lvc
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ap’-uri
  • do-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jarabala
  • INTERJ
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0004
  • hap’
  • what_do
  • v:pred
  • =za-jk’e
  • =1SG:AG-RHET
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:s
  • 0004
  • ficːi
  • how
  • other
  • ap’u
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =za-jk’e
  • =1SG:AG-RHET
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0004
  • f.ǯi-l-a
  • what-SUPER-ELAT
  • intrg_other:p
  • gaˁ<b>ʁ
  • <NSG>start
  • v:pred
  • =za-jk’e
  • =1SG:AG-RHET
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:s
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:a_pc
  • 0004
  • 0
  • 0_work
  • rel_f0:p
  • ʁ-ap’-u-r
  • PFV-do-PTCP-HSG
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • dar
  • COP:NEG
  • v:predex
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • fu
  • what(ABS)
  • intrg_other:p
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:ncs_poss
  • 0004
  • k-a
  • CONT-be
  • v:pred
  • =vu-k
  • =2SG-CONT
  • =rv-pro_1_ncs
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac_pc
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a_ds_pc
  • 0004
  • ʁ-ap-i-ge
  • PFV-say-PTCP-TEMP
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0004
  • k’u-z
  • say-INF
  • v:pred
  • šul-a-dar
  • become-PRS-NEG
  • rv_aux
  • kespi-r
  • profession-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0029
  • bridging
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0004
  • hap’
  • what_do
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • ha-m-cː-dar
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV-PL
  • ln
  • fikr-ar
  • thought-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ap’-uri
  • do-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • uq-u-r-i
  • <PL>drink-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • čaj
  • tea(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0019
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_pc
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:s_pc
  • 0004
  • dus-ne-ge
  • <HSG>sit-RES+PTCP-TEMP
  • v:pred
‘He sat there, ordered a teapot, and thought: O, my goodness, what am I going to do, how am I going to do it, where am I going to start, one who's never worked? If they ask: What can you do, I can't name a profession, what am I going to do? He had such thoughts and drank tea while sitting.’
tabasaran_work_0027[PLAY]
qa havaz ʁanšarna dusnaǯi šulu sar uǯur zurba, uǯur admi.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • qa
  • then
  • other
  • ha-va-z
  • EMPH-PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:obl
  • 0004
  • ʁanšar-na
  • opposite_side-LAT
  • np:l
  • dus-na-ǯi
  • <HSG>sit-RES-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • rv_aux
  • sa-r
  • one-HSG
  • ln_num
  • uǯu-r
  • good-HSG
  • ln_adj
  • zurba
  • big
  • ln
  • uǯu-r
  • good-HSG
  • ln_adj
  • admi
  • man(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0020
  • new
‘It happened that a rich, very rich man was sitting across (the table).’
tabasaran_work_0028[PLAY]
ala<b>xu sab uǯub bačuk’, uǯub palat, uǯub us̊.ni ʁizil.in spːar, t’ub.aq ʁizil.in t’ulbnar hamcːir admi dusnaǯi šulu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0020
  • ala<b>x-u
  • <NSG>put_on-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • uǯu-b
  • good-NSG
  • ln_adj
  • bačuk’
  • sheepskin_hat(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0021
  • new
  • uǯu-b
  • good-NSG
  • rn_adj
  • palat
  • dress(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • 0022
  • bridging
  • uǯu-b
  • good-NSG
  • rn_adj
  • us̊.ni
  • mouth(IN)
  • rn_np
  • 0023
  • bridging
  • ʁizil.i-n
  • gold-GEN
  • rn_np:poss
  • spː-ar
  • tooth-PL(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • 0024
  • new
  • t’ub.a-q
  • finger-POST
  • rn_np
  • 0025
  • bridging
  • ʁizil.i-n
  • gold-GEN
  • rn_np:poss
  • t’ulbn-ar
  • ring-PL(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • 0026
  • bridging
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ha-m-cːi-r
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV-HSG
  • ln
  • admi
  • man(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0020
  • dus-na-ǯi
  • <HSG>sit-RES-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • rv_aux
‘Having a good sheepskin hat, good clothes, having gold teeth in mouth, golden rings on his fingers, such a man happened to be sitting there.’
tabasaran_work_0029[PLAY]
hamu liguraǯi šulu pirim.ǯin ap’uraji fikrar.iqǯi.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0020
  • ligu-ra-ǯi
  • <HSG>look-PRS-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • rv_aux
  • pirim.ǯi-n
  • Pirim-GEN
  • ln_pn_np.h:poss
  • 0004
  • ap’u-ra-ji
  • do-PRS-PTCP
  • np:obl
  • fikr-ar.i-q-ǯi
  • thought-PL-POST-DIR
  • rn
‘It turned out that he had been observing Pirim thinking.’
tabasaran_work_0030[PLAY]
aˁχir ǯaχ ap’uru mu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aˁχir
  • finally
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cp
  • 0020
  • ǯaχ
  • call(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:p
  • 0004
‘Finally, he called him.’
tabasaran_work_0031[PLAY]
ja ǯihil k’ur, fu χabar u k’ur, jaman fikrar ap’urava aˁχir k’ur, fujav derdi k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ja
  • VOC
  • ln
  • ǯihil
  • young(ABS)
  • np.h:voc
  • 0004
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • fu
  • what
  • ln
  • χabar
  • news(ABS)
  • np:s
  • u
  • COP
  • v:predex
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:a_cp
  • 0004
  • jaman
  • bad
  • ln_adj
  • fikr-ar
  • thought-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-ura
  • do-PRS
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • aˁχir
  • finally
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • fu
  • what+COP
  • intrg_other:pred
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0004
  • derdi
  • trouble(ABS)
  • np:s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Ah, boy, what's up, you are having bad thoughts, what's bothering you?’
tabasaran_work_0032[PLAY]
vallah, χalu k’ur, hamcːi k’ur, sab laˁχin abxniš ap’uz k’ur, uduc̊urijza k’ur ap’uz, laˁχn.iq licuraza k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • vallah
  • INTERJ
  • other
  • χalu
  • uncle(ABS)
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0027
  • bridging
  • a-b-x-ni-š
  • PFV-NSG-become-AOR-COND
  • v:predex
  • ap’-uz
  • do-INF
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:s
  • 0004
  • uduc̊-ur-ij
  • <HSG>go_out-FUT-PST
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac_in
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • f0.1:a_in
  • 0004
  • 0
  • 0_work
  • 0:p
  • 0027
  • ap’-uz
  • do-INF
  • vother:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:ncs
  • 0004
  • laˁχn.i-q
  • work-POST
  • np:obl
  • 0028
  • bridging
  • lic-ura
  • <HSG>search-PRS
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_ncs
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘O, uncle, this is the issue, if you have work to do, I would do it, I am looking for a job.’
tabasaran_work_0033[PLAY]
qa laˤχin uzu tuvurzavuz k’ur, eger kaǯaš laˤχin.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qa
  • then
  • other
  • laˤχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0027
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a
  • 0020
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:g
  • 0004
  • tuv-ur
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • eger
  • if
  • adp
  • k-a-ǯa-š
  • CONT-be-PRS-COND
  • v:predex
  • laˤχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0027
‘I will give you a job, if you are capable of doing the job.’
tabasaran_work_0034[PLAY]
qa fu kavuk k’ur
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qa
  • then
  • other
  • fu
  • what(ABS)
  • intrg_other:p
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:ncs_poss
  • 0004
  • k-a
  • CONT-be
  • v:pred
  • =vu-k
  • =2SG-CONT
  • =rv-pro_2_ncs
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘So what can you do?’
tabasaran_work_0035[PLAY]
vallah k’ur, dicːi uzuk sab kespi ktːarzuk k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • vallah
  • INTERJ
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • di-cːi
  • DIST-ADV
  • other
  • uzu-k
  • I-CONT
  • pro.1:ncs_poss
  • 0004
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • kespi
  • profession(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0029
  • k-tːar
  • CONT-be:NEG
  • v:predex
  • =zu-k
  • =1SG-CONT
  • =rv-pro_1_ncs
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘I do not have any profession.’
tabasaran_work_0036[PLAY]
qa funub vušra ap’uraza k’ur abxiš.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qa
  • then
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc:p
  • fu-nu-b
  • what-CONTR-NSG
  • intrg_other:s
  • 0027
  • vu-š
  • COP-COND
  • v:predex
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0004
  • ap’-ura
  • do-PRS
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • a-b-x-i-š
  • PFV-NSG-become-PTCP-COND
  • nc
‘But in that case I will do whatever the job would be.’
tabasaran_work_0037[PLAY]
qa i<b>šri k’ur, vujige uzu ʁapi laˁχin ap’i k’ur
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qa
  • then
  • other
  • i<b>š-ri
  • <NSG>become-JUSS
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc
  • 0027
  • vu-ji-ge
  • COP-PTCP-TEMP
  • other
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a_pc
  • 0020
  • ʁa-p-i
  • PFV-say-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_work
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0027
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0027
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0004
  • ap’-i
  • do-IMP
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Well then, do the work I tell you.’
tabasaran_work_0038[PLAY]
uzu uvuz pulra turzavuz k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a
  • 0020
  • uvu-z
  • you-DAT
  • pro.2:g
  • 0004
  • pul
  • money(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0030
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • tur
  • give+FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘I will also give you money.’
tabasaran_work_0039[PLAY]
uzu uvuz daqrus̊ra tuvurzavuz k’ur, ip’ru ülla.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a
  • 0020
  • uvu-z
  • you-DAT
  • pro.2:g
  • 0004
  • daq-ru-s̊
  • <HSG>lie-PTCP-place(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0031
  • new
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • tuv-ur
  • give-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ip’-ru
  • <NSG>eat-PTCP
  • rn
  • ül
  • bread(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • 0032
  • new
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘I will give you a place to sleep and food to eat.’
tabasaran_work_0040[PLAY]
i<b>šri k’ur, uzuz gunibra hacːibč’a dazuz ʁapnu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • i<b>š-ri
  • <NSG>become-JUSS
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • uzu-z
  • I-DAT
  • pro.1:ncs
  • 0004
  • gun-i-b
  • want-PTCP-NSG(ABS)
  • np:p
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ha-cːi-b
  • EMPH-DIST+ADV-NSG(ABS)
  • dem_pro:other
  • 0033
  • bridging
  • =č’a
  • =only
  • =other
  • da
  • COP:NEG
  • other
  • =zu-z
  • =1SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_1_ncs
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_ds
  • 0004
  • ʁa-p-nu
  • PFV-say-AOR
  • v:pred
‘Pirim said: Alright, I want nothing more than that.’
tabasaran_work_0041[PLAY]
i<b>šri, k’ur, ap’arza, χalu k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • i<b>š-ri
  • <NSG>become-JUSS
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0004
  • 0
  • 0_work
  • 0:p
  • 0027
  • ap’-ar
  • do-FUTII
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • χalu
  • uncle(ABS)
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Good, I'll do it, uncle.’
tabasaran_work_0042[PLAY]
ʁač k’ur, vujige.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0004
  • ʁač
  • go(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • vu-ji-ge
  • COP-PTCP-TEMP
  • other
‘Come with me, if so.’
tabasaran_work_0043[PLAY]
aˁru murar χʷl.az.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aˁ-ru
  • <PL>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu-rar
  • PROX-PL(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0034
  • bridging
  • χʷl.a-z
  • house-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0035
  • new
‘They went to (his) house.’
tabasaran_work_0044[PLAY]
aˁru χʷl.az, ulupuru muvaz daqru χalla du<b>χnu ǯibru ülra muvaz, ip’ru ülla ǯibru muvaz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_they
  • 0.h:s
  • 0034
  • aˁ-ru
  • <PL>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • χʷl.a-z
  • house-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0035
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a
  • 0020
  • ulup-uru
  • show-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-z
  • PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0004
  • daq-ru
  • <HSG>lie-PTCP
  • ln
  • χal
  • room(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0031
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0020
  • d-u<b>χ-nu
  • PFV-<NSG>bring-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_bread
  • 0:p
  • 0036
  • bridging
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a
  • 0020
  • ǯi-b-ru
  • put-NSG-FUT
  • v:pred
  • ül
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0036
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • muva-z
  • PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0004
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a
  • 0020
  • ip’-ru
  • <NSG>eat-PTCP
  • ln
  • ül
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0036
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ǯi-b-ru
  • put-NSG-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-z
  • PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0004
‘They went to (his) house, he showed him a room to sleep in, brought bread and put it out for him, put food out for him.’
tabasaran_work_0045[PLAY]
maha k’ur uvuz χal, maha ip’rubra k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • maha
  • here_you_go
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
  • uvu-z
  • you.SG-DAT
  • nc_pro.2
  • 0004
  • χal
  • room(ABS)
  • nc_np
  • 0031
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • maha
  • here_you_go
  • nc
  • ip’-ru-b
  • <NSG>eat-PTCP-NSG(ABS)
  • nc_np
  • 0036
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
‘Here is a room for you, here is food.’
tabasaran_work_0046[PLAY]
tːolkːa k’ur, uzu k’ur, ʁapi birmiš ap’urva k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc
  • 0037
  • new
  • tːolkːa
  • only
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a_pc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ʁa-p-i
  • PFV-say-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_instructions
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0037
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • birmiš
  • instruction(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0037
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0004
  • ap’-ur
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘You will only do the instructions that I give you.’
tabasaran_work_0047[PLAY]
tːolkːa sab k’urzavuz k’ur, qaˁl ʁuˁb dari<b>šri k’ur, qaˤl ʁuˤb dari<b>šri k’ur, sar sar.ika
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • tːolkːa
  • only
  • other
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • np:p
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.1:a
  • 0020
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:g
  • 0004
  • k’-ur
  • say-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_a_a
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • ʁuˁ-b
  • come-NSG
  • v:pred
  • dar-i<b>š-ri
  • NEG-<NSG>become-JUSS
  • rv_aux
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • qaˤl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • ʁuˤ-b
  • come-NSG
  • v:pred
  • dar-i<b>š-ri
  • NEG-<NSG>become-JUSS
  • rv_aux
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • sa-r
  • one-HSG
  • refl.h:obl
  • 0034
  • sa-r.i-k-a
  • one-HSG-CONT-ELAT
  • rn
‘I'll tell you only one thing, let's not be angry with each other.’
tabasaran_work_0048[PLAY]
i<b>šri k’ur pirim.ǯi
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • i<b>š-ri
  • <NSG>become-JUSS
  • other
  • k’-ur
  • say-FUT
  • v:pred
  • pirim.ǯi
  • Pirim(ERG)
  • pn_np.h:a_ds
  • 0004
‘Alright, Pirim said.’
tabasaran_work_0049[PLAY]
fu gaf vujav k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • fu
  • what
  • intrg_other:pred
  • gaf
  • word(ABS)
  • np:s
  • vu
  • COP
  • cop
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Why are you saying these words?’
