Text preview: mc_jinghpaw_shanngayi

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  • Metadata summary
  • corpusjinghpaw
  • textshanngayi
  • speakerJG01
  • annotator(s)Keita Kurabe
  • version2108
  • last updated2021-08-01
Annotation key
utterance identifier
object language utterance
  • grammatical words
  • morphological glosses
  • annotations with GRAID
  • referent indexing with RefIND
  • annotations with ISNRef
‘idiomatic translation’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0001[PLAY]
E maumwi gabaw gaw ndai shan nga shan nga yi ni nrung n tu mat ai lam.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • E
  • INTJ
  • nc
  • maumwi-gabaw
  • story-title
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • ndai
  • well
  • nc
  • shannga
  • deer
  • nc
  • shannga-yi
  • deer-female
  • nc
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • nc
  • nrung
  • horn
  • nc
  • n-tu
  • NEG-grow
  • nc
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • nc
  • lam
  • story
  • nc
‘Well, the title of the story is the story that the female deer lost its horn.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0002[PLAY]
Moi shawng de da ndai shan nga ni gaw ah yi mada ah la mada nrung grai tsawm na maren mara re tu ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • Moi-shawng
  • long.ago-before
  • np:other
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • shannga
  • deer
  • np.d:dt
  • 0001
  • new
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ayi
  • female
  • ln_np.d
  • 0002
  • new
  • =mada
  • =also
  • =ln
  • ala
  • male
  • np.d:appos
  • 0003
  • bridging
  • =mada
  • =also
  • =rn
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:s
  • 0004
  • bridging
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • tsawm
  • be.beautiful
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0004
  • marenmara
  • be.equal
  • other
  • re
  • =LV
  • =rv
  • tu
  • grow
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘Long ago, it's said, well, deer had very beautiful horns, both the male and female.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0003[PLAY]
Amaren mara re.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0004
  • a-marenmara
  • ADV-be.equal
  • v:pred
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
‘(Horns of both male and female) were the same.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0004[PLAY]
grai ma kabrim tsawm ai i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0004
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • kabrim
  • shine
  • lv
  • tsawm
  • be.beautiful
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(Their horns) shined and were very beautiful, OK?’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0005[PLAY]
dan re tu ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0004
  • dan
  • thus
  • other
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • tu
  • grow
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘(This kind of horns) grew, it's said.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0006[PLAY]
Shaloi she lani mi hta she ndai ndai shaloi gaw ndai shan nga yi shan nga wa hkan wa ni masum nga ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • Shaloi
  • then
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • lani
  • one.day
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =hta
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • ndai
  • this
  • nc
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • shaloi
  • then
  • np:other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • shannga-yi
  • deer-female
  • ln_np.d
  • 0007
  • new
  • shannga-wa
  • deer-male
  • ln_np.d
  • 0013
  • new
  • hkan
  • 3DU
  • ln_pro.d
  • 0012
  • bridging
  • wa
  • father
  • np.d:s
  • 0008
  • new
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • masum
  • three
  • rn_qfr
  • nga
  • live
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘Then, one day, this time, there were three deers, a female deer, a male deer, and their father, it's said.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0007[PLAY]
langai mi gaw... num sha la sha hte gawa i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0005
  • bridging
  • langai
  • one
  • nc
  • mi
  • one
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • numsha
  • woman
  • ln_np
  • lasha
  • man
  • ln_np
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =ln
  • gawa
  • father
  • np:pred
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(They are) a female, a male, and their father, OK?’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0008[PLAY]
shan wa ni... shingkra hkan wa ni nga ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shan
  • 3DU
  • nc
  • wa
  • father
  • nc_np.d
  • 0005
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • nc
  • shingkra
  • widower
  • ln_np.d
  • hkan
  • 3DU
  • ln_np.d
  • wa
  • father
  • np.d:s
  • 0005
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • nga
  • live
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘They, they lived without a mother.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0009[PLAY]
dai kaw she... nga maling langai mi kaw nga re she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0005
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • nc
  • =she
  • =then
  • nc
  • nga
  • live
  • nc
  • maling
  • forest
  • np:l
  • 0006
  • new
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • nga
  • live
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • rv
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(They) lived in a forest and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0010[PLAY]
shan wa ni grai pyaw na nga.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shan
  • 3DU
  • ln_np
  • wa
  • father
  • np.d:s
  • 0005
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • pyaw
  • be.happy
  • lv
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =lv
  • nga
  • live
  • v:pred
‘they and their father lived happily.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0011[PLAY]
grai pyaw na nga re she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0005
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • pyaw
  • be.happy
  • vother
