Text preview: mc_jinghpaw_nga

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  • Metadata summary
  • corpusjinghpaw
  • textnga
  • speakerJG01
  • annotator(s)Keita Kurabe
  • version2108
  • last updated2021-07-31
Annotation key
utterance identifier
object language utterance
  • grammatical words
  • morphological glosses
  • annotations with GRAID
  • referent indexing with RefIND
  • annotations with ISNRef
‘idiomatic translation’
jinghpaw_nga_0001[PLAY]
maumwi gabaw gaw nga lagu ai masha a lam nga rai nga.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • maumwi-gabaw
  • story-title
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • nga
  • cow
  • nc
  • lagu
  • steal
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • nc
  • masha
  • person
  • nc
  • =a
  • =GEN
  • nc
  • lam
  • story
  • nc
  • nga
  • say
  • nc
  • rai
  • COP
  • nc
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • nc
‘The title of the story is a story of a cow thief.’
jinghpaw_nga_0002[PLAY]
kalang mi na hta
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • kalang
  • once
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =rn
  • =hta
  • =LOC
  • =rn
‘Once upon a time’
jinghpaw_nga_0003[PLAY]
ndai
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
‘well’
jinghpaw_nga_0004[PLAY]
hkauna la langai mi wa gaw shi gaw nga hte ndai hkauna galaw ai i.
  • hkauna-la
  • paddy.field-man
  • np.h:dt_a
  • 0001
  • new
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =wagaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:obl
  • 0002
  • new
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • hkauna
  • paddy.field
  • np:p
  • 0003
  • bridging
  • galaw
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘a rice farmer, he engaged in farming with a cow, OK?’
jinghpaw_nga_0005[PLAY]
hkauna galaw rai na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • hkauna
  • paddy.field
  • np:p
  • 0003
  • galaw
  • do
  • v:pred
  • rai
  • LV
  • rv
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) engaged in farming and’
jinghpaw_nga_0006[PLAY]
jahpawt daw gaw shi ndai nga hte hkauna galaw taw nga.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • jahpawt-daw
  • morning-half
  • np:other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0001
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:obl
  • 0002
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • hkauna
  • paddy.field
  • np:p
  • 0003
  • galaw
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
‘in the morning he engaged in farming with the cow’
jinghpaw_nga_0007[PLAY]
shani daw gaw shi gaw pu ai majaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • shani-daw
  • daytime-half
  • np:other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • pu
  • be.tired
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘Because he was tired in the daytime’
jinghpaw_nga_0008[PLAY]
nga hpe hkauna galaw ai hpe jahkring di na she
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p2
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:a
  • 0002
  • hkauna
  • paddy.field
  • np:p
  • 0003
  • galaw
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • jahkring
  • rest
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • rv
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) let his cow rest from doing farming and’
jinghpaw_nga_0009[PLAY]
nga hpe dat
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • dat
  • release
  • v:pred
‘(he) released his cow and’
jinghpaw_nga_0010[PLAY]
nga hpe rem da ai i
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • rem
  • tend
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(he) tended his cow (like that), OK?’
jinghpaw_nga_0011[PLAY]
dai hku dat nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • dat
  • release
  • v:pred
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) released (it) like that and then’
jinghpaw_nga_0012[PLAY]
shi gaw jahkring mi shi gaw nga hpe dat da na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc_pro.h
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • jahkring
  • for.a.while
  • other
  • mi
  • one
  • other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • dat
  • release
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he released his cow for a while and then’
jinghpaw_nga_0013[PLAY]
hpun pawt kaw hkringsa taw nga she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0001
  • hpun-pawt
  • tree-base
  • np:l
  • 0004
  • new
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • hkringsa
  • rest
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he slept in a root system of a tree and then’
jinghpaw_nga_0014[PLAY]
shi gaw hkring mi na lapran yup pyaw mat wa.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • 0.h:s
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkring
  • for.a.while
  • other
  • mi
  • one
  • other
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =rn
  • lapran
  • space
  • np:l
  • 0004
  • yup
  • sleep
  • v:pred
  • pyaw
  • be.pleasant
  • rv
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
‘he slept for a while.’
jinghpaw_nga_0015[PLAY]
yup pyaw mat wa reng she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0001
  • yup
  • sleep
  • v:pred
  • pyaw
  • be.pleasant
  • rv
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • reng
  • LV.when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘He slept and’
jinghpaw_nga_0016[PLAY]
hto ra nga lagut langai mi gaw shi na nga hpe lagu mat wa na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • htora
  • over.ther
  • ln_dem
  • nga-lagut
  • cow-thief
  • np.h:a
  • 0005
  • new
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • lagu
  • steal
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘a cow thief stole his cow and’
jinghpaw_nga_0017[PLAY]
shi bai hprang na she nga yu dat yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0001
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • hprang
  • awake
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • yu
  • look
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘He awoke and looked for the cow and’
jinghpaw_nga_0018[PLAY]
nga mung nmu mat sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-mu
  • NEG-see
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘(he) didn't see his cow.’