tabasaran_work_0050[PLAY]
uzuz ip’ru ülla, daqru χalla, uvu uzuz pulla tuvige, qaˁl haz ʁuˤruqa k’ur uzuz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac_pc
  • uzu-z
  • I-DAT
  • pro.1:g
  • 0004
  • ip’-ru
  • <NSG>eat-PTCP
  • ln
  • ül
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0036
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =rn
  • daq-ru
  • <HSG>part-PTCP
  • rn
  • χal
  • room(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • 0031
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =rn
  • uvu
  • you.SG
  • pro.2:a_pc
  • uzu-z
  • I-DAT
  • pro.1:g
  • pul
  • money(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • 0030
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =rn
  • tuv-i-ge
  • give-PTCP-TEMP
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • haz
  • why
  • other
  • ʁuˤ-ru-qa
  • come-FUT-NC
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • uzu-z
  • I-DAT
  • pro.1:g
  • 0004
‘Why would I be angry if you give me food to eat, a room to sleep in, and money?’
tabasaran_work_0051[PLAY]
i<b>šri k’ur vujige.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • i<b>š-ri
  • <NSG>become-JUSS
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
  • vu-ji-ge
  • COP-PTCP-TEMP
  • nc
‘If so, good.’
tabasaran_work_0052[PLAY]
dip’u ülla, daq k’ur gač’.ni izn.iz aˁrva k’ur jicara git’nu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0004
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • d-ip’-u
  • PFV-NSG+eat-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ül
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0036
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • daq
  • <HSG>lie(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • gač’.ni
  • morning(ERG)
  • np:other
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0004
  • izn.i-z
  • field-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0038
  • new
  • aˁ-r
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:a_cv
  • 0004
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0039
  • new
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • git’-nu
  • <PL>yoke-PCVB
  • v:pred
‘Now eat the food and go to sleep, in the morning you'll yoke the oxen and go ploughing.’
tabasaran_work_0053[PLAY]
daqru pirim givnu k’ul.ig χlara.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • daq-ru
  • <HSG>lie-FUT
  • v:pred
  • pirim
  • Pirim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0004
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • g-iv-nu
  • SUB-put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • k’ul.i-g
  • head-SUB
  • np:g
  • 0040
  • bridging
  • χl-ar
  • hand-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0041
  • bridging
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘Pirim lay down and put his hands under his head.’
tabasaran_work_0054[PLAY]
gač’in šulu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • gač’in
  • morning(ABS)
  • np:other
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
‘Then morning came.’
tabasaran_work_0055[PLAY]
riʁ ala<b>ximič’la kučru hin ʁuduʒ̊ k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_pc
  • riʁ
  • sun(ABS)
  • np:s_pc
  • 0042
  • unused
  • ala<b>x-i-mič’la
  • <NSG>rise-PTCP-NC
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0043
  • new
  • kuč-ru
  • knock-FUT
  • v:pred
  • hin
  • NC
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0004
  • ʁuduʒ̊
  • <HSG>get_up(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘When the sun had only just risen, they knocked [at the door] and said: Get up!’
tabasaran_work_0056[PLAY]
jicar git’na k’ur, [UNCLEAR] dušu k’ur, ap’i k’ur izan.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0039
  • git’-na
  • <PL>yoke-RES
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • [UNCLEAR]
  • NC
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:s_cv
  • 0004
  • d-uš-u
  • PFV-<HSG>go-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0004
  • ap’-i
  • do-IMP
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
‘The oxen are yoked, go and plough the field.’
tabasaran_work_0057[PLAY]
ap’urza k’ur pirim.ǯi, ʁada<b>ʁnu, jicara ʁadaʁnu qavnu jicarra ilipu durucra aˤru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0004
  • 0
  • 0_that
  • 0:p
  • 0044
  • bridging
  • ap’-ur
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • k’-ur
  • say-FUT
  • v:pred
  • pirim.ǯi
  • Pirim(ERG)
  • pn_np.h:a_ds
  • 0004
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:a_cv
  • 0004
  • ʁada<b>ʁ-nu
  • <NSG>take-PCVB
  • nc
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0039
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ʁadaʁ-nu
  • <PL>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • q-av-nu
  • POST-drive-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0039
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • il-ip-u
  • SUPER-put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • duruc
  • plough(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0045
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0004
  • aˤ-ru
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
‘Pirim said, I'll do it, and he took the oxen, drove the oxen, put the plough down, and went along.’
tabasaran_work_0058[PLAY]
gaˁ<b>ʁru pirim.ǯi izan ap’uz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • gaˁ<b>ʁ-ru
  • <NSG>start-FUT
  • lv_aux
  • pirim.ǯi
  • Pirim(ERG)
  • pn_np.h:a
  • 0004
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • ap’-uz
  • do-INF
  • v:pred
‘Pirim started ploughing the field.’
tabasaran_work_0059[PLAY]
izan ap’uru, ap’uru, riʁra udu<b>c̊’uru
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0004
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0004
  • 0
  • 0_field
  • 0:p
  • 0038
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • riʁ
  • sun(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0042
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • udu<b>c̊’-uru
  • <NSG>rise-FUT
  • v:pred
‘He ploughed and ploughed, the sun rose.’
tabasaran_work_0060[PLAY]
mani šulu, adar ül, χuradar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • mani
  • warm
  • other
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-NEG
  • v:predex
  • ül
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0046
  • new
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0043
  • 0
  • 0_bread
  • 0:p
  • 0046
  • χ-ura-dar
  • bring-PRS-NEG
  • v:pred
‘It became hot, there was no bread, they didn't bring any.’
tabasaran_work_0061[PLAY]
ja šid χuradar fužk’ara adar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • ja
  • or
  • other
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • šid
  • water(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0047
  • new
  • χ-ura-dar
  • bring-PRS-NEG
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • fužk’a
  • nobody(ABS)
  • indef_other.h:s
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-NEG
  • v:predex
‘Neither did they bring water, there was nobody (else).’
tabasaran_work_0062[PLAY]
ap’uru izan, aˁχ ap’uru, aˁχ ap’uru muvu, jiʁar lisin šulu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0004
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cp
  • 0004
  • aˁχ
  • patience(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aˁχ
  • patience(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muvu
  • PROX(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a_cp
  • 0004
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • jiʁ-ar
  • day-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0048
  • bridging
  • lisin
  • noon(ABS)
  • np:other
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
‘He ploughed the field, he suffered, the day approached noon.’
tabasaran_work_0063[PLAY]
fužk’ara ʁuˁradar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • fužk’a
  • nobody(ABS)
  • indef_other.h:s
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ʁuˁ-ra-dar
  • come-PRS-NEG
  • v:pred
‘Nobody came.’
tabasaran_work_0064[PLAY]
aˁχir sanu hamu jiʁan ʁuzru mu ficːivušra.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aˁχir
  • finally
  • other
  • sanu
  • yet
  • other
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • jiʁan
  • day(ABS)
  • np:other
  • 0048
  • ʁuz-ru
  • <HSG>stay-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0004
  • ficːi-vuš
  • how-INDEF
  • other
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘In the end he somehow stayed (this way) that day.’
tabasaran_work_0065[PLAY]
ja kas k’ur, aˁχ ap’iǯiza k’ur, fuk’ara abxun šul k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ja
  • VOC
  • other
  • kas
  • man
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.1:a_cp
  • 0004
  • aˁχ
  • patience
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-iǯi
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • fu-k’ara
  • what-INDEF(ABS)
  • indef_other:s
  • a-b-x-un
  • PFV-NSG-become-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • šul
  • become:PRS
  • rv_aux
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘He said: I will be patient, maybe something will happen.’
tabasaran_work_0066[PLAY]
[UNCLEAR] sabur tuvnu ʁuˁru χaˁbaˁq.ǯi pirim
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • [UNCLEAR]
  • NC
  • nc
  • sabur
  • patience(ABS)
  • nc
  • tuv-nu
  • give-PCVB
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • come-FUT
  • v:pred
  • χaˁbaˁq.ǯi
  • evening(ERG)
  • np:other
  • pirim
  • Pirim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0004
‘Pirim was patient and returned in the evening.’
tabasaran_work_0067[PLAY]
qavnu jicara, uc̊’nu urar.ǯi.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0004
  • q-av-nu
  • POST-drive-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0039
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0004
  • uc̊’-nu
  • <PL>enter-AOR
  • v:pred
  • urar.ǯi
  • yard(IN)
  • np:g
  • 0049
  • bridging
‘Driving the oxen, he entered the yard.’
tabasaran_work_0068[PLAY]
hajat.ǯiǯi uc̊’igen qa liguru hamu aˁχuˁ ijesi dusnaǯi šulu ajvan.ǯiq čaj uquri hap’uva, hap’uva, pirim k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_pc
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:s_pc
  • 0004
  • hajat.ǯi-ǯi
  • yard-(IN)DIR
  • np:g
  • 0049
  • uc̊’-i-gen
  • <HSG>enter-PTCP-TEMP
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • qa
  • then
  • other
  • lig-uru
  • <HSG>look-FUT
  • v:pred
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0004
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aˁχuˁ
  • big
  • ln_adj
  • ijesi
  • owner(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0020
  • dus-na-ǯi
  • <HSG>sit-RES-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • rv_aux
  • ajvan.ǯi-q
  • balcony-POST
  • np:l
  • 0050
  • bridging
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0020
  • čaj
  • tea(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0051
  • new
  • uq-uri
  • <PL>drink-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0004
  • hap’u
  • what_do+AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0004
  • hap’u
  • what_do+AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • pirim
  • Pirim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0004
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘When he entered the yard, he looked around: the master was sitting on the balcony, drinking tea and asking: How are you, how are you, Pirim?’
tabasaran_work_0069[PLAY]
qaˁlqre si gafar ap’uru, hap’uva.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • qaˁlq-re
  • mock-PTCP
  • np:other
  • si
  • COMP
  • adp
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_ds_cp
  • 0020
  • gaf-ar
  • word-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0004
  • hap’u
  • what_do+AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
‘He spoke as if mocking: How are you?’
tabasaran_work_0070[PLAY]
vallah k’ur, manira abxuvuz ha.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • vallah
  • INTERJ
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:ncs
  • 0004
  • mani
  • warm
  • other
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • a-b-x-u
  • PFV-NSG-become-AOR
  • v:pred
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_ncs
  • ha
  • EMPH
  • other
‘It's been hot for you.’
tabasaran_work_0071[PLAY]
e<r>gnura vuva ha k’ur
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0004
  • e<r>g-nu-r
  • <HSG>become_tired-PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • vu
  • COP
  • rv_aux
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_s
  • ha
  • PRT
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘And you are tired.’
tabasaran_work_0072[PLAY]
e<r>gnura šul k’ur, fn.i ülla adaǯi, hap’nik’e uvu k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0004
  • e<r>g-nu-r
  • <HSG>become_tired-PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • šul
  • become:PRS
  • rv_aux
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv.neg
  • fn.i
  • belly(IN)
  • np:l
  • 0052
  • bridging
  • ül
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:s_cv
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • a-da-ǯi
  • (IN)be-NEG-ICVB
  • v:predex
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hap’-ni-k’e
  • what_do-AOR-RHET
  • v:pred
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:a
  • 0004
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘You are tired, how are you doing without having food in your stomach?’
tabasaran_work_0073[PLAY]
pirim.ǯi sanu hamcːi ʁapige, čak kaˁqrajib aˁʁuˁ ʁabxige, ap’uru muvaz nuˁq’nar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pirim.ǯi
  • Pirim(ERG)
  • pn_np.h:a_cp
  • 0004
  • sanu
  • PRT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_pc
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_pc
  • 0020
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • other
  • ʁa-p-i-ge
  • PFV-say-PTCP-TEMP
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_pc
  • #
  • #
  • #cc_pc:p
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_pc
  • 0020
  • ča-k
  • REFL-CONT
  • refl.h:obl
  • 0004
  • kaˁq-ra-ji-b
  • mock-PRS-PTCP-NSG
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.h:a_pc
  • 0004
  • aˁʁuˁ
  • know
  • v:pred
  • ʁa-b-x-i-ge
  • PFV-NSG-become-PTCP-TEMP
  • rv_aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-z
  • PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0020
  • nuˁq’n-ar
  • curse-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
‘When he said so, Pirim started scolding him, thinking that he was mocking him.’
tabasaran_work_0074[PLAY]
jav devlet.ǯikra c’a ka<b>qrijav k’ur, jav hamu uvu duk’u sadaq’.iz i<b>šrijav k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jav
  • your(PL)
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • devlet.ǯi-k
  • wealth-CONT
  • np:s_cp
  • 0053
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =rn
  • c’a
  • fire(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • k-a<b>q-ri
  • CONT-<NSG>flash-JUSS
  • v:pred
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jav
  • your
  • ln_dem_pro.h:poss
  • 0020
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0053
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:s_cv
  • 0020
  • d-uk’-u
  • PFV-<HSG>die-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • sadaq’.i-z
  • alms-DAT
  • np:obl
  • i<b>š-ri
  • <NSG>become-JUSS
  • v:pred
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘May your wealth burn, may it become alms for your death!’
tabasaran_work_0075[PLAY]
hatmu hamu ix č’al.iinǯi ap’uru muvaz aˁχuˁ nuˁq’nar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ha-tmu
  • EMPH-DIST(ABS)
  • other
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0004
  • ix
  • our(INCL)
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • č’al.i-in-ǯi
  • language-SUPER-DIR
  • np:other
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-z
  • PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0020
  • aˁχuˁ
  • big
  • ln_adj
  • nuˁq’n-ar
  • curse-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0054
  • bridging
‘He said to him serious curses in our language.’
tabasaran_work_0076[PLAY]
hap’nu, pirim, qaˁl ʁafunuz k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0004
  • hap’-nu
  • what_do-AOR
  • v:pred
  • pirim
  • Pirim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0004
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • 0.2:g
  • 0004
  • ʁa-f-un
  • PFV-come-AOR+Q
  • v:pred
  • =u-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘What happened, Pirim? Have you gotten angry?’
tabasaran_work_0077[PLAY]
značit qaˁl ʁafige murar.in, značit jiq’rar hacːib vu urχub gardan jivub.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • značit
  • PRT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_pc
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s_pc
  • ʁa-f-i-ge
  • PFV-come-PTCP-TEMP
  • v:pred
  • mu-rar.i-n
  • PROX(PL)-GEN
  • dem_pro.h:obl
  • 0034
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • značit
  • PRT
  • other
  • jiq’rar
  • agreement(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0055
  • new
  • ha-cːi-b
  • EMPH-DIST+ADV-NSG
  • other
  • vu
  • COP
  • v:predex
  • urχ-ub
  • read-MSD
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • gardan
  • neck(ABS)
  • nc_np
  • 0056
  • bridging
  • jiv-ub
  • hit-MSD
  • nc
‘So the agreement was to cut off their heads if they get angry.’
