Text preview: mc_jinghpaw_chyeju

The following is a preview of a text from the Multi-CAST collection. It was generated automatically from the associated XML file. For explanations of the glosses and annotations, please refer to the annotation notes for this corpus, the GRAID manual, and the RefIND guidelines.

Note that audio playback requires browser support for the HTML5 audio element. Playback of specific audio intervals via [PLAY] requires JavaScript.

  • Metadata summary
  • corpusjinghpaw
  • textchyeju
  • speakerJG01
  • annotator(s)Keita Kurabe
  • version2108
  • last updated2021-08-01
Annotation key
utterance identifier
object language utterance
  • grammatical words
  • morphological glosses
  • annotations with GRAID
  • referent indexing with RefIND
  • annotations with ISNRef
‘idiomatic translation’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0001[PLAY]
maumwi gabaw gaw chyahkyawn hte hka u a lam nga rai nga.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • maumwi-gabaw
  • story-title
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • chyahkyawn
  • wolf
  • nc
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • nc
  • hka-u
  • water-bird
  • nc
  • =a
  • =GEN
  • nc
  • lam
  • story
  • nc
  • nga
  • call
  • nc
  • rai
  • COP
  • nc
  • nga
  • be
  • nc
‘The title of the story is called "The wolf and the water bird."’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0002[PLAY]
kalang mi hta sha ndai chyahkyawn gaw shi gaw hka sa lu ai nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • kalang
  • once
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =hta
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • chyahkyawn
  • wolf
  • np.d:dt_a
  • 0001
  • new
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hka
  • water
  • np:p
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • lu
  • drink
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • nga
  • LV
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Once upon a time, well, a wolf went to drink water and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0003[PLAY]
le hka kaw she nga ni wa she le pyau taw nga.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • le
  • down.there
  • ln_dem
  • hka
  • water
  • np:dt_l
  • 0002
  • bridging
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:s
  • 0003
  • new
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • le
  • down.there
  • dem_pro:l
  • 0002
  • pyau
  • flit
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
‘fish were flitting down there in the river.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0004[PLAY]
grai pyaw grai pyaw taw na nga taw hpe mu yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0003
  • grai
  • very
  • nc
  • pyaw
  • be.happy
  • nc
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • pyaw
  • be.happy
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0003
  • nga
  • be
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0001
  • mu
  • see
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(The wolf) saw the situation where (fish) were living happily and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0005[PLAY]
shi gaw grai sha mayu sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0003
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘he wanted to eat (them) very much.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0006[PLAY]
myit kaw gaw grai sha mayu ai raitim mung
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0003
  • myit
  • mind
  • np:other
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • raitim
  • but
  • other
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
‘(He) wanted to eat (them) very much in his mind but’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0007[PLAY]
shi gaw hka kaw n lu shang ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hka
  • water
  • np:g
  • 0002
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • n-lu
  • NEG-POS
  • lv
  • shang
  • enter
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘he could not enter into the water.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0008[PLAY]
shi gaw shanhte gaw hka n lu shang ai majaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc_pro.h
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.d:s
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hka
  • water
  • np:g
  • n-lu
  • NEG-POS
  • lv
  • shang
  • enter
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
‘Because they (wolves) cannot enter into the water’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0009[PLAY]
grai sha mayu ai hpe sharang na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0003
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0001
  • sharang
  • endure
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘He put up with (his) wanting to eat (them) very much and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0010[PLAY]
dai hku nyau nyau re nga hkawm taw nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0001
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • nyau-nyau
  • cat-RED
  • other
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • nga
  • be
  • lv
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) had a slinky walk like a cat like this and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0011[PLAY]
dai le loi mi makau yang kaw she ndai sharam langai mi nga taw ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • well
  • other
  • le
  • down.there
  • np:dt_l
  • 0004
  • bridging
  • loi
  • a.little
  • other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • makau-yang
  • beside-plain
  • np:l
  • 0004
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • sharam
  • otter
  • np.d:s
  • 0005
  • new
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • nga
  • be
  • v:predex
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘well there was, well, an otter beside it, it's said.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0012[PLAY]
ndai sharam ndai gaw dai hku i chyai taw nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • sharam
  • otter
  • np.d:dt_s
  • 0005
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro.d:s
  • 0005
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • chyai
  • play
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘This otter was playing like this and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0013[PLAY]