jinghpaw_nga_0019[PLAY]
deng yang shi gaw nga lagaw hkang hpe yu di na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • deng
  • then
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nga-lagaw-hkang
  • cow-leg-trace
  • np:p
  • 0006
  • bridging
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • yu
  • look
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • rv
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then, he looked the cow tracks and’
jinghpaw_nga_0020[PLAY]
hkan shachyut hkan shachyut re yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0006
  • hkan
  • follow
  • nc
  • shachyut
  • chase
  • nc
  • hkan
  • follow
  • lv
  • shachyut
  • chase
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • rv
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) followed and followed (it) and’
jinghpaw_nga_0021[PLAY]
dai kaw la langai mi wa she shi nga hpe dun na she hkawm taw nga da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • la
  • man
  • np.h:a
  • 0005
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0001
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • dun
  • lead
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0005
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘there a man was leading his cow and walking.’
jinghpaw_nga_0022[PLAY]
Chyang chyang re hkawm taw nga ai mu she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0005
  • chyang-chyang
  • be.fast-RED
  • other
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • mu
  • see
  • v:pred
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(The owner) saw a situation where (a man) was walking quickly and’
jinghpaw_nga_0023[PLAY]
shi wa she hey hkau nang ngai na nga me lagu mat wa ai gaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • 0001
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hey
  • INTJ
  • other
  • hkau
  • friend
  • np.h:voc
  • 0005
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0005
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • me
  • but
  • other
  • lagu
  • steal
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
‘He (said) "Hey friend, you stole my cow."’
jinghpaw_nga_0024[PLAY]
ya bai jaw sarit
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0005
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:p
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p2
  • 0002
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • jaw
  • give
  • v:pred
  • =sa-rit
  • =CSM-IMP
  • =rv
‘"Give me back my cow."’
jinghpaw_nga_0025[PLAY]
ngai na nga nang gaw dai hku mi galaw ai gaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0005
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:obl
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • mi
  • one
  • other
  • galaw
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"You treat my cow like this."’
jinghpaw_nga_0026[PLAY]
hkau dai hku gaw grai n kaja ai yaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • hkau
  • friend
  • np.h:voc
  • 0005
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:obl
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • n-gaja
  • NEG-be.good
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =yaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"Friend, it isn't good to do like this."’
jinghpaw_nga_0027[PLAY]
dai hku tsun yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:obl
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘He said like that and’
jinghpaw_nga_0028[PLAY]
e hkau nang gaw hpa baw ni sa tsun taw nga ta.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • hkau
  • friend
  • np.h:voc
  • 0001
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • np:p
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • sa
  • come
  • lv
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ta
  • =Q
  • =other
‘"Oh friend, what are you saying?"’
jinghpaw_nga_0029[PLAY]
ngai na nga hpe ya ngai dai kaw rem da ai kaw na ya ngai nye nta de woi wa taw nga ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0005
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0007
  • bridging
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0007
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0005
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • rem
  • tend
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =na
  • =ABL
  • =rn
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0005
  • nye
  • 1SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0005
  • nta
  • house
  • np:g
  • 0008
  • new
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • woi
  • lead
  • lv
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"Now, I'm leading my cow to my house from this place where I tend it."’
jinghpaw_nga_0030[PLAY]
ya jan du wa di na
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • jan
  • sun
  • np:s
  • du
  • arrive
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • di
  • LV
  • rv
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘"Now, the sun falls and’
jinghpaw_nga_0031[PLAY]
ya ngai nga rem di na wa ai re nta de nga yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0005
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0007
  • rem
  • tend
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s
  • 0005
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • nta
  • house
  • np:g
  • 0008
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0005
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘now, I tended the cow and (I) am returning to home," and when he said like this’
jinghpaw_nga_0032[PLAY]
nre law
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • n-re
  • NEG-COP
  • v:pred
  • =law
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(The owner said) "No."’
jinghpaw_nga_0033[PLAY]
ndai ngai na nga she re gaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:s
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:pred
  • 0002
  • =she
  • =only
  • =other
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"This is my cow."’
