Text preview: mc_jinghpaw_dwi

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  • Metadata summary
  • corpusjinghpaw
  • textdwi
  • speakerJG01
  • annotator(s)Keita Kurabe
  • version2311
  • last updated2023-07-09
Annotation key
utterance identifier
object language utterance
  • grammatical words
  • morphological glosses
  • annotations with GRAID
  • referent indexing with RefIND
  • annotations with ISNRef
‘idiomatic translation’
jinghpaw_dwi_0001[PLAY]
Maumwi gabaw gaw jahkrai ma hkan dwi a lam nga re.
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • Maumwi-gabaw
  • story-title
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • jahkrai-ma
  • orphan-child
  • nc
  • hkan
  • 3DU
  • nc
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • nc
  • =a
  • =GEN
  • nc
  • lam
  • story
  • nc
  • nga
  • say
  • nc
  • re
  • COP
  • nc
‘The title of the story is "the orphan and his grandmother."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0002[PLAY]
Moi kalang mi hta da ndai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • Moi
  • long.ago
  • np:other
  • kalang
  • once
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =hta
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
‘Once upon a time, it's said, well,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0003[PLAY]
mare langai mi kaw she ndai jahkrai ma hkan dwi lahkawng nga ai da.
  • mare
  • village
  • np:l
  • 0001
  • new
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • jahkrai-ma
  • orphan-child
  • ln_np.h
  • 0002
  • new
  • hkan
  • both
  • ln_qfr
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:s
  • 0003
  • new
  • lahkawng
  • two
  • rn_qfr
  • nga
  • live
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘at one village, well, there were an orphan and his grandmother, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0004[PLAY]
shan dwi dai lasha wa re lasha re ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shan
  • 3DU
  • nc
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • nc_np.h
  • 0004
  • bridging
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • lasha-wa
  • man-man
  • nc
  • re
  • COP
  • nc
  • lasha
  • man
  • np.h:pred
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘This (orphan) was a male, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0005[PLAY]
rai na she shandwi gaw matsan ma grai matsan ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shan
  • 3DU
  • ln_pro.h
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:s
  • 0004
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • matsan
  • be.poor
  • lv
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • matsan
  • be.poor
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Then, they two were very poor.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0006[PLAY]
Re yang she masha ni na zawn ndai ahpraw nsam mung n-tsawm ai i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • masha
  • person
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =ln
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • zawn
  • like
  • np:other
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • ahpraw-nsam
  • appearance-color
  • np:s
  • 0006
  • bridging
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-tsawm
  • NEG-be.beautiful
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘Then, their appearance also was not beautiful like others, OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0007[PLAY]
shan mung chyang chyang dai hku re na ahpraw nsam mung n-tsawm ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shan
  • skin
  • np:s
  • 0007
  • bridging
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • chyang-chyang
  • be.black-RED
  • v:pred
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • ahpraw-nsam
  • appearance-color
  • np:s
  • 0006
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-tsawm
  • NEG-be.beautiful
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Their skins were also black and their appearance was not beautiful.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0008[PLAY]
e dan re hpaji mung n-chye ai re.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0004
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • dan
  • thus
  • other
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • hpaji
  • knowledge
  • np:p
  • 0008
  • new
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-chye
  • NEG-know
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • COP
  • other
‘Thus, they also had no knowledge.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0009[PLAY]
dai lahkawng hkandwi lahkawng nga ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • lahkawng
  • two
  • nc
  • hkan
  • 3DU
  • ln_pro.h
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:s
  • 0004
  • lahkawng
  • two
  • rn_qfr
  • nga
  • live
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘There lived these two, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0010[PLAY]
mare ting gaw shan dwi hpe nau mung nkam hkau la ai i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • mare
  • village
  • np.h:a
  • 0009
  • bridging
  • ting
  • whole
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shan
  • 3DU
  • ln_pro
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:p
  • 0004
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • nau
  • too.much
  • other
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-kam
  • NEG-be.willing
  • lv
  • hkau
  • befriend
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘All villagers were not willing to make friends with they two very much, OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0011[PLAY]
shan dwi hpa mung nlu tsawm mung ntsawm yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • shan
  • 3DU
  • ln_pro
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:a
  • 0004
  • hpa
  • what
  • np:p
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-lu
  • NEG-be.able
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0004
  • tsawm
  • be.beautiful
  • lv
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =lv
  • n-tsawm
  • NEG-be.beautiful
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘The two had nothing and they were not beautiful and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0012[PLAY]
gadai mung nau n kam hkau la ai rai na
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0004
  • gadai
  • who
  • np.h:a
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • nau
  • too.much
  • other
  • n-kam
  • NEG-be.willing
  • lv
  • hkau
  • befriend
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘no one wanted to make friends with (them) and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0013[PLAY]
gaga ma ni mung dai lasha hpe grai mung dang sha ma ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • gaga
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:a
  • 0010
  • bridging
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • lasha
  • man
  • np.h:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • dangsha
  • tease
  • v:pred
  • =ma
  • =PL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘other children also teased this male child very much, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0014[PLAY]
lani mi she da dai mare kaw na lasha dai lasha hte shanhte ram ni gaw i nga sa hkwi na hkyen ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • la-ni
  • one-day
  • np:other
  • 0011
  • new
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • mare
  • village
  • ln_np
  • 0001
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =ln
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • lasha
  • man
  • nc_np.h
  • 0012
  • bridging
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • lasha
  • man
  • ln_np.h
  • 0012
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =ln
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • ln_pro
  • ram
  • youth
  • np.h:a
  • 0010
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0014
  • bridging
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0013
  • new
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • hkwi
  • catch
  • vother:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • hkyen
  • prepare
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘One day, it's said, males and youths from the village planned to go fishing, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0015[PLAY]
nga sa hkwi na hkyen na lai wa yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0014
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0013
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • hkwi
  • catch
  • vother:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0014
  • hkyen
  • prepare
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0014
  • lai
  • pass
  • v:pred
  • wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘(They) had planned to go fishing, and when they were passing (by)’
jinghpaw_dwi_0016[PLAY]
dai ma gaw manang ni hte grai chyai mayu ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • manang
  • friend
  • np.h:obl
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • chyai
  • play
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘the child (orphan) wanted to play with friends.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0017[PLAY]
ma re nga yang gaw grai ginsup mayu ai re majaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:pred
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • nga
  • say
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • ginsup
  • play
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • majaw
  • because
  • other
‘(He) was a child and because (he) wanted to play very much’
jinghpaw_dwi_0018[PLAY]
shi gaw dai ma lasha ni lai wa mu na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:dt_a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:a
  • 0002
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:p
  • lasha
  • man
  • np.h:s
  • 0014
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • lai
  • pass
  • v:pred
  • wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • mu
  • see
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he saw the situation where the children passed and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0019[PLAY]
nanhte gara sa na rai nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • nanhte
  • 2PL
  • pro.2:s
  • 0014
  • gara
  • where
  • np:g
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) said "Where are you go?" and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0020[PLAY]
nga hkwi sa na nga yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0014
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0013
  • hkwi
  • catch
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0014
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘(they) said "(We) will go fishing" and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0021[PLAY]
nga hkwi sa na nga tsun yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0014
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0013
  • hkwi
  • catch
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0014
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(they) said "(We) will go fishing and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0022[PLAY]
shi gaw ngai ma i mai hkan na rai nga yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • np.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:p
  • 0014
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0002
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • i
  • Q
  • other
  • mai
  • be.OK
  • lv
  • hkan
  • follow
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘he said "Can I follow (you)?" and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0023[PLAY]
hkan ga le
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:p
  • 0014
  • hkan
  • follow
  • v:pred
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"You can follow us."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0024[PLAY]
sa ga le nga na
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0014
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘"Let's go," (they) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0025[PLAY]
dai hku tsun yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0014
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(they) said like that and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0026[PLAY]
ma dai gaw nta de gat gat na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nta
  • house
  • np:g
  • 0017
  • bridging
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • gat-gat
  • run-RED
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘the child ran to his house and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0027[PLAY]
adwi ngai nga hkwi sa na yaw nga tsun ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • a-dwi
  • KIN-grandmother
  • np.h:voc
  • 0003
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0002
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0013
  • hkwi
  • catch
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =yaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(he) said "Grandma, I will go fishing."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0028[PLAY]
e ma e kadai ni hte sa na ma nga na
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0002
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:voc
  • 0002
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • gadai
  • who
  • np.h:obl
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =ma
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0003
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘(She) said "Child, who will you go with?" and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0029[PLAY]
dai aw mare kaw na manang ni hte sa na.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • well
  • other
  • aw
  • over.there
  • ln_dem
  • mare
  • village
  • ln_np
  • 0001
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =ln
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • manang
  • friend
  • np.h:obl
  • 0010
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
‘"(I) will go with friends from the village."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0030[PLAY]
ma e
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0002
  • ma
  • ma
  • np.h:voc
  • 0002
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"Child,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0031[PLAY]
an dwi ni na lam gaw chye ai n-re i.