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • nga
  • live
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • vother
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘They lived very happily and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0012[PLAY]
lani mi gaw ndai shi na wa gaw dai lu sha tam sa sa na nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • lani
  • one.day
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.d:poss
  • 0007
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • wa
  • father
  • np.d:s_ds
  • 0008
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • well
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s
  • 0008
  • lusha
  • food
  • np:p
  • 0009
  • new
  • tam
  • look.for
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘one day, well, her father said (he) will go to look for food and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0013[PLAY]
shi wa gaw shi ga ma npyaw na i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc
  • wa
  • father
  • nc_np.d
  • 0008
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • shiga
  • news
  • np:s
  • 0010
  • new
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-pyaw
  • NEG-be.happy
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘Because (there was) also a bad news, OK?’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0014[PLAY]
dai shaloi nga yang gaw
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • shaloi
  • when
  • nc
  • nga
  • be
  • nc
  • yang
  • when
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
‘That time’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0015[PLAY]
maling hta jaugawng ni grai prang ai nga hpe na ai majaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • maling
  • forest
  • np:l
  • 0006
  • =hta
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • jaugawng
  • hunter
  • np.h:s
  • 0011
  • new
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • prang
  • swarm.about
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =other
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • na
  • hear
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘because (their father) heard (a news) that there came many hunters in the forest’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0016[PLAY]
shi gaw hi na kasha hpe tsun ai.
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:a_ds
  • 0008
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.d:poss
  • 0008
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • gasha
  • child
  • np.d:p
  • 0012
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘he (the father) said to their children.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0017[PLAY]
makaw yen magam dai ni gaw nanau gara de mung hkum sa re lu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • makaw
  • first.daughter
  • ln_np
  • yen
  • and
  • ln
  • magam
  • first.son
  • np.d:voc
  • 0012
  • daini
  • today
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nan
  • 2DU
  • ln_pro.2
  • nau
  • brothers
  • np.d:s
  • 0012
  • gara
  • where
  • np:g
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • hkum
  • PROH
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • =lu
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"My daughter and son, you two don't go anywhere today.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0018[PLAY]
nanau na matu ah wa lu sha grai law hkra la wa na.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • nan
  • 2DU
  • pro.2:appos
  • nau
  • brothers
  • ln_np.d:poss
  • 0012
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • matu
  • for
  • np:other
  • awa
  • father
  • np.d:a
  • 0008
  • lusha
  • food
  • np:p
  • 0009
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • law
  • be.many
  • vother
  • =hkra
  • =until
  • =rv
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
‘"I will take so many foods for you two.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0019[PLAY]
gade ma hkum sa.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0012
  • gade
  • to.where
  • np:g
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • hkum
  • PROH
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
‘"Don't go anywhere."’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0020[PLAY]
ya mung shi ga ni grai npyaw taw nga ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • shiga
  • news
  • np:s
  • 0010
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • n-pyaw
  • NEG-be.happy
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"Now, the news is not very good."’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0021[PLAY]
nta kaw sha ndai kaw sha nga taw yaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0012
  • nta
  • house
  • np:l
  • 0014
  • new
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:l
  • 0014
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • nc
  • =sha
  • =only
  • nc
  • nga
  • live
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =yaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"Be only at home."’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0022[PLAY]
gade de hkum sa yaw ngu na tsun kau da ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0012
  • gade
  • to.where
  • np:g
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • hkum
  • PROH
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =yaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0008
  • ngu
  • QUOT
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"Don't go anywhere," (he) said, it's said.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0023[PLAY]
dai she dai rai na hkawm mat sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0008
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • =she
  • =then
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘Then, (he) went travel.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0024[PLAY]
dai shaloi shani du yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • shaloi
  • then
  • np:other
  • shani
  • daytime
  • np:s
  • 0015
  • bridging
  • du
  • arrive
  • v:pred
  • =yang
  • =when
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then, the daytime came and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0025[PLAY]