jinghpaw_nga_0034[PLAY]
hkau nang masha shut, nga shut.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hkau
  • friend
  • np.h:voc
  • 0001
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0001
  • masha
  • person
  • np.h:p
  • shut
  • mistake
  • v:pred
  • nga
  • cow
  • nc
  • shut
  • mistake
  • nc
‘(The thief said) "Friend, you are mistaking me for other person, mistaking my cow for other cow."’
jinghpaw_nga_0035[PLAY]
dasang hkan tsun hkawm taw ai i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0001
  • dasang
  • deliberately
  • other
  • hkan
  • follow
  • lv
  • tsun
  • say
  • lv
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =Q
  • =other
‘"Are you following me and saying like this deliberately?"’
jinghpaw_nga_0036[PLAY]
nga shut ai i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0001
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • shut
  • mistake
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =Q
  • =other
‘"Are you mistaking my cow for other cow?"’
jinghpaw_nga_0037[PLAY]
gara hku sa tsun taw ai rai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0001
  • gara
  • how
  • other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • sa
  • come
  • lv
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
‘"How do you say like this?"’
jinghpaw_nga_0038[PLAY]
ndai ngai na nga she re gaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0002
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:pred
  • 0002
  • =she
  • =only
  • =other
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(The owner said) "This is my cow."’
jinghpaw_nga_0039[PLAY]
nang na nga nre gaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0002
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0005
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:pred
  • 0007
  • n-re
  • NEG-COP
  • cop
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"(This) is not your cow."’
jinghpaw_nga_0040[PLAY]
hkau ndai ngai na nga nan re.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hkau
  • friend
  • np.h:voc
  • 0005
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0002
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:pred
  • 0002
  • nan
  • self
  • other
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
‘"Friend, this is my own cow."’
jinghpaw_nga_0041[PLAY]
myi yet sha nang dun mat wa re nga.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0002
  • myiyet
  • just.now
  • other
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0005
  • dun
  • lead
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • re
  • LV
  • rv
  • nga
  • be
  • other
‘"You led it just now."’
jinghpaw_nga_0042[PLAY]
nre ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • n-re
  • NEG-COP
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(The thief said) "No."’
jinghpaw_nga_0043[PLAY]
ndai ngai na nga re nga tsun yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0002
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0005
  • =taw
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:pred
  • 0007
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0005
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) said "This is my cow" and’
jinghpaw_nga_0044[PLAY]
e nang gaw nga lagut nang rai sai nga re di na
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:dt_s
  • 0005
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nga-lagut
  • cow-thief
  • np.h:pred
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:s
  • 0005
  • rai
  • COP
  • cop
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-COP
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘(The owner) said "OK, you are the cow thief," and’
jinghpaw_nga_0045[PLAY]
shi gaw tara dai shana i tara ah gyi wa hpe shi na ma chye di na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • tara
  • law
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • shana
  • night
  • np:other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • tara-agyi-wa
  • law-elder-man
  • nc_np.h
  • 0009
  • new
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • nc
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc_pro.h
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • nc
  • =ma
  • =also
  • nc
  • chye
  • know
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘That night, he (the owner) also knew it and’
jinghpaw_nga_0046[PLAY]
tara ah gyi hpe shaga na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • tara-agyi
  • law-elder
  • np.h:p
  • 0009
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • shaga
  • call
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘(he) called a judge and’
jinghpaw_nga_0047[PLAY]
ndai wa gaw ngai na nga lagu ai re nga na tsun na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • wa
  • man
  • np.h:a
  • 0005
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • lagu
  • steal
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0001
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he said to the judge) "This man is the man who stole my cow," and’
jinghpaw_nga_0048[PLAY]
tara agyi wa gaw shan lahkawng hpe shaga da sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • tara-agyi-wa
  • law-elder-man
  • np.h:a
  • 0009
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shan
  • 3DU
  • pro.h:p
  • 0010
  • bridging
  • lahkawng
  • two
  • rn_qfr
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • shaga
  • call
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘the judge called the two.’
jinghpaw_nga_0049[PLAY]
rai na shi gaw tsun ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0009
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Then, (the judge) said.’
jinghpaw_nga_0050[PLAY]
nan lahkawng nga ndai galoi galoi mari la ai rai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • nan
  • 2DU
  • pro.2:a
  • 0010
  • lahkawng
  • two
  • rn_qfr
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • ndai
  • this
  • rn_dem
  • galoi
  • when
  • other
  • galoi
  • when
  • other
  • mari
  • buy
  • lv
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
‘"When did you two buy the cow?"’