tabasaran_work_0078[PLAY]
birmiš ap’uru vezirar.iz ʁadaʁir k’ur sanu uzxa hadmu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cp
  • 0020
  • birmiš
  • instruction(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • vezir-ar.i-z
  • servant-PL-DAT
  • np.h:g
  • 0043
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_servants
  • 0.2:a
  • 0043
  • ʁadaʁ-ir
  • <HSG>take-IMP.PL
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • sanu
  • PRT
  • other
  • uz-x-a
  • I-APUD-ELAT
  • pro.1:obl
  • 0020
  • ha-dmu
  • EMPH-3.P(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:p
  • 0004
‘He gave the order to the servants: Take him away from me.’
tabasaran_work_0079[PLAY]
pirim ʁaˁdavuru murar.i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • pirim
  • Pirim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:p
  • 0004
  • ʁaˁdav-uru
  • <HSG>take-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu-rar.i
  • PROX-PL(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0043
‘They took Pirim.’
tabasaran_work_0080[PLAY]
hamus kerimna selim giligura, pirim ʁuˁru k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hamus
  • now
  • other
  • kerim
  • Kerim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0005
  • =na
  • =ADD
  • =rn
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • rn_pn_np.h
  • 0006
  • gilig-ura
  • look-PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • pirim
  • Pirim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0004
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • come-FUT
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘At this time Kerim and Selim were waiting, Is Pirim coming back?.’
tabasaran_work_0081[PLAY]
sab vaz aˁ<b>ʁuˁru, q’uˁb vaz aˁru, sis č’uk’ adar, gaf č’al adar, ǯaχ ǯik’ adar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • vaz
  • month(ABS)
  • np:s
  • aˁ<b>ʁuˁ-ru
  • <NSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • q’uˁ-b
  • two-NSG
  • ln_num
  • vaz
  • month(ABS)
  • np:s
  • aˁ-ru
  • <PL>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • sis
  • voice(ABS)
  • np:s
  • č’uk’
  • part(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-PRS:NEG
  • v:predex
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • gaf
  • word(ABS)
  • np:s
  • č’al
  • language(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-PRS:NEG
  • v:predex
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ǯaχ
  • call
  • np:s
  • ǯik’
  • RDP
  • rn_np
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-PRS:NEG
  • v:predex
‘One month passed, two months passed, no news, no talk, no nothing.’
tabasaran_work_0082[PLAY]
aˁχir kerim.ǯi k’ur, uzxa aˁχ ap’uz šuladazxa k’ur ʁardaš dušnu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aˁχir
  • finally
  • other
  • kerim.ǯi
  • Kerim(ERG)
  • pn_np.h:a_ds
  • 0005
  • k’ur
  • say.FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • uz-x-a
  • I-APUD-ELAT
  • pro.1:obl
  • 0005
  • aˁχ
  • patience(ABS)
  • np:s
  • ap’u-z
  • do-INF
  • v:pred
  • šul-a-da
  • become-PRS-NEG
  • rv_aux
  • =z-x-a
  • =1SG-APUD-ELAT
  • =rv-pro_1_obl
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • ʁardaš
  • brother
  • np.h:s_cv
  • 0004
  • d-uš-nu
  • PFV-<HSG>go-PCVB
  • v:pred
‘Finally, Kerim said: I can't stand anymore that our brother is gone.’
tabasaran_work_0083[PLAY]
muvaz k’ur fuk’ara abxnu šul k’ur, daš mu ʁuˁrur u k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • muva-z
  • PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:obl
  • 0004
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • fu-k’ara
  • what-INDEF(ABS)
  • indef_other:s
  • a-b-x-nu
  • PFV-NSG-become-PCVB
  • v:predex
  • šul
  • become:PRS
  • rv_aux
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac.neg
  • da-š
  • NEG:COP-COND
  • v:predex
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc_pc:s
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s_pc
  • 0004
  • ʁuˁ-ru-r
  • come-PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • u
  • COP
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Something must have happened to him, otherwise he would have come back.’
tabasaran_work_0084[PLAY]
uzu aˁraza k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:s
  • 0005
  • aˁ-ra
  • <HSG>go-PRS
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘I will go.’
tabasaran_work_0085[PLAY]
uduc̊’uru selim-- kerim ʁada<b>ʁnu čan palatra, erčnu ʁuˁn.i herbira, hamu raˁqː.ǯi adaqus̊.aǯi adaqri k’ur, hele aˁǯaza k’ur, [UNCLEAR] i<b>šri.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uduc̊’-uru
  • <HSG>go_out-FUT
  • v:pred
  • selim
  • Selim
  • nc_pn_np.h
  • 0006
  • kerim
  • Kerim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0005
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0005
  • ʁada<b>ʁ-nu
  • <NSG>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ča-n
  • REFL-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0005
  • palat
  • clothes(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0057
  • new
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0005
  • erč-nu
  • <PL>put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ʁuˁn.i
  • shoulder(IN)
  • np:g
  • 0058
  • bridging
  • herbi
  • saddle_bag(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0059
  • new
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #pc
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s_pc
  • 0005
  • raˁqː.ǯi
  • road-(IN)
  • np:g
  • 0060
  • bridging
  • adaq-u-s̊.a-ǯi
  • <HSG>fall-PTCP-place-(IN)DIR
  • v:pred
  • adaq-ri
  • <HSG>fall-JUSS
  • rv
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hele
  • now
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:s
  • 0005
  • aˁ-ǯa
  • go-PRS
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • [UNCLEAR]
  • NC
  • nc
  • i<b>š-ri
  • <NSG>become-JUSS
  • nc
‘Kerim took his clothes, put the bag on his shoulders, went out on the road, and said: Whatever place I find myself in, let me be there, I am now going, let it be.’
tabasaran_work_0086[PLAY]
licuri, licuri, licuri, licuri aˁru, aˁru mu aˁχir adaquru mu šahr.iǯi, qanara hamura
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0005
  • lic-uri
  • <HSG>walk-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0005
  • lic-uri
  • <HSG>walk-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0005
  • lic-uri
  • <HSG>walk-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0005
  • lic-uri
  • walk-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0005
  • aˁ-ru
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0005
  • aˁ-ru
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0005
  • aˁχir
  • finally
  • other
  • adaq-uru
  • <HSG>fall-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • šahr.i-ǯi
  • town-(IN)DIR
  • np:g
  • 0016
  • qana
  • now
  • other
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • other
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘He went and searched, went and searched, finally he happened to be in the city, this time it was him.’
tabasaran_work_0087[PLAY]
hamu pirim adaqu čajχain.ǯi adaquru mu.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:dt_s
  • 0005
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_cv
  • 0017
  • pirim
  • Pirim
  • pn_np.h:s_cv
  • 0004
  • adaq-u
  • <HSG>fall-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_teahouse
  • rel_f0:g
  • 0017
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • čajχain.ǯi
  • teahouse(IN)
  • np:g
  • 0017
  • adaq-uru
  • <HSG>fall-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0005
‘He happened to be in the teahouse where Pirim had been.’
tabasaran_work_0088[PLAY]
dusnu hams̊a e<r>gnajir, u<b>quri čajra, ap’uri fikrar, hap’zajk’e, ficːi ap’uzajk’e, fu herχuzajk’e, šl.ixa herχuzajk’e, naʔana a<b>guzajk’e laˤχin k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0005
  • dus-nu
  • <HSG>sit-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ha-m-s̊a
  • EMPH-PROX-LOC.ADV(IN)
  • dem_pro:l
  • 0017
  • #
  • #
  • #pc
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s_pc
  • 0005
  • e<r>g-na-ji-r
  • <HSG>become_tired-RES-PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0005
  • u<b>q-uri
  • <NSG>drink-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • čaj
  • tea(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0061
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0005
  • ap’u-ri
  • do-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • fikr-ar
  • thought-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • hap’
  • what_do
  • v:pred
  • =za-jk’e
  • =1SG:AG-RHET
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • ficːi
  • how
  • other
  • ap’u
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =za-jk’e
  • =1SG:AG-RHET
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • fu
  • what(ABS)
  • intrg_other:p
  • herχu
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • =za-jk’e
  • =1SG:AG-RHET
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • šl.i-x-a
  • who-APUD-ELAT
  • intrg_other.h:g
  • herχu
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • =za-jk’e
  • =1SG:AG-RHET
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • naʔana
  • where
  • intrg_other:l
  • a<b>gu
  • <NSG>search
  • v:pred
  • =za-jk’e
  • =1SG:AG-RHET
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • laˤχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0062
  • bridging
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘He was sitting at this place, tired, drinking tea and thinking: What am I going to do, how am I going to do [it], what should I ask, who should I ask, where should I look for work?’
tabasaran_work_0089[PLAY]
hamcːi fikir ap’uraǯi livuru, hamu admi adaquru qana hamina.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0005
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • dem_pro:other
  • fikir
  • thought(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-ura-ǯi
  • do-PRS-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0005
  • liv-uru
  • <HSG>look-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • admi
  • man(ABS)
  • np.h:s_cv
  • 0020
  • adaqu-ru
  • <HSG>fall-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • qana
  • now
  • other
  • ha-mi-na
  • EMPH-PROX-LAT
  • dem_pro:l
  • 0017
‘Having these thoughts, he looked: that man happened to be there.’
tabasaran_work_0090[PLAY]
livuru, dufnajib, ʁiraʁ.ǯila dufnajib, aˁʁu šulu muvaz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:s
  • 0020
  • liv-uru
  • <HSG>look-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cc_pc:p
  • d-uf-na-ji-b
  • PFV-come-RES-PTCP-NSG
  • nc
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s_pc
  • 0005
  • ʁiraʁ.ǯi-l-a
  • edge-SUPER-ELAT
  • np:l
  • d-uf-na-ji-b
  • PFV-come-RES-PTCP-NSG
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • aˁʁu
  • know
  • other:lvc
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-z
  • PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:ncs_cp
  • 0020
‘He (the man) looked and understood that he (Kerim) had come from a distant place.’
tabasaran_work_0091[PLAY]
miʁar.i mus̊a ajir dar, fu χabar, ǯihil, k’ur, jaman fikrar ap’urava aˁχir, fu jav derdi k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • miʁ-ar.i
  • PROX+day-PL(ERG)
  • nc
  • mu-s̊a
  • PROX(ABS)-LOC.ADV(IN)
  • nc_dem_pro
  • 0016
  • a-ji-r
  • be-PTCP-PL
  • nc
  • dar
  • COP:NEG
  • nc
  • fu
  • what
  • nc
  • χabar
  • news(ABS)
  • nc
  • ǯihil
  • youth
  • nc_np.h
  • 0005
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:a_cp
  • 0005
  • jaman
  • bad
  • ln_adj
  • fikr-ar
  • thought-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-ura
  • do-PRS
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • aˁχir
  • finally
  • other
  • fu
  • what
  • intrg_other:pred
  • jav
  • your
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0005
  • derdi
  • concern(ABS)
  • np:s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Nothing has happened here these days, what's up, young man, you are having bad thoughts, what's your problem?’
tabasaran_work_0092[PLAY]
fuk’ara adru darub anev k’ur, fuk’ara abxib aji k’ur
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • fu-k’ara
  • what-INDEF(ABS)
  • indef_other:s
  • a-dr-u
  • (IN)be-PRS:NEG-PCVB
  • v:predex
  • dar-u-b
  • COP:NEG-PTCP-NSG
  • rv
  • a-n
  • (IN)be:PRS-Q
  • rv
  • =ev
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.2:poss
  • 0005
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • fu-k’ara
  • what-INDEF(ABS)
  • indef_other:s
  • a-b-x-i-b
  • PFV-NSG-become-PTCP-NSG
  • v:predex
  • a-ji
  • be-PST
  • rv_aux
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Is something missing from you? Something has happened.’
tabasaran_work_0093[PLAY]
χat’a bala dubxnaji k’ur
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • χat’a
  • danger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • bala
  • problem(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • du-b-x-na-ji
  • PFV-NSG-become-RES-PST
  • v:predex
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Something bad happened.’
tabasaran_work_0094[PLAY]
vallah k’ur, hamcːi k’ur ʁardaš liχuz ʁušnu, ʁardašra ʁafundar k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • vallah
  • INTERJ
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • ln
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ʁardaš
  • brother(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0004
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac_in
  • 0
  • 0_Pirim
  • f0.h:s_in
  • 0004
  • liχu-z
  • <HSG>work-INF
  • vother:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ʁ-uš-nu
  • PFV-<HSG>go-AOR
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • ʁardaš
  • brother(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0004
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ʁa-f-un-dar
  • PFV-come-AOR-NEG
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Oh, my brother has gone off to work and has not come back.’
tabasaran_work_0095[PLAY]
ja ič χʷl.a ip’rubra amdar k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • ja
  • or
  • other
  • our(EXCL)
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0003
  • χʷl.a
  • house(IN)
  • np:l
  • 0011
  • ip’-ru-b
  • <NSG>eat-PTCP-NSG(ABS)
  • np:s
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • am-dar
  • (IN)remain-PRS:NEG
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘And there is no food left in our house.’
tabasaran_work_0096[PLAY]
hamcːi laˁχin a<b>guri, uduc̊’nejruza k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_pc
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:a_cv
  • 0005
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • ln
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0062
  • a<b>gu-ri
  • <NSG>search-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:s_pc
  • 0005
  • uduc̊’-ne-j-r-u
  • <HSG>go_out-RES-PTCP-HSG-COP
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘So I went out to look for work.’
tabasaran_work_0097[PLAY]
hap’rušra aˁǯuz duxnedaruča k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_pc.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0_brothers
  • 0.1:a
  • 0003
  • hap’-ru-š
  • what_do-FUT-COND
  • v:pred
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_brothers
  • 0.1:a_pc
  • 0003
  • aˁ-ǯu-z
  • know-FUT-NC
  • v:pred
  • du-x-n-e-dar-u
  • PFV-(PL)become-RES-PTCP-PL-COP
  • np:p
  • =ča
  • =1PL(EXCL):AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘We do not know what to do.’
tabasaran_work_0098[PLAY]
qa laˁχin ajis̊ uzu k’urzavuz k’ur, eger uvu ap’ruš k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qa
  • then
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc_pc:p
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:s_pc
  • 0062
  • a-ji-s̊
  • (IN)be-PTCP-LOC.ADV
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a
  • 0020
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:g
  • 0005
  • k’-ur
  • say-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • eger
  • if
  • adp
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:a
  • 0005
  • ap’-ru-š
  • do-FUT-COND
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_work
  • 0:p
  • 0062
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘I'll tell you where there is work, if you would do it.’
tabasaran_work_0099[PLAY]
qa hap’ru, baja χalu, k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qa
  • then
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • hap’-ru
  • what_do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • baja
  • PRT
  • other
  • χalu
  • uncle(ABS)
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘What should I do, dear uncle?’