dai num sha wa gaw grai lam mayu na hku nga.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • numshawa
  • woman
  • np.d:s
  • 0007
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • lam
  • wander
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • nga
  • be
  • other
‘the girl deer was eager to go wandering very much, it's like this.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0026[PLAY]
lagaw ni gaya wa ai hte shi gaw grai sa mayu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • lagaw
  • foot
  • np:s
  • 0016
  • bridging
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • gaya
  • itch
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s
  • 0007
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
‘Her feet became itchy and she wanted to go very much.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0027[PLAY]
shawoi na oh loi mi grai lam ja ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0007
  • shawoi
  • formerly
  • np:other
  • =na
  • =ABL
  • =rn
  • oh
  • INTJ
  • other
  • loi
  • a.little
  • other
  • mi
  • one
  • other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • lam
  • wander
  • v:pred
  • =ja
  • =INTNS
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Formerly, she wandered very much.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0028[PLAY]
myit nsu ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0007
  • myit
  • mind
  • np:other
  • n-su
  • NEG-be.mature
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(She) was not mature.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0029[PLAY]
rai na hku rai nga
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • rai
  • COP
  • nc
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • nc
  • =hku
  • =like
  • nc
  • rai
  • COP
  • nc
  • nga
  • be
  • nc
‘It was like this.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0030[PLAY]
dan jang she shi gaw lani mi shi gaw gahpu hpe tsun ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dan
  • thus
  • other
  • =jang
  • =when
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc_pro.d
  • 0007
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • lani
  • one.day
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:a_ds
  • 0007
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • gahpu
  • elder.brother
  • np.d:p
  • 0013
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Then, one day, she said to her brother.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0031[PLAY]
aba ngai ora maling de agu wa du brang ni dumsi ni kaw sa lam na
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • aba
  • elder.brother
  • np.d:voc
  • 0013
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • 0007
  • ora
  • over.there
  • ln_dem
  • maling
  • forest
  • np:g
  • 0006
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • agu
  • uncle
  • ln_np
  • wadu
  • boar
  • ln_np.d
  • 0017
  • new
  • brang
  • brother
  • ln_np
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =ln
  • dumsi
  • porcupine
  • np.d:appos
  • 0018
  • new
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • lam
  • wander
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
‘"Brother, I will go to wander to the forest over there, to uncle boar and brothers porcupine."’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0032[PLAY]
hkum sa law.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0007
  • hkum
  • PROH
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =law
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(Her brother said) "Don't go."’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0033[PLAY]
awa tsun da ai nang nna ai i nga yang mung
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc:p
  • 0025
  • bridging
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0025
  • awa
  • father
  • np.d:a
  • 0008
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0007
  • n-na
  • NEG-hear
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0013
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =yang
  • =when
  • =other
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
‘(He) said "Didn't you hear what our father said?" and...’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0034[PLAY]
raitim le ah ba e dai ram nre law.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • raitim
  • but
  • other
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • aba
  • elder.brother
  • np.d:voc
  • 0013
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:pred
  • 0019
  • bridging
  • =ram
  • =appoximately
  • =other
  • n-re
  • NEG-COP
  • cop
  • =law
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(The sister said) "But, brother, (that) is not (bad) like that."’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0035[PLAY]
ngai akatsi sha lagu sa na bai wa na yaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • 0007
  • a-katsi
  • ADV-be.silent
  • other
  • =sha
  • =ADV
  • =other
  • lagu
  • steal
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s
  • 0007
  • bai
  • bai
  • other
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =rv
  • yaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"I will go silently and secretly and (I) will come back."’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0036[PLAY]
nga na tsun yang shi gaw hkumsa nga tsun tim shi gaw lagu sa mat wa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0007
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s_ds
  • 0013
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0007
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • hkum
  • PROH
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • tim
  • but
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s
  • 0007
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • lagu
  • steal
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
‘(she) said and she went out secretly although (her brother said) "Don't go."’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0037[PLAY]
lagu sa mat wa re she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0007
  • lagu
  • steal
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(She) went secretly and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0038[PLAY]
ora nam kaw du yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0007