jinghpaw_nga_0051[PLAY]
nga tsun yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0009
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘(he) said and’
jinghpaw_nga_0052[PLAY]
dai nga madu wa gaw shi gara hku mari la ai lam ni
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • nga-madu-u
  • cow-host-man
  • np.h:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0002
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0001
  • gara
  • how
  • np:obl
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • mari
  • buy
  • lv
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • lam
  • story
  • np:p
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
‘the owner told how he bought (the cow)’
jinghpaw_nga_0053[PLAY]
gara hku nga hpe gara hku bau maka wa ai
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • gara
  • how
  • np:obl
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • gara
  • how
  • nc
  • =hku
  • =like
  • nc
  • bau-maka
  • take.care.of
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘how he took care of the cow’
jinghpaw_nga_0054[PLAY]
nga hpe gara hku jai lang ai ni yawng tsun dan.
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • gara
  • how
  • np:obl
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • jai-lang
  • spend-use
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • yawng
  • all
  • rn_qfr
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =dan
  • =CON
  • =aux
‘how he used the cow, he told (him) all of them.’
jinghpaw_nga_0055[PLAY]
ora wa mung shi chye ai ram shi gaw tak di na tsun dan rai yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ora
  • over.there
  • ln_dem
  • wa
  • man
  • np.h:dt_s
  • 0005
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #cc
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0005
  • chye
  • know
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ram
  • about
  • other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0005
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • tak
  • guess
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0005
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =dan
  • =CON
  • =aux
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘The other one (thief) told, thinking as much as he could imagine and’
jinghpaw_nga_0056[PLAY]
dai kaw dai hku tsun na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0005
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:obl
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(the thief) told blah blah blah there and’
jinghpaw_nga_0057[PLAY]
hpang e she shan lahkawng hpe garan na bai san sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0009
  • hpang
  • after
  • np:other
  • =e
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shan
  • 3DU
  • pro.h:p
  • 0010
  • lahkawng
  • two
  • rn_qfr
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • garan
  • divide
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0009
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0010
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • san
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘finally (the judge) divided them two and (he) asked (them) again.’
jinghpaw_nga_0058[PLAY]
garan na gaga ga lak san san re na san ai shaloi she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0009
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0010
  • garan
  • divide
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0009
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0010
  • gaga
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • ga
  • word
  • np:p2
  • laksan
  • special
  • rn_adj
  • san
  • san
  • nc
  • re
  • LV
  • nc
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • nc
  • san
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • shaloi
  • shaloi
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(The judge) divided them and asked other special questions and’
jinghpaw_nga_0059[PLAY]
ndai nga madu wa hpe gaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a_ds
  • 0009
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • nga-madu-wa
  • cow-host-man
  • np.h:p
  • 0001
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
‘(the judge asked) the cow owner’
jinghpaw_nga_0060[PLAY]
nang na nga hpe nang hpa baw shat naw jaw sha ai rai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0001
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • ln_adj
  • shat
  • food
  • np:p2
  • naw
  • still
  • other
  • jaw
  • give
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
‘"What kind of foods do you feed to your cow?"’
jinghpaw_nga_0061[PLAY]
hpa baw jaw sha ai.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • nc
  • jaw
  • give
  • nc
  • sha
  • eat
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • nc
‘"What do you feed?"’
jinghpaw_nga_0062[PLAY]
hpa baw sha yaw ai rai nga
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0002
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • np:p2
  • sha
  • eat
  • lv
  • yaw
  • feed
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0009
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
‘"What do you feed?"’
jinghpaw_nga_0063[PLAY]
dai hku tsun she
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:obl
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(The judge) said like that and’
jinghpaw_nga_0064[PLAY]
ndai ora nga madu wa gaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • ora
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • nga-madu-wa
  • cow-host-man
  • np.h:s_ds
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
‘the cow owner (said)’
jinghpaw_nga_0065[PLAY]
ngai gaw hkau na sha galaw ai re majaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0001
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkauna
  • rice.field
  • np:p
  • 0003
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • galaw
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘"Because I engage only in cultivating rice fields’
jinghpaw_nga_0066[PLAY]
ngai hkauna galaw ngut ai hte
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0001
  • hkauna
  • paddy.field
  • np:p
  • 0003
  • galaw
  • do
  • lv
  • ngut
  • finish
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘I finish cultivating fields and’
jinghpaw_nga_0067[PLAY]
ngai na nga hpe gaw ngai na hkauna makau na sumpra hpe jaw sha sha re ai.