  • an
  • 1DU
  • ln_pro
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • ln_np.h:poss
  • 0004
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =ln
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • lam
  • situation
  • np:p
  • 0018
  • bridging
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • chye
  • know
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • n-re
  • NEG-COP
  • other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(you) know the situation of us two, don't you?"’
jinghpaw_dwi_0032[PLAY]
masha ni gaw an dwi ni hpe a-tsawm re hkau la na n-re.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • masha
  • person
  • np.h:a
  • 0009
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • an
  • 1DU
  • ln_pro
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:p
  • 0004
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =other
  • a-tsawm
  • ADV-be.beautiful
  • other
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • hkau
  • befriend
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR.NMLZ
  • =aux
  • n-re
  • NEG-COP
  • other
‘"It is not the case that the villagers will make friends with us two."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0033[PLAY]
hkum sa nga tsun yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0002
  • hkum
  • PROH
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0003
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(She) said "Don't go," and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0034[PLAY]
shi gaw adwi shanhte ni kaja wa sha hkau la ai law.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:p
  • 0002
  • a-dwi
  • KIN-grandmother
  • np.h:voc
  • 0003
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • 0010
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • gaja
  • be.well
  • other
  • =wa
  • =ADV
  • =other
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • hkau
  • befriend
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =law
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘He (said) "Grandma, they really make friends with me."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0035[PLAY]
ngai sa na law nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =law
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"I will go," he said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0036[PLAY]
e e e nang yu na atsawm rai na masha ni dang sha wa yang mung
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:s
  • 0002
  • yu
  • look
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:p
  • 0002
  • a-tsawm
  • ADV-be.beautiful
  • other
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • masha
  • person
  • np.h:a
  • 0019
  • bridging
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • dangsha
  • tease
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘"OK, you take care and if the others tease you,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0037[PLAY]
matai hkum htang yaw
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0002
  • matai
  • answer
  • np:p
  • hkum
  • PROH
  • other
  • htang
  • reply
  • v:pred
  • =yaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘don't answer back."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0038[PLAY]
atsawm rai na bai wa u yaw nga tsun ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0002
  • a-tsawm
  • ADV-be.beautiful
  • other
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • =u
  • =IMP
  • =rv
  • =yaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0003
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"Come back properly," (she) said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0039[PLAY]
e mai sa nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • mai
  • be.OK
  • v:pred
  • =s-a
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"Yes, OK," (he) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0040[PLAY]
shi gaw hkan nang mat wa jang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0014
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkan-nang
  • follow-follow
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • jang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he followed them and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0041[PLAY]
hkan nang mat wa ai shaloi
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0014
  • hkan-nang
  • follow-follow
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • shaloi
  • when
  • other
‘when (he) followed (them)’
jinghpaw_dwi_0042[PLAY]
shani nga ni hka ni pat na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0066
  • bridging
  • shani
  • daytime
  • other
  • nga
  • fish
  • nc
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • nc
  • hka
  • river
  • np:p
  • 0016
  • new
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • pat
  • close
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘in the daytime, (they) dammed up the river and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0043[PLAY]
nga htawk htawk htawk rai shi hpe agying htawk shangun ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0020
  • bridging
  • htawk
  • scoop
  • nc
  • htawk
  • scoop
  • nc
  • htawk
  • scoop
  • v:pred
  • rai
  • LV
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0010
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p2
  • 0020
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • agying
  • with.total.effort
  • other
  • htawk
  • scoop
  • v:pred
  • =shangun
  • =CAUS
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(he) scooped fish and (they) made him scoop (fish) a lot.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0044[PLAY]
htawk htawk htawk rai yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0020
  • htawk
  • scoop
  • nc
  • htawk
  • scoop
  • nc
  • htawk
  • scoop
  • v:pred
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘(He) scooped (fish) and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0045[PLAY]
hka hkyet wa maga de she dai kaw na ma kaw na langai mi gaw tsun ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • hka
  • water
  • np:s
  • hkyet
  • dry.up
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • maga
  • side
  • np:other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =ln
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • ma
  • child
  • ln_np.h
  • 0010
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =ln
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • langai
  • one
  • np.h:s_ds
  • 0021
  • bridging
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘when the water came to dry up, one of the children said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0046[PLAY]
e nang nam de ohra kaw na ndai kawa tsawp nkap ai kawa sa dan wa rit nga tsun dat yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0002
  • nam
  • forest
  • np:g
  • 0022
  • unused
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • ora
  • over.there
  • ln_dem_pro
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =ln
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • ndai
  • well
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc.neg
  • kawa-tsawp
  • bamboo-shell
  • np:s
  • n-kap
  • NEG-be.attached
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • kawa
  • bamboo
  • np:p
  • 0023
  • new
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • dan
  • cut
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =rit
  • =IMP
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0021
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"You go to the forest, and cut the bamboo there that has no bamboo shells and come back," (he) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0047[PLAY]
tsawp n-kap ai kawa sa dan wa rit nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • 0
  • 0
  • nc_0.h
  • 0021
  • tsawp
  • shell
  • nc
  • n-kap
  • NEG-be.attached
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • nc
  • kawa
  • bamboo
  • nc_np
  • 0023
  • sa
  • go
  • nc
  • dan
  • cut
  • nc
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • nc
  • =rit
  • =IMP
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0021
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"Go and cut bamboo with no shells and come back," and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0048[PLAY]
dai ma dai gaw e mai sa nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:dt_s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • mai
  • be.OK
  • v:pred
  • =s-a
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘the child said "OK," and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0049[PLAY]
nhtu la na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • nhtu
  • sword
  • np:p
  • 0024
  • new
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) took a knife and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0050[PLAY]
kawa sa kahtam sa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • kawa
  • bamboo
  • np:p
  • 0023
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • kahtam
  • cut
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
‘(he) went to cut bamboo.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0051[PLAY]
gara kaw kahtam tim kap taw nga
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • gara
  • where
  • nc
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • nc
  • kahtam
  • cut
  • nc
  • =tim
  • =but
  • nc
  • kap
  • be.attached
  • nc
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • nc
‘Wherever he cut, shells are attached.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0052[PLAY]
gara kaw kahtam tim kawa kaw kap taw nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0023
  • gara
  • where
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • kahtam
  • cut
  • v:pred
  • =tim
  • =but
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • kawa
  • bamboo
  • np:l
  • 0025
  • bridging
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • kap
  • be.attached
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Wherever (he) cut, (shells) were attached to bamboo and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0053[PLAY]
shi gaw n-nga nga
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0023
  • n-nga
  • NEG-be
  • v:pred
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
‘He said "There are no such bamboo."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0054[PLAY]
agying nam ting gade kahtam tim sha naw kap taw nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • agying
  • with.total.effort
  • other
  • nam
  • forest
  • np:p
  • 0022
  • ting
  • whole
  • other
  • gade
  • how.much
  • other
  • kahtam
  • cut
  • v:pred
  • =tim
  • =but
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • naw
  • still
  • other
  • kap
  • be.attached
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘No matter how he cut the forest, (shells) were attached and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0055[PLAY]
shi gaw hpang-jahtum gaw shi gaw chye yau sai law
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc_pro.h
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • hpang-jahtum
  • after-end
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:s
  • 0002
  • chye
  • know
  • v:pred
  • =yau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • =law
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘at the end, he (said) "I understand."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0056[PLAY]
gara hku rai yang rai ngu she
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • gara
  • how
  • nc
  • =hku
  • =like
  • nc
  • rai
  • COP
  • nc
  • yang
  • when
  • nc
  • rai
  • COP
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • ngu