  • ora
  • over.there
  • ln_dem
  • nam
  • forest
  • np:g
  • 0006
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • du
  • arrive
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘(she) arrived at the forest and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0039[PLAY]
jaugawng langai mi hte hkrum na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0007
  • jaugawng
  • hunter
  • np.h:obl
  • 0020
  • bridging
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • hkrum
  • meet
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(she) met a hunter and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0040[PLAY]
jaugawng jaugawng jaugawng dai wa she shi hpe gap hkyen ai re she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • jaugawng
  • hunter
  • nc
  • jaugawng
  • hunter
  • nc
  • jaugawng
  • hunter
  • np.h:dt
  • 0020
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • wa
  • man
  • np.h:a
  • 0020
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:p
  • 0007
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • gap
  • shoot
  • lv
  • hkyen
  • prepare
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘the man, the hunter prepared to hit her and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0041[PLAY]
shi mung mu kau dat ai hte kalang ta hkrup mat ai majaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0020
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s
  • 0007
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • mu
  • see
  • v:pred
  • =kau-dat
  • =away-away
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0007
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0020
  • kalangta
  • at.once
  • other
  • hkrup
  • meet
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘because she met (him) as soon as she saw (him)’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0042[PLAY]
shi gaw hprawng na aten lu mat ai.
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:a
  • 0007
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hprawng
  • run.away
  • ln
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =ln
  • aten
  • time
  • np:p
  • 0021
  • bridging
  • lu
  • get
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘she could get time to run away.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0043[PLAY]
hprawng na aten lu mat na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:a
  • 0007
  • hprawng
  • run.away
  • ln
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =ln
  • aten
  • time
  • np:p
  • 0021
  • lu
  • get
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(She) got time to run away and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0044[PLAY]
shi gaw nrung kaw hkra mat ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0023
  • bridging
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:p
  • 0007
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:l
  • 0022
  • bridging
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • hkra
  • hit
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘she received (a bullet) on the horn.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0045[PLAY]
shi na nrung kaw hkra mat na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0023
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.d:poss
  • 0007
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:l
  • 0022
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • hkra
  • hit
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(The bullet) touched her horn and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0046[PLAY]
shi gaw kalang ta nrung mung daw daw re na i
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:dt
  • 0007
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • kalangta
  • at.once
  • other
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:s
  • 0022
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • daw
  • be.broken
  • nc
  • daw
  • be.broken
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘she had her horn broken at once and, OK?’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0047[PLAY]
nrung daw mat ai rai na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:s
  • 0022
  • daw
  • be.broken
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • rai
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘her horn was broken and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0048[PLAY]
shi gaw nta de kalang ta gat gat wa na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.d:s
  • 0007
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nta
  • house
  • np:g
  • 0014
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • kalangta
  • at.once
  • other
  • gat-gat
  • run-RED
  • lv
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘she ran home at once and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0049[PLAY]
hkrap na wa re she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0007
  • hkrap
  • cry
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0007
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘she returned crying and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0050[PLAY]
shi na kahpu tsun ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.d:poss
  • 0007
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • gahpu
  • elder.brother
  • np.d:s_ds
  • 0013
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘her brother said,’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0051[PLAY]
ya hpa baw byin wa sata nga yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • np:s
  • byin
  • happen
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =sa-ta
  • =CSM-Q
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s_ds
  • 0013
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘Her brother said "What happened?" and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0052[PLAY]
ahpu ngai na nrung nnga mat sai ngu dat yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • ahpu
  • elder.brother
  • np.d:voc
  • 0013
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • ln_pro.1:poss
  • 0007
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:s
  • 0022
  • n-nga
  • NEG-be
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.d:s
  • 0007
  • ngu
