Text preview: mc_jinghpaw_nchyang

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  • Metadata summary
  • corpusjinghpaw
  • textnchyang
  • speakerJG01
  • annotator(s)Keita Kurabe
  • version2108
  • last updated2021-08-01
Annotation key
utterance identifier
object language utterance
  • grammatical words
  • morphological glosses
  • annotations with GRAID
  • referent indexing with RefIND
  • annotations with ISNRef
‘idiomatic translation’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0001[PLAY]
maumwi gabaw gaw ningchyang masum a lam re.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • maumwi-gabaw
  • story-title
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • ningchyang
  • servant
  • nc
  • masum
  • three
  • nc
  • =a
  • =GEN
  • nc
  • lam
  • story
  • nc
  • re
  • COP
  • nc
‘The title of this story is a story about three servants.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0002[PLAY]
dai lani mi na ahkying aten hta e da
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • well
  • other
  • lani
  • one.day
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =rn
  • ahkying-aten
  • time-time
  • np:other
  • =hta
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =e
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘One day, it's said,’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0003[PLAY]
ndai la langai mi gaw shi gaw nchyang masum shaw da ai saw da ai
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • la
  • man
  • np.h:dt_a
  • 0001
  • new
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nchyang
  • servant
  • np.h:p
  • 0002
  • new
  • masum
  • three
  • rn_qfr
  • shaw
  • draw
  • nc
  • =da
  • =RES
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • nc
  • saw
  • call
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘one man called three servants, it's said.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0004[PLAY]
hkauna galaw na matu saw da yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • hkauna
  • paddy.field
  • np:p
  • 0003
  • new
  • galaw
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • matu
  • in.order
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0002
  • saw
  • call
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) called (them) to cultivate his paddy field and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0005[PLAY]
lani mi gaw dai
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • lani
  • one.day
  • nc
  • mi
  • one
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
‘one day’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0006[PLAY]
dai nchyang dai
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • nchyang
  • servant
  • nc_np.h
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
‘the servant’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0007[PLAY]
hkauna madu wa i dai madu wa gaw dai nchyang masum hpe dai mam hkauga sa gat na matu shangun dat ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hkauna-madu-wa
  • paddy.field-host-man
  • np.h:dt_a
  • 0001
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • madu-wa
  • host-man
  • np.h:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • nchyang
  • servant
  • np.h:p
  • 0002
  • masum
  • three
  • rn_qfr
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • mam
  • rice
  • np:p
  • hkauga
  • paddy.field
  • np:g
  • 0003
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • gat
  • sow
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • matu
  • in.order
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • shangun
  • send
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘the owner of the paddy field sent the three servants to go to the paddy and sow seeds.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0008[PLAY]
mam nli ni ma jaw dat
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0002
  • mam-nli
  • paddy-seed
  • np:p2
  • 0004
  • bridging
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • jaw
  • give
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
‘(He) gave them paddy seeds.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0009[PLAY]
gumra ma gumra hte rai na she hkau na de sa na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • gumra
  • horse
  • nc_np
  • 0005
  • new
  • =ma
  • =also
  • nc
  • gumra
  • horse
  • np:obl
  • 0005
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • hkauna
  • paddy.field
  • np:g
  • 0003
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘(They) went to the paddy field with a horse and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0010[PLAY]
ndai hkau ga sa gat shangun ai shaloi she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p2
  • 0004
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • hkauga
  • paddy.field
  • np:g
  • 0003
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • gat
  • sow
  • v:pred
  • =shangun
  • =CAUS
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • shaloi
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘when (he) made them to go to the paddy and sow seeds’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0011[PLAY]
dai la masum dai ni gaw loi mi nchyang re nga yang gaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • la
  • man
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • masum
  • three
  • rn_qfr
  • dai
  • that
  • nc_dem_pro
  • 0002
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • loimi
  • well
  • other
  • nchyang
  • servant
  • np.h:pred
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
‘these three were servants and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0012[PLAY]
nchyang madu na dai hku madu myit nan nrawng ai sha
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • nchyang
  • servant
  • nc
  • madu
  • host
  • nc
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_np:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • madu-myit
  • host-mind
  • np:s
  • nan
  • self
  • other
  • n-rawng
  • NEG-have
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
‘without having the mind as the owner of the paddy’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0013[PLAY]
shanhte gaw nchyang myit hte sha re nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nchyang-myit
  • servant-mind
  • np:pred
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘they only have the mind as servants and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0014[PLAY]
dai hku shanhte kam ai hku bungli hpe mung atsawm rai galaw ya mayu ai myit n rawng ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • kam