shi gaw sa tsun ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(The wolf) went and said.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0014[PLAY]
e hkau sharam e jinghku sharam e ngai e nang nga n sha mayu kun nga she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • hkau
  • friend
  • np.d:voc
  • 0005
  • sharam
  • otter
  • nc_np.d
  • 0005
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • nc
  • jinghku
  • relative
  • nc
  • sharam
  • otter
  • nc_np.d
  • 0005
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • nc
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • nc_pro.1
  • 0001
  • e
  • INTJ
  • nc
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0005
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • n-sha
  • NEG-eat
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =kun
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"Hi, friend, otter, don't you want to eat fish?" (he) said and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0015[PLAY]
she sha mayu gaw ngai mung she sha mayu le.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • she
  • indeed
  • other
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0005
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • she
  • indeed
  • other
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(The otter replied) "Of course, (I) want to eat (them). I also want to eat (them)."’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0016[PLAY]
dan jang ngai nga grai rawng ai shara langai mi mu tawn da ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • dan
  • thus
  • other
  • jang
  • when
  • other
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0001
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0:l
  • 0006
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:s
  • 0003
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • rawng
  • be.in
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • shara
  • place
  • np:p
  • 0006
  • new
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mu
  • see
  • v:pred
  • =tawn-da
  • =RES-RES
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(The wolf said) "Then, I found a place where there are many fish."’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0017[PLAY]
nang gaw sa rim u rai na
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0003
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0005
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • rim
  • catch
  • v:pred
  • =u
  • =IMP
  • =rv
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘"You go catch (them) and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0018[PLAY]
nang la wa jang
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0003
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0005
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • jang
  • when
  • other
‘when you take (them)’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0019[PLAY]
bai chyawm sha ga nga yang
  • #
  • #
  • #ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0007
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0003
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • chyawm
  • together
  • other
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘Let's eat (them) together" (the wolf) said and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0020[PLAY]
e mai sa le she mai gara kaw re rai nga san yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • mai
  • be.OK
  • v:pred
  • =s-a
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • she
  • indeed
  • other
  • mai
  • be.OK
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • gara
  • where
  • np:pred_l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0005
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • san
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘(The otter replied) "Yes, OK. Of course, it's OK. Where is (it)?" (it) asked and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0021[PLAY]
ora langai gaw ndai kaw ndai de re nga na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ora
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • langai
  • one
  • np.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0003
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:pred_l
  • 0006
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • ndai
  • this
  • nc
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • nc
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘The other one (wolf) said, "(They) are here," and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0022[PLAY]
hkan nang rit nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0005
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:p
  • 0001
  • hkan-nang
  • follow-follow
  • v:pred
  • =rit
  • =IMP
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"Follow me," (he) said and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0023[PLAY]
sa madun dan she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:p
  • 0005
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p2
  • 0006
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • madun
  • show
  • v:pred
  • =dan
  • =CON
  • =aux
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) showed (the place to the otter) and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0024[PLAY]
kaja wa sharam mung pruk re shang di i
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • kaja
  • really
  • other
  • =wa
  • =ADV
  • =other
  • sharam
  • otter
  • np.d:s
  • 0005
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • pruk
  • splash
  • lv
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • shang
  • enter
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘the otter really jumped (into the water), OK?’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0025[PLAY]
nga kaba law urat kaba nga urat kaba dai rim hpai wa ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0005
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0008
  • bridging
  • kaba
  • big
  • rn_adj
  • =law
  • =INTNS
  • =other
  • urat
  • systomus
  • nc_np
  • kaba
  • big
  • nc
  • nga-urat
  • fish-systomus
  • nc_np
  • 0008
  • kaba
  • big
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • rim
  • catch
  • lv
  • hpai
  • carry
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(he) cought and carried big fish, big black-headed fish.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0026[PLAY]