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0001
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0001
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • hkauna
  • paddy.field
  • ln_np
  • 0003
  • makau
  • beside
  • np:other
  • 0012
  • bridging
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =rn
  • sumpra
  • jungle.grass
  • np:p2
  • 0011
  • new
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • jaw
  • give
  • lv
  • sha-sha
  • eat-RED
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘I always feed my cow jungle grass beside my paddy field."’
jinghpaw_nga_0068[PLAY]
dai kaw sha dat bang dat da da re ai nga tsun dai she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0001
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:l
  • 0012
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • dat
  • release
  • lv
  • bang
  • put
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =da-da
  • =RES-RED
  • =aux
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(The owner) said "I always release (the cow) only there" and’
jinghpaw_nga_0069[PLAY]
oh ra langai mi hpe bai sa yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a_ds
  • 0009
  • ora
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • langai
  • one
  • np.h:p
  • 0005
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0009
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(the judge) went and (he asked) to the other one (thief)’
jinghpaw_nga_0070[PLAY]
nang nang na nga hpe hpa baw jaw sha ai rai nga san yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0005
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0005
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0007
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • np:p2
  • jaw
  • give
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • san
  • ask
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"What kind of food do you feed to your cow?" and’
jinghpaw_nga_0071[PLAY]
ngai gaw ngai na nga hpe chyingnnam hpa hte ngu hpa sha malum jaw na sha bau da ai re nga tsun ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0005
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0005
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0007
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • chyingnnam-hpa
  • sesame-porridge
  • ln
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =ln
  • ngu-hpa
  • rice-porridge
  • np:p2
  • 0013
  • new
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • malum
  • simmer
  • lv
  • jaw
  • give
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0005
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0007
  • bau
  • take.care.of
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0005
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =other
‘(the thief) said "I simmered and feed my cow sesame and rice porridge."’
jinghpaw_nga_0072[PLAY]
re yang hpang e gaw dai tara ah gyi wa gaw ndai nga hpe kan mase tsi le
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • hpang
  • after
  • np:other
  • =e
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • tara-agyi-wa
  • law-elder-man
  • np.h:a
  • 0009
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • kan-mase-tsi
  • belly-break-medicine
  • np:dt_p2
  • 0014
  • new
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘Then, after that, the judge fed the cow a laxative’
jinghpaw_nga_0073[PLAY]
dai jaw sha da na di dat she
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:p2
  • 0014
  • jaw
  • give
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • di
  • do
  • nc
  • =dat
  • =away
  • nc
  • =she
  • =then
  • nc
‘he fed it to the cow and’
jinghpaw_nga_0074[PLAY]
shi na hkyi kaw gaw ndai sumpra ni mai u ni dai hpan tsing ni sha le wa ai le i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • ln_pro:poss
  • 0002
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • hkyi
  • shit
  • np:l
  • 0015
  • bridging
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • sumpra
  • jungle.grass
  • ln_np
  • 0011
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =ln
  • mai-u
  • weed
  • np:dt_s
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • hpan
  • kind
  • ln_np
  • tsing
  • grass
  • np:s
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • le
  • come.out
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘only grass and something like that came out of the cow shit, OK?’
jinghpaw_nga_0075[PLAY]
dai jang gaw shawa yawng na man kaw mung madun dan ai i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0009
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0015
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • jang
  • when
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shawa
  • public
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • yawng
  • all
  • ln_qfr
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • man
  • face
  • np:g
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • madun
  • show
  • v:pred
  • =dan
  • =CON
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘Then (the judge) showed (it) in front of the public eye, OK?’
jinghpaw_nga_0076[PLAY]
nga ndai gaw hpa baw sha ai ngu hpe anhte ni sakse gaw ndai kaw nan nga taw sai nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc:dt_s
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:a
  • 0002
  • ndai
  • this
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • np:p
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • ngu
  • QUOT
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • anhte
  • 1PL
  • nc
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • nc
  • sakse
  • evidence
  • np:s
  • 0016
  • bridging
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • nan
  • self
  • other
  • nga
  • be
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0009
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) said "The evidence about what food this cow ate is here," and’
jinghpaw_nga_0077[PLAY]
oh ra nga lagu ai wa hpe mung ndai hku tara je yang na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0009
  • ora
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0.h:a
  • 0005
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p
  • 0002
  • lagu
  • steal
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • wa
  • man
  • np.h:p
  • 0005
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:obl
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • tara
  • law
  • other
  • je
  • prevent.a.fight
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘when (he) also judged the man who stole the cow’
jinghpaw_nga_0078[PLAY]
oh ra nga madu wa hpe mung nga bai jaw kau ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0009
  • ora
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • nga-madu-wa
  • cow-host-man
  • np.h:p
  • 0001
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • nga
  • cow
  • np:p2
  • 0002
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • jaw
  • give
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘he gave the cow to the owner, it's said.’