  • be.willing
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • bungli
  • work
  • np:p
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • atsawm
  • well
  • other
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • galaw
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • myit
  • mind
  • np:s
  • n-rawng
  • NEG-have
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘they did not have the mind to want to do the job well like that.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0015[PLAY]
dai she lani mi gaw jan grai ja
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • lani
  • one.day
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • jan
  • sun
  • np:s
  • 0006
  • unused
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • ja
  • be.hard
  • v:other
‘Then, one day, it was very hot.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0016[PLAY]
dai shani she jan grai ja taw na hku nga.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • shani
  • day
  • np:other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • jan
  • sun
  • np:s
  • 0006
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • ja
  • be.hard
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • nga
  • be
  • other
‘That day, it was very hot.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0017[PLAY]
dai shaloi she shanhte gaw langai mi gaw tsun wa ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • shaloi
  • then
  • np:other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • langai
  • one
  • np.h:s
  • mi
  • one
  • rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Then, one of them said.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0018[PLAY]
jan grai ja ai law.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • jan
  • sun
  • np:s
  • 0006
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • ja
  • be.hard
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =law
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"It is very hot."’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0019[PLAY]
ndai kaw jahkring mi naw hkring la ga rai na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s
  • 0002
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:l
  • 0003
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • jahkring
  • for.a.while
  • other
  • mi
  • one
  • other
  • naw
  • still
  • other
  • hkring
  • rest
  • lv
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"Let's take a rest here for a while," and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0020[PLAY]
hkring taw nga she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • hkring
  • rest
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(they) were taking a rest and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0021[PLAY]
dai kaw hkring ai.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • nc
  • hkring
  • rest
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • nc
‘they took a rest.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0022[PLAY]
shanhte gaw hkring hkring jahta chyai jahta chyai rai she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkring-hkring
  • often-RED
  • other
  • jahta
  • chat
  • nc
  • chyai
  • play
  • nc
  • jahta
  • chat
  • lv
  • chyai
  • play
  • v:pred
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘They chatted a lot and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0023[PLAY]
loi mi bai pu rai yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • loimi
  • a.little
  • other
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • pu
  • be.tired
  • v:pred
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(they) got a little tired and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0024[PLAY]
ya hkring gaw yup mat wa ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • hkring
  • for.a.while
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • yup
  • sleep
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(they) slept for a while.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0025[PLAY]
yup malap mat rai yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • yup
  • sleep
  • lv
  • malap
  • forget
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(They) slept and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0026[PLAY]
jahkring gaw dai hkauna madu wa gaw sa wa sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • jahkring
  • for.a.while
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • hkauna-madu-wa
  • paddy.field-host-man
  • np.h:s
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘After a while, the owner of the paddy came.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0027[PLAY]
sa wa yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0001
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) came and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0028[PLAY]
shi na nchyang ni wa yup mahka taw nga
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nchyang
  • servant
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • yup
  • sleep
  • lv
  • mahka
  • open
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
‘his servants were sleeping opening their mouths.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0029[PLAY]
yup gawk she di rai hkra yup mahka taw nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • yup
  • sleep
  • lv
  • gawk
  • snore
  • v:pred
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =hkra
  • =until
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • yup
  • sleep
  • lv
  • mahka
  • open
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(They) were sleeping opening their mouths to the extent that they snored and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0030[PLAY]
shi gaw masin mung yu pawt ai hte
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • masin
  • liver
  • np:other
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • yu
  • see
  • lv
  • pawt
  • get.angry
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =other
‘he [= the owner] got angry and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0031[PLAY]
yau sai shanhte ba yang gaw yup nga sanu ga nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • yau
  • be.OK
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • ba
  • be.tired
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • yup
  • sleep
  • v:pred
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =sa-nu
  • =CSM-IMP
  • =rn