rai na she la wa yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0005
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then, (he) took (it) and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0027[PLAY]
ning gaw rai sai nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ning
  • thus
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • rai
  • COP
  • vother:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0005
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"This is it," (he) said and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0028[PLAY]
dai sharam dai gaw lawhpa myit rawng ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • sharam
  • otter
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro.d:s
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • lawhpa
  • greedy-mind
  • np:other
  • rawng
  • be.in
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘This otter [meaning the wolf] was greedy.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0029[PLAY]
shi na shi sha mayu ai re majaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • nc
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:a
  • 0001
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
‘Because he wanted to eat (it)’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0030[PLAY]
shi gaw tsun na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he said’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0031[PLAY]
e hkau e an lahkawng gaw ya ndai hpe jinghku sharam e an lahkawng ya ndai gara hku garan sha na ma
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • nc
  • hkau
  • friend
  • nc_np.d
  • 0005
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • nc
  • an
  • 1DU
  • nc_pro.1
  • 0007
  • lahkawng
  • two
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • ya
  • now
  • nc
  • ndai
  • this
  • nc_dem_pro
  • 0008
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • nc
  • jinghku
  • relative
  • ln_np
  • sharam
  • otter
  • np.d:voc
  • 0005
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • an
  • 1DU
  • pro.1:a
  • 0007
  • bridging
  • lahkawng
  • two
  • rn_qfr
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0008
  • gara
  • how
  • other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • garan
  • divide
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =ma
  • =Q
  • =other
‘"Friend otter, now how will we two divide and eat this?"’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0032[PLAY]
nang law sha kau ngai law sha kau rai yang mung
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0005
  • law
  • many
  • other
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0001
  • law
  • many
  • other
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘"When you eat (it) more, or I eat (it) more,’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0033[PLAY]
an lahkawng gaw n rap ra ai i
  • an
  • 1DU
  • pro.1:s
  • 0007
  • lahkawng
  • two
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • n-rap
  • NEG-be.even
  • v:pred
  • =ra
  • =need
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘we two are not even, are we?’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0034[PLAY]
dai majaw rap ra na matu
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0007
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s
  • 0007
  • rap
  • be.even
  • v:pred
  • =ra
  • =need
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • matu
  • for
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘So in order to be even’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0035[PLAY]
shen la na she chyawm sha ga.
  • shen
  • weigh
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0007
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • chyawm
  • together
  • other
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
‘let (us) weigh (it) and let (us) eat (it) together.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0036[PLAY]
dai majaw nang sumwum de jahkring mi shang di
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:s
  • 0005
  • sumwum
  • bush
  • np:g
  • 0009
  • new
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • jahkring
  • for.a.while
  • other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • shang
  • enter
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
‘So, you enter into the bush and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0037[PLAY]
sumwum kaw na ndai sumru le i dai naw sa gawng wa rit.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0005
  • sumwum
  • bush
  • ln_np
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =ln
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • sumru
  • vine
  • np:dt
  • 0010
  • bridging
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0010
  • naw
  • still
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • gawng
  • pull
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =rit
  • =IMP
  • =rv
‘you go and pull it, the vine of the bush.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0038[PLAY]
rai na shen la na she sha ga
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0007
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • shen
  • weigh
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0007
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
‘Then (we) will weigh (it) and let (us) eat (it).’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0039[PLAY]
um nang tsun ai mung jaw nga ai nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • um
  • INTJ
  • other
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • ln_pro.2
  • 0001
  • tsun
  • say
  • np:s
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rn
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • jaw
  • be.correct
  • v:pred
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0005
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"Yes, what you said is also right," (the otter) said and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0040[PLAY]
dai sharam gaw sumwum de shang na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • sharam
  • otter
  • np.d:s
  • 0005
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • sumwum
  • bush
  • np:g
  • 0009
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • shang
  • enter
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘the otter entered into the bush and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0041[PLAY]