tabasaran_work_0100[PLAY]
laˁχin k’ur jiz χʷl.a guniq’a ajiz k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • #ds
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0063
  • bridging
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • jiz
  • my
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0020
  • χʷl.a
  • house(IN)
  • np:l
  • 0035
  • gun-i
  • want-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • =q’a
  • =PRT
  • =rv
  • a
  • (IN)be:PRS
  • rv_aux
  • =jiz
  • =1SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.1:poss
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘There is a lot of work to do at my home, whatever you want.’
tabasaran_work_0101[PLAY]
eger uzu ʁapib ap’ruš k’ur, uzu k’uraji jiq’rar.iinǯi uvu laˁχin ap’uruš, uzu turzavuz k’ur laˁχin.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • eger
  • if
  • adp
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc_pc:p
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a_pc
  • 0020
  • ʁa-p-i-b
  • PFV-say-PTCP-NSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0005
  • ap’-ru-š
  • do-FUT-COND
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc
  • 0055
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a_pc
  • 0005
  • k’-ura-ji
  • say-PRS-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_agreement
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0055
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • jiq’r-ar.i-in-ǯi
  • agreement-PL-SUPER-DIR
  • np:obl
  • 0055
  • uvu
  • you.SG
  • pro.2:a_cp
  • 0005
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uru-š
  • do-FUT-COND
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a
  • 0020
  • tur
  • give+FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:g
  • 0005
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0063
‘If you do what I say and work according to the agreement I say, I'll give you a job.’
tabasaran_work_0102[PLAY]
qa ficːdar vujav k’ur
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • qa
  • then
  • nc
  • ficː-dar
  • how-PL(ABS)
  • nc
  • vu
  • COP
  • nc
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • nc_pro.2
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
‘Well, what are those?’
tabasaran_work_0103[PLAY]
ip’ru uˁlla turzavuz, dusru χalra turzavuz k’ur, pulra turzavuz, uzu ʁapi laˁχin ap’i k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ip’-ru
  • <NSG>eat-PTCP
  • ln
  • uˁl
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0064
  • bridging
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.1:a
  • 0020
  • tur
  • give+FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:g
  • 0005
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • dus-ru
  • <HSG>sit-PTCP
  • ln
  • χal
  • house(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0031
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.1:a
  • 0020
  • tur
  • give+FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:g
  • 0005
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • pul
  • money(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0065
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.1:a
  • 0020
  • tur
  • give+FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:g
  • 0005
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0005
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc
  • 0063
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a_pc
  • 0020
  • ʁ-ap-i
  • PFV-say-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_work
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0063
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0063
  • ap’-i
  • do-IMP
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘I'll give you food, I'll give you a room to live in, I'll give you money, just do the work I say.’
tabasaran_work_0104[PLAY]
anǯaʁ qaˁl ʁuˁb dari<b>šri k’ur sar sar.ika, qaˁl ʁafir.in gardan jivub.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • anǯaʁ
  • only
  • other
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • ʁuˁ-b
  • come-MSD
  • v:pred
  • dar-i<b>š-ri
  • NEG-<NSG>become-JUSS
  • rv_aux
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • sa-r
  • one-HSG
  • refl.h:other
  • 0066
  • bridging
  • sa-r.i-k-a
  • one-HSG-CONT-ELAT
  • rn
  • #
  • #
  • #ds
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • ln_np
  • ʁa-f-i-r.i-n
  • PFV-come-PTCP-HSG-GEN
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • gardan
  • neck(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0067
  • bridging
  • jiv-ub
  • hit-MSD
  • v:pred
‘Just let us not be angry with each other, the one who is angry will have his head cut off.’
tabasaran_work_0105[PLAY]
vah, fu gaf vujav χalu k’ur, haz qaˁl ʁuˁru uzuz uvka k’ur, muq’andar fura turege, uǯuvlar turege.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • vah
  • VOC
  • other
  • fu
  • what
  • ln
  • gaf
  • word(ABS)
  • np:s
  • vu
  • COP
  • v:predex
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • χalu
  • uncle(ABS)
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • haz
  • why
  • other
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • come-FUT
  • v:pred
  • uzu-z
  • I-DAT
  • pro.1:g
  • 0005
  • uv-k-a
  • you-CONT-ELAT
  • pro.2:obl
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac_pc
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.2:a_pc
  • 0020
  • mu-q’an-dar
  • PROX-DEGR-PL
  • ln_dem
  • fu
  • what(ABS)
  • intrg_other:p
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • tur-e-ge
  • give+FUT-PTCP-TEMP
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac_pc
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.2:a_pc
  • 0020
  • uǯu-vl-ar
  • good-ABSTR-PL
  • np:p
  • 0068
  • bridging
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:g
  • 0005
  • tur-e-ge
  • give+FUT-PTCP-TEMP
  • v:pred
‘Oh, what are you saying, uncle, why would I be angry with you when you give me so much of this, when you give me good things?’
tabasaran_work_0106[PLAY]
ap’urza k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • 0
  • 0_work
  • 0:p
  • 0063
  • ap’-ur
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘I will do it.’
tabasaran_work_0107[PLAY]
ʁač k’ur ix χʷl.az.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0005
  • ʁač
  • come(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ix
  • our(INCL)
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0069
  • bridging
  • χʷl.a-z
  • house-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0035
‘Then come to our house!’
tabasaran_work_0108[PLAY]
qaǯi aˁru kerimra, qaǯi dušnu, kerimra ditnu, ulupuru muvaz daqru jis̊ra.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • q-a-ǯi
  • POST-be-ICVB
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:s
  • 0020
  • aˁ-ru
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • kerim
  • Kerim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:obl
  • 0005
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =rn
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • q-a-ǯi
  • POST-be-ICVB
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:s
  • 0020
  • d-uš-nu
  • PFV-<HSG>go-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0020
  • kerim
  • Kerim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:p
  • 0005
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • dit-nu
  • <HSG>sit-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a
  • 0020
  • ulup-uru
  • show-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-z
  • PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0005
  • daq-ru
  • <HSG>lie-PTCP
  • ln
  • jis̊
  • place(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0031
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘He took Kerim with him, sat him down, and showed him a place to sleep.’
tabasaran_work_0109[PLAY]
dubχnu uˁlra hibu ulix, hamus daq k’ur
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0020
  • du-b-χ-nu
  • PFV-NSG-bring-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • uˁl
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0070
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0020
  • 0
  • 0_bread
  • 0:p
  • 0070
  • h-ib-u
  • APUD-put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ulix
  • in_front_of
  • np:g
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hamus
  • now
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0005
  • daq
  • <HSG>lie(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a
  • 0020
  • k’-ur
  • say-FUT
  • v:pred
‘He brought bread, put it in front of him, and said: Now, go to sleep!’
tabasaran_work_0110[PLAY]
zakur gač’ni haˁzur jix k’ur ign.iz aˁʁuz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • zakur
  • tomorrow
  • other
  • gač’ni
  • morning
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0005
  • haˁzur
  • ready
  • other
  • jix
  • <HSG>become(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac_in
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • f0.2:s_in
  • 0005
  • ign.i-z
  • field-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0038
  • aˁʁ-uz
  • <HSG>go-INF
  • vother:pred
‘Tomorrow morning be ready to go to the field.’
tabasaran_work_0111[PLAY]
daqru kerim, dip’u uˁlra.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • daq-ru
  • <HSG>lie-FUT
  • v:pred
  • kerim
  • Kerim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0005
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0005
  • d-ip’-u
  • PFV-<NSG>eat-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • uˁl
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0070
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘Kerit ate the bread and went to sleep.’
tabasaran_work_0112[PLAY]
jarab allah k’ur, hamu uzuz raˁ<b>qːuˁrajib nimk’i k’ur, daršiš muk’a uǯur admi ficːirik’e k’ur, mu hap’rurik’e mu.
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_pc
  • jarab
  • VOC
  • other
  • allah
  • Allah
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • other
  • uzu-z
  • I-DAT
  • pro.1:ncs_pc
  • 0005
  • raˁ<b>qː-uˁra-ji-b
  • <NSG>see-PRS-PTCP-NSG
  • v:pred
  • nimk’i
  • dream(ABS)
  • np:p
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac.neg
  • 0
  • 0_such
  • 0:s
  • dar-ši-š
  • NEG-become-COND
  • v:predex
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • mu-k’a
  • PROX(ABS)-DEGR
  • ln_dem
  • uǯu-r
  • good-HSG
  • ln_adj
  • admi
  • man(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0020
  • ficːi-r-ik’e
  • how-HSG(ABS)-COP+RHET
  • v:predex
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0020
  • hap’-ru-r-ik’e
  • what_do-FUT-HSG(ABS)-COP+RHET
  • v:predex
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • other
‘Oh God, am I dreaming, for if not, how can there be such a good man, what is he doing?’
tabasaran_work_0113[PLAY]
daqru χalra k’ur, ip’ru uˁlra, pulra k’ur, laˁχinra k’ur, jada, daqru fikrar ap’uri jis̊ adap’uru.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • daq-ru
  • <HSG>lie-PTCP
  • nc
  • χal
  • house(ABS)
  • nc_np
  • 0031
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
  • ip’-ru
  • <NSG>eat-PTCP
  • nc
  • uˁl
  • bread(ABS)
  • nc_np
  • 0070
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • nc
  • pul
  • money(ABS)
  • nc_np
  • 0065
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • nc_np
  • 0063
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
  • jada
  • PRT
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0005
  • daq-ru
  • <HSG>lie-PTCP
  • other
  • fikr-ar
  • thought-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uri
  • do-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0005
  • jis̊
  • night(ABS)
  • np:p
  • adap’-uru
  • <NSG>spend-FUT
  • v:pred
‘Oh, a place to sleep, food to eat, money, a job, he spent the night lying and thinking.’
tabasaran_work_0114[PLAY]
gač’ni kučru muvaz, gudu<b>k’, kerim, gudu<b>k’, riʁ udu<b>c̊’ajiz, ʁaraχ k’ur izn.iz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • gač’ni
  • morning
  • other
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0043
  • kuč-ru
  • knock-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-z
  • PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:obl
  • 0005
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0005
  • gudu<b>k’
  • <NSG>finish(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • kerim
  • Kerim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0005
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0005
  • gudu<b>k’
  • <NSG>finish(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_pc
  • riʁ
  • sun(ABS)
  • np:s_pc
  • 0042
  • udu<b>c̊’-ajiz
  • <NSG>go_out-PTCP-DAT
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0005
  • ʁaraχ
  • go(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • izn.i-z
  • field-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0038
‘In the morning they knocked [at the door to wake] him: Get ready, Kerim, get ready, go to the field before the sun rises.’
tabasaran_work_0115[PLAY]
ʁuduʒ̊uru mu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ʁuduʒ̊-uru
  • <HSG>stand_up-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0005
‘He got up.’
tabasaran_work_0116[PLAY]
haˁjaˁt.ǯiʔ di<r>kna zurba q’uˤb aˁχuˁ jicara gada<b>xu puf, ilipu durucra.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • haˁjaˁt.ǯi-ʔ
  • yard-IN
  • np:l
  • 0049
  • di<r>k-na
  • <PL>stay-RES
  • v:pred
  • zurba
  • huge
  • ln_adj
  • q’uˤ-b
  • two-NSG
  • ln_num
  • aˁχuˁ
  • big
  • ln_adj
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0039
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_oxen
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0039
  • gada<b>x-u
  • <NSG>put_out-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • puf
  • IDEOPH
  • other:lvc
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • il-ip-u
  • SUPER-put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • duruc
  • plough(ABS)
  • np:s_cv
  • 0045
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =rn
‘Two big oxen were standing in the yard, breathing heavily, with a plough tied to them.’
tabasaran_work_0117[PLAY]
kerimra uǯur q’uvat aji baž uǯi šulu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • kerim
  • Kerim(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0005
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_pc
  • uǯu-r
  • good-NSG
  • ln_adj
  • q’uvat
  • strength(ABS)
  • np:s
  • a-ji
  • (IN)be-PTCP
  • v:predex
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • baž
  • boy(ABS)
  • np.h:pred
  • u-ǯi
  • COP-ICVB
  • cop
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • rv_aux
‘Kerim was a big guy with much strength.’
tabasaran_work_0118[PLAY]
aˁru mu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aˁ-ru
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0005
‘He went.’
tabasaran_work_0119[PLAY]
ulupuru muvaz hakmu χʷt’il, dušnu k’ur, hakmu k’ul.iamina izan ap’i k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0043
  • ulup-uru
  • show-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-z
  • PROX(ABS)-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0005
  • ha-k-mu
  • EMPH-DOWN(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • χʷt’il
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:s_cv
  • 0005
  • d-uš-nu
  • PFV-<HSG>go-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0005
  • ha-kmu
  • EMPH-DOWN(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • k’ul.i-a-mi-na
  • head-(IN)ELAT-PROX-LAT
  • np:obl
  • 0071
  • bridging
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • ap’-i
  • do-IMP
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘They showed him that field and said: Plough the field from that side on.’
tabasaran_work_0120[PLAY]
ap’uru muvu izan.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muvu
  • PROX(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0005
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
‘He ploughed the field.’
tabasaran_work_0121[PLAY]
gaˁbru izan ap’uz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0005
  • gaˁb-ru
  • start-FUT
  • lv_aux
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • ap’-uz
  • do-INF
  • v:pred
‘He started ploughing.’
tabasaran_work_0122[PLAY]
ha sab saˤaˁt, quˁb saˤaˁt, šubub saˤaˁt, riʁ udu<b>c̊’uru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ha
  • PRT
  • other
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • saˤaˁt
  • hour(ABS)
  • np:other
  • quˁ-b
  • two-NSG
  • ln_num
  • saˤaˁt
  • hour(ABS)
  • np:other
  • šubu-b
  • three-NSG
  • ln_num
  • saˤaˁt
  • hour(ABS)
  • np:other
  • riʁ
  • sun(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0042
  • udu<b>c̊’-uru
  • <NSG>go_out-FUT
  • v:pred
‘One hour, two hours, three hours, the sun rose.’
tabasaran_work_0123[PLAY]
mani šulu, šid gun šulu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • mani
  • warm
  • other
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:obl
  • 0005
  • šid
  • water(ABS)
  • np:s_cp
  • 0072
  • new
  • gun
  • want
  • other:lvc
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
‘It became hot, he wanted to drink water.’
tabasaran_work_0124[PLAY]
jicara gah aˁradar muvan, bizar ap’ura.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0039
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • gah
  • sometimes
  • other
  • aˁ-ra-dar
  • <PL>go-PRS-NEG
  • v:pred
  • muva-n
  • PROX-GEN
  • rn_dem_pro.h:poss
  • 0005
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_oxen
  • 0:a_cp
  • 0039
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:p
  • 0005
  • bizar
  • exhausted
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-ura
  • do-PRS
  • v:pred
‘Sometimes his oxen did not go, exhausting him.’