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"OK, let them sleep if they are tired," and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0032[PLAY]
shi gaw dai mam nli hpe la di na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • mam-nli
  • paddy-seed
  • np:p
  • 0004
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he took the paddy seeds and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0033[PLAY]
shi gaw hkawm mat wa ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘he walked away.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0034[PLAY]
hkawm mat wa na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0001
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) walked away and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0035[PLAY]
bai sa hkauga ni sa gat kau tawn da rai na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • nc
  • hkauga
  • paddy.field
  • np:p
  • 0004
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • gat
  • sow
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =tawn-da
  • =RES-RES
  • =aux
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) sow the paddy seeds and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0036[PLAY]
bai wa rai yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0001
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) went back and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0037[PLAY]
wa na nga taw yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0001
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0001
  • nga
  • stay
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) went back and stayed (at his house) and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0038[PLAY]
ora masum gaw yup rawt ai hte
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ora
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • masum
  • three
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • yup
  • sleep
  • lv
  • rawt
  • awake
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =other
‘the three got up and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0039[PLAY]
mam nli mung n nga taw rai yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • mam-nli
  • paddy-seed
  • np:s
  • 0004
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-nga
  • NEG-be
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘there were no paddy seeds and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0040[PLAY]
shanhte gaw hkrit mat na hku rai nga.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkrit
  • be.afraid
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • nga
  • be
  • other
‘they got afraid.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0041[PLAY]
koi ya madu wa hpe kaning hku tsun dan na re ma.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0002
  • koi
  • INTJ
  • other
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • madu-wa
  • host-man
  • np.h:p
  • 0001
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • kaning
  • how
  • other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =dan
  • =CON
  • =rn
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • =ma
  • =Q
  • =other
‘"Oh, how should we tell it to the owner?"’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0042[PLAY]
anhte hpa n chye galaw sai gaw nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • anhte
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • 0002
  • hpa
  • what
  • np:p
  • n-chye
  • NEG-be.able
  • lv
  • galaw
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"We can do nothing now," (they) said and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0043[PLAY]
shanhte gaw dai hku rai na nga.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • nga
  • be
  • v:pred
‘they stayed there like that.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0044[PLAY]
shanhte gaw dan jang gaw anhte ni madu hpe ndai hku wa tsun ga.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • dan
  • thus
  • other
  • jang
  • when
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • anhte
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • 0002
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • madu
  • host
  • np.h:p
  • 0001
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • wa
  • return
  • lv
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
‘They said "Then, let's tell the owner like this."’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0045[PLAY]
anhte ni gan hkring nga laman e ndai gumra sha kau ya sai ngu tsun ga nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • anhte
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • 0002
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • gan
  • gan
  • lv
  • hkring
  • rest
  • v:pred
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • laman
  • time
  • other
  • =e
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0004
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • gumra
  • horse
  • np:a
  • 0005
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s
  • 0002
  • ngu
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"Let's say that "When we were taking a rest, this horse ate (the seeds),"" and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0046[PLAY]
dai hku myit ai majaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • myit
  • think
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
‘Because they thought like that’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0047[PLAY]
shanhte ni gaw shana de loi mi nga la
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shana
  • night
  • np:other
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • loimi
  • a.little
  • other
  • nga
  • stay
  • lv
  • la
  • wait
  • v:pred
‘they stayed there for a while in the night and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0048[PLAY]
jan du hkra nga la na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • jan
  • sun
  • np:s
  • 0006
  • du
  • arrive
  • v:pred
  • =hkra
  • =until
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • nga
  • stay
  • lv
  • la
  • wait
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(they) stayed there until the sun goes down and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0049[PLAY]
wa rai yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • rai
  • LV
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(they) went back and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0050[PLAY]
ora madu wa mung ndai ni gaw ngai hpe gara hku wa masu sha na i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ora