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"Let it be," he said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0057[PLAY]
dai langai mi kahtam wa di na wa re she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • langai
  • one
  • np:p
  • 0029
  • bridging
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • kahtam
  • cut
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) cut one bamboo and returned and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0058[PLAY]
hto ra ni gaw nga ni hpe yawng manaw la di wa mat ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • htora
  • that
  • dem_pro.h:a
  • 0014
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0020
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • yawng
  • all
  • other
  • manaw
  • pick
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0014
  • wa
  • return
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘the others took all fish and (they) went back.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0059[PLAY]
rai na she shanhte gaw ndai nga htawk la ngut ai hpang e she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • 0014
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0020
  • htawk
  • scoop
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • =ngut
  • =finish
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • hpang
  • after
  • other
  • =e
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then, after they took all fish,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0060[PLAY]
hka bai hpaw bang dat ai dai shaloi she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0014
  • hka
  • water
  • np:p
  • 0016
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • hpaw
  • open
  • lv
  • bang
  • put
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • shaloi
  • then
  • np:other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘when (they) opened the river’
jinghpaw_dwi_0061[PLAY]
shanhte ni nga hkwi ai shaloi
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • np.h:a
  • 0014
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0020
  • hkwi
  • catch
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =aux
  • shaloi
  • when
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘when they caught fish’
jinghpaw_dwi_0062[PLAY]
ndai nga chyi chyi sha law hpe gaw n-la ai le.
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0014
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0026
  • bridging
  • chyi-chyi-sha-law
  • be.small-RED-ADV-very
  • rn_adj
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • n-la
  • NEG-la
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(they) did not take very small fish.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0063[PLAY]
dai ni gaw hkumpup kaw nang na si mat ai le.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0026
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkumpup
  • mud
  • np:l
  • 0027
  • bridging
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • nang
  • be.intoxicated
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0026
  • si
  • die
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘They (small fish) were suffocating on the mud and died.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0064[PLAY]
dai re na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0026
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0065[PLAY]
nga na ndai hka ntsa kaw dai ni sha waw taw nga yang she
  • nga
  • be
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • hka
  • water
  • ln_np
  • 0028
  • bridging
  • ntsa
  • above
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0026
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • waw
  • float
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Only they were floating on the water and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0066[PLAY]
hka hkanu ai ntsa kaw waw taw nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0026
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0:s
  • 0028
  • hka
  • water
  • np:other
  • 0028
  • hkanu
  • be.dirty
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ntsa
  • above
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • waw
  • float
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONTtaw
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(they) were floating on the muddy water and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0067[PLAY]
shi gaw dai ni hpe hta la na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0026
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • hta
  • pick
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he [= the orphan] took them and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0068[PLAY]
dai kawa shi la wa ai kawa n tum kaw bang bang bang rai na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0026
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • kawa
  • bamboo
  • nc_np
  • 0029
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0029
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • kawa-ntum
  • bamboo-bottle
  • np:g
  • 0029
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • bang
  • put
  • nc
  • bang
  • put
  • nc
  • bang
  • put
  • v:pred
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) put (them) into the bamboo bottle he took and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0069[PLAY]
hka kau kaw tu nga ai namlap langai mi dai matsut kawa dai kaw matsut di na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0:s
  • 0030
  • new
  • hka
  • water
  • ln_np
  • 0016
  • kau
  • beside
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • tu
  • sprout
  • v:pred
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • namlap
  • leaf
  • np:p
  • 0030
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • matsut
  • cork
  • nc
  • kawa
  • bamboo
  • np:g
  • 0029
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • matsut
  • cork
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) corked the bottle with one leaf that was growing beside the river and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0070[PLAY]
hpai wa ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0029
  • hpai
  • carry
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(he) carried (it) back.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0071[PLAY]
hpai wa na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0029
  • hpai
  • carry
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) carried (it) back and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0072[PLAY]
nta kaw du yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • nta
  • house
  • np:g
  • 0017
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • du
  • arrive
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) arrived at the house and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0073[PLAY]
adwi ngai dai ni nga ndai sha la wa ai nga na
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • a-dwi
  • KIN-grandmother
  • np.h:voc
  • 0003
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0002
  • daini
  • today
  • np:other
  • 0011
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:p
  • 0026
  • ndai
  • this
  • rn_dem
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘"Grandma, today I took only these fish," (he) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0074[PLAY]
shi gaw ninghku hpaw dan dat ai shaloi she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0029
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ning
  • thus
  • other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • hpaw
  • open
  • v:pred
  • =dan
  • =CON
  • =aux
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • shaloi
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘when he opend (the bottle) like this,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0075[PLAY]
nga ni yawng hkra bai hkrung taw nga ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:s
  • 0026
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • yawng
  • all
  • other
  • =hkra
  • =until
  • =other
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • hkrung
  • alive
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘all fish revived again, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0076[PLAY]
nga ni gaw nga kasha ni gaw ndai hku pyau taw nga hka kata kaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • nga
  • fish
  • nc_np
  • 0026
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • nc
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • nga-gasha
  • fish-small
  • np:s
  • 0026
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • pyau
  • flit
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • hka
  • water
  • ln_np
  • 0031
  • new
  • kata
  • inside
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
‘The fish were flitting around inside the water.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0077[PLAY]
hka ma bang da i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:g
  • 0029
  • hka
  • water
  • np:p
  • 0031
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • bang
  • put
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(He) also put water into the bottle, OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0078[PLAY]
dai hku rai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:obl
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
‘Then,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0079[PLAY]
yawng bai hkrung taw nga rai yang she
  • yawng
  • all
  • np:s
  • 0026
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • hkrung
  • alive
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • rai
  • LV
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘all of them revived and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0080[PLAY]
shi gaw bai mau mat ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • mau
  • be.surprised
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘he was surprised again.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0081[PLAY]
dai kaw na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:obl
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =na
  • =ABL
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0082[PLAY]
adwi ngai myi yet sha re yang nga ndai ni yawng hkra si taw sa
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • a-dwi
  • KIN-grandmother
  • np.h:voc
  • 0003
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • nc_pro.1
  • 0002
  • myiyet
  • just.now
  • other
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:s
  • 0026
  • ndai
  • this
  • rn_np
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • yawng
  • all
  • other
  • =hkra
  • =until
  • =other
  • si
  • die
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =s-a
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘"Grandma, these fish were dead a little while ago."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0083[PLAY]
ya hpa na hkrung taw nga kun n-chye nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc:p
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0026
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • hpa
  • what
  • np:other
  • =na
  • =ABL
  • =rn
  • hkrung
  • alive
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =kun
  • =Q
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0002
  • n-chye
  • NEG-know
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"I don't know why (they) are alive now," (he) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0084[PLAY]
rai na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘then,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0085[PLAY]
dai shi na ah dwi gaw dai namlap shi matstut wa ai namlap dai hpe yu ai da.