tabasaran_work_0125[PLAY]
ja ulxa bisrur adar, ja muvaxna ʁuˤrer adar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ja
  • or
  • other
  • ulx-a
  • in_front_of-ELAT
  • ln
  • b-is-ru-r
  • NSG-catch-PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-NEG
  • v:predex
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ja
  • or
  • other
  • muva-x-na
  • PROX-APUD-LAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0005
  • ʁuˤ-re-r
  • come-PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-NEG
  • v:predex
‘There was no one who could hold (them) from the front, neither was anyone coming for him.’
tabasaran_work_0126[PLAY]
ja salam adar, ja kalam adar, ja šid adar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ja
  • or
  • other
  • salam
  • greeting(ABS)
  • np:s
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-PRS:NEG
  • v:predex
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ja
  • or
  • other
  • kalam
  • word(ABS)
  • np:s
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-PRS:NEG
  • v:predex
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ja
  • or
  • other
  • šid
  • water(ABS)
  • np:s
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-PRS:NEG
  • v:predex
‘There was no call, there was no word (from anyone), there was no water.’
tabasaran_work_0127[PLAY]
jada k’ur, mu fu aˁlamat u k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jada
  • PRT
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0005
  • fu
  • what(ABS)
  • ln
  • aˁlamat
  • miracle(ABS)
  • np:pred
  • u
  • COP
  • cop
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘He said: What wonder is this?’
tabasaran_work_0128[PLAY]
havu uzuz ʁapi gafar naani k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc
  • 0073
  • bridging
  • ha-vu
  • EMPH-PROX(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a_pc
  • 0020
  • uzu-z
  • I-DAT
  • pro.1:g
  • 0005
  • ʁ-ap-i
  • PFV-say-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_words
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0073
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • gaf-ar
  • word-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0073
  • naani
  • where
  • intrg_other:pred_l
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Where are the words that he said to me.’
tabasaran_work_0129[PLAY]
havu ap’ureb fu vu k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc_pc:pred
  • ha-vu
  • EMPH-PROX(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a_pc
  • 0020
  • ap’-ur-e-b
  • do-PRS-PTCP-NSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • fu
  • what(ABS)
  • intrg_other:pred
  • vu
  • COP
  • cop
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘What is he doing?’
tabasaran_work_0130[PLAY]
hajaman havaz fuk’a abxun šul k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hajaman
  • INTERJ
  • other
  • ha-va-z
  • EMPH-PROX-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:obl
  • 0020
  • fu-k’a
  • what-INDEF(ABS)
  • indef_other:s
  • a-b-x-un
  • PFV-NSG-become-PCVB
  • v:predex
  • šul
  • become:PRS
  • rv_aux
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Something must have happened to him.’
tabasaran_work_0131[PLAY]
mura sanu aˁχ dap’nu, mu jiʁan sanu č’alq’a k’urdar.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s_cp_cv
  • 0005
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • sanu
  • yet
  • other
  • aˁχ
  • patience(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • d-ap’-nu
  • PFV-do-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cp
  • 0005
  • mu
  • PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • jiʁan
  • day.ADV
  • np:other
  • 0074
  • bridging
  • sanu
  • PRT
  • other
  • č’al
  • language(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • =q’a
  • =PRT
  • =other
  • k’-ur-dar
  • say-FUT-NEG
  • v:pred
‘He had patience and did not say anything that day.’
tabasaran_work_0132[PLAY]
χaˁbaˁq.ǯizxa izan ap’uru kerim.ǯi
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • χaˁbaˁq.ǯi-z-x-a
  • yesterday-DAT-APUD-ELAT
  • other
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • kerim.ǯi
  • Kerim(ERG)
  • pn_np.h:a
  • 0005
‘Kerim ploughed the field until evening.’
tabasaran_work_0133[PLAY]
hamu χʷt’il gudu<b>k’uru muvu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • χʷt’il
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • gudu<b>k’-ur-u
  • <NSG>finish-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muvu
  • PROX(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0005
‘He finished this field.’
tabasaran_work_0134[PLAY]
χaˁbaˤq.ǯi qavnu jicara, amanna adarǯi ǯan.ǯi, ʁuˁru mu javaš javašǯi, guǯ.naz likar gadaʁuri, ʁuˁru mu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • χaˁbaˤq.ǯi
  • evening(ERG)
  • np:other
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0005
  • q-av-nu
  • POST-<PL>lead-AOR
  • v:pred
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0039
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • aman
  • force-PL(ABS)
  • np:s_cv
  • =na
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • a-dar-ǯi
  • (IN)be-NEG-ICVB
  • v:predex
  • ǯan.ǯi
  • body(IN)
  • np:l
  • 0075
  • bridging
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • come-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0005
  • javaš
  • quiet
  • other
  • javaš-ǯi
  • quiet-ADV
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0005
  • guǯ.na-z
  • strength-DAT
  • np:other
  • lik-ar
  • leg-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0076
  • bridging
  • g-adaʁ-uri
  • SUB-<PL>pull-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • come-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0005
‘In the evening he drove the oxen, with no energy left in his body, he went very slowly, taking steps with effort.’
tabasaran_work_0135[PLAY]
t’avnu urara, uc̊’ru, liguru, hamu dusna ajvan.ǯiq u<b>quri čajra haˁhjir ap’uri čan χpːar.iqǯi, zaraftara ap’uri, χu.jiz ülira gat’axuri hamu ajvan.ǯiqa.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0005
  • t’av-nu
  • <PL>open-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ur-ar
  • door-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0077
  • bridging
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0005
  • uc̊’-ru
  • <HSG>enter-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0005
  • lig-uru
  • <HSG>look-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0020
  • dus-na
  • <HSG>sit-RES
  • v:pred
  • ajvan.ǯi-q
  • balcony-POST
  • np:l
  • 0050
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0020
  • u<b>q-uri
  • <NSG>drink-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • čaj
  • tea(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0078
  • new
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0020
  • haˁh-jir
  • laughter-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uri
  • do-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • ča-n
  • REFL-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0020
  • χpːar.i-q-ǯi
  • wife-POST-DIR
  • np.h:obl
  • 0079
  • bridging
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0020
  • zaraft-ar
  • joke-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ap’-uri
  • do-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0020
  • χu.ji-z
  • dog-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0080
  • new
  • ül-ir
  • bread-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0081
  • new
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • gat’ax-uri
  • <PL>throw-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • ln
  • ajvan.ǯi-q-a
  • balcony-POST-ELAT
  • np:obl
  • 0050
‘He opened the doors, went in, looked: that one is sitting on the balcony, drinking tea, laughing with his wife, joking, throwing bread to his dog from the balcony.’
tabasaran_work_0136[PLAY]
hamcːdar ap’uri dusnige, kerim.ǯiz dünja k’aru šulu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0020
  • 0
  • 0_that
  • 0:p
  • ha-m-cː-dar
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV-PL
  • dem_pro:other
  • ap’-uri
  • do-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_pc
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:s_pc
  • 0020
  • dus-ni-ge
  • <HSG>sit-RES+PTCP-TEMP
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • kerim.ǯi-z
  • Kerim-DAT
  • np.h:obl
  • 0005
  • dünja
  • world(ABS)
  • np:s
  • k’aru
  • black
  • other
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
‘While he is sitting and doing all these things, the world became black for Kerim.’
tabasaran_work_0137[PLAY]
hap’uva, vah, vah kerim ʁuˁra k’ur, kerim ʁuˤra.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0005
  • hap’u
  • what_do+AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • vah
  • PRT
  • other
  • vah
  • PRT
  • other
  • kerim
  • Kerim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0005
  • ʁuˁ-ra
  • go-PRS
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • kerim
  • Kerim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0005
  • ʁuˤ-ra
  • go-PRS
  • v:pred
‘How are you doing? Oh, Kerim is coming, Kerim is coming.’
tabasaran_work_0138[PLAY]
hap’uva k’ur, kerim, hap’uva?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0005
  • hap’u
  • what_do+AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • kerim
  • Kerim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0005
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0005
  • hap’u
  • what_do+AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
‘How are you doing, Kerim, how are you?’
tabasaran_work_0139[PLAY]
ej behem fu abxunvuz ha ǯan k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ej
  • VOC
  • other
  • behem
  • enough
  • other
  • fu
  • what(ABS)
  • intrg_other:s
  • a-b-x-un
  • PFV-NSG-become-AOR
  • v:pred
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_obl
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:obl
  • 0005
  • ha
  • PRT
  • other
  • ǯan
  • dear
  • np.h:voc
  • 0005
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Hey, dear, what's happened to you?’
tabasaran_work_0140[PLAY]
vallah k’ur, uvuxna uˁl χrurra axundar k’ur, šid χrurra axundar k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • vallah
  • PRT
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc:s
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0.h:a
  • uvu-x-na
  • you-APUD-LAT
  • pro.2:g
  • 0005
  • uˁl
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:p
  • χ-ru-r
  • bring-PTCP(ABS)-HSG
  • v:pred
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • a-x-un-dar
  • PFV-(HSG)become-AOR-NEG
  • v:predex
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc:s
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0.h:a
  • šid
  • water(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:g
  • 0005
  • χ-ru-r
  • bring-PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • a-x-un-dar
  • PFV-(HSG)become-AOR-NEG
  • v:predex
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Oh, there was nobody who could bring you food, there was nobody who could bring you water.’
tabasaran_work_0141[PLAY]
hap’nik’e uvu k’ur ʁi.ǯin jiʁ, gizaf manibra vuj ha k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hap’-ni-k’e
  • what_do-AOR-RHET
  • v:pred
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:a
  • 0005
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ʁi.ǯi-n
  • today-GEN
  • ln_np:poss
  • jiʁ
  • day
  • np:s
  • 0074
  • gizaf
  • very
  • other
  • mani-b
  • warm-NSG
  • other:pred
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • vu-j
  • COP-PST
  • cop
  • ha
  • PRT
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘I wonder how you managed today, it was very hot.’
tabasaran_work_0142[PLAY]
jarab jicar.ira bizar ʁap’un šul uvu k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • jarab
  • PRT
  • other
  • jic-ar.i
  • ox-PL(ERG)
  • np:a_cp
  • 0039
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • bizar
  • exhausted
  • other:lvc
  • ʁ-ap’-un
  • PFV-do-AOR
  • v:pred
  • šul
  • become:PRS
  • rv_aux
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:p
  • 0005
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘And the oxen probably exhausted you.’
tabasaran_work_0143[PLAY]
hamcːi sanu kerim.ǯiz jamanǯi qaˁl dufnu.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • dem_pro:other
  • sanu
  • PRT
  • other
  • kerim.ǯi-z
  • Kerim-DAT
  • np.h:g
  • 0005
  • jaman-ǯi
  • bad-ADV
  • other
  • qaˁl
  • evil(ABS)
  • np:s_cv
  • du-f-nu
  • PFV-come-PCVB
  • v:pred
‘So Kerim became furious.’
tabasaran_work_0144[PLAY]
ap’uru nuˁq’nar muvaz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0005
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • nuˁq’n-ar
  • swear-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • muva-z
  • PROX(ABS)-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0020
‘He threw curses at him.’
tabasaran_work_0145[PLAY]
uvuz nač i<b>šrivuz k’ur, uvu ʁapi gafar nanijav k’ur, uvu učuz hamq’an insafsuzval haz ʁap’uva k’ur nuˁq’nar ap’uru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uvu-z
  • you-DAT
  • pro.2:ncs_poss
  • 0020
  • nač
  • shame(ABS)
  • np:p
  • i<b>š-ri
  • <NSG>become-JUSS
  • v:pred
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_ncs
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc
  • 0073
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:a_pc
  • 0020
  • ʁa-p-i
  • PFV-say-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_words
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0073
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • gaf-ar
  • word-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0073
  • nani
  • where
  • intrg_other:pred_l
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:a
  • 0020
  • uču-z
  • we(EXCL)-DAT
  • pro.1:obl
  • 0005
  • ha-m-q’an
  • EMPH-PROX-DEGR
  • ln_dem
  • insafsuz-val
  • inhuman-ABSTR(ABS)
  • other
  • haz
  • why
  • other
  • ʁ-ap’-u
  • PFV-do-AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a_cp
  • 0005
  • nuˁq’n-ar
  • curse-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
‘You should be ashamed! Where are the words you said? Why are you so cruel to me? He curses him:’
tabasaran_work_0146[PLAY]
jav sadaq.’iz išrijav jav jicara, jav devlet.nakra c’a ka<b>qrijav k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jav
  • your
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • sadaq.’i-z
  • alms-DAT
  • np:g
  • iš-ri
  • <PL>become-JUSS
  • v:pred
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • jav
  • your
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0039
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jav
  • your
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • devlet.na-k
  • wealth-CONT
  • np:g
  • 0053
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • c’a
  • fire(ABS)
  • np:s
  • k-a<b>q-ri
  • CONT-<NSG>fall-JUSS
  • v:pred
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘May your oxen be for alms and may fire burn your wealth!’
tabasaran_work_0147[PLAY]
hap’uzijav micːib devlet k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • hap’u
  • what_do
  • v:pred
  • =zi
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • mi-cːi-b
  • PROX-ADV-NSG
  • ln
  • devlet
  • wealth(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0053
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘What do I do with your wealth?’
tabasaran_work_0148[PLAY]
hamcːdar ap’uru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0005
  • 0
  • 0_that
  • 0:p
  • ha-m-cː-dar
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV-PL
  • dem_pro:other
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
‘He acts in this way.’
tabasaran_work_0149[PLAY]
qaˁl afunuz?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • a-fu-n
  • PFV-come-AOR+Q
  • v:pred
  • =u-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • 0
  • 0_Kerim
  • 0.2:g
  • 0005
‘Are you angry?’
tabasaran_work_0150[PLAY]
hadaʁir, k’ur mu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0043
  • hadaʁ-ir
  • <HSG>take_away-IMP.PL
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:p
  • 0005
‘Take him away!’
tabasaran_work_0151[PLAY]
mura jik’uru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0043
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:p
  • 0005
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • jik’-uru
  • <HSG>kill-FUT
  • v:pred
‘They killed him too.’
tabasaran_work_0152[PLAY]
χabar naʔna, χabar selim.ǯika.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • χabar
  • news
  • np:s
  • naʔ-na
  • where-LAT
  • intrg_other:pred_l
  • χabar
  • news
  • np:appos
  • selim.ǯi-k-a
  • Selim-CONT-ELAT
  • pn_np.h:other
  • 0006
‘Where was news, news about Selim.’
tabasaran_work_0153[PLAY]
selim.ǯiz χabar šulu mu laˁχ.nikan.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • selim.ǯi-z
  • Selim-DAT
  • pn_np.h:ncs_cp
  • 0006
  • χabar
  • news(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • laˁχ.ni-k-an
  • work-CONT-ELAT
  • np:other
  • 0082
  • bridging
‘Selim learnt about this deal.’