dai sumru sa tam ai nga na she sa mat wa yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • sumru
  • vine
  • np:p
  • 0010
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • tam
  • look.for
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0005
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0005
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘"I go look for the vine" (he) said and (he) went and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0042[PLAY]
shi gaw dai nga hpe ret di na gat gat ding ding mat wa na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0008
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • ret
  • snatch
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0001
  • gat-gat
  • run-RED
  • lv
  • ding-ding
  • be.straight-RED
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he (wolf) snatched the fish and (he) ran straight away and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0043[PLAY]
hto hpai hprawng mat ai i
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • hto
  • there
  • dem_pro:g
  • hpai
  • carry
  • lv
  • hprawng
  • run.away
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(he) ran away that way, carrying (it), OK?’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0044[PLAY]
nga hpe hpai hprawng mat yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0001
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0008
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • hpai
  • carry
  • lv
  • hprawng
  • run.away
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘(He) ran away, carrying the fish and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0045[PLAY]
dai sharam dai gaw wa yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • sharam
  • otter
  • np.d:dt_s
  • 0005
  • dai
  • that
  • pro.d:s
  • 0005
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘the otter came back and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0046[PLAY]
hpa n nga taw sai
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • hpa
  • what
  • np:s
  • n-nga
  • NEG-be
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘there was nothing.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0047[PLAY]
hpa n nga taw yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • hpa
  • what
  • np:s
  • n-nga
  • NEG-be
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘There was nothing and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0048[PLAY]
shi mung shi na shi nga taw sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s
  • 0005
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • other
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • other
  • nga
  • be
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘he stayed there by himself.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0049[PLAY]
dai shaloi ora chyahkyawn dai gaw nga hpe hpai na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • shaloi
  • then
  • np:other
  • ora
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • chyahkyawn
  • wolf
  • np.d:dt_a
  • 0001
  • dai
  • that
  • pro.d:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0008
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • hpai
  • carry
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then, the wolf, it carried the fish and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0050[PLAY]
grai tsan ai kaw du yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0001
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • tsan
  • be.far
  • np:g
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • du
  • arrive
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) arrived at a very far place and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0051[PLAY]
jahkring sharam bai hkan dep jang gaw hka dep yang n mai na ra ai nga na
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:p
  • 0001
  • jahkring
  • for.a.while
  • other
  • sharam
  • otter
  • np.d:a
  • 0005
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • hkan
  • follow
  • nc
  • dep
  • reach
  • nc
  • jang
  • when
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • hka
  • NC
  • nc
  • dep
  • reach
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • n-mai
  • NEG-be.OK
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =ra
  • =need
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘(he) said "If the otter reached (me) in a while, it is not good,"’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0052[PLAY]
shi gaw lawan ladan hte sha dat ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • lawan-ladan
  • quick-quick
  • other
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘He ate (it) quickly.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0053[PLAY]
lawan ladan hte nga hpe amya sha dat ai she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0001
  • lawan-ladan
  • quick-quick
  • other
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0008
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • amya
  • maul
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) ate the fish quickly in a ferocious manner and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0054[PLAY]
shi nau lawan na sha dat yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0008
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:a
  • 0001
  • nau
  • too.much
  • other
  • lawan
  • be.quick
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he ate (it) too quickly and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0055[PLAY]
mayu kaw nga nra dang mat ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • mayu
  • throat
  • np:l
  • 0011
  • bridging
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • nga-nra
  • fish-bone
  • np:s
  • 0012
  • bridging
  • dang
  • choke
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘the fish bone got stuck in his throat.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0056[PLAY]
rai na she shi gaw nga nra dang mat na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:dt
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nga-nra
  • fish-bone
  • np:s
  • 0012
  • dang
  • choke
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then, the fish bone was stuck in his stroat and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0057[PLAY]
kadai hpe garum hpyi na i nga
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0001
  • kadai
  • who
  • np:p
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • garum