  • dai
  • well
  • other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0002
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • a-dwi
  • KIN-grandmother
  • np.h:a
  • 0003
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • namlap
  • leaf
  • nc_np
  • 0030
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0030
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • matstut
  • cork
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • namlap
  • leaf
  • np:p
  • 0030
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • yu
  • look
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘his grandmother saw the leaf that he used as a cork.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0086[PLAY]
dai namlap dai gaw ndai tsi hkrung tsi nan i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • namlap
  • leaf
  • np:dt_s
  • 0030
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0030
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • tsi-hkrung-tsi-nan
  • medicine-alive-medicine-NC
  • np:pred
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘This leaf, it was an elixir of life, you know?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0087[PLAY]
dai re taw nga ai re shaloi she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0030
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:pred
  • 0030
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • shaloi
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(The leaf) was it and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0088[PLAY]
dai ma dai gaw shi dwi gaw i ma e ndai nga ndai hkrung ai gaw kaga n re
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • ma
  • child
  • nc_np.h:dt
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0002
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:s_ds
  • 0003
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:voc
  • 0002
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc:s
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • nga
  • fish
  • np:dt_s
  • 0026
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0026
  • hkrung
  • alive
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • gaga
  • other
  • np:pred
  • n-re
  • NEG-COP
  • cop
‘his grandmother said "Child, that the fish are alive is due to none other than the leaf."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0089[PLAY]
ndai namlap a majaw re.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • namlap
  • leaf
  • ln_np:poss
  • 0030
  • =a
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • majaw
  • because
  • np:pred
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
‘"It is because of the leaf."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0090[PLAY]
ma nang ndai namlap n dai naw tu ai shara i naw matsing ai rai nga yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:voc
  • 0002
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0002
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0:l
  • 0033
  • bridging
  • ndai
  • this
  • ln_dem
  • namlap
  • leaf
  • np:s
  • 0030
  • ndai
  • this
  • rn_dem
  • naw
  • still
  • other
  • tu
  • sprout
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • shara
  • place
  • np:p
  • 0033
  • i
  • Q
  • other
  • naw
  • still
  • other
  • matsing
  • remember
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘"Child, do you remember the place where the leaf grew?" (she) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0091[PLAY]
adwi n matsing sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0033
  • a-dwi
  • KIN-grandmother
  • np.h:voc
  • 0003
  • n-matsing
  • NEG-remember
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘"Grandma, I don't remember it."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0092[PLAY]
ngai gara kaw na di la ai ngai n matsing sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc:p
  • 0033
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0030
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0002
  • gara
  • where
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =na
  • =ABL
  • =rn
  • di
  • cut
  • lv
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0002
  • n-matsing
  • NEG-remember
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘"I don't remember from where I took it."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0093[PLAY]
dai shaloi she shi dwi gaw dai namlap dai hpe she garep ntsa kaw jahkraw da ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • shaloi
  • then
  • np:other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0002
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:a
  • 0003
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • namlap
  • leaf
  • np:p
  • 0030
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • garep
  • shelf
  • ln_np
  • 0034
  • new
  • ntsa
  • above
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • ja-hkraw
  • CAUS-be.dried
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Then, his grandmother dried the leaf up on a shelf.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0094[PLAY]
garep ntsa kaw jahkraw da na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0003
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0030
  • garep
  • shelf
  • ln_np
  • 0034
  • ntsa
  • above
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • ja-hkraw
  • CAUS-be.dried
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(She) dried (it) up on a shelf and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0095[PLAY]
dai hku tawn da yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0003
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0030
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • tawn
  • place
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(she) put (it on the shelf) like that and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0096[PLAY]
lani mi she ma dai gaw hto mare shingnawm de hpun hta sa ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • la-ni
  • one-day
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:a
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hto
  • over.there
  • ln_dem
  • mare
  • village
  • ln_np
  • 0001
  • shingnawm
  • outside
  • np:g
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • hpun
  • wood
  • np:p
  • hta
  • pick
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘one day, the child went to pick wood to the outside of the village.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0097[PLAY]
hpun hta sa dai kaw she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • hpun
  • wood
  • np:p
  • hta
  • pick
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:other
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) went to pick wood and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0098[PLAY]
dai gwi langai mi masha ni si mat na sa gabai da ai le i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • well
  • other
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:dt_p
  • 0035
  • new
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • masha
  • person
  • np.h:a
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • si
  • die
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • gabai
  • throw.away
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘a dog died and people threw (it) away, OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0099[PLAY]
dan yang she shi gaw gwi dai mu di na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dan
  • thus
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • np.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:p
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • mu
  • see
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then, he saw the dog and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0100[PLAY]
shi gaw ra di na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0035
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ra
  • like
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he liked (it) and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0101[PLAY]
shi gaw shi dwi jahkraw da ai namlap dai wa la na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0030
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0002
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:a
  • 0003
  • ja-hkraw
  • CAUS-be.dried
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • namlap
  • leaf
  • np:p
  • 0030
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • wa
  • return
  • lv
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he took the leaf that his grandmother dried up and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0102[PLAY]
gwi na ngup kaw bang da ya na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0030
  • gwi
  • dog
  • ln_np:poss
  • 0035
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • ngup
  • mouth
  • np:g
  • 0036
  • bridging
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • bang
  • put
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) put (it) into the mouth of the dog and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0103[PLAY]
gwi dai gaw hkrung wa ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:s
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkrung
  • alive
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘the dog revived.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0104[PLAY]
gwi dai gaw hkrung wa na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:s
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkrung
  • alive
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘The dog revived and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0105[PLAY]
shi gaw gwi dai hpe woi wa re she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:p
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • woi
  • lead
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he led the dog and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0106[PLAY]
gwi dai hpe woi wa na she
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • gwi
  • dog
  • nc_np
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • nc
  • woi
  • lead
  • nc
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • nc
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • nc
  • =she
  • =then
  • nc
‘he led the dog and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0107[PLAY]
shan dwi gaw gwi dai ma lu mat sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shan
  • 3DU
  • ln_pro
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:a
  • 0004
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:p
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • lu
  • get
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘now the two got the dog, too.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0108[PLAY]
re yang gwi dai hte manang tai na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:obl
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • manang
  • friend
  • np.h:pred
  • tai
  • become
  • cop
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘Then, he made friends with the dog and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0109[PLAY]
ginsup na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:obl
  • 0035
  • ginsup
  • play
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) played with the dog and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0110[PLAY]
gwi dai gaw ma dai gara sa yang mung
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:dt_s
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • gara
  • where
  • np:g
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
‘the dog, wherever he went,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0111[PLAY]
shi hkan nang ai rai na gwi hte manang tai na nga taw nga ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0002
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro:a
  • 0035
  • hkan-nang
  • follow-follow
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =other