tabasaran_work_0154[PLAY]
vallah k’ur, murar.iz aˁmal ʁap’ur sar vu k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • vallah
  • PRT
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc:s
  • 0020
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • rel_f0.h:a_cp_pc
  • 0020
  • mu-rar.i-z
  • PROX-PL-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:obl
  • 0083
  • bridging
  • aˁmal
  • trick(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ʁ-ap’-u-r
  • PFV-do-PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • sa-r
  • one-HSG(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:pred
  • vu
  • COP
  • cop
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Oh, this one is who tricked them.’
tabasaran_work_0155[PLAY]
hamcːi ʁadaʁnu čan palatra, uduc̊’uru selim ʁardšar.in šil.naz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • dem_pro:other
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • ʁadaʁ-nu
  • <HSG>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ča-n
  • REFL-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0006
  • palat
  • clothes(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0084
  • new
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • uduc̊’-uru
  • <HSG>go_out-FUT
  • v:pred
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0006
  • ʁardš-ar.i-n
  • brother-PL-GEN
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • 0083
  • šil.na-z
  • trace-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0085
  • bridging
‘Selim took his clothes and went out following his brothers trail.’
tabasaran_work_0156[PLAY]
ʁuˁru selim hamu čajχan.iz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • come-FUT
  • v:pred
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0006
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • čajχan.i-z
  • teahouse-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0017
‘Selim came to this teahouse.’
tabasaran_work_0157[PLAY]
hamrar si dusru hamu ust’l.iq.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ha-m-rar
  • EMPH-PROX-PL(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:other
  • 0006
  • si
  • as
  • adp
  • dus-ru
  • <HSG>seat-FUT
  • v:pred
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • ust’l.i-q
  • table-POST
  • np:l
  • 0086
  • new
‘He took a seat at a table, just like them.’
tabasaran_work_0158[PLAY]
aguru mu hamu χalu.di, hamura.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ag-uru
  • <HSG>search-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:p
  • 0006
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • χalu.di
  • uncle(ERG)
  • np.h:a
  • 0020
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:other
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘This old man looked for him, too.’
tabasaran_work_0159[PLAY]
ja ǯihil, fu χabar u k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ja
  • VOC
  • other
  • ǯihil
  • young
  • np.h:voc
  • 0006
  • fu
  • what
  • ln
  • χabar
  • news(ABS)
  • np:s
  • u
  • COP
  • v:predex
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Hey, young man, what's the matter?’
tabasaran_work_0160[PLAY]
laˁχin a<b>garana k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0006
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0087
  • bridging
  • a<b>g-ar-a-n
  • <NSG>search-PRS-Q
  • v:pred
  • =a
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Are you looking for a job?’
tabasaran_work_0161[PLAY]
ov, χalu k’ur, uzu k’ur laˁχin a<b>guri dufnaza k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ov
  • yes
  • other
  • χalu
  • uncle
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:s
  • 0006
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.1:a_cv
  • 0006
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0087
  • a<b>g-uri
  • <NSG>search-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • du-f-na
  • PFV-come-RES
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Yes, uncle, I came in search of a job.’
tabasaran_work_0162[PLAY]
uvu laχin tuvrajir vuna k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:s
  • 0020
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc:pred
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0.h:a_pc
  • laχin
  • work(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0087
  • tuv-ra-ji-r
  • give-PRS-PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • vu-n
  • COP-Q
  • cop
  • =a
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_s
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Are you the one who gives people work?’
tabasaran_work_0163[PLAY]
ov k’ur.
  • ov
  • yes
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
‘Yes.’
tabasaran_work_0164[PLAY]
hin qpaˁquru muvan gafar.iq selimra.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hin
  • well
  • other
  • qpaˁq-uru
  • listen-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-n
  • PROX-GEN
  • ln_dem_pro.h:poss
  • 0020
  • gaf-ar.i-q
  • word-PL-POST
  • np:obl
  • 0088
  • bridging
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0006
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘And Selim listened to his words well.’
tabasaran_work_0165[PLAY]
maha k’ur, dusru χalla, ip’ru uˁlla.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • maha
  • voila
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
  • dus-ru
  • <HSG>seat-PTCP
  • nc
  • χal
  • house(ABS)
  • nc_np
  • 0031
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • nc
  • ip’-ru
  • <NSG>eat-PTCP
  • nc
  • uˁl
  • bread(ABS)
  • nc_np
  • 0089
  • bridging
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • nc
‘Here is a room to sleep and food to eat.’
tabasaran_work_0166[PLAY]
uvuz k’ur ʁiliχub.ǯia jav pulra tuvurzavuz k’ur, anǯaʁ k’ur qaˁl ʁuˁrub diri<b>šri k’ur ix ar.iʔ.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.1:a
  • 0020
  • uvu-z
  • you-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0006
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ʁi-liχ-u-b.ǯi-a
  • PFV-work-PTCP-NSG-(IN)ELAT
  • np:other
  • jav
  • your
  • ln_dem_pro.h:poss
  • 0006
  • pul
  • money(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0090
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • tuv-ur
  • give-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • =vu-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • anǯaʁ
  • only
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • ʁuˁ-ru-b
  • come-PTCP-NSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • dir-i<b>š-ri
  • NEG-<NSG>become-JUSS
  • rv_aux
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ix
  • our(INCL)
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0091
  • bridging
  • ar.i-ʔ
  • middle-IN
  • np:g
‘I will give you money for your work, only let there be no anger between us.’
tabasaran_work_0167[PLAY]
vah, fu gaf vujav, χalu k’ur, haz qaˁl ʁuˁru k’ur uvu sir.ika.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • vah
  • PRT
  • other
  • fu
  • what
  • ln
  • gaf
  • word(ABS)
  • np:s
  • vu
  • COP
  • v:predex
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.2:poss
  • 0020
  • χalu
  • uncle
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • haz
  • why
  • other
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • come-FUT
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:g
  • 0006
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:other
  • 0020
  • si-r.i-k-a
  • as-HSG-CONT-ELAT
  • adp
‘Oh, what are you saying, uncle, why would I get angry with someone like you.’
tabasaran_work_0168[PLAY]
ʁač k’ur, huc̊’ k’ur ulix.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0006
  • ʁač
  • come(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0006
  • huc̊’
  • <HSG>approach(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ulix
  • in_front_of
  • other
‘Let's go, you go before me.’
tabasaran_work_0169[PLAY]
aˁru murar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aˁ-ru
  • <PL>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu-rar
  • PROX-PL(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0091
‘They went.’
tabasaran_work_0170[PLAY]
dip’u uˁlla daqru selim.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • d-ip’-u
  • PFV-<NSG>eat-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • uˁl
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0092
  • bridging
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • daq-ru
  • <HSG>lie_down-FUT
  • v:pred
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0006
‘Selim ate the bread and lay down to sleep.’
tabasaran_work_0171[PLAY]
qajiʁ.a gač’ni ha k’ur gudu<b>k’ selim k’ur jicar git’na k’ur ʁaraχ izn.iz.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • qajiʁ.a
  • next_day(ERG)
  • nc
  • gač’ni
  • morning
  • nc
  • ha
  • PRT
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0006
  • gudu<b>k’
  • <NSG>finish(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • selim
  • Selim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0006
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0039
  • git’-na
  • <PL>yoke-RES
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0006
  • ʁaraχ
  • go(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • izn.i-z
  • field-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0038
‘Next morning he said: Wake up, Selim, the oxen are yoked, go to the field.’
tabasaran_work_0172[PLAY]
aˁrxa, χalu, k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_we
  • 0.1:s
  • 0091
  • aˁ-r
  • <PL>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =xa
  • =1PL:INCL
  • =rv-pro_1_s
  • χalu
  • uncle
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Let's go, uncle.’
tabasaran_work_0173[PLAY]
ʁeǯe<r>gnu selim, dirbašvalra kaǯi šulu muvak čan uǯub.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ʁe-ǯe<r>g-nu
  • PFV-<HSG>jump-AOR
  • v:pred
  • selim
  • Selim
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0006
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dirbaš-val
  • brave-ABSTR(ABS)
  • np:p
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:ncs_poss
  • 0006
  • k-a-ǯi
  • CONT-be-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • rv_aux
  • muva-k
  • PROX-CONT
  • rn
  • ča-n
  • REFL-GEN
  • rn_refl.h:poss
  • uǯu-b
  • good-NSG
  • rn_adj
‘Selim jumped up, he had great courage.’
tabasaran_work_0174[PLAY]
aˁru izn.iz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0006
  • aˁ-ru
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • izn.i-z
  • field-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0038
‘He went to the field.’
tabasaran_work_0175[PLAY]
dušnu ap’uru muvu izan.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0006
  • d-uš-nu
  • PFV-<HSG>go-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muvu
  • PROX(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0006
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
‘He went and ploughed the field.’
tabasaran_work_0176[PLAY]
sab c’ib vaχt.nalan, ap’uru muvu izan, liguru riʁra udu<b>c̊’uru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln
  • c’ib
  • little
  • ln_adj
  • vaχt.na-l-an
  • time-SUPER-ELAT
  • np:other
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muvu
  • PROX(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0006
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0006
  • lig-uru
  • <HSG>look-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • riʁ
  • sun(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0042
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • udu<b>c̊’-uru
  • <NSG>go_out-FUT
  • v:pred
‘He ploughed the field and, in a short time, he saw that the sun was rising.’
tabasaran_work_0177[PLAY]
sab tki sib mani šulu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • other
  • tki
  • little
  • other
  • si-b
  • as-NSG
  • other
  • mani
  • warm
  • other
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
‘It became a bit hot.’
tabasaran_work_0178[PLAY]
adar fužk’ara ʁuˁrajir.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • a-dar
  • (IN)be-PRS:NEG
  • v:pred
  • fuž-k’a
  • who-INDEF(ABS)
  • indef_other.h:s
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_pc
  • 0
  • 0_anybody
  • rel_f0.h:s_pc
  • ʁuˁ-ra-ji-r
  • come-PRS-PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
‘Nobody was coming.’
tabasaran_work_0179[PLAY]
muvura hap’ru, hamu jicar qavnu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • muvu
  • PROX(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0006
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • hap’-ru
  • what_do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0006
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0039
  • q-av-nu
  • POST-lead-AOR
  • v:pred
‘And what did he do, he led the oxen.’
tabasaran_work_0180[PLAY]
dušnu, hamu sab ʁarz gaǯi šulu has̊ag, χʷt’l.ig, ʁun.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0006
  • d-uš-nu
  • PFV-<HSG>go-AOR
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • ʁarz
  • rock(ABS)
  • np:s_cv
  • 0093
  • new
  • g-a-ǯi
  • SUB-be-ICVB
  • v:predex
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • rv_aux
  • ha-s̊a-g
  • EMPH-place-SUB
  • np:l
  • χʷt’l.i-g
  • field-SUB
  • np:l
  • 0038
  • ʁun
  • hill
  • np:appos
  • 0093
‘There was a rock under that place, under the ploughing field, a hill.’
tabasaran_work_0181[PLAY]
hamu ʁun.ilamina diš a’puru muvu mu jicar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • ʁun.i-l-a-mi-na
  • hill-SUPER-ELAT-PROX-LAT
  • np:obl
  • 0093
  • diš
  • direct
  • other:lvc
  • a’p-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muvu
  • PROX(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a_cp
  • 0006
  • mu
  • PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0039
‘He led the oxen off that hill.’
tabasaran_work_0182[PLAY]
ʁaraχir barkavnar k’ur, uc̊uz micːi liχajiz k’ur, ʁijiχiš uǯi vuc̊uz k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_oxen
  • 0:s
  • 0039
  • ʁaraχ-ir
  • go-IMP.PL
  • v:pred
  • barkavn-ar
  • blessed-PL
  • np:voc
  • 0039
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uc̊u-z
  • you-DAT
  • dem_pro.h:ncs
  • 0039
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac_pc
  • 0
  • 0_oxen
  • 0:a_pc
  • 0039
  • mi-cːi
  • PROX-ADV
  • dem_pro:other
  • liχ-ajiz
  • work-PTCP-DAT
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac_pc
  • 0
  • 0_oxen
  • 0:s_pc
  • 0039
  • ʁi-jiχ-i-š
  • PFV-<PL>die-PTCP-COND
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • uǯi
  • good
  • other:pred
  • vu
  • COP
  • cop
  • =c̊u-z
  • =2PL-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_obl
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Go, my dearies! It's better for you to die than to work like this.’
tabasaran_work_0183[PLAY]
erčnu jicara, ʁada<b>ʁu hamu jicara qa<v>raji t’ulra, qibu gardan.ǯiq us̊~us̊ jeburi ʁuˁru selim.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • erč-nu
  • <PL>put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0039
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • ʁada<b>ʁ-u
  • <NSG>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • #rc_pc
  • 0094
  • new
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_pc
  • 0006
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0039
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • q-a<v>-ra-ji
  • <NSG>POST-lead-PRS-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_stick
  • rel_f0:obl
  • 0094
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • t’ul
  • stick(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0094
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • q-ib-u
  • POST-put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_stick
  • 0:p
  • 0094
  • gardan.ǯi-q
  • neck-POST
  • np:g
  • 0095
  • bridging
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0006
  • us̊~us̊
  • RDP~mouth(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • jeb-uri
  • hit-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • come-FUT
  • v:pred
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0006
‘He pushed the oxen [off the cliff], took the stick he used to drive the oxen, put (it) on his neck, and came home whistling.’
tabasaran_work_0184[PLAY]
jebnu likr.ikǯi t’ap’nu rakːinra uc̊’ru mu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • jeb-nu
  • hit-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_door
  • 0:p
  • 0077
  • lik-r.i-k-ǯi
  • leg-PL-CONT-DIR
  • np:obl
  • 0096
  • bridging
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • t’ap’-nu
  • <NSG>open-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • rakːin
  • door(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0077
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • uc̊’-ru
  • <HSG>enter-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0006
‘He kicked open the door with his legs and went in.’
tabasaran_work_0185[PLAY]
assalam alejkum, aˁχur k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • assalam
  • assalam
  • nc
  • alejkum
  • aleykum
  • nc
  • aˁχu-r
  • big-HSG(ABS)
  • nc_np.h
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
‘Assalam aleykum, master.’
tabasaran_work_0186[PLAY]
vaalejkum salam k’ur.