  • help
  • lv
  • hpyi
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =i
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
‘(he) said "Whom will (I) ask for help" and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0058[PLAY]
sharam hpe garum hpyi na i nga yang mung bai gaya
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0001
  • sharam
  • otter
  • np.d:p
  • 0005
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • garum
  • help
  • lv
  • hpyi
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =i
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0001
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • gaya
  • be.ashamed
  • v:pred
‘(He) said "Should (I) ask the otter for help?" but (he) was embarrassed.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0059[PLAY]
shi mung bai pawt na hpe hkrit re majaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s
  • 0005
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • pawt
  • get.angry
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR.NMLZ
  • =aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0001
  • hkrit
  • be.afraid
  • v:pred
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘(He) was afraid he (the otter) would get angry.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0060[PLAY]
shi gaw shi na shi sharang na nga hkawm she
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • other
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • other
  • sharang
  • endure
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0001
  • nga
  • stay
  • lv
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he walked patiently by himself and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0061[PLAY]
kadai hpe garum hpyi na i nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0001
  • kadai
  • who
  • np:p
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • garum
  • help
  • lv
  • hpyi
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =i
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) said "Whom will (I) ask for help" and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0062[PLAY]
dai hku nga hkawm taw nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0001
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • nga
  • say
  • lv
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) was walking, saying like that and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0063[PLAY]
hka kau langai mi kaw bai du yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0001
  • hka-kau
  • river-side
  • np:g
  • 0013
  • new
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • du
  • arrive
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) arrived at a river side and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0064[PLAY]
hka u langai mi gaw bai dung taw nga ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hka-u
  • water-bird
  • np.d:s
  • 0014
  • new
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • dung
  • sit.down
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘a water bird was sitting (there), it's said.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0065[PLAY]
shi gaw um ndai wa hpe garum hpyi na re nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0001
  • um
  • INTJ
  • other
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • wa
  • man
  • np.d:p
  • 0014
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • garum
  • help
  • lv
  • hpyi
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘He said "OK, (I) will ask help this guy for help," and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0066[PLAY]
bai tsun ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(he) said (to him).’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0067[PLAY]
jinghku hka u e ngai nang hpe garum hpyi mayu ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jinghku
  • friend
  • ln_np
  • hka-u
  • water-bird
  • np.d:voc
  • 0014
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0001
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:p
  • 0014
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • garum
  • help
  • lv
  • hpyi
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"Friend water bird, I want to ask you for help."’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0068[PLAY]
ngai hpe garum la yang mai na kun nga
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0014
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:p
  • 0001
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • garum
  • help
  • lv
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • mai
  • be.OK
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =kun
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
‘(He) said, "Is it OK if (you) help me?"’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0069[PLAY]
ngai dang di ai ram gaw garum la na le
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • 0014
  • dang
  • be.able
  • lv
  • di
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0014
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:p
  • 0001
  • ram
  • about
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • garum
  • help
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(The bird said) "(I) will help (you) as much as I can."’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0070[PLAY]
hpabaw garum ra na rai nga jang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0014
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:p
  • 0001
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • other
  • garum
  • help
  • v:pred
  • =ra
  • =need
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0014
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • jang
  • when
  • other
‘(He) said "What should (I) help with?" and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0071[PLAY]
ngai na mayu kaw nga nra langai mi dang taw nga ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • mayu
  • throat
  • np:l
  • 0011
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • nga-nra
  • fish-bone
  • np:s
  • 0012
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • dang
  • choke
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"A fish bone got stuck in my throat."’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0072[PLAY]
dai hpe mai la kau ya na i nga she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0014
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0012