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:obl
  • 0035
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • manang
  • friend
  • np.h:pred
  • tai
  • become
  • cop
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • nga
  • live
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘it followed him and (the orphan) made friends with the dog and they lived, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0112[PLAY]
lani mi gaw ma dai hpun bai hta sa ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • la-ni
  • one-day
  • np:other
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:a
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • hpun
  • wood
  • np:p
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • hta
  • pick
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘One day, the child’
jinghpaw_dwi_0113[PLAY]
gwi hte rau hpun hta sa na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:obl
  • 0035
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • rau
  • together
  • other
  • hpun
  • wood
  • np:p
  • hta
  • pick
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) went to pick wood with the dog and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0114[PLAY]
gwi dai wa she hpun kaba pawt langai mi kaw ah gying dai kaw shani tup wau taw ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:s
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • hpun
  • tree
  • ln_np
  • 0037
  • new
  • kaba
  • big
  • ln_adj
  • pawt
  • root
  • np:g
  • 0038
  • bridging
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • agying
  • with.total.effort
  • other
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • shani
  • day
  • other
  • tup
  • whole
  • rn_qfr
  • wau
  • bark
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘the dog was barking at one root system of a big tree whole day, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0115[PLAY]
dai kaw sha yu di na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:g
  • 0038
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • yu
  • look
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(The dog) looked at only this place and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0116[PLAY]
wau taw nga wau she wau, wau she wau re yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0035
  • wau
  • bark
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0035
  • wau
  • bark
  • nc
  • =she
  • =then
  • nc
  • wau
  • bark
  • nc
  • wau
  • bark
  • lv
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • wau
  • bark
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) was barking and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0117[PLAY]
dai ma dai gaw mau mat ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • mau
  • be.surprised
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘the child was surprised.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0118[PLAY]
hpa baw na hpa baw na wau ai ma nga yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0035
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • nc
  • =na
  • =ABL
  • nc
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • np:other
  • =na
  • =ABL
  • =rn
  • wau
  • bark
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =ma
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘"Why do you bark?" (he) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0119[PLAY]
gwi dai gaw ga me n-chye nga gaw dai nga she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • gwi
  • dog
  • np:a
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ga
  • language
  • np:p
  • =me
  • =but
  • =other
  • n-chye
  • NEG-know
  • v:pred
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:p
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"This dog does not know a language," (he) said it and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0120[PLAY]
dai kaw sha yu di wau taw nga she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0035
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • 0038
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • yu
  • look
  • v:pred
  • di
  • SEQ
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0035
  • wau
  • bark
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(the dog) looked at only this place and (it) was barking and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0121[PLAY]
shi gaw hpa baw wa re kun nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • np:pred
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • =kun
  • =Q
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he said "What is it?" and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0122[PLAY]
shi gaw htu yu ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0038
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • htu
  • dig
  • v:pred
  • =yu
  • =CON
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘he dug out (the place).’
jinghpaw_dwi_0123[PLAY]
htu yu.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0038
  • htu
  • dig
  • v:pred
  • =yu
  • =CON
  • =aux
‘(He) dug out (the place).’
jinghpaw_dwi_0124[PLAY]
shi hpai sa ai hpun hta na matu hpai sa ai arung arai hte amya yu htu yu htu yu re yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc
  • hpai
  • carry
  • nc
  • sa
  • go
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • #rc
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • hpun
  • wood
  • np:p
  • hta
  • pick
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • matu
  • in.order
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0039
  • bridging
  • hpai
  • carry
  • lv
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rn
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • arung-arai
  • COUP-goods
  • np:obl
  • 0039
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • amya
  • tear
  • lv
  • =yu
  • =CON
  • =aux
  • htu
  • dig
  • nc
  • =yu
  • =CON
  • nc
  • htu
  • dig
  • v:pred
  • =yu
  • =CON
  • =aux
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘He dug hard (at the spot) with the tools he had brought to pick up the wood and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0125[PLAY]
hpang e gaw dai kaw she manu dan ai rai langai mi wa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hpang
  • after
  • np:other
  • =e
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:dt_l
  • 0039
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • manu
  • price
  • ln_np
  • dan
  • show
  • ln_adj
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =ln
  • rai
  • goods
  • ln_np
  • langai
  • one
  • ln_qfr
  • mi
  • one
  • ln_qfr
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
‘after that, at that place, a valuable thing’
jinghpaw_dwi_0126[PLAY]
grai kabrim ai langai mi wa she ga kaw shi htu dat ai hte wa she
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • gabrim
  • shine
  • ln_adj
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =ln
  • langai
  • one
  • np:s
  • 0040
  • new
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • ga
  • land
  • np:l
  • 0038
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0038
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • htu
  • dig
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =other
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘from the earth, after he dug (the place), one shining thing’
jinghpaw_dwi_0127[PLAY]
ning hku gabrim pru wa ai da.
  • ning
  • thus
  • other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • gabrim
  • shine
  • lv
  • pru
  • come.out
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘came out shining like this, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0128[PLAY]
gabrim pru wa yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0040
  • gabrim
  • shine
  • lv
  • pru
  • come.out
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(It) came out shining and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0129[PLAY]
shi bai htu htu htu htu htu re yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0038
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • htu
  • dig
  • nc
  • htu
  • dig
  • nc
  • htu
  • dig
  • nc
  • htu
  • dig
  • nc
  • htu
  • dig
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he dug out (the place), dug, dug, dug, dug, and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0130[PLAY]
dai kaw moi mi sha re ai i
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • nc
  • moi
  • long.ago
  • nc
  • mi
  • one
  • nc
  • =sha
  • =only
  • nc
  • re
  • COP
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • nc
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • nc
‘it was long ago, OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0131[PLAY]
grai kabrim ai dai wa she grai htoi di na le wan hkru hkru ai zawn zawn pyi byin mat ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • gabrim
  • shine
  • np:dt_s
  • 0040
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rn
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0040
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • htoi
  • shine
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • rv
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #cc:other
  • wan-hkru
  • fire-burn
  • np:s
  • hkru
  • burn
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • zawn-zawn
  • like
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =pyi
  • =even
  • =other
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0040
  • byin
  • become
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘the shining one, it shone very much and it became as it was even burning, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0132[PLAY]
rai na shi gaw bai magap kau na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0040
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • magap
  • cover
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then, he covered (it) and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0133[PLAY]
shi gaw dai shani shi gaw shat ndai shani shat na matu nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc_pro.h
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • dai
  • well
  • other
  • shani
  • day
  • nc
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shat
  • food
  • nc
  • ndai
  • well
  • nc
  • shani-shat
  • day-food
  • ln_np
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =rn
  • matu
  • in.order
  • np:other
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he, as his lunch,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0134[PLAY]
shadu sha na matu ndai kahkum si myin ai kahkum si langai lawm wa ai i.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • new
  • shadu
  • cook
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =rv
  • matu
  • in.order
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • ndai
  • this
  • nc
  • kahkum-si
  • pumpkin-fruit
  • nc_np
  • 0041
  • myin
  • be.ripe
  • ln_adj
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =ln
  • kahkum-si
  • pumpkin-fruit
  • np:s
  • 0041
  • langai
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • lawm
  • be.along
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘in order to cook and eat, he had a ripe pumpkin, OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0135[PLAY]
rai na she shi gaw hkumsi hpe dai kaw ga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkum-si
  • pumpkin-fruit
  • np:p
  • 0041
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • ga
  • break
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘Then, he cut the pumpkin and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0136[PLAY]
kata na dai myin ai re nga kata na tum ni dai ni hpe shaw kau na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • kata
  • inside
  • nc
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • myin
  • be.ripe
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • nc
  • re
  • COP
  • nc
  • nga
  • nga
  • nc
  • kata
  • inside
  • ln_np:l
  • 0043
  • bridging