  • vaalejkum
  • waaleykum
  • nc
  • salam
  • salam
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
‘Wa aleykum salam.’
tabasaran_work_0187[PLAY]
hap’nu, selim, k’ur jicar našti k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hap’-nu
  • what_do-AOR
  • other
  • selim
  • Selim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0006
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0039
  • našti
  • where
  • intrg_other:pred_l
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘How are you, Selim? Where are the oxen?’
tabasaran_work_0188[PLAY]
jada k’ur, di<r>kuz daršiǯi ʁarzlamina ʁušnu k’ur jicar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv.neg
  • jada
  • PRT
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.1:a_cv
  • 0006
  • 0
  • 0_oxen
  • 0:p
  • 0039
  • di<r>ku-z
  • <PL>keep-INF
  • v:pred
  • dar-ši-ǯi
  • NEG-become-PCVB
  • rv_aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ʁarz-l-a-mi-na
  • rock-SUPER-ELAT-PROX-LAT
  • np:g
  • 0093
  • ʁ-uš-nu
  • PFV-<PL>go-AOR
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0039
‘Oh my, I couldn't keep hold of them and they went off the cliff.’
tabasaran_work_0189[PLAY]
jada uvu jiz χal gidipuvaki, selim k’ur, hap’uva k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • jada
  • PRT
  • other
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:a
  • 0006
  • jiz
  • my
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0020
  • χal
  • house(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0035
  • gi-dip-u
  • SUB-<NSG>ruin-AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • =ki
  • =PRT
  • =rv
  • selim
  • Selim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0006
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0006
  • hap’-u
  • what_do-AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Selim, you've ruined my house, what have you done?’
tabasaran_work_0190[PLAY]
qaˁl afunuz, aˁχur k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.2:g
  • 0020
  • a-f-un
  • PFV-come-AOR+Q
  • v:pred
  • =u-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • aˁχu-r
  • big-HSG(ABS)
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Are you angry, master?’
tabasaran_work_0191[PLAY]
vaʔ, vaʔ k’ur, qaˁl ʁafundoz k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • vaʔ
  • no
  • other
  • vaʔ
  • no
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.1:g
  • 0020
  • ʁa-f-un-d
  • PFV-come-AOR-NEG
  • v:pred
  • =o-z
  • =1SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_1_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘No, no, I am not angry!’
tabasaran_work_0192[PLAY]
aˁ<b>qːi k’ur ip’rub.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0043
  • aˁ<b>qːi
  • <NSG>bring(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ip’-ru-b
  • <NSG>eat-PTCP-NSG(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0097
  • new
‘Bring some food.’
tabasaran_work_0193[PLAY]
dip’u ip’rubra daqru mu, givu k’ul.ig χlara.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • d-ip’-u
  • PFV-<NSG>eat-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ip’-ru-b
  • <NSG>eat-PTCP-NSG(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0097
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • daq-ru
  • <HSG>lie-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0006
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • g-iv-u
  • SUB-put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • k’ul.i-g
  • head-SUB
  • np:g
  • 0098
  • bridging
  • χl-ar
  • hand-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0099
  • bridging
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘He ate food and lay down to sleep, hands under his head.’
tabasaran_work_0194[PLAY]
mu jiʁra aˁ<b>ʁuru.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • mu
  • PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • jiʁ
  • day(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0100
  • bridging
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • aˁ<b>ʁ-uru
  • <NSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
‘This day had passed.’
tabasaran_work_0195[PLAY]
qajiʁ.a tuvru muvaxna gamšar.
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • qajiʁ.a
  • next_day(ERG)
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a
  • 0020
  • tuv-ru
  • give-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-x-na
  • PROX-APUD-LAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • 0006
  • gamš-ar
  • buffalo-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0101
  • new
‘The next day he gave him water buffalo.’
tabasaran_work_0196[PLAY]
lig ha, selim, k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0006
  • lig
  • <HSG>look(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • ha
  • PRT
  • other
  • selim
  • Selim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0006
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Look, Selim.’
tabasaran_work_0197[PLAY]
murar k’ur iχtijatǯi laˁχin ap’i k’ur, murar k’ur gamšar u k’ur, tünt gamšar u k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:a_cp
  • 0006
  • mu-rar
  • PROX-PL(ABS)
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0101
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • iχtijat-ǯi
  • care-ADV
  • other
  • laˁχin
  • work(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-i
  • do-IMP
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • mu-rar
  • PROX-PL(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0101
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • gamš-ar
  • buffalo-PL(ABS)
  • np:pred
  • u
  • COP
  • cop
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • tünt
  • violent
  • other:pred
  • gamš-ar
  • buffalo-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0101
  • u
  • COP
  • cop
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Work carefully with them, these are buffalo, they are violent.’
tabasaran_work_0198[PLAY]
sab fikira map’a, aˁχur, k’ur, uzu durar.in ʁajʁu zigarza k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.2:a_cp
  • 0020
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • fikir
  • thought(ABS)
  • other:pred
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • m-ap’-a
  • NEG-do-PROH
  • v:pred
  • aˁχu-r
  • big-HSG(ABS)
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uzu
  • I
  • pro.1:a
  • 0006
  • du-rar.i-n
  • 3P-PL-GEN
  • ln_dem_pro:poss
  • 0101
  • ʁajʁu
  • concern(ABS)
  • np:p
  • zig-ar
  • pull-FUT
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Don't worry, master, I will take care of them.’
tabasaran_work_0199[PLAY]
ʁuˁru mu izn.iz, ap’uru izan sa c’ib vaχt.na hamu jiʁan si.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • <HSG>go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0006
  • izn.i-z
  • field-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0038
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0006
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • sa
  • one
  • ln
  • c’i-b
  • little-NSG
  • ln
  • vaχt.na
  • time(ERG)
  • np:other
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • jiʁan
  • day.ADV
  • np:other
  • 0100
  • si
  • as
  • adp
‘He went to the field and ploughed for a little while, like the previous day.’
tabasaran_work_0200[PLAY]
liguru, udu<b>c̊’uru riʁ, mani šula, ʁuˁradar fužk’ara.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0006
  • lig-uru
  • <HSG>look-FUT
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • udu<b>c̊’-uru
  • <NSG>go_out-FUT
  • v:pred
  • riʁ
  • sun(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0042
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • mani
  • warm
  • other
  • šul-a
  • become-PRS
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ʁuˁ-ra-dar
  • come-PRS-NEG
  • v:pred
  • fuž-k’a
  • who-INDEF(ABS)
  • indef_other.h:s
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘He looked: the sun was rising, it was getting hotter, nobody was coming.’
tabasaran_work_0201[PLAY]
hamu jicar hats̊lakːina deetura gamšara.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0006
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • ln_np
  • 0038
  • ha-t-s̊-l-a-kːi-na
  • EMPH-DIST-place-SUPER-ELAT-DOWN-LAT
  • np:g
  • 0093
  • deet-ura
  • <PL>let-PRS
  • v:pred
  • gamš-ar
  • buffalo-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0101
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘He led the buffalo down to the place the oxen (fell down).’
tabasaran_work_0202[PLAY]
erčnu gamšara ʁada<b>ʁu qibnu t’ul, jeburu us̊~us̊ ʁuˁru mu qajiʁanna.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • erč-nu
  • <PL>put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • gamš-ar
  • buffalo-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0101
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • ʁada<b>ʁ-u
  • <NSG>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_stick
  • 0:p
  • 0094
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • q-ib-nu
  • POST-put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • t’ul
  • stick(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0094
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cp
  • 0006
  • jeb-uru
  • hit-FUT
  • v:pred
  • us̊~us̊
  • RDP:mouth(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • go-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0006
  • qajiʁan
  • next_day
  • other
  • =na
  • =ADD
  • =other
‘He pushed the buffalo [off the cliff], took the stick, whistled, and came back the next day.’
tabasaran_work_0203[PLAY]
ja k’ur t’ap’nu rakːinra, ja aˁχuˁr, k’ur assalamu alejkum k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • ja
  • VOC
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • t’ap’-nu
  • <NSG>open-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • rakːin
  • door(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0077
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ja
  • VOC
  • other
  • aˁχuˁ-r
  • big-HSG(ABS)
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • assalamu
  • assalam
  • other
  • alejkum
  • aleykum
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘He opened the door and said: Hey, master, assalamu aleykum!’
tabasaran_work_0204[PLAY]
jada fu abxnuš aˁjdoz k’ur, hap’rudarijav k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • jada
  • PRT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc:p
  • fu
  • what(ABS)
  • intrg_other:s
  • a-b-x-nu-š
  • PFV-NSG-become-AOR-COND
  • v:predex
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.1:ncs
  • 0020
  • aˁj-d
  • know-NEG
  • v:pred
  • =oz
  • =1SG+DAT
  • =rv-pro_1_ncs
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • hap’-ru-dar-i
  • what_do-PTCP-PL-COP
  • nc
  • =jav
  • =2SG:POSS
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
‘Hey, I don't know what happened, what happened (to the buffalo)?’
tabasaran_work_0205[PLAY]
hamus.ǯiz č’at.na adavdar danev k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc_pc:s
  • hamus.ǯi-z
  • now-DAT
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:a_pc
  • 0006
  • 0
  • 0_buffalo
  • 0:p
  • 0101
  • č’at.na
  • outside(IN)
  • np:g
  • adav-dar
  • <PL>take_out-PTCP+PL
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • da-n
  • COP:NEG-Q
  • v:predex
  • =ev
  • =2SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.2:poss
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Haven't you taken them out until now?’
tabasaran_work_0206[PLAY]
jada murar ǯi<r>ʁuz abxundazxa k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • jada
  • PRT
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0006
  • mu-rar
  • PROX-PL(ABS)
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0101
  • ǯi<r>ʁu-z
  • <PL>stop-INF
  • v:pred
  • a-b-x-un-da
  • PFV-NSG-become-AOR-NEG
  • rv_aux
  • =z-x-a
  • =1SG-APUD-ELAT
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Hey, I couldn't stop them.’
tabasaran_work_0207[PLAY]
ʁušnu k’ur jicar ʁušus̊lamina gamšara.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ʁ-uš-nu
  • <PL>go-AOR
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • jic-ar
  • ox-PL(ABS)
  • ln_np
  • 0039
  • ʁ-uš-u
  • PFV-<PL>go-PTCP
  • ln
  • s̊-l-a-mi-na
  • place-SUPER-ELAT-PROX-LAT
  • np:g
  • 0093
  • gamš-ar
  • buffalo-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0101
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • other
‘The buffalo also went down the place where the oxen went.’
tabasaran_work_0208[PLAY]
ja kerim, uvu jiz χal gidipurava, hajaman k’ur, uvu hap’rer uva k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ja
  • VOC
  • other
  • kerim
  • Kerim
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0006
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:a
  • 0006
  • jiz
  • my
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0020
  • χal
  • house(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0035
  • gidip-ura
  • ruin-PRS
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hajaman
  • INTERJ
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:a
  • 0006
  • hap’-re-r
  • what_do-PRS+PTCP-HSG(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • u
  • COP
  • rv_aux
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Selim, you are ruining my house, what are you doing?’
tabasaran_work_0209[PLAY]
qaˁl ʁafunuz aˁχuˁr k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.2:g
  • 0020
  • ʁa-f-un
  • PFV-come-AOR+Q
  • v:pred
  • =u-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • aˁχuˁ-r
  • big-HSG(ABS)
  • np.h:voc
  • 0020
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Are you angry, master?’
tabasaran_work_0210[PLAY]
vaʔ, vaʔ k’ur, qaˁl ʁafundoz k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • vaʔ
  • no
  • other
  • vaʔ
  • no
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.1:g
  • 0020
  • ʁa-f-un-d
  • PFV-come-AOR-NEG
  • v:pred
  • =oz
  • =1SG+DAT
  • =rv-pro_1_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘No, no, I am not angry.’
tabasaran_work_0211[PLAY]
dip’u uˁlla daqru selim.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • d-ip’-u
  • PFV-<NSG>eat-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • uˁl
  • bread(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0102
  • new
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • daqr-u
  • <HSG>lie-FUT
  • v:pred
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0006
‘Selim ate and went to sleep.’
tabasaran_work_0212[PLAY]
qajiʁ.a havru marčːar.iq selim.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • qajiʁ.a
  • next_day(ERG)
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a
  • 0020
  • hav-ru
  • <HSG>send-FUT
  • v:pred
  • marčː-ar.i-q
  • sheep-PL-POST
  • np:obl
  • 0103
  • new
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:p
  • 0006
‘Next day he sent Selim to herd sheep.’
tabasaran_work_0213[PLAY]
ʁaraχ k’ur, hamu izan bala dar k’ur, izan ǯara.dli ap’uru k’ur, uvu marčːar.ixna ʁaraχ k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:s
  • 0006
  • ʁaraχ
  • go(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ATTR)
  • ln_dem
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0038
  • bala
  • problem(ABS)
  • np:pred
  • dar
  • COP:NEG
  • cop
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • izan
  • field(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0038
  • ǯara.dli
  • other(ERG)
  • np.h:a
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:s
  • 0006
  • marčː-ar.i-x-na
  • sheep-PL-APUD-LAT
  • np:obl
  • 0103
  • ʁaraχ
  • go(IMP)
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Go, that field is not a problem, leave the field, someone else will do the field, you go look after the sheep.’
tabasaran_work_0214[PLAY]
marčːar tuvru muvaxna, sab aˁχuˁ zurba liǯ marčːara havru mu č’urar.iz.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a
  • 0020
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0103
  • tuv-ru
  • give-FUT
  • v:pred
  • muva-x-na
  • PROX-APUD-LAT
  • dem_pro.h:g
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • aˁχuˁ
  • big
  • ln_adj
  • zurba
  • huge
  • ln_adj
  • liǯ
  • herd(ABS)
  • np:appos
  • 0103
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • rn_np
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a
  • 0020
  • hav-ru
  • <HSG>send-FUT
  • v:pred
  • mu
  • PROX(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:p
  • 0006
  • č’ur-ar.i-z
  • pasture-PL-DAT
  • np:g
  • 0104
  • bridging
‘He gave him sheep, a huge herd of sheep, and sent him to a pasture.’
tabasaran_work_0215[PLAY]
dumu deetnu č’urar.iz marčːara daxnu daqru hams̊.ax.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • dumu
  • 3.P(ABS)
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • deet-nu
  • <PL>leave-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • č’ur-ar.i-z
  • pasture_land-PL-DAT
  • np:l
  • 0104
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0103
  • =a
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_sheep
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0103
  • dax-nu
  • <PL>lie-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:s
  • 0006
  • daq-ru
  • <HSG>lie-FUT
  • v:pred
  • ha-m-s̊.a-x
  • EMPH-PROX-place-APUD
  • np:l
  • 0105
  • bridging
‘He left the sheep on the pasture, they lay down and he lay down in the same place.’
tabasaran_work_0216[PLAY]
sab ar.i haklimina haˁjvnar.iinǯi ʁuˁra admir, šubur, juq’ur kas ʁuˁra.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sa-b
  • one-NSG
  • ln_num
  • ar.i
  • middle(IN)
  • np:other
  • ha-k-li-mi-na
  • EMPH-DOWN-SUPER-PROX-LAT
  • dem_pro:g
  • haˁjvn-ar.i-in-ǯi
  • horse-PL-SUPER-DIR
  • np:l
  • 0106
  • new
  • ʁuˁ-ra
  • come-PRS
  • v:pred
  • admi-r
  • man-PL(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0107
  • new
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • šubu-r
  • three-HSG
  • ln_num
  • juq’u-r
  • four-HSG
  • ln_num
  • kas
  • person
  • np.h:s
  • 0107
  • ʁuˁ-ra
  • come-PRS
  • v:pred
‘After some time, men came down there riding on horses, three or four people came.’