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • mai
  • be.OK
  • lv
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) said "Can (you) take it away?" and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0073[PLAY]
mai ai nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • mai
  • be.OK
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0014
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) said "OK," and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0074[PLAY]
ndai kaw nga kran di galeng u nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0001
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • ngakran
  • face.up
  • other
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • galeng
  • lie
  • v:pred
  • =u
  • =IMP
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0014
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) said "Lie down here facing up," and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0075[PLAY]
shi hpe nga kran rai galeng shangun na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0014
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:p
  • 0001
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • ngakran
  • face.up
  • other
  • rai
  • LV
  • other
  • galeng
  • lie
  • v:pred
  • =shangun
  • =CAUS
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) made him lie down facing up and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0076[PLAY]
ngup mahka shangun ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0014
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:p
  • 0001
  • ngup
  • mouth
  • np:p2
  • 0015
  • bridging
  • mahka
  • open
  • v:pred
  • =shangun
  • =CAUS
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(He) made (him) open his mouth.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0077[PLAY]
ngup aja wa mahka na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0001
  • ngup
  • mouth
  • np:p
  • 0015
  • aja
  • forcibly
  • other
  • =wa
  • =ADV
  • =other
  • mahka
  • open
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) opened his mouth forcibly and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0078[PLAY]
kata na hpe shaw kau ya ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0014
  • kata
  • inside
  • np:p
  • 0012
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =rn
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • shaw
  • pull
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(he) took away what was in inside his throat.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0079[PLAY]
shaw kau ya she shi gaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0014
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0012
  • shaw
  • pull
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
‘(He) took (it) away and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0080[PLAY]
aw sorry ora shawng kaw ngam ai
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • aw
  • INTJ
  • nc
  • sorry
  • sorry
  • nc
  • ora
  • that
  • nc
  • shawng
  • before
  • nc
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • nc
  • ngam
  • remain
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • nc
‘Sorry, I forgot to tell you one thing.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0081[PLAY]
dai shara mi kaw tsun ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • dai
  • well
  • other
  • shara
  • place
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘At one point, (he) said.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0082[PLAY]
nang ngai hpe ndai shaw kau ya jang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0014
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:p
  • 0001
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:p2
  • 0012
  • shaw
  • pull
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • jang
  • when
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘"If you take it away for me,’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0083[PLAY]
nang hpe bai chyeju htang na i
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • nc
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • nc
  • bai
  • again
  • nc
  • chyeju
  • thanks
  • nc
  • htang
  • give.back
  • nc
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • nc
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • nc
‘(I) will give thanks, OK?’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0084[PLAY]
ngai nang hpe bai chyeju htang na nga tsun ai
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0001
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:p
  • 0014
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • chyeju
  • thanks
  • np:p2
  • htang
  • give.back
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"I will give you thanks," (he) said.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0085[PLAY]
nang hpe manu jahpu jaw na re nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0001
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:p
  • 0014
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • manu-jahpu
  • price-price
  • np:p2
  • 0016
  • new
  • jaw
  • give
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"I will give you a price," (he) said and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0086[PLAY]
shi gaw e mai sa nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s_ds
  • 0014
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • mai
  • be.OK
  • v:pred
  • =s-a
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he (the bird) said "OK" and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0087[PLAY]
shi gaw hka u dai gaw shaw ngut yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0012
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:dt_a
  • 0014
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hka-u
  • water-bird
  • np.d:a
  • 0014
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shaw
  • pull
  • lv
  • ngut
  • finish
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he, the water bird finished taking (the bone) and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0088[PLAY]
shi gaw nang ngai hpe manu jahpu jaw na nga gaw bai ya jaw sa nit nga tsun she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s_ds
  • 0014
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:p
  • 0014
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc:p2
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0001