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • tum
  • seed
  • np:dt_p
  • 0042
  • bridging
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0042
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • shaw
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) took seed from the pumpkin and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0137[PLAY]
dai kahkum tum na kata dai kaw bang na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0040
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • kahkum-seed
  • pumpkin-seed
  • ln_np:poss
  • 0041
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • kata
  • inside
  • np:g
  • 0043
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • bang
  • put
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) put (the shining thing) into the pumpkin and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0138[PLAY]
shi gaw ninghku bai magap na la wa ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0040
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:a
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ning
  • thus
  • other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • magap
  • cover
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0040
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘he hid (it) like this and took home.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0139[PLAY]
dai kaw magap na la wa yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0040
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • magap
  • cover
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0040
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) hid (it) there and took home and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0140[PLAY]
shi dwi hpe wa tsun ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0002
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:p
  • 0003
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • wa
  • return
  • lv
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘he came back home and said to his grandmother, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0141[PLAY]
adwi ngai ndai lu wa ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • a-dwi
  • KIN-grandmother
  • np.h:voc
  • 0003
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:a
  • 0002
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0040
  • lu
  • get
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"Grandma, I got this."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0142[PLAY]
ndai hpe gara hku di ra na rai nga
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0002
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0040
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • gara
  • how
  • other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • di
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =ra
  • =need
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =other
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
‘(He) said "How should (I) do this?" and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0143[PLAY]
e ma e ndai gaw grai manu dan ai baw she re gaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:voc
  • 0002
  • e
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0040
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • manu
  • price
  • ln_np
  • dan
  • show
  • ln_adj
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =ln
  • baw
  • kind
  • np:pred
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • re
  • COP
  • cop
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"Oh, child, this is a very valuable thing."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0144[PLAY]
an dwi ni ya grai lu su sa na.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • an
  • 1DU
  • ln_pro.1
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:s
  • 0004
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • lusu
  • be.rich
  • v:pred
  • =sa-na
  • =CSM-IRR
  • =rv
‘"The two of us will be rich now."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0145[PLAY]
ngut na ma an dwi ni grai ma sadi ra sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ngut
  • finish
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • an
  • 1DU
  • ln_pro.1
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:s
  • 0004
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • sadi
  • be.careful
  • v:pred
  • =ra
  • =need
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘"And the two of us have to be careful."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0146[PLAY]
masha ni an dwi hpe manawn taw na ra ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • masha
  • person
  • np.h:a
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • an
  • 1DU
  • ln_pro.1
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:p
  • 0004
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • manawn
  • be.jealous
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =ra
  • =may
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"Others will be jealous of us two."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0147[PLAY]
nga yang she shi gaw nang ndai hpe hto hkawhkam ni nga ai de sa dut u yaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0003
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc_pro.h
  • 0003
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0002
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0040
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • hto
  • over.there
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_cc:g
  • hkawhkam
  • king
  • np.h:s
  • 0044
  • new
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • nga
  • live
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • dut
  • sell
  • v:pred
  • =u
  • =IMP
  • =rv
  • =yaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(She) said and she (said) "Send this to where the king and his associates live over there."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0148[PLAY]
dan na shi gaw ma mung gade n sa ga re nga gaw hpa n chye ai i
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • dan
  • thus
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • nc_pro.h
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • nc
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • gade
  • to.where
  • np:g
  • n-sa
  • NEG-go
  • v:pred
  • =ga
  • =EXP
  • =aux
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • nga
  • say
  • other
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • hpa
  • what
  • np:p
  • n-chye
  • NEG-know
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘Then, the child had been to nowhere and (he) knew nothing, OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0149[PLAY]
kaji shi na gawoi dwi sha mahkrum madup nga ai le i
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • kaji
  • grandfather
  • nc_np.h
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0002
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • gawoidwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:dt
  • 0003
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • mahkrummadup
  • experience
  • np:s
  • nga
  • be
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =le
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘Only his grandmother had experience, OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0150[PLAY]
dai majaw shi gaw nang dai dai hku dai hku dai hku re na sa sa na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • majaw
  • because
  • np:other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • 0003
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • =hku
  • =like
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • =hku
  • =like
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • sa
  • go
  • nc
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘So, "Go like this, like this, like this, and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0151[PLAY]
dai hkawhkam wang de du hkra sa u yaw.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • hkawhkam-wang
  • king-circle
  • np:g
  • 0046
  • bridging
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • du
  • arrive
  • other
  • =hkra
  • =until
  • =other
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =u
  • =IMP
  • =rv
  • =yaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘go to the palace."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0152[PLAY]
dai shaloi shanhte ni nang hpe hkap tau la na ra ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • shaloi
  • then
  • np:other
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • 0044
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • hkaptau
  • welcome
  • v:pred
  • =la
  • =take
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • =ra
  • =may
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"Then, they will welcome you."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0153[PLAY]
dai hku tsun ai dai shaloi she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0003
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • shaloi
  • then
  • np:other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘when she said like that’
jinghpaw_dwi_0154[PLAY]
dai ma dai gaw rai sai nga na she kahkum mung dai kaw bang na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:dt_s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • rai
  • COP
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • kahkum
  • pumpkin
  • np:p
  • 0041
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • dai
  • that
  • np:g
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • bang
  • put
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘Then, the child, he said "OK" and (he) put the pumpkin in there (bag) and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0155[PLAY]
shi dwi mung shaman dat ya ai hte
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0002
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0002
  • dwi
  • grandmother
  • np.h:a
  • 0003
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • shaman
  • bless
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =other
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
‘his grandmother also blessed (him) and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0156[PLAY]
rai na shi gaw hkrun lam hkawm mat wa na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkrun-lam
  • journey-way
  • np:other
  • 0047
  • bridging
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘then, he left on a trip and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0157[PLAY]
hkawm hkawm hkawm re she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • nc
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • nc
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) went, went, went and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0158[PLAY]
aw lam kaw lam hkan de mung hkrun lam grai tsan na rai nga ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • aw
  • over.there
  • nc
  • lam
  • road
  • nc
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • nc
  • lam
  • road
  • ln_np
  • hkan
  • nearby
  • np:l
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • hkrun-lam
  • journey-road
  • np:s
  • 0047
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • tsan
  • be.far
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =aux
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =nga
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘the journey should have been very long.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0159[PLAY]
dai yang she dai kaga hpaga la ni mung grai nga ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • yang
  • when
  • np:other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • dai
  • well
  • other
  • kaga
  • other
  • ln_adj
  • hpaga-la
  • trader-man
  • np.h:s
  • 0048
  • new
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • nga
  • be
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Then, there were many other traders (on the way).’