tabasaran_work_0217[PLAY]
murar haklimina gafar ap’uri, jarab, allah uxuz tuvru marčːar diqudajk’e uxuz k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • mu-rar
  • PROX-PL(ABS)
  • dem_pro.h:s_cp_cv
  • 0107
  • ha-k-li-mi-na
  • EMPH-DOWN-SUPER-PROX-LAT
  • dem_pro:l
  • 0104
  • gaf-ar
  • word-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-uri
  • do-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • jarab
  • PRT
  • other
  • allah
  • Allah
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc_pc
  • 0108
  • new
  • uxu-z
  • we(EXCL)-DAT
  • pro.1:g
  • 0107
  • tuv-ru
  • give-PTCP
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_sheep
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0108
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0108
  • d-iqu-da-jk’e
  • PL-find-NEG-RHET
  • v:pred
  • uxu-z
  • we(EXCL)
  • pro.1:a
  • 0107
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘They were talking down there: Oh God, can't we find sheep to buy!’
tabasaran_work_0218[PLAY]
maha k’ur hams̊axra marčːar xaǯa k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ma-ha
  • voila
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • ha-m-s̊a-x
  • EMPH-PROX-LOC.ADV-APUD
  • dem_pro:l
  • 0104
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0103
  • x-a-ǯa
  • APUD-be-PRS
  • v:predex
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Here are sheep.’
tabasaran_work_0219[PLAY]
hajaman, hamrar.i marčːar tuvredar vu šul ha k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hajaman
  • INTERJ
  • other
  • ha-m-rar.i
  • EMPH-PROX-PL(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0103
  • 0
  • 0_people
  • 0.h:g
  • 0107
  • tuv-re-dar
  • give-PRS+PTCP-PL(ABS)
  • v:pred
  • vu
  • COP
  • rv_aux
  • šul
  • become:PRS
  • rv_aux
  • ha
  • PRT
  • other
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Oh, maybe they are selling sheep.’
tabasaran_work_0220[PLAY]
ja χalu
  • ja
  • VOC
  • other
  • χalu
  • uncle
  • np:voc
  • 0006
‘Hey, uncle.’
tabasaran_work_0221[PLAY]
fu gunǯac̊uz k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_people
  • 0.2:ncs
  • 0107
  • fu
  • what(ABS)
  • intrg_other:p
  • gun-ǯa
  • want-PRS
  • v:pred
  • =c̊u-z
  • =2PL-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_ncs
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘What do you want?’
tabasaran_work_0222[PLAY]
marčːar gunǯačuz k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_people
  • 0.1:ncs
  • 0107
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0108
  • gun-ǯa
  • want-PRS
  • v:pred
  • =ču-z
  • =1PL.EXCL-DAT
  • =rv-pro_1_ncs
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘We want sheep.’
tabasaran_work_0223[PLAY]
maha k’ur marčːar.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • maha
  • voila
  • nc
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • nc
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • nc_np
  • 0103
‘Here are the sheep.’
tabasaran_work_0224[PLAY]
qa fuq’a tuvuz šulc̊xa k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qa
  • then
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0006
  • 0
  • 0_people
  • 0.1:g
  • 0107
  • fu-q’a
  • what-DEGR
  • intrg_other:p
  • tuv-uz
  • give-INF
  • v:pred
  • šul
  • become
  • rv_aux
  • =c̊-x-a
  • =2PL-APUD-ELAT
  • =rv-pro_1_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘How many can you give?’
tabasaran_work_0225[PLAY]
fuq’a gunǯac̊uz k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_people
  • 0.2:ncs
  • 0107
  • fu-q’a
  • what-DEGR
  • intrg_other:p
  • gun-ǯa
  • want-PRS
  • v:pred
  • =c̊u-z
  • =2PL-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_ncs
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘How many do you want?’
tabasaran_work_0226[PLAY]
qa učuz axiš hamrar vari k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_pc
  • qa
  • then
  • other
  • uču-z
  • we(INCL)-DAT
  • pro.1:ncs_poss_pc
  • 0107
  • a-x-i-š
  • PFV-<PL>become-PTCP-COND
  • v:pred
  • ha-m-rar
  • EMPH-PROX-PL(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • vari
  • all
  • np:p
  • 0103
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘We would like all of them.’
tabasaran_work_0227[PLAY]
vari uc̊uziz k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • vari
  • all
  • np:p
  • 0103
  • uc̊u-z
  • you-DAT
  • pro.2:ncs_poss
  • 0107
  • =i
  • =COP
  • =v:predex
  • -z
  • -1SG:POSS
  • =rn_pro.1:poss
  • 0006
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘All of mine are yours.’
tabasaran_work_0228[PLAY]
pulra čavir k’ur, ʁejeχir marčːar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_people
  • 0.2:a
  • 0107
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.1:g
  • 0006
  • pul
  • money(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0109
  • new
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • čav-ir
  • give-IMP.PL
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_people
  • 0.2:a
  • 0107
  • ʁejeχ-ir
  • <PL>drive_away-IMP.PL
  • v:pred
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0103
‘Give me money, take the sheep.’
tabasaran_work_0229[PLAY]
hisab dap’nu čpː.in ʁul.aǯiq’a gada~davǯi tuvnu marčːar javaš ap’uru χanuχri.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0006
  • hisab
  • account(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • d-ap’-nu
  • PFV-do-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv.neg
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • 0
  • 0_sheep
  • 0:p
  • 0103
  • čpː.i-n
  • REFL(PL)-GEN
  • ln_refl.h:poss
  • 0103
  • ʁul.a-ǯi-q’a
  • village-(IN)DIR-DEGR
  • np:g
  • 0110
  • bridging
  • ga-da~dav-ǯi
  • SUB-NEG~send-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • tuv-nu
  • give-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0103
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a
  • 0006
  • javaš
  • slowly
  • other
  • ap’-uru
  • do-FUT
  • v:pred
  • χanuχri
  • NC
  • nc
‘He counted (the money), he didn't drive (the sheep) to their village, he gave them away, and did [this business] quietly.’
tabasaran_work_0230[PLAY]
ʁuˁru selim haklimina, ʁada<b>ʁu pulla, ibu ǯib.ǯi, qibu t’ulra gardan.ǯiq, jeburi us̊~us̊, χaˁbaˁq.ǯi ʁuˁru, selim.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ʁuˁ-ru
  • come-FUT
  • v:pred
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0006
  • ha-k-li-mi-na
  • EMPH-DOWN-SUPER-PROX-LAT
  • dem_pro:l
  • 0104
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • ʁada<b>ʁ-u
  • <NSG>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • pul
  • money(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0109
  • =la
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • ib-u
  • (IN)put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • 0
  • 0_money
  • 0:p
  • 0109
  • ǯib.ǯi
  • pocket(IN)
  • np:g
  • 0111
  • new
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • q-ib-u
  • POST-put-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • t’ul
  • stick(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0112
  • new
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • gardan.ǯi-q
  • neck-POST
  • np:g
  • 0095
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0006
  • jeb-uri
  • hit-ICVB
  • v:pred
  • us̊~us̊
  • RDP~mouth(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • χaˁbaˁq.ǯi
  • evening(ERG)
  • np:other
  • ʁuˁr-u
  • come-FUT
  • v:pred
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:s
  • 0006
‘Selim came back, took the money, put it in his pocket, put the crook on his shoulders, whistled, and came back in the everning.’
tabasaran_work_0231[PLAY]
uduc̊’uru admi ulixna.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • uduc̊’-uru
  • <HSG>go_out-FUT
  • v:pred
  • admi
  • man(ABS)
  • np.h:s
  • 0020
  • ulix-na
  • in_front_of-LAT
  • np:g
‘The man went out.’
tabasaran_work_0232[PLAY]
ja selim, marčːar naštːi a k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ja
  • VOC
  • other
  • selim
  • Selim(ABS)
  • pn_np.h:voc
  • 0006
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0103
  • naštːi
  • where
  • intrg_other:pred_l
  • a
  • (IN)be:PRS
  • cop
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Hey, Selim, where are the sheep?’
tabasaran_work_0233[PLAY]
tunza k’ur marčːar.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0006
  • t-un
  • give-AOR
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0103
‘I've sold the sheep.’
tabasaran_work_0234[PLAY]
šl.iz tuva k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0006
  • 0
  • 0_sheep
  • 0:p
  • 0103
  • šl.i-z
  • who-DAT
  • intrg_other.h:g
  • t-u
  • give+AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Whom did you sell them to?’
tabasaran_work_0235[PLAY]
jada haks̊a χanuχrir alaxnu k’ur tunza k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • #ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • jada
  • PRT
  • other
  • ha-k-s̊a
  • EMPH-DOWN-LOC.ADV(IN)
  • dem_pro:l
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • χanuχri-r
  • friend-PL(ABS)
  • np.h:p
  • 0107
  • alax-nu
  • <PL>meet-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0006
  • 0
  • 0_sheep
  • 0:p
  • 0103
  • 0
  • 0_people
  • 0.h:g
  • 0107
  • t-un
  • give-AOR
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_1_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘I met friends down there and I sold them to them.’
tabasaran_work_0236[PLAY]
ficːi tuva k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ficːi
  • how
  • other
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.2:a
  • 0006
  • 0
  • 0_sheep
  • 0:p
  • 0103
  • t-u
  • give-AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘How could you sell (my sheep)?’
tabasaran_work_0237[PLAY]
jiz marčːar uvu ficːi tuva k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jiz
  • my
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0020
  • marčː-ar
  • sheep-PL(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0103
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:a
  • 0006
  • ficːi
  • how
  • other
  • t-u
  • give-AOR
  • v:pred
  • =va
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘How could you sell my sheep?’
tabasaran_work_0238[PLAY]
hacːi tunza k’ur.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.1:a
  • 0006
  • 0
  • 0_sheep
  • 0:p
  • 0103
  • ha-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX.ADV
  • dem_pro:other
  • t-un
  • give-AOR
  • v:pred
  • =za
  • =1SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_a
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘I just sold them like that.’
tabasaran_work_0239[PLAY]
qaˁl ʁafunuz k’ur?
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.2:g
  • 0020
  • ʁa-f-un
  • PFV-come-AOR+Q
  • v:pred
  • =u-z
  • =2SG-DAT
  • =rv-pro_2_g
  • k’ur
  • CIT
  • other
‘Are you angry?’
tabasaran_work_0240[PLAY]
aˁχ ap’undar muvu sanu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • aˁχ
  • patience(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • ap’-un-dar
  • do-AOR-NEG
  • v:pred
  • muvu
  • PROX(ERG)
  • dem_pro.h:a_cp
  • 0020
  • sanu
  • PRT
  • other
‘He couldn't bear it [lit. did not do patience].’
tabasaran_work_0241[PLAY]
uvu fu abxida jiz k’ul.ʔin ala<b>qu bala, hatmu, hamu qaˁl ʁafige nuˁq’nar dap’nu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • uvu
  • you
  • pro.2:s
  • 0006
  • fu
  • what(ABS)
  • intrg_other:other
  • a-b-x-id
  • PFV-NSG-become-FUTII
  • v:pred
  • =a
  • =2SG:AG
  • =rv-pro_2_s
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cv
  • jiz
  • my
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0020
  • k’ul.ʔ-in
  • head-SUPER
  • np:g
  • 0113
  • bridging
  • al-a<b>q-u
  • SUPER-<NSG>fall-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • bala
  • problem(ABS)
  • np:s_cv
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • #
  • #
  • #ac_pc
  • ha-tmu
  • EMPH-DIST(ABS)
  • dem_pro:other
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • qaˁl
  • anger(ABS)
  • np:s_pc
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:g
  • 0020
  • ʁa-f-i-ge
  • PFV-come-PTCP-TEMP
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0_man
  • 0.h:a_cp_cv
  • 0020
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:g
  • 0006
  • nuˁq’n-ar
  • curse-PL(ABS)
  • other:lvc
  • d-ap’-nu
  • PFV-do-PCVB
  • v:pred
‘What a problem you are, fallen on my head! He got angry and scolded him.’
tabasaran_work_0242[PLAY]
ʁada<b>ʁu selim.ǯi k’ark’ar u<b>c̊’nu fn.iʔ.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • ʁada<b>ʁ-u
  • <NSG>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • selim.ǯi
  • Selim(ERG)
  • pn_np.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • k’ark’ar
  • knife(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0114
  • new
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:s_cv
  • 0006
  • u<b>c̊’-nu
  • <NSG>go_in-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • fn.i-ʔ
  • belly-IN
  • np:g
  • 0115
  • bridging
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘Selim took a knife and stabbed (the man) in his belly.’
tabasaran_work_0243[PLAY]
duk’u hamu admi hadmu devletra ʁada<b>ʁnu, du<b>χnu selim.ǯi ajibč’a uǯudar fira dap’nu χʷl.ara jis̊.ara hamcːi dulanmiš šulu.
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • du-k’-u
  • PFV-<HSG>kill-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • ha-mu
  • EMPH-PROX(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • admi
  • man(ABS)
  • np.h:p
  • 0020
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • ha-dmu
  • EMPH-3.P(ABS)
  • ln_dem
  • devlet
  • wealth(ABS)
  • np:p
  • 0053
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • ʁada<b>ʁ-nu
  • <NSG>take-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • d-u<b>χ-nu
  • PFV-<NSG>bring-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • selim.ǯi
  • Selim(ERG)
  • pn_np.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • a-ji-b-č’a
  • (IN)be-PTCP-NSG-COMP
  • np:p
  • 0116
  • new
  • uǯu-dar
  • good-PL
  • rn_adj
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cv
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:a_cv
  • 0006
  • fi
  • what(ABS)
  • intrg_other:p
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • d-ap’-nu
  • PFV-do-PCVB
  • v:pred
  • χʷl.a
  • house(IN)
  • np:l
  • 0035
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • jis̊.a
  • place(IN)
  • np:l
  • 0035
  • =ra
  • =ADD
  • =other
  • 0
  • 0_Selim
  • 0.h:s_cp
  • 0006
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • dem_pro:other
  • dulanmiš
  • live
  • other:lvc
  • šul-u
  • become-FUT
  • v:pred
‘Selim killed that man, took his wealth, brought everything, did whatchamacallit in the house, at this place, and lived this way.’
tabasaran_work_0244[PLAY]
hamcːi laˤχnar u.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ha-m-cːi
  • EMPH-PROX-ADV
  • dem_pro:other
  • laˤχn-ar
  • work-PL(ABS)
  • np:s
  • u
  • COP
  • v:predex
‘That was it.’