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc:p
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0001
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:p
  • 0014
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • manu-jahpu
  • price-price
  • np:p2
  • 0016
  • jaw
  • give
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • jaw
  • give
  • v:pred
  • =sa-nit
  • =CSM-IMP
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he said, "Give me what you said you would give me" and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0089[PLAY]
manu jahpu ngu hta gaw da nang na baw dai ngai na ngup kata kaw shang ai ngai n gawa abrep kau ya ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • manu-jahpu
  • price-price
  • np:dt
  • 0016
  • ngu
  • say
  • rn_adj
  • =hta
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc:p
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0014
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • baw
  • head
  • np:s
  • 0017
  • bridging
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • ngup
  • mouth
  • ln_np
  • 0015
  • kata
  • inside
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • shang
  • enter
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0001
  • n-gawa
  • NEG-bite
  • lv
  • abrep
  • crush
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"What I intended by "price" is that I would not bite your head that was in my mouth."’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0090[PLAY]
dai pyi chyeju htang ai rai sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:p
  • 0014
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:dt
  • =pyi
  • =even
  • =other
  • chyeju
  • thanks
  • np:p2
  • htang
  • give.back
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘"I've returned the favor to you."’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0091[PLAY]
kaja nga yang nang nye na baw kaw nye na ngup kaw nang na baw rawng ai shaloi
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • kaja
  • really
  • other
  • nga
  • say
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • nc
  • nye
  • 1SG.GEN
  • nc
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • nc
  • baw
  • head
  • nc
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • nc
  • nye
  • 1SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • ngup
  • mouth
  • np:l
  • 0015
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0014
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • baw
  • head
  • np:s
  • 0017
  • rawng
  • be.in
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • shaloi
  • when
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘"Actually, when your head was inside my mouth’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0092[PLAY]
ngai gawa abrep kau ya yang gaw nang si sai ngu tsun ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0017
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0001
  • gawa
  • bite
  • lv
  • abrep
  • crush
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:s
  • 0014
  • si
  • die
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0001
  • ngu
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘if I bite (it) then you would die" (he) said, it's said.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0093[PLAY]
dai nga dai hka u mung i ga mung n htan gwi sai
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • nga
  • say
  • other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • hka-u
  • water-bird
  • np.d:a
  • 0014
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • ga
  • word
  • np:p
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-htan
  • NEG-answer
  • lv
  • gwi
  • dare
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘The bird no longer dared to ask for thanks.’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0094[PLAY]
dai majaw aw ndan zawn n hkru n kaja ai tsawra myit hpe mung n chye na ai ni hpe gaw garum yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • majaw
  • because
  • np:other
  • aw
  • INTJ
  • other
  • ndan
  • thus
  • other
  • zawn
  • like
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc.neg:p
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0018
  • new
  • n-hkru-n-kaja
  • NEG-be.good-NEG-be.good
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc.neg:appos
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0018
  • tsawra-myit
  • love-mind
  • np:p
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-chyena
  • NEG-understand
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • garum
  • help
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘"If you help those who are bad, who do not have love,’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0095[PLAY]
shanhte mung chyeju hpe ma n chye na ya ai le i
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • 0018
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • chyeju
  • thanks
  • np:p
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-chyena
  • NEG-understand
  • v:pred
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘they do not understand the thanks, OK?"’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0096[PLAY]
dai hku e dan re garum dan re n hkru n kaja ai ni hpe garum yang gaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##rc:p
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • dan
  • thus
  • nc
  • re
  • COP
  • nc
  • garum
  • help
  • nc
  • dan
  • thus
  • other
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • n-hkru-n-kaja
  • NEG-be.good-NEG-be.good
  • np.d:p
  • 0018
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rn
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • garum
  • help
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘If you help those who are bad like that’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0097[PLAY]
gaman lila she rai nga hka nga na myit na
  • gaman-lila
  • nothing-empty
  • np:pred
  • =she
  • =only
  • =other
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =hka
  • =EXCL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0014
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • myit
  • think
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘it is nothing" (he) thought and’
jinghpaw_chyeju_0098[PLAY]
pyen mat wa ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0014
  • pyen
  • fly
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘(he) flew away, it' said.’