jinghpaw_dwi_0160[PLAY]
hpaga la ni gaw ndai hku nga hpaga jum hpaga ba-ba-ba-nya-nya ni grai nga ai da.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hpaga-la
  • trader-man
  • np.h:s
  • 0048
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • nga
  • be
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hpaga-jum
  • trade-salt
  • np:s
  • 0049
  • new
  • hpaga
  • trade
  • nc
  • ba-ba-ba-nya-nya
  • this.and.that
  • nc
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • nga
  • be
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘There were traders like this and there were many trading salt and something like that.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0161[PLAY]
dai kaw she shanhte gaw lam kaw ma yup ra ai rai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:dt
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:s
  • 0048
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • lam
  • road
  • np:l
  • 0050
  • bridging
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • yup
  • sleep
  • v:pred
  • =ra
  • =need
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
‘There, they had to sleep on the way and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0162[PLAY]
shana mi du yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shana
  • night
  • np:s
  • mi
  • one
  • rn_qfr
  • du
  • arrive
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘at one night’
jinghpaw_dwi_0163[PLAY]
dai hpaga la ni gaw shat mai n-lu ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • hpaga-la
  • trader-man
  • np.h:a
  • 0048
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • shatmai
  • food
  • np:p
  • n-lu
  • NEG-get
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘the traders had no food.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0164[PLAY]
shanhte shat mai nlu yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • 0048
  • shatmai
  • food
  • np:p
  • n-lu
  • NEG-get
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘They had no food and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0165[PLAY]
hpabaw shadu sha na i nga yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0048
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • np:p
  • shadu
  • cook
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0048
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"What will we cook and eat?" (they) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0166[PLAY]
dai ma dai hkum si lawm taw nga rai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:dt_a
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • hkum-si
  • pumpkin-fruit
  • np:p
  • 0041
  • lawm
  • have
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
‘the child, he had the pumpkin and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0167[PLAY]
ora hpaga la ni gaw hkumsi dai shadu sha ga tsun yu ai da
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ora
  • over.there
  • ln_dem
  • hpaga-la
  • trader-man
  • np.h:s_ds
  • 0048
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0048
  • hkum-si
  • pumpkin-fruit
  • np:p
  • 0041
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • shadu
  • cook
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =yu
  • =CON
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘the traders said "Let's cook and eat the pumpkin," it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0168[PLAY]
dai shaloi ma dai gaw n shadu sha ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • shaloi
  • then
  • np:other
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • n-shadu
  • NEG-cook
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘Then, the child said "(I) won't cook and eat (it)."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0169[PLAY]
ndai nmai shadu sha ai nga yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0041
  • n-mai
  • NEG-be.OK
  • lv
  • shadu
  • cook
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘"It is not OK to cook and eat this," and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0170[PLAY]
ora ni gaw agying un wa sai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ora
  • that
  • dem_pro.h:s
  • 0048
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • agying
  • with.total.effort
  • other
  • un
  • be.aroused.to.anger
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
‘the others got angry.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0171[PLAY]
ganing rai na me shahpa hpai taw na me n mai shadu sha ai gaw
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds.neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • ganing
  • how
  • other
  • rai
  • COP
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =me
  • =but
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0002
  • shahpa
  • food
  • np:p
  • 0041
  • hpai
  • carry
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =me
  • =but
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • n-mai
  • NEG-be.OK
  • v:pred
  • shadu
  • cook
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =gaw
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"Why can't you cook and eat (it) even though you carry food?"’
jinghpaw_dwi_0172[PLAY]
hpabaw di na matu hpai hkawm ai nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0002
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • np:p
  • di
  • do
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =IRR
  • =rv
  • matu
  • in.order
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • hpai
  • carry
  • lv
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0048
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"For what reason do you carry (it)?" they said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0173[PLAY]
dai shi na dai chyawm kashun la na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0048
  • dai
  • well
  • other
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0002
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0041
  • =chyawm
  • =CONTR
  • =other
  • kashun
  • rob
  • lv
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(they) robbed his thing [i.e. the pumpkin] and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0174[PLAY]
anhte n mai sha ai rai gaw kabai kau ga nga na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0048
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_rc.neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • rel_f0:p
  • 0041
  • anhte
  • 1PL
  • pro.1:a
  • 0048
  • n-mai
  • NEG-be.OK
  • lv
  • sha
  • eat
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL.NMLZ
  • =rv
  • %
  • %
  • %
  • rai
  • thing
  • np:p
  • 0041
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • gabai
  • throw.away
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ga
  • =HORT
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0048
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘"Let's throw away the thing which we cannot eat," they said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0175[PLAY]
la na kabai kau ya ai
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0048
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0048
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • gabai
  • throw.away
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘(they) took it and threw away.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0176[PLAY]
kabai kau ya na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0048
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • gabai
  • throw.away
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(They) threw (it) away and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0177[PLAY]
jawm tek da na she kabai kau ya na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0048
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • jawm
  • together
  • other
  • tek
  • hold
  • v:pred
  • =da
  • =RES
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0048
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • gabai
  • throw.away
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(they) held (it) together and threw (it) away and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0178[PLAY]
ma dai gaw hkrap na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • rn_dem
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkrap
  • cry
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘the child cried and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0179[PLAY]
dai hku shi gaw hkrap na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkrap
  • cry
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘he cried like that and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0180[PLAY]
hka kau kaw sha dung na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • hka
  • water
  • ln_np
  • kau
  • beside
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =sha
  • =only
  • =other
  • dung
  • sit
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) sat down on the bank and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0181[PLAY]
shi gaw lamu de lamu de dai hku i
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • lamu
  • sky
  • nc_np
  • 0051
  • unused
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • nc
  • lamu
  • sky
  • np:g
  • 0051
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘to the sky he said like this’
jinghpaw_dwi_0182[PLAY]
garai wa e ning yu ya u i
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.2:a
  • 0052
  • new
  • garai-wa
  • God-man
  • np.h:voc
  • 0052
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • ning
  • here
  • np:p
  • yu
  • look
  • v:pred
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =u
  • =IMP
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"God, look down here," OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0183[PLAY]
ngai hpe ndai hku byin taw nga ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • nc_pro.1
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • nc
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • byin
  • happen
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"(Look) at me, it's happening like this."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0184[PLAY]
ngai dai hpe adwi mung grai nga shamat grai gabu ai hte rai na ngai hpe ndai de sa dat ai.
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • nc_pro.1
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • nc
  • a-dwi
  • KIN-grandmother
  • np.h:s
  • 0003
  • =mung
  • =also
  • =other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • nga
  • say
  • nc
  • shamat
  • shamat
  • nc
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • gabu
  • be.glad
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =other
  • rai
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0003
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:p
  • 0002
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:g
  • 0047
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • sa
  • go
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
‘"Grandma was also very happy and sent me here."’
jinghpaw_dwi_0185[PLAY]
ya gabai kau ya sai lamu e nga na
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0048
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • ya
  • now
  • other
  • gabai
  • throw.away
  • v:pred
  • =kau
  • =away
  • =aux
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • lamu
  • sky
  • np:voc
  • 0051
  • =e
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘"Now, (they) threw (it) away," he said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0186[PLAY]
dai hku i dai hku tsun taw nga ai shaloi she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • nc
  • =hku
  • =like
  • nc
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • nc
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • =taw-nga
  • =CONT-CONT
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • shaloi
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘when (he) was saying like that’
jinghpaw_dwi_0187[PLAY]
dai kahkum si dai wa she bai waw wa ai da
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • kahkum-si
  • pumpkin-fruit
  • np:dt_s
  • 0041
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0041
  • =wa
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • waw
  • float
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =da
  • =HS
  • =other
‘the pumpkin came back floating again, it's said.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0188[PLAY]
bai waw wa ai
  • #
  • #
  • #nc
  • bai
  • again
  • nc
  • waw
  • float
  • nc
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • nc
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • nc
‘(It) came back floating again.’