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • madu-wa
  • host-man
  • np.h:s_ds
  • 0001
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:p
  • 0001
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • gara
  • how
  • other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • wa
  • return
  • lv
  • masusha
  • lie
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =i
  • =Q
  • =other
‘The owner said [in his mind], "How will they lie to me?"’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0051[PLAY]
shanhte tengman ai wa tsun na kun nga na
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • tengman
  • be.true
  • np:p
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • wa
  • return
  • lv
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =kun
  • =Q
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘"Will they tell the truth?" and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0052[PLAY]
shi gaw chyam ai hte she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0002
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • chyam
  • try
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he tried (them) and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0053[PLAY]
nanhte ni hkauga gara hku rai sai rai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • nanhte
  • 2PL
  • pro.2:voc
  • 0002
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • hkauga
  • paddy.field
  • np:s
  • 0003
  • gara
  • how
  • other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • rai
  • COP
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
‘"You, how is the paddy field now?"’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0054[PLAY]
gat ai gaw masan gaw sa ai i nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • gat
  • sow
  • np:s
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • masan
  • be.well
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"Is the sowing going well?" and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0055[PLAY]
e madu e grai gaw tawngban sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:p
  • 0001
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • madu
  • host
  • np.h:voc
  • 0001
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • tawngban
  • apologize
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘"Oh, owner, we apologize to you."’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0056[PLAY]
daini anhte ni jahkring mi hkring ai laman wa
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • daini
  • today
  • np:other
  • anhte
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:s
  • 0002
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • jahkringmi
  • for.a.while
  • other
  • hkring
  • rest
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • laman
  • time
  • other
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘"Today, when we were taking a rest for a while,’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0057[PLAY]
ndai gumra wa anhte na mam nli mahkra sha kau ya sai nga dai hku nga na tsun rai yang she
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • gumra
  • horse
  • np:a
  • 0005
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • anhte
  • 1PL
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0002
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • mam-nli
  • paddy-seed
  • np:p
  • 0004
  • mahkra
  • all
  • rn_qfr
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘this horse ate all our paddy seeds," (they) said and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0058[PLAY]
dan yang she dai madu wa bungli galaw kang nka ai hta sha n ga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • dan
  • thus
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • madu-wa
  • host-man
  • np.h:dt_a
  • 0001
  • #
  • #
  • #ac.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:s
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • bungli
  • work
  • np:p
  • galaw
  • do
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • kang
  • trust
  • np:other
  • n-ka
  • NEG-be.reliable
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =hta
  • =LOC
  • nc
  • =sha
  • =only
  • nc
  • nga
  • more.than
  • nc
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • nc
  • =she
  • =then
  • nc
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘then, the owner, (because the servents not only didn't do their job) but also (they) were not reliable in doing the job’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0059[PLAY]
shi gaw grau pawt mayu mat ai.
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • grau
  • more
  • other
  • pawt
  • get.angry
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘he got angry much more.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0060[PLAY]
masu sha ai majaw i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0001
  • masusha
  • lie
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘It is because (they) lied (to him), OK?’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0061[PLAY]
masu sha ai majaw grau pawt mayu mat na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0001
  • masusha
  • lie
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0001
  • grau
  • more
  • other
  • pawt
  • get.angry
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘Because (they) lied (to him), (he) got angry and’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0062[PLAY]
shanhte hpe dai nchyang kaw na shapraw kau ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • nchyang
  • servant
  • np.h:obl
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =na
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • shapraw
  • bring.out
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘(he) took them away from the job.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0063[PLAY]
dai le i nkang ka ai hpe tsun mayu ai re.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • nc
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • nc
  • n-kangka
  • NEG-be.reliable
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • nc
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • nc
  • tsun
  • say
  • nc
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • nc
  • re
  • COP
  • nc
‘This story wants to tell about unreliable people.’
jinghpaw_nchyang_0064[PLAY]
chyeju kaba sai.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • chyeju
  • thanks
  • nc
  • kaba
  • be.big
  • nc
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • nc
‘Thank you.’