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(she) said "Brother, my horn was gone," and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0053[PLAY]
jahkring gaw shi kahpu tsun ai i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • jahkring
  • for.a.while
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.d:poss
  • 0007
  • kahpu
  • elder.brother
  • np.d:s_ds
  • 0013
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘her brother said for a while, OK?’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0054[PLAY]
nang shaga mung nmadat ai gaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0007
  • shaga
  • speak
  • np:p
  • 0024
  • bridging
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-madat
  • NEG-listen
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"You didn't listen to what I said."’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0055[PLAY]
ganing hku na dan re yu ya nang na nrung gaw ntsawm sai gaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0007
  • ganing
  • how
  • nc
  • hku
  • like
  • nc
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • nc
  • dan
  • thus
  • nc
  • re
  • COP
  • nc
  • yu
  • look
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • ln_pro.2:poss
  • 0007
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:s
  • 0022
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • n-tsawm
  • NEG-be.beautiful
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"Look, now your horn has become not beautiful."’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0056[PLAY]
shi na nrung mung nshaw nshun rai mat ai i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.d:poss
  • 0007
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:s
  • 0022
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-shaw-n-shun
  • NEG-be.uneven-NEG-COUP
  • v:pred
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘Her horn became uneven, OK?’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0057[PLAY]
nga mi gaw galu nga mi gaw kadun dai hku byin mat ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • nga
  • side
  • np:s
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • galu
  • be.long
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • nga
  • side
  • np:s
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • gadun
  • be.short
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0022
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • byin
  • become
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘One side was long and one side was short, it became like that.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0058[PLAY]
rai na she dai kaw na shi na dai nrung dai ma ntsawm mat ai i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =na
  • =ABL
  • =rn
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.d:poss
  • 0007
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:dt
  • 0022
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0022
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-tsawm
  • NEG-be.beautiful
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘Then, from that time, her horn became ugly.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0059[PLAY]
shi na ndai gaw oh ra hpan hte hkra ai re nga she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.d:poss
  • 0007
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • ndai
  • ndai
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0022
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ora
  • over.there
  • ln_dem
  • hpan
  • kind
  • np:obl
  • 0023
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • hkra
  • hit
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • nga
  • be
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Her thing was hit by that thing (bullet) and’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0060[PLAY]
nrung mung n galu mat ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:s
  • 0022
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-galu
  • NEG-be.long
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Her horn became not long.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0061[PLAY]
ora shi na ah la ni ram ngalu mat ai i
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ora
  • well
  • other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • np:s
  • 0007
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =rn
  • ala
  • man
  • np.d:other
  • 0003
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • ram
  • about
  • other
  • n-galu
  • NEG-be.long
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘Hers became not long like men's, OK?’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0062[PLAY]
dai jaugawng la wa e gap kau ya ai majaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0022
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • jaugawng-lawa
  • hunter-man
  • np.h:a
  • 0020
  • =e
  • =AGT
  • =rn
  • gap
  • shoot
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
‘It's because the hunter hit (her horn).’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0063[PLAY]
ya du hkra ya nga jang gaw shan nga la ni sha nrung galu lu tu ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ya
  • now
  • nc
  • du
  • arrive
  • nc
  • hkra
  • hkra
  • nc
  • ya
  • now
  • np:other
  • nga
  • say
  • other
  • jang
  • when
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shannga-la
  • deer-male
  • np.d:dt_poss
  • 0003
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np:s
  • 0004
  • galu-lu
  • be.long-RED
  • other
  • tu
  • grow
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Now, only male deer have long horns.’
jinghpaw_shanngayi_0064[PLAY]
shan nga yi ni gaw ndai hku nrung ni sha tu ai dai hku byin mat ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shannga-yi
  • deer-female
  • np.d:dt
  • 0002
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • ndai
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • nrung
  • horn
  • np.d:s
  • 0004
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • tu
  • grow
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • byin
  • become
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘Female deer only have (short) horns like this, it became like that, it's said.’