jinghpaw_dwi_0189[PLAY]
shi gaw hka hpungyawt na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hka
  • water
  • np:other
  • hpungyawt
  • swim
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘He swam and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0190[PLAY]
bai sa la na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) took (it) and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0191[PLAY]
bai hpungyawt na sa la na she bai hkawm matut hkawm mat wa re yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • hpungyawt
  • swim
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • sa
  • go
  • lv
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s
  • 0002
  • bai
  • again
  • other
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • nc
  • matut
  • continue
  • lv
  • hkawm
  • walk
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(He) swam and took it and continued his trip and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0192[PLAY]
hpang e shi gaw hkawhkam wang kaw du re yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • hpang
  • after
  • np:other
  • =e
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkawhkam-wang
  • king-circle
  • np:g
  • 0046
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • du
  • arrive
  • v:pred
  • re
  • LV
  • other
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘at the end, he arrived at the palace and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0193[PLAY]
dai hkawhkam kaw na ndai chyinghka sin ai ni i gyi du ba-nya ni mu na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • hkawhkam
  • king
  • ln_np.h
  • 0044
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =ln
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • ndai
  • well
  • nc
  • chyinghka
  • door
  • ln_np
  • sin
  • defend
  • ln_adj
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • np.h:p
  • 0053
  • new
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
  • gyidu
  • leader
  • nc_np.h
  • 0054
  • bridging
  • ba-nya
  • like.that
  • nc
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • nc
  • mu
  • see
  • v:pred
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(he) saw gatekeepers of the palace and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0194[PLAY]
nang hpabaw kadai hte hkrum mayu ai rai nga
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:s
  • 0002
  • hpabaw
  • what
  • nc
  • gadai
  • who
  • np.h:obl
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • hkrum
  • meet
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0054
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
‘"Who you want to meet with?" (they) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0195[PLAY]
ngai hkawhkam wa hte hkrum mayu ai nga tsun yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ngai
  • 1SG
  • pro.1:s
  • 0002
  • hkawhkamwa
  • king
  • np.h:obl
  • 0056
  • bridging
  • =hte
  • =COM
  • =rn
  • hkrum
  • meet
  • v:pred
  • =mayu
  • =DESID
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • QUOT
  • other
  • tsun
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘"I want to meet the king," (he) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0196[PLAY]
shanhte ni hkawhkam wa hpang de wa sa ya na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:p
  • 0002
  • shanhte
  • 3PL
  • pro.h:a
  • 0054
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • hkawhkamwa
  • king
  • ln_np
  • hpang
  • place
  • np:g
  • 0046
  • =de
  • =ALL
  • =rn
  • wa
  • return
  • lv
  • sa
  • send
  • v:pred
  • =ya
  • =BEN
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(they) took (him) to the king's place and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0197[PLAY]
shi gaw hkawhkam wang kaw du di na
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • shi
  • 3SG
  • pro.h:s
  • 0002
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • hkawhkam-wang
  • king-circle
  • np:g
  • 0046
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • du
  • arrive
  • v:pred
  • di
  • LV
  • other
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
‘he arrived at the palace and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0198[PLAY]
shi na kahkum si hpe hpaw dat yang wa
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • #
  • #ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0002
  • shi
  • 3SG.GEN
  • ln_pro.h:poss
  • 0002
  • =na
  • =GEN
  • =ln
  • kahkum-si
  • pumpkin-fruit
  • np:p
  • 0041
  • =hpe
  • =ACC
  • =rn
  • hpaw
  • open
  • v:pred
  • =dat
  • =away
  • =aux
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =wa
  • =very
  • =other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘when (he) opened his pumpkin,’
jinghpaw_dwi_0199[PLAY]
hkawhkam wang ting kabrim tsawm taw dai yang she
  • hkawhkam-wang
  • king-circle
  • np:s
  • 0046
  • ting
  • whole
  • rn_qfr
  • gabrim
  • shine
  • lv
  • tsawm
  • be.beautiful
  • v:pred
  • =taw
  • =CONT
  • =aux
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • yang
  • when
  • np:other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘the whole palace shone beautifully and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0200[PLAY]
grai htoi tsawm jang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:s
  • 0046
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • htoi
  • shine
  • lv
  • tsawm
  • be.beautiful
  • v:pred
  • jang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘(it) shone very beautifully and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0201[PLAY]
dai hkawhkam wang ni gaw ndai grai mau mat na she
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • dai
  • that
  • ln_dem
  • hkawhkam-wang
  • king-circle
  • np.h:s
  • 0044
  • =ni
  • =PL
  • =rn
  • =gaw
  • =TOP
  • =other
  • ndai
  • well
  • other
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • mau
  • be.surprised
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘the people at the palace were very surprised and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0202[PLAY]
grai ma ra mat ai i
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:a
  • 0044
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • grai
  • very
  • other
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • ra
  • like
  • v:pred
  • =mat
  • =COMPL
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘(they) also liked (it), OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0203[PLAY]
ma nang ndai gara kaw na la wa ai rai nga yang
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • ma
  • child
  • np.h:voc
  • 0002
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0002
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:p
  • 0041
  • gara
  • where
  • np:l
  • =kaw
  • =LOC
  • =rn
  • =na
  • =ABL
  • =rn
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =rai
  • =Q
  • =other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0044
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
‘"Child, where did you bring this from?" (they) said and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0204[PLAY]
dai hku la wa ai re nga kadai ma nkam ai i
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.1:a
  • 0002
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0041
  • dai
  • that
  • dem_pro:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • re
  • COP
  • other
  • #
  • #
  • ##
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0.h:s_ds
  • 0002
  • nga
  • say
  • v:pred
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • kadai
  • who
  • np.h:a
  • 0044
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-kam
  • NEG-believe
  • v:pred
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • =i
  • =SFP
  • =other
‘"(I) brought (this) like this," (he) said and no one believed (the story), OK?’
jinghpaw_dwi_0205[PLAY]
gadai ma n-kam yang she
  • #
  • #
  • ##neg
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • gadai
  • who
  • np.h:a
  • 0044
  • =ma
  • =also
  • =other
  • n-kam
  • NEG-believe
  • v:pred
  • yang
  • when
  • other
  • =she
  • =then
  • =other
‘No one believed (it) and’
jinghpaw_dwi_0206[PLAY]
e rai sai nang gara hku na mi la wa ai raitim
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • e
  • INTJ
  • other
  • rai
  • COP
  • v:pred
  • =s-ai
  • =CSM-DECL
  • =rv
  • #
  • #
  • ##ds
  • #
  • #
  • #ds_ac
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0:p
  • 0040
  • nang
  • 2SG
  • pro.2:a
  • 0002
  • gara
  • where
  • np:other
  • =hku
  • =like
  • =rn
  • =na
  • =SEQ
  • =other
  • mi
  • one
  • other
  • la
  • take
  • v:pred
  • =wa
  • =VEN
  • =aux
  • =ai
  • =DECL
  • =rv
  • raitim
  • but
  • other
  • %
  • %
  • %
‘"Well, OK, no matter how you brought (it),’
jinghpaw_dwi_0207[PLAY]
ndai gaw anhte ni hte she gying ai i
  • ndai
  • this
  • dem_pro:s
